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3 1833 01081 2672 



J 13a 


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J 13 





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Sccllori 15. /Agquo'^cIo Township 

Jo?. V.' t, lii ;. V«' C G^CQOty c;t)d ^^Gr^y Reid S^cioclfnc, cr) s.'ic o 





■y -And Cur;i;or ol' the Jaclcs^OM Count.y 
Historical Soiticly. 

lections n1 

rlv l>avs. 

Ptr'rsor.'O.l rc'COilccMo:)> of ea.rly days hy 
J. "W. Fj'IU, \vittcij for the Jack^oa 
Oouuiy Hi--ton';;tl Sociery. 

My. t';iriu..r, Jes:«e Eliis;, tlioufjh uot 
o^^e of lh(^ o-u'iy Y)i')ne('r?, c-juib to rhis 
county ill tin;;-; to curve out :i }io;i\e froni 
an alnioj-t imLwoken fon^-t. Ke v%-as 
born in }\t Mtiicky, v,q<\v Fivm.kffjrr, Fi^b. 
^2, 1S10. His fiithcr, Jo';p[)b Klii^^, came 
ti Keiitu('k.v-a';'Out thp. .yciir isoo frn-n 
Pulfi.sV.i connfy, Va, \s'here he was born 
Jrm. J 2, ]7i)S. lie was married to 
Frunkie VVoo(], who vras born in thf; 
;:aDK; phu'O Don. 1774. My faih^-r's 
f;^rniirlv;ii}i"r, whose niinie \v:{-> als(.i .To.-f- 
Ojih, was born in ll'M'K My fain, r i row 
u])orvlli-i Kf-]itucky f:irn\ wIk n 

iibout 10 y^rir-; old was (employed ;s!^ an 
over pf^er by his bmi ii(.*r-ir»-l;iw, Kii 
jl/.'-'MK, wh(i r>WH'-<l S'Hf! al s1.\v. .\t- 

r.Uido s' v»-:ral trips to l\oW Orl^-riTis, and 
lar+T he lyieamy po^^sf s.-ed i.f rhe secret 
chart of the famous Ssvifr siivcr uiiueiu 
th'.H Kentucky ruoaiitnir;?. 

He spent nearly two \f=ar^ in the 
moo a tains iryinii- to find the mine 
Swift au:l two oi^her mo while haatin^ 
in rhe wiidesr, rou>rhf:^c part of ihe 
nionnriiins, discovered a rich Vi^-iii of 
silver ore. thoy kt-pi the di^'J0Vr3:y a 
secret, and prociiriug tools look our a 
considerable quantiDy of ^ the or3 :tij.d 
smdr-cu it, as ti:cmine w i*^ f ar iirorn any 
set tlemeLtt they coald n carry a >viy- 
very iuu^^h of ih-ir bu!U in, brtt bnri'i'^d 
it ii' the ;:roand, nii-.sH;^ a chau d.,- 
scribiug the location and land- marks 
and blazing trees, one of ih.?- !::cn sicJ - 
ened and died and it was bt-linved rha^ 
S wife und the oth^r man f..-il ou: 'lytr 
tlie secret iri.-usure and in a fini-jli fiubr 
Swi/t was victor, at ac aione came 
to a settleinent wi:h a portion of rh?. 
silver buiiiou, which he coevcrted iato 
ca^h wuli which iie b:>v;>'-hr supplies and 
made ether trios, but iiij-i ly after a se- 
vere iiiL'ess he w^esit entin-Jy blind. Ir^ 
v, as said to be a patheti.t sight to see the 
bliud man trj-iucr to direct nitn to lli?. 
trp-v^nro of which he idoae kocw the. 

the chavr. liis 
and bndien lu 
did not survixe 
tli, my lather be- 
tiie cha-t and 

seLr';t by tin- aid ot 
search was a laiiure, 
healrh and spirits 
lonv;. Alcor his dva 
came the Ovvn-^r ol: 
searched nearly t wo yf* ^rs in the uioun- 
tains for the hiddca treasure. He found 
the bla/ed trees describ. d la ihc chart 
and found the gaieli in which the mine 
was loc.ited, but eoald not find the open- 
ing to tbe cavern and lie always ]>eliev.-d 
that a M udslide had coven-d ihe tu- 
tranv'e ?o the cavevn aJid obliterated t!ic 
most ir;>portanr si^us on the cliart. Af- 
ter entlnriuj? ie.ntnnerable hardships, 
sleet>inif on the ;.;round in the oi)on dir 
aud livin^; entirely on each frame a>i 
they epuid secure with their rifto.«, Im;:- 
duer and wild turkey.; l^dug qait«' ' 





tifal ia tho r.ioan tains at thxt lime, the 
Search was abaiiCtOLied.. Father ofteu 
etitertaiiied. visitors with stories of his 
adventures while searchino^ for the 
Swift silver mine in the Keutucky 

James Auderson, who foruieriy lived 
in Maquoketa nnd was a frequent visi- 
tor at oup home, became very much iu- 
terested in the silver mine aud hidden 
treasure, aad after several interviews on 
that subject father gave hiui the chare 
and all the infurmarion. that he couJd, 
;md that was the last I ever heard of 
Swifts treasure uutil about 1S05, when 
I saw an article in the Cinciuatti En- 
quirer claiming that the old mine had 
been found. 

Grandfather Ellis aud members of his 
family that were still at home, includ- 
ing my father, removed to Patm-aii 
county , Indiana, about the year 1S33. 
Grandfather secured a tract of land 
with a land warrant received for revo- 
lutionary services. 

Jesse Elilis married Aiisea Jeffers in 
Hendricks county, Indiana, in 18^7, she 
was also a native of Kentucky-. I still 
have a governuienc patent to a piece of 
land wliich i';ithe!; purchased in l.S'3T aud 
on which he lived until the :3Gth of B-jpt. 
1852, when he started overland for 

i was but four years old at that timo 
but remember many instances of the 
journey, one that made a lasting im- 
pression on my mind was that of jneet- 
u circas at tb(3 cros-ing of some riyer in 
Illinois. There were two or more ele- 
phants and some camels aud the large 
animals were fording the stream, the 
elepJiants seeun-d to enjoy very much 
sucking up cho water in tl)inr trunks 
and delugmg thv) oth'T animals as well 
as their own bodivs v. ith it. 

After h-aving the state of Indiana my 
fatljf.T had a great deal of trouble vs iih 
his vragoM wbicli was built ou the wide 
luack aud would not fit iu the ruts of 
til'-, wesienj \v'agons. 

Oar first stop in Iowa was at the 
home of Thomas Fiathers, a relative of 
oars who lived four and one-half mile-; 
south of Maquokera. Mr. Fiathers 
knew that father had considerable mon- 
ey and tried to get him to enter some of 
the rich laud in that locality, which 
was still held by the govt- rnmeut and 
could have been had at $1.25 per acre. 
But father had always lived in a tim- 
bered country and would not believe 
that a man coud live in a praire coaatry 
5 or t) miles from timber and be able to 
g^rt up enough fuel to keep from freez- 
ing to death. 

He next visited his brother William, 
who had secured a piece of land about 
one mile west of Fulton, with his laud 
warrant received for service in the war 
of lbi2. He had fought with Jackson 
at Xew Orleans. He carae to Iowa sev- 
eral years pj'ior to our coming and had 
the pick of the country, but had settled 
on about as poor a tract as could well be 
found. Needless to say my father did 
not like the laud in that ceiijhborhood. 
He visited with Widis, ^Yilliam and 
Edward Fiathers and Jos Anderson, all 
relatives, and all living within a few 
miles a.t each other, within the forks of 
the Maquoketa rivers and fiuahy pui- 
chased 'tt»0 acres of land in section 11. 
South Fork township, on which he re- 
mained until his death, in In ISi? 
there was a double log cabin and r 
large frame barn on the laud whicii was 
W'.'U watered, having two spring 
branches with numrrou-^ spring?, and 
with the exception of 10 or 12 acr»s of 
cleared land it was covered with the 
fines b'jKly of timber I ever saw. 

I will make an as.sonion hon> tha^ 
will seera incredible lo my read^n-s. but ir 
is nciu.iily true, there were as many 
famiUe.N in this part of South Fork 
town -hip iu i8.)i a<? there are today, c."^- 
cUidiug HurstviUo. But theit) ore vory 
few rcpr(>>e.ntative.s of the orifjimil f;>m- 
ilie.s I'^ft. Levi Jioli ', a veteran of U '^ 
war i.^f h^)'2, a ia a cub»iu on t 

north si'lo of tliv" creek ou our land, bot 
s.")oa bon^^lit a piece of hiud in the npi^h- 
borhood aud moved onto it. Daniel 
Frazier, comiug from Ohio about that 
time, moved into the cabiu vacated by 
KoiTe. but soou aftervrards bought the 
Willis Fiuthers place, in section 10, and 
moved to ir, and Walter Watroas, fresh 
from the Scioto bottoms, moved into the 
cabin. Thomas Frazier was our nearest 
neii^chbor, owning ths? quarter section 
west of our land, but at 'hat time had 
liot returned from the CaMfornia gold- 
fieids, wliere he went in compati:; with 
D. C Clary in 1850, but r.-turned soon 
a'ter our arrival and had a ^^oodiy share 
of the ytillow metal, ^ome of ir, as I re- 
member was octagonal 6^0 pieces. 

There was at that time three cabins, 
all occupied, on the Frazier land, one by 
the t'razu r fhmii}^ one by Frazier 's 
broiher-m-lavv, Henry HcimmL-l, and the 
other by the Sherwood family. Tvro of 
these cabins were old buildings. 

In lS5:i, a daughter of Sherwoods mar- 
ried a Dr. Martin, who for some years 
lived in Maquoketa, and I think that 
Charlie Martin, the carpenter, is their 
son. They had buried two small chil- 
dren on our land, the stones marking 
their gravt-..-^, stood for many years, but 
have long since disappeared. 

Tnere was quite a French settlement 
on land adjoining: ours in lSo3. A man 
by the name of By waters lived in a log 
cabin which I believe is staading yet on 
A. Hurst's land near his farm house. 
Peter .Terman, another Frenchman, 
v/hose wife was u Fiathers, and a rela- 
tive of ours, had been killed in a well 
that had caved in on him on the land 
now owned by A. J. Ycrk Another 
Frencliman by tho name of Daniels, 
lived in a cabiu on laud adjoining Ihe 
Jerman land, aud still au(}ther French- 
man named Fredrick, lived about .SO 
rods north of D iiiitds and tau;^h school 
ill what is now known as the J.Iuistvjlle 
district, in \>i'o'.]. .losiah Faton livtid 
th(;i) nciirwli- re the Job!) ) ><ivis hf) 

now stauds, being the nearest to the 
schoolhouse. The school was known £^ 
the J^atoa school. Xathaniai Woods 
lived ou the place that Groii' lived on 
vrhen he killed his neighbor. Davis, in 
1S39, now known as the Fitch farm. A 
brother of Jason Pangborn lived on land 
now owned by A. Hurst, north of 
HurstviUe, near the river. Isaac Hight 
lived ou the farm now ovrned by Asa 
Stroble. Joseph Jackson Woods lived 
for severol years on tlie farm he sold to 
Asa Davis at about the beginning of the 
war, A £'auiilj by the name of Eeck_ 
lived on the land now owned by Baum- 
gartuer, adjoining the Davis laud aud 
John Woods lived in 1852 in the same 
house thas his son, O. L. Woods, lives in 
now. The old place on the Iron Hiii 
road foiir miles west of 2.laquoketa, now 
ov.-ned by Williams, was owned in 1SC«2 
by a Dr. McK-iUzie, and I think he sold 
to William Sears. A half mile south of 
us btood a cabin, which was old when 
vre came here. It was called the Woods 
place and after it rotted down, garden 
vegetables would grow up in the cleared 
space aud the spot wa.s kuovn for many 
years as the Woods garden, James 
Armstroa'/, whose wife was a cousin of 
mine, lived, near where George Coleuian 
now livei. 

Lowell was quite n thriviug village in 
those e^riy days, among the families 
living th^re was a Mr. Wolfe, a native 
Kentuck'An, aud I think my fiither ad- 
mired hir;i on that account us much MS 
anything <slse. Tho land in Lowell was 
considcPid fo valuable that the lots 
were m;id;o very small, only 2o feet 
front. Itj addition to the grist-mill, saw 
mill and woolen nJlls, thi-re was an im- 
pu.siiig nr».nsioii ou t!ie highc^t point of 
land, with three cottages on the north 
aud thivc o;i the soiuh, and cast of the 
brick liouse there stood a shojj iu which 
ii was SHid UoQ Sears was building a 
wonderral wagon, that, when cotuplel- 
ed, would ran by stenm ou any k'!' I of 
ruufl- aud wouhl rtvolulioMi^.c rli 

of t]-ave] aiVd do a\v;iy lart-'f-J}" ^vith the 
deniaud for horses. I ofteu tried to got 
a view of this woudeful wagoa, but 
never succeeded. 

Tiie early of greatness for 
LoNveii was a delusion and her glory 
loug since departed. One of the great 
est draw backs ia the e irly days was 
the ofteu iui passible roads. The roads 
were generally a siagle ti-aok through 
the great forest, and it vras mauy years 
before the trees were cut to let the snn 
in to dry them. xVaother difficulty vvas 
the bridges. The r.iiri fall was heavier 
than of late years and it seemed that no 
maiter ho w higli we made tlie bridg-^s 
the water Vy-ould get high enough to 
take them out. There was a wooden 
bridge over the river in Maquoketa part 
of the time, and it was out a good part 
of the time. When the bridge Vv^as out 
and the rivei- low enough v;e would ford 
it. But in the spring there was much 
of the time the road through the river 
bottoms would be under water so we 
could not reach the bridge. 

I remember that for a time there was 
a toil bridge kept by a Mr. Parker, and 
I probably remember it because Mr. 
Parker had a parrot tliat helped him to 
watch the bridge. The bird would call 
Parker, Parker, every time it saw any- 
one appror.cliing the bridge. 

The schools in the early days v/ere 
kept up by subscription, that is, the 
head of a family v/ould pay an agreed 
amount to th& teacher and furnish a 
sliare of the fuel and board tlie teacher a 
share of the term, although Bome of thn 
teachers I went to sohoot to had families 
and lived in the neighborhood. The 
lirst teacher 1 went to school to regular- 
ly was Jacob Whistler. I think that lie 
taught about three years, the next wos 
Jolm Orr, and afte-r hini A. U. Parmer. 
I v/ent lor a. time to Phoda Jon«'S, but 
my mind wasou the teacher ruuch more 
than on the studies. 

The great lort-sis b< Uveeu tlin forks of 
(hti Ma(iiK)ke'u was fnll ol g;ime iti the 

early fifrios and therr; was der-r jud v. il.i 
turkeys nere until about I'^Tt) ^^nd tht- 
river was full of fine tisli. I .,viii d».- 
seribe one fishing excursiou w ivich . wus 
permitted to attend whm u small h yy. 
My father and big broth^^r, Ti^omiis iiud 
Benton Fiazier. Tlieo. Eaton ai;d I 
think Henry ELammtl went ii.^hib^ to 
the mouth of what is now called the 
HurstviUe bninch. They to k axes 
with them aud arriving at rlie river b-- 
gan earring down willows aud triiuiug 
off the Sue brash, this brush they mud!, 
iato a IcLig role of abou., .jO or GO ftect 
and about 3 feet thick and bound to- 
gether with bark, wnh loug bjrij ropes 
tied to each end. Wiiea completed this 
crude seic was rolled into the water and 
while some of the men pulled ir 
the water with the ropes of bark, oilit-rs 
walked behind and held the s; ia down 
This was hard to handle but was a com- 
plete success. Lvuy haul u:ade brot 
a lot of nice ti.-^li, and in or.e haul they 
had two large pickerel iu ti)-' c«tch, 
fully three feet long. Que of them' 
v\-ent oat over the top of the sciu likt? a 
bird, but one of the men secured the 
other with a spear. When they had 
caught idl the they v.anted, th<^y 

divided them in as nniny pik-j as there 
were shareis in t)ic party. My father 
was ti.vm blindfolded and wir.h his b^tck 
turned to the piles of fish he was asked 
who should have tiic pile designated by 
one of the nien by putting his hand on 
the lirh, father would call out the name 
and the last pile went to failicr. 

J. W. Kii 




lork.- <ii rhe ]S'L:qru)kt: ta wwe vt-ry siuali 
I' I'ur fe"^v of rhe sorrl. rs raised grain 
siiiVi -iMit for th' ir !n oris Mauj of them 
v.-oul'i exchniige ifuce posts aud rails 
wirh tho prairie farmers for grain and 
hay. Flour was ni n-e of a Inxury than 
a aer-essiry those days. Corn broad was 
the staple artir^lo. At least once each 
week my father ^vonld bring in a sack 
of corn in the car, i7i the evening; the 
v.-ash tub would be placed on the floor in 
front of the fire place and we would all 
g-itlicr arrro-i'd and heir, shell a ;:rist of 
corn. The nt xt niortiiug father would 
throw the sack of corn on one of the 
liorse^. and put one of the boys on top of 
the sack and start him to mill. Some- 
limes we wonld to Lowell and some- 
times to Pinliook or McCloys. Arriviug 
at the mill, tlie miller would help the 
boy down and take charge of the corn, 
and tlie boy would try to catch a mess 
of fish while waitincr for the grist, when 
the corn was ground the miller loaded it 
on to the horse, toss the boy on top 
and started him home. 

Pork was raised very cheapU' in those 
days, the woods were full of ma-^t on 
winch iiogs would thrive. Eacli settler 
had liis private nnirk for his hogs, th^'V 
would put that mark on the hogs in liio 
spring and turned them out inio tlie 
woods and they tliriv^d very well, un- 
til full unless as so;7n^rinjes happened 
they strayed across the river, wlien ihcy 
would be gobbled up and sold as estrays, 
tlu'U it would cost all they were worth 
to redeem them. We. had considerable 
trouble on account of a family living in 
Lowell, who we believed took, pains to 
dri\ '^ our stock across thn bridge where 
tliey would be pounci d upon and ].)ut in 
in the pound and sold for expenses. 

One of our neighbors Inul a Mock of 
slie-t'p runtdrig oat atid tlu'y strayed loo 
far away aiid were .slrnt r.j> in Lowell. 
'J'lie owner lifMrd that, the sh^Hip h'.id 
been shut up and a i.uisom deunimb vl 
j:or lijcm, bu( instead of iryin;: lo rais.- 

the ransom lie shouId'-Ted his shot gun 
and went for his sheep, and he got them 
by simply opening the fence and tura- 
ing ihem our. and gave the man to an- 
derstand that if he interferred v. irJi his 
stock again he vrould have to be picked 
up in pieces and carried home in a ba.s- 
ket and that old fellow'.s stock was nev- 
er niolested in that way again. 

Every body kept sheep then and most 
of the settlers made their own clothing. 
The first suit the vrriter had, otiier than 
home spun, v\-tis a soldiQr uniform. My 
mother and sisters spun the yarn and 
wove the cloth for the clothing of jvll 
members of the family. 

In o-jr immediate locality the settlers 
depended upon vrhat they could grow in 
their little cleared patches, aud upon 
their timber. But fartht-r west almost 
every settler was either a cooper or run 
a cooper snop. Flour at that time v.-as 
put i?ito barrels, of which there were 
many thousands made in the forks each 
year for many years. Whiskey barrels, 
pork barrels and Lird tierces were akso 
manufactured very largely and sold for 
the most part in Galena. This industry 
furnished euiTDloyment to hundreds of 
men for many years. The coopers and 
w igon makers had the first choice of the 
fine timber that once grew in the forks; 
the roilroads had tlie next whack at it, 
and the lime manufacturers have about 
consumed what was left There i- but 
little remaining of the great forest iha^- 
was sucli an attraction to emigrants in 
the early forties and fifties. 

Those who settled in the forks hr.d 
one advantage over their neighbors on 
the prairie side, they could man tr far- 
ture all tlio sweets they cared for with- 
out any expeiiso aside from tluiriabjr. 
Nearly every settler had hi.^ sugar bush 
and made enougli maple sugar in the 
spring time to last until the next .*>e;\scn. 
The woods worv» fr.ll of bees and llie ; - 
tiers could have all the Jioncy Uuy 
wanted by cutiiii;; »i l^oc trcC uad taking: 
out the lioney. 


J 12 


From the rijue that I arrived in tho 
covuury ia ]S")"2, tht-re was no'' i.'iucb. (le- 
privatiou and h;ir<':s!iips to eucoiiatHr. 
We always had plenty of coni for brt'ad 
an <'ibund;!Tice of pork, pr)taroes, niaiiie 
^;iigar and syrap, and hnney. and wlu-'j 
we wanted them wild plumbs, bbiek- 
b^.-rrie.^, rasspber ie.^ and ^oos-.d-territr-s 
were a iipver failing crop andjhe woods 
were full of them. 

Our imtriedi^ite nei'^hborhfKjd Ava^'al- 
ways ppaoeable and fpai^^t. We tiad 
spelling school, sinj^in^ school iind d*> 
bating societiPS. but no trrpat traL-r'dy 
ever e)^-ciirr'.d in onriuii-T. cilih:>uu:h 
Mont[?:oniery killed Brown witloln ]pss 
tiicin two mik.. of our p]:;c;', -vrrl i-: %v;;; 
bat G or 7 miles to tlie scent- of tin- kill- 
ing of Ingles by Alex GritYord, which 
v,-as the immediate cause of tlie fornnnfr 
of a Vigilance committee at Iron Kills, 
of which I am collectinji material from 
survivors for a more complete write np 
than iuis ever been c^iven to the public. 

lu looking baokv.-ard and trying to re- 
call the nances of friends and a.- sociates 
of other days we almost feel that we are 
out of place, tliFit we })ave oat livt-d all 
of onr acquaiutauces of early days. Of 
my father's- family of eleven, there is 
only -ister Mary and myself remaining 
in the state. Of the Eaton fanjily, co]i- 
sistinji r.V f.'ieven mt^jribers, there is ?)Ot 
one left iii thi-, part of the country. Of 
the JosHpIi And'^'ri.-on family, which I 
think had also eleven members b',d"ore 
the war, ih-^'re are three, of the children 
still living;' in the county. The Fra/.if'rs 
all left tlie nOghborhood inanj- years, 
ajiO- Of ,N'atliani(.l Woods and hislaitjo 
family who Jived in our school disrrict 
in 1852, Mrs .lolni J'dujsoii of Anrin-w, 
DOW only rem;pn.^ '.fluanas Thoinpson, 
anor'iier ncip:iibor wit h a. larij-e lamiiy, 
found an early grave in the soti'h i in<l. 
The wife and oldest dan<.:hter wen* rar- 
rif d oil' ^\ilh a mali^Miant, fever and lie* 
yonn^cst cliildrcn Vvcrr scattered uiid 
lost track of. C. !>. Woods still o\mi« s 
tijo fa,rni his fatlier aeijuired in ' - " and 

my sister and !f;y«^f-if >fi,l own u p.,r* . : 
the land our father purchy>ed in iN'r.:. 
All other lands iii the !i»c:iiir3' b«ve 
changed hands, som- of ir jnany tiui» s 
since the early fifties. If liif-re i> any 
oce living that can tel] u<. we woidd 
like to know who remov- d aud 
what became of tlie old mili frame 
stood on th^ branch near the Eatou 
school hou>e when the .vrL'er vv;is u verv 
smali boy. It had b»vu built by J»h: 
Henri in a very early day. bu' was h^v- 
ercon.pletcd Mr Heiiri rlMt h- own* d 
the land \^ hen he underloik to huild t'nv 
niili. but If^-irninir before i» was <*»im pie- 
red that his title was nor i^ood, he ah.m- 
doued ti)" \« ork c".nd ♦h-r* <.ld framv sr.-M. 
withour roof or siding for many ye.irs. 
My recollection i>, rnat it wa.s pulled 
down about the be-ginniug of tht- vrar, 
aud converted into another buihUng. 

'J. W., . 

Some of the Old .nills 
Editor of the Record: I r^ad 
h pleasure J itues Eilis' ar'.'cl- on 
early history, in \d>* week's R -c >rd I 
think a R-e.a d- al njore shou'd be pub- 
lished while y^-t p »ssible to c ili-c j»s I 
find it Klr cvidy bard to do with a posi- 
tive Certainty a> to facts, we will con- 
tribute this "'mite ' vvhich wo hnv*- b» en 
at =.ome pains to cathc- nnd hop.- it 
v-dll be f'.U'id ' rao. 

Id lSi4, Divid S -ars. h p oneer of 
Maquokel^, built h water v mdl on 
the S 'Ulh F. ik. f the Maqu fk*^\A tivt r 
CD lar.d in section ir^, Soum F.»t k 7\vp 
This mill cu* lumber from lh« M ^quo- 
keta timber, for use by lh*i e.irljr set- 
tlers. Lomb r^ordr and pine i«tocK 
was uohrly, if nni vpiite unkfio.vo in 
eastern during thf fl ft- *• ,v hjs 
of st-lllement , and the nnlire lumber 
Was a gr.cttt fm tor in the dwelopm -o'. 
of the country 0«k cor.eidll,\ h. in^ 
us« d for friuumg biid shlnclrs, w»d| 
hittck uBliiUt WH- tlUieh U^t «1 for ^>d^• 
in- a'.\: n- h r b •. * c •• : : 

J 12 



olii Itouspp yet stanf^ng-, built tiftr 
5 ears Rjii^ or moi-e -vvith euough blat-k 
waliiLi' lunsber in them to brinc^ acjoc'-d- 
]y >uni U»da\ , 1905. if it w^s in {iroper 
form for market. Th ^ old David Sear;?" 
mil), after nmnint: several years. bnrnefl 
and was rebuilt b Wm. Sears, son of 
D.tvitl, in l^'.">n. The Searses -cm-d to 
h«ve b.een natural niiil men for I Sud 
iu 1SG4 B-njainin Soai'S built a^aw niiU 
on tbe South foi k of the Nfaqui'keta 
also on stctie-n 13 and ab )ut oiie-balf 
m le above where his father David 
buil; one in 184^ Tbis lat. r S. ars' 
raiil was iu operation about, eleven 

In t inu >i ' arlier day, IS'iT. accord 
itjo^ to record, Jost pii Henry built a sa-.^- 
mil] '>n Mill t- P airie cr.^ek, in sec- 
tion 3G, South Fork Twp., perhaps a 
half mile (accordin^^ to traditi >n) up 
streara f m <•• e Joseph McCioy 
built in I'Ml. thr fir^t ^jr s" null that 
bolted fl o'- 1" Jackson <• vi- ty. This 
ea' ly saw mill built by Heriry, for some 
reason or ot nee i^r ^v d a fa lui-e, ac- 
cording to recorded Jackson county 
hi-tory, doing but littl--. if any sawinR-, 
which was a serious d'-a whack for the 
few earh' si s-^'ttlers in the Maquoketa 
couutry, for I do not (i d a- there was 
any other saw mill iu Jackson county 
except the onf built by 3 ll ard Sui)- 
lette at B-.-l!' vue in 'he year ISLIO. I 
find f .*C(nds diff. r as to the Bell-Sab 
le"t^ mil!, t-i^'if^-' i-^o dates, 183'» and 
183S Dr Litt le acq ii'-ed title to this 
earl\ in or tlsH built on -T n ar this 
mill site and rtf-er .-everal vea-R t rue 
mov-^diteast of Nlaq'i)keta on Mill 
crtek and perhaps a q iarler of a mile 
or h r.-aljout- down .-trcHrn i<iV\ 
where Joseph Willey built a stone mill, 
whech was :if UT'.vards i)urclKised, and 
operated for a nuniber of 3 ears by Sen- 
eca WiH anis, (■■ituat(Hl -n ;he S. W. 
quart.-r of sectn \> HO, Maqu .kdtu 
his stone tjrist nnti in 

Im th. e.ii l\ f t th" infl IX of cm- 
ifi an s into J.-ck.^. n county v..'\s qnit.' 

lar^e and it seems those early day 
saw mills were ex^rf uieij- necessary 
to the country for they an;.) ar to have 
follo.ved in rapid succe.-sion. The nexti 
saw ajiil built on the -outh fork of the 
M..quoketa above A-here Ben Sear->' 
mill wa- built in 1"^>1. was built ia 
about hr Je^se \Vil<on, T io txcxi 
by name of Stirapson aid Fairb'-other. 
or at least Dd-ir brothrir. rj -id an int j.-fst 
in it. This mill done a tjreat bu-ine^s 
for seme tira<^, runTiing day a jd iiiikjat. 
Later, I under;;t.ann,1l pa-^sed into the 
half's of Pol*" and Xieker=on, who-.%il- 
ded a fi.>ariu}:r mill and woolen factory. 
Those m lb. Wciro :h-i Pia Flook mil;-. 
Sooie years ajfo tney buriied do-^vn and 
never cva,* rebuii Thre-^. m:lcs west 
oi Pin Eook, on the river and on, cr 
n* hr tbe S E. quarter of SL-ciion IT, 
South Pork Twp., J ,hn Ball buiU h 
saw mill in or- about l^'hj. This mill 
was ic operation for nearly a sc »re of 
years. It was at this old m;ll dam 
where Th i writer and other young set- 
tlers of his a^ye. (m the pleasant sum- 
mer bo\ hood days, when the outer 
world and all the opposite se.x was shut 
out from view by the bluffs and woods, 
used to be clothed in girra^nls cut 
so losv in the neck they made trooks in 
the saQ<l. About one mi'e and a quarter 
up the stream on the X. W. quarter of 
sec iSjSouth Fork T^vp..CrOvVvU Wilson 
previous to this, biiill another water 
saw mill in or h)h)u: 1S"2. Th.b mill 
WHS sho 'i liv-'d for soja »ifter jr. was 
buiit & fl d on the river took out the 
dam jiDd undermined the milJ srO It 
toppb d into the stream Tbt lo^is iu 
the yard wa- rafted dtiwn to th© PiQ 
[look mill. Wo traCw* on thti .Nf^q ikeut 
rivHi*, west of the line of Ma n »ueci, 
.M qui. keirt. within a d stance .tf 5| luilos 
wo->i as ihe ch iin j^.H Ju.- b«w miltv, 
two fl jurlf.f? njilUni;.] Iac» woolvz. niiiU 
incluui:'^ tlur Lo\"' 1 miili cr»^c:e<l iu 
th»; early foj tie.-> bv>, DooiiUlc^nd 
Wright. Alt mi\\» And ih<^ olb- 

r • • ,• !,']. •.- ' i: \\ ' c»" 





water mil's and have ^oce the way of 
the pioneers. Tboir wheels have bet n 
fstilledby the chauged conditions, m st 
of them are totally obliberated ai^d aJi 
the dams are only a trace, exc**pt the 
Pin Hook dam, kept in piace to utloi d 
a {jood ticld for Maquoket; "s 
If this hi.story isivo correct it is as near 
to u as it bp^ been po^sible for me to 
lea) /), o\viD,5: to the ^^iier.ce of . rt'cort] 
ana the memory of old rnao. 

A Few Settlers of Other Days. 

Although 1 fail to have much ol the 
■personal history of all the folJowiiis' par- 
ties, I wish io recoid theru as among the 
early settlers of luy part of Jaeksou 
county, that time niay not .-ioou obliter- 
ate t!ie memory of them as among those 
v7ho helped to lay the fouudation of 
Jackson county's present and future 

In 1854, Thomas Harvey, with liis 
family, cauie by ox team to Jackson 
county, Iowa, froiu Waukeegau, 111., and 
settled in South Grove, Monmouth Twp , 
where tlie balance of his life was spent 
persuing the avocation of a farmer. His 
family of cliildren were eight: Eliza- 
beth, Oharles, Mubelie, Mary Ann, J alia, 
James, liicliard and Ida. James of this 
family v/as accidentally killed over thir- 
ty years ago while hunting, by having 
his giiij discharged w/iile getting 
through, a fence. 

Robert Swan, wlio I believe married 
Elizabeth Harvey, imigrated from near 
Waukeegau, ID., to Jacksi^n cooniy, in 
I80/5, He and his young wife (^iniieby 
wagon, driving a yoke of cattle and 
loading three cows behind. They set- 
tled abo;;* two miles soutlieast oi' vlill 
Rock, in South Grove, .Monmoutii Twp., 
where they followed faroiiiig for a live- 
lihood. Tiieir children v. eru: Hat tie, 
now the wife of Vv' ill IJO'MU of Ma'juo 
kola; Enuiiie., wife of Wilsoti 'I'eepj ; o{ 
TS'ashville; Ida, wife of Wm. Nodle of 
South Grove; \Villi;uu T., wlio I believe 
dn;d young, aud VVhccler, a farmv^r Uv 

ing tvro iriiles south of Nashville 

Another early .^^ertler in South Grovp, 
who I believe settk-d last over tlie line 
in Clinton county but afterward ^^ecafue 
a r -sident of J.icksou county, was James 
lilingswonii. In about 1S4S ho came 
from Eagl iud to Illinois aud ia IsTy?, 
moved to tliis part of Iowa. He was a 
tiue old ujan, positive and oviginal, bat 
never could get out of the h.ibit of call- 
ing EagiutKh Hengland. If he was to 

tell you to go to h ^JOm would have 

thought it was some newly discovered 
country called Vll. He raised a fiae 
family cousistin-^ of M-ny Jane, who 
was Hir.tni Burn » v>'s firs', wife while 
she lived ; George, now of Nebraska; 
Anna aud Louisa, whi di- d single; 
James ; Thresa, who married Clarence 
Burcap of K in-sas, and Canfliiio. 

Peril ids I will ex'^ust^d if I refer to 
our own family of which we kuow more. 
V/e were not piopecrs, not coming here 
until thie spring of i^^oG. still one who 
came h.:-re 403-rars ago i- not a tender- 
foot. My father, Hirara Seeley, wa« 
born ill Warren county, N. Y., and \vith 
his father, Wm Seeley, aud far-nly, 
eiuigra'ed to Crawfo*-d county. we.<-torn 
Petinsylvaf'i.i.wheu it w.ns a comparative 
fore.-t v.i'.deruess. There fath^-r married 
Julia .A. Eagley, daughter of Johu Baj:- 
ley, who when sixt-»'U ytars of age came 
to that yet wild country with a yoke of 
Cittle and with only jinother yonug 
man about hi'' age as a companion. 
There grandf itlicr Bagley began clear* 
ii]g a farm and went sixty Uiiles to for his few iudispcusible uc- 
ce-s iri- <. Two yeurs before father was 
m u ried he came west to Illinois in ISlo, 
I suppose ho left a greater artr.iCJi'in be* 
hiii l bun thau he f.»un.l in the swamps 
of central Illinois, tor he si)or» returut-d. 
marri. d. and b?gaa to how a fariu ou« of 
the beeches ami nuple.- of Pentisy IvMuirt 
01 whi 'h ho 80-in (ired, and iu IS06, he 
with hi.-; family viviv^ to Jackson county. 
His ru>t stay wa-* with Lyinau Bnfv*. 
who wu.s ft rch»tivo and had ' > 


J li- 

Jackpou county, from Warren county, 
K. Y., iu 1S88, wirb J. E. Goodenow. 
Father bought a piece of laud near a Mr. 
DeGrush, f .ther of Fred. His land was 
unbroken, with uo buildings on it. The 
summer ol" '50 he worked land owned by 
Mr DeGrush, and moved a shack about 
14 feet square onto his own l-i.ud and put 
up some western outbuildings, a straw 
stable and a slab granary, in which he 
stored the grain he raised thai year. \Ye 
moved into our 14x14 palace that fall 
aud one night; we took in, fed and slept 
twelve men, women and children, who 
were traveling. Ii made the old sliack 
look like a box of sardines. The coming 
winter was the winter of 66 57, said to 
have been the coldest in the history of 
Iowa. That winter father hauled his 
firewood some 13 miles, from near Burts 
caves, with a yoke of oxen, it took him 
from before daylight until after nig-ht- 
fall to make a trip aud cut his load. In 
February a spaik fiom the stove pipe- 
chimneys w^ere mostly stove pipes those 
days-— fir»-d our stable and granary aud 
all father's grain and feed went up iu 
smoke. I was too young to know just 
how father felt about it, but we suppose 
something like I did in 1582 when in odt 
first year in Sac county, 400 acres of n^y 
crops went off in a hail storm. Father 
sold his land there in section 28 Maquo- 
keta township, and bought again near 
Andrevr, and the next yt ar, 1857, while 
living at file lattt-r place, f;ith»'r saw 
B.irger, \v! m shot his ^^ if<^ iit Bellevne, 
iu 1854, huMg by a niob May 28, 1857, 
and on the same old oak tree where. 
Alee Gnftord was liuched April 1 1 of 
the s.iine year for killing Jolni Inghs 
of Fiiviaers Greek town.^hip, March 27, 

Ineith'-rof these two aiT lirs father 
hiid uo part, but as the law at that time 
niMvcd about ah swift and not quite {is 
certain as the gla/^'r, it would Inve ha n 
iKithing against him if h«' had, some of 
the best men in fins county played (jnife 
a pan in. the n niov;'.! of l)l0.^o two mon. 

Whao is called "the ramble lust" was 
alwas to some extent in the blood of a 
Seeley, aud after about a year at An- 
drew the old clearings in Pennsylvania 
began to look to father like the garden 
of Eden, so we "pulled stakes" and 
went back, but after a few montlis 
among the stumps and nigger-heads it 
distroyed the limelight that he thought 
the Pittsburgh aud Erie canal was the 
center of, and the fall of 1S59 found ris 
in Maquoketa, where we wintered, and 
in the spring of 'CO bought and moved 
onto land at Buckhorii. The most of 
our livus since ha? been spent in this 

Fa rmer B r ck h o p n . 

Pioneer Life iu Iowa. 

EaviDg been solicited by the editor 
of the Record and also by my old 
friend, Jim Ellis, I will try to contrib- 
bute somewhat to the history of Iowa 
and especially as to what I know of the 
early events of Jackson e^uDiy. To do 
this intelligently, I must go back io 
my starting point. 

On the 15th of October. 1^"»0 I start- 
ed from Pittsburgh Pa. for what v^as 
calJed the far west at that tin^e. 

Ther« were but fev/ railroads ea«t of 
PittsbtTa'gh and none west of it. 

My rsulo of travel lay down the 
Ohio rixrer aud u]i the MissIs^ippi. I 
eDgQcc-i passatrc on the noble ste&m- 
orS.B. Slnugarinn which ii!ic<l regular, 
betwef. ; the fctiirting point and St.Lonis 
and after a tedious voyage of Ki days I 
rOHcbccn St. I^ui>> where 1 stop{.»ed over 
two dars waiting fo** an up river steam- 
er deslLDcd for Dubuque Iowa, and after 
another run of A da\s I was landed mt 
tbe latter i>lace, «on\owhut fatipood on 
account of the long and tedious trip. 
Bt (J ot.'lwok A M. Xovemb'^r Cth, and 
after looking the fraall btit thrivlnj? 
towu of Dcbuqnc over a little whllo 
there Hrrlv»*d anclhcr sTnaraor vMh 
j.Dmo fniifc:r»n; l' •:«'• > • v>'T« '1 from 





]"*itl?burg and aioong them wa? a fam- 
]y, with which J Was- scmev. hai hc- 
quaintf-d, whose deslinatiot) was lo 
the same point I aimed for . 15 mihs 
south of Dubnque where livt-d an t-ld 
neighbof by the name of Daniel C(^urL, 
who had braved the wilds i)f Iowa tev 
eral years before The familv ah( ve 
refered to, consisted of J.>hii Rcmt-r.: 
aud wife and ab<iui 6 chii'fren, atj d 
from ebout 12 years aud down, ^nd i.^vo 
young" men somdwhat re!ate«i, diver 
and Danial B) said by nam. ,<i. d my 
self. Mr. K^ merer hired a u^am to 
haul bis family and a phtrtof bis hou,-e 
hold ^^oods to the place of dr->tir a' i- n. 

Our party left Dubiicjae at i .-c -'ck 
i\M. we bad 15 miles before u;- aiid 
the roads were somewhat heavy on ac- 
count of recent rains, our progress 
was necessarily slow. The first ten 
miles was not very difficult, but uo« it 
b'jgan to, be dark and the country be- 
g-an to be very sparsely settled and it 
was rainlDo-, our road lay through an 
open pruirit- with no fenses or hou^e m 
sigfht. Bu*^ we m^iuaged to keep the 
road throa^cb th dark on acc' uiitof the 
grass on eiiber sid^,aft'-r perusing- our 
wny of 2 or 3 miles by the aid of our 
grass ft-nce at the sides, we came to a 
]avoe piece of breaking, throuj>h 
which the road passed. And here is 
vehere our difiieuities b^Ran It 
was raittin;.; hard aud we lost the ti-ack 
on the breaking?, which brought our 
party to a stiiiul still and after b 'IdinK 
a council, it was decided to leave the 
waf;on together with th(^ faaiily and 
drive r to stand still till we, tliat weie 
loose for4.ed, could mnke a recon'.oi- 
sance and find an c>utk't. Accord ' r.g y 
two of us started to travol around 
t hrough the dark for at io i^t an h' ur 
V, itliout any success, unless it was th-.a 
we found ourselves lost nn ari open 
I>taiii(^ Dy this timc! v.e br.,"( no }d<'a 
how far v>e were from the watrtni. or in 
'vhat direction the breakin{{ was fnuii 
Ur, here our pi edica irent w ) 

than ever. We helloed at the top fo 
our voices, to see if we could get a re- 
ponse from the wagon, but it would 
not gro. We traveled a while in what 
we tboUKbt mii/ht be in the direction 
of the v\a?on party, bat it proved to be 
io the opposite direction. We btopped 
a^raiD to hello a numbni of tim. s, one 
time we got an answer jus? in hearing 
distance, it was from a belated bo\ re- 
turaing from his wotk 'o his home. 

The boy was coming toward us and 
as soon as he w s in e-isy -speaking dis- 
tat.ce he inquired what the trouble 
was, so We told bim ^ve were lost and 
Wanted to dnd a roaU that would lead 
t^; Danic! Courts pla.e af.d the b^n ar^- 
sv.-> red, come • ver to the r(<ad ud go 
fffiiles south and \ou will get there- 
We told the boy to stay till we got 
there, aid then be began to explain 
the route more definite But we ir.ter- 
rupted him by telling bira tba* we 
had also lost a wagon somewhere *-i'h 
a family of children and others v.hicb 
we lir-t wanted to find before we were 
ready to proceed, telling the boy it wms 
on a large peice of b. eaking where we 
lost the road. The b'-y told us there 
was only one peice of breaking in the 
neighborhood and that was 2 miles 
north and we mu?t follow this ri>ad lo 
a certain crossing and then turn to the 
right. But we ^^ere in no mood to 
make further experiments. So 
oflered the b.-y a dohdr to pilot us to 
our wagon and act rs guide for the re- 
mainder of our journey, this the boy 
eagerly accepted and in du^ time we 
made our landing at 10 o'clock P.M 
Here we met with u m 'st cordial le- 
ception Mr. Court appeared at his bist, 
and his noble wif-, was so 'O engaged 
in preparing a liearty supper for which 
our whole party wa-. more than ready. 

It was now 11 oVIoek and it b.-gnn to 
r.;*j to be a wondoi- how thi« now 
hu-ge family could be lodged for the 
remainder of tiu« nigtit. l^ut ibi- prob- 
lem was .seon >olveik;i.II> Jonn 




IbBD Alshouse strpprd in, whose rosi- 
deDCe was i mile distarce, and Lebues 
Alshouse, a brother who bived nearby 
also came, for the sole purpose of tak- 
ioK in a part of the newly arrived emi- 
grauts. Tf e Alshouse boys, as we then 
called them, were formerly from Wil- 
kinburo, a suburb of Pittsburg Pa. 

So after we were distributed to our 
several lodo^ings we felt perfectly at 
home, and it was now 1 o,clock A.M. 
and so ended my first days experience 
in Iowa. 

All the above earned partiep, of whom I 
will havfe) more to say in the future, 
lived in the immeadiate vicinity of the 
present ZwiTiple on the line that sepa. 
rates Dab!:;q se from Jackson County. 
Fifty five Yeaes in To^vA. 

Rev llcctionsof Early Days. 

Recoikctions of early days, writteu 
by J. W Ellis for the Jackfou County 
Historical Society, 

J thin\ it A- o ia the snuimer of 1857 
that my father met uirh a great loss. I 
had previously ment oaed that there 
was a large frame baru ou our land, part 
of it was us d for a horse stable, part for 
a ^vnuAvy and coru crib, and in the larg- 
est part was what we culled a tramping 
fi >r, a large room \vi b a double floor 
where we thr< shed out ihe wheat and 
oats with liorses My father would lay 
two -ouises of sh»'ave.- in a circle around 
the room vv iih the ht-adv ovt r-lapping, 
then a couple of us boys would mount a 
horse lud tror around and around tins 
circle heading auo" in r horse, my fathc-r 
continually turning the sheaves until 
the grain was all tramped out, after 
which the Hrraw would bo t hro a n (ilV 
and the grain run tljrough a fanning 
mill. On one occasion after wo had been 
cleaning up the wheat and had le't con- 
^ifh rable cha;T on t)ie floor, niy liMle 
4 vfMr olfl br jtlier saw some niic Id'ling 
in t he cludV and it ov'curri d to him that 
it unuM Immi good idr-a to Ijuinthcni. 
out. My father and all the big boys 

were away from home at the time an 
mother vras very busy and not paying 
much attention to the little tots, so that 
Johnny managed to get some coals from 
the fireplace and proceeded to barn oat 
the mice, with the result that the baru 
and contents, consisting of 4U0 bushels 
of corn, 12 tons of hay, some oats aad 
two sets of harness went with th«^ mice. 

That fall there was an early frosi: 
which caught all the corn, and that win- 
ter and the nest spring and summer, 
corn suitable for brt-ad sold for >1-00 per 

The Jcraian barn, as it war called, was 
a land mark that will be remembered by 
many who are y,< living, it st'^'^d in 
1852, only partially built, near wiiere 
Andy York's house now staLds Peter 
Jerm lu had starred to build the barn, 
which he laid oat with generous plans, 
but befoi-e it was completed he uudf-r- 
took to dig a well, the ground at the 
spot chosen for rhe well was sandy and 
ca.A-ed in and killed him, so that neither 
well nor barn were ever complfcTed. T 
well remember a hole in the side of the 
barn next to where rhe road ran thioagh 
his place, that it was said old Peter cut 
oat to ^hoot through when parties came 
to steal his grain, as ho auticipoton they 
would do. There was a tradition that 
he had money hurried somewhere ou 
the laud. I have - ever heard that Andy 
Y.nk f 'Mil id rh<- hurried treasure, but be 
certainly has aianagcd to extract coii- 
siderablo wealih from the old farm. 

The modes of conveyance in the early 
days htre were heavy linchpin wagons 
drawn by horses or oxen, or riding horse- 
back. I am quite coufidoMt thero vra? 
not a carriage or bvigsy in the forks of 
the Maquokcta ia JS52 and aui not sure 
that thtre v; i.-; a franie house. The first 
vehich: that I ca)) rem'.MulxT that could 
be ca!U?d a carriage was a t v. o Fcaied 
wag(»n purchased by John Wood:-, Ksq,, 
I think about J^-'fi, and it was iu gT<*al 
demand at all funerals in our lu i^hbor* 
hood for yeai Nelson La:;.> al.<o got :i 
rariiag'^ in t ho fifties, and tlio.^ t\\x> 

were ail that I had any knowledge of 
■prior to the war. It was a great thiug 
in those days to own a carriage. 

The fiddle was the priQcipal and al- 
most the only musical instrument in the 
conutry in the early days. I remember 
very well the first piano 1 ever saw. In 
the winter of iSoG or '57 Uncle Joe An- 
derson was hauling wood to Dr. Allen, 
and was invited to bring his family 
down to hear Miss Kate Allen play the 
piano. I was invited by some of the 
children to go along and Uncle Joe to 'ik 
a sled load of us down to the D>;cror's 
house, which srood nortli of whore the 
Stephens bank now stands, and Miss 
Allen entertaiiied ns nicely, it was the 
first time that any of the part;, ever 
seen or heard a piano and it was a great 
event with us, I know I felt somewhat 
stuckup over my brothers and sisters as 
I had heard and seen a piano and they 
had not. 

For some years after coming to Iowa 
my mother cooked over a fire-place, but 
finally father took a couple of loads of 
dressed ho^rs to Lyons and brought home 
a new box stove with a whole lot of 
bright tinware, and we had something 
to brag about at school. 

There v. as one character in our com- 
munity in the ( arly days, arouud whom 
my memory clings with feelings of deep 
veneration and fond aueGtiou, I refer to 
Dr. Ch.irles L. Usher, a pioneer of the 
early forties and a good Samaritan to the 
early settlers in every seusQ of the word. 
The coctor was a welcome guest in ev^ry 
cabin and never failed to respond to a 
call for help in sickness, day or night. 
He was a graduate of an Ohio n-.edicul 
college, and his greatest ambition in life, 
as h(i often told the writer, was to do all 
the good lie coald to Ids fellow mfu. Uis 
serv ices were in great demand, Ijut poor- 
ly paid for, and he com]);dIed to dig, 
dry and gr.njul up aud pi-r[);irf thi' lierbs 
vliat lie used in Ids reun'dlcs. Many 
twn>\-; tilt; wjifei' his lu lpid Inui to liig 
jiMfl f.olIi:''.i. l)ur(]o ;k, Indian cap, squaw 

cabbage, golden seal and many other 
herbs us^d by him. The d vtor hated 
dogs and often renairk-d, that no fam- 
ily was too poor to afford several dogs. 
He was also bitterly opposed to the u<e 
of tobacco and intoxicating liquors He 
lived to attaic a great age, honored and 
respected, but died poor for the reason 
that he was a poor collector, had he kept 
an account of his services and loolicd 
after the collection of his fees as some 
modern doctors do, he might have been 
a wealthy man. 

One of the early day preachers that I 
remember quite well was Rev. Mnllholh 
who occasionally held service in our 
school bouse and prayer meetings in the 
houses of the settlers. On one of his 
visits to our neighborhood he accosted 
Joel Woods and said, "My buy do yea 
know Jesus Christ?" Joel said, "^'o 
sir, don't thiuk he lives in the timber, I 
think he must live on the prairie." Joel 
has never heard the lust of his ausv>-er 
to the preacher. 

One little adventure that befell nie in 
the early days will help to illustrate 
some of the dilticulties we met v,dth. 
Father sent me to town on horse back 
for the mail and some groceries, it hod 
been raining bird bu? cleared up before 
I left horn*.;, it commenced raining again 
just as I got into town and never let up 
for o)ic moment until aftci- dark, and it 
was awful dark. As soon as it stopp^l 
raining I mounted tiie horse, one tliat 
we had owned only a short time and 
was blind in ono eyi.-, and started for 
home. 1 got along nicely until I crossed 
tlie old wooden bii lge and struck tlie 
timber, which at that time urew rijjht 
dowti to the end of the bridg-j, when I 
enten <1 the forest it was like entering u 
dark room and I coul I not see my hand 
when lu'ld before mv t-ycs, and {he only 
way I could tell when the horse was lu 
thenjad was by the sound of hi.*^ feet 
splashin,-? i:i i\w. wiit.T, the instant ho 
stvpi)^; 1 out of tho n)ad the s mnd of hw 
f«;el was imiliU .l by tho Icvivca* 

so I mauaged to keep iii the roail iiu!il I 
jjTOt witliin a lialf mile of home when 
the rain began pouriDg down again and 
my old horse got out of the road and in 
my efforts to get liini back he stumbled 
over a the trunk of a fallen tree and be- 
came hopele ssly anclioied v^'itli his front 
legs Oil one side of the tree and his hiad 
legs on the other, I could feel tlie log un- 
der my feet but could not go backwards 
or forwards. As a last resort I conclud- 
ed to try my lung power, I could rival a 
Coummnch Indian in yelling tliose days. 
I gave a couple of whoops and was over- 
ji)yed to heai av answering sliout and 
soon saw a couple of faint lights gleam- 
ing through the trees, whicli came near- 
er, guided by the respouj-ive slioutiug, 
and in a sliort time ray father and older 
brother arrived on the scene, with 
torches nuide from dry maple slivers, 
and immediately relieved me from my 
embarrassing position. 

I I'oamed through the forest a grca 
deal when I was a boy, but was never 
lost or turned around as the saying is. 
Father taught his boys to handle and 
shoot a gun and allowed us to go hunt- 
ing as soon as we were able to carry one. 
One of n-iy favorite places to hunt was 
the sand ridge where the village of 
Hurstville now stands. When I was a 
boy it was covered with second growth 
white oak, a specie of tree that retains 
the folliage all winter, hence was an 
ideal place for hunting pheasants on a 
moonlight night. I was a little tinior- 
OTis about approaching the cast end of 
the ridge, wb'-;re vlie Indian burying 
ground w^as located, wlu-n on a night 
excursion alone. In the days before the 
war thei-e was a lake and a pond north 
of the saw mill and east of where Sena- 
tor Hurst's house now stands, that act- 
ually teemed with fisk of the bi-\st and 
gamiest varieties, bass, pike, pickerel 
and sun-fisli, and I can close niy eyes 
and see the old willow and elm tree's, on 
Vv'hoso roots I could stand arid yaiik out 
1 be li.di to ifiy liearts content. Tle rr 

wti\; two other poufls. in what is now 
Xisson's corn field, wht;re fishing was 
good and where I have enjoyed sport 
shooting wild ducks. 

Deer and wild turkeys were quite 
plentiful in the forks prior to the v.'ar. 
but 1 never had the satisfaction of kill- 
ing o;;e in my boyhood days, but some 
of our neighbors killed a good mauy.and 
a coa^iu of thf writer, William Eiiis. 
v/ould quite frequently bring in the 
c ircass of a deer to our place and leave 
it until he could corue for it with a 
horse. The nearest I ever came to kill- 
ing a deer when, a boy ai home, was 
when I was about 10 years old. I went 
into the woods with a small ritle one 
morn after a light snow fall, and soon 
struck a fresh deer track and followedjit 
through the thickets where it had been 
browsing finally coming to a maple tree 
that had been blown down when full of 
leaves, I was thinking what a nice place 
for a deer that would be and while 
walking around the top, up jumped a 
big buck and looked me square in the 
face, I yelled like an Indian and : the, 
deer started off with lu and 20 foot 
jumps, and I never thought of my gun 
until the deer w^as pretty well out of 
range. My folks had a great deal of fun 
at my expense when I told llieni of my 

Recollections of l^arly Da5\s. 
Theodore Fischer, Sr., was a pioneer 
of Tete-des-Morts township, dacksou 
county, Iowa, and was a veteran of two 
wars. He whs born in We>tpbalia, 
Jan. 21, bSJi, and came to America in 
1841, lauding at. ]Sew Orleans then canie 
to St. Louis and for a time worked on 
steamboats on the Mississippi river. Itx 
bSWhe went to Galena and worked 
there and at Mineral Point. Ho maile 
several trips to Kcw vjiloaiis. W'lu u 
the Mexic.m war broke out he enlisted 
in KirelMr's: Company B. 
Missouri I.iglit Vrtillery and was uiu.s- 

tpu'd into rhe U. S. Service rho 2Ist day 
of Juiu' lSlG, and p^irticipui ed in the 
fon.iwiri;:^ battles: Palo- Alto, Re^aca 
r)H-l:i-Paliiia. Baeaa-Xista. Vera Cruz, 
Oi)evnilt,epe(% Siera-Gordo, Tobasfo, La-- 
Pa.soual and Montert^y. AVhen tlie war 
was over he went b ick to Sr.. Lonis and 
was married. His wife dyititr wirh 
cholera after giving birth to a krirl b d:)y. 
He at'ttu'svards njarrit d Carojiiie Meuke. 
aad caiDe to Jackson couj\ty, and set- 
tled ia Teie-de-- \lorts towDsbip, where 
he remained uaril his death June 15. 
isPl. To I'^UU, his to'.ynship beiiit? short 
on its quora o'c soldiers; he was drafted 
into U. S. Service aud served under 
Sherman until the end of the war. He 
held two honorable discharires from the 
U. S. army for service rendered in tv. o 
different wars. While liviutj in St. 
Louis after his return from the Mexican 
war, he made an over-laud trip, with 
oxen, acros.s the plains and moaurains 
to Santa Fee, Xew Mexico Ter. Islr. 
Fischer was aa honorable, upright man 
respected by allr wlio knew him. His 
children are: Anna, ^^ife of Peter Kal- 
mes, St. Donatus ; Antoine, in Dubuque ; 
Aufj;ust, Bennetsville ; Theodore. Jr., 
Maqnoketa; John, St. Donatu^; Caro- 
line, wife of Math Fvcns. Springbrocjk : 
Henry on the old honiestead in Tete des 
Morts township, which his fallifM' ac- 
quired witli a laud warrant received for 
s*^rvices in the Mexican war Theodore, 
Jr., has a modal formerly owned by his 
father, oomnieniorating the battles that 
he. was in, in the Mexican war. 

I^ioiicci- I.iic in Iowa. 

Ky Lovi \'»'a'.',(>MPj'. 
After having renewed my acqu;nnt- 
ance with my former neighbors, most of 
whom had pr«^oeeded me and were sf-t- 
tled i7i and aronnfl ZwingU-, some in 
l)iibn(iiie counly atid sfjme in .Iael:sn?i 
county, 1 bf giiii to Iriok around f(>r a lo- 
cation for myfiCif. But being Imrn and 
rai;"d in a country of tall tiinJi- v. J 

found n..'-hin^: ia Dubuqur «•.»;:•, ry iJiir- 
wassuil^bb' or rhat suite ! i-a.-OKy. 
I rhereforn dM-i.)t d to sirike ..u; 
er regions. 

It was now abn-if rhe first t»f .lanu^rv 
iSal, and I was iti Dubuqu;- for several 
days acqnainli'j;^ myself wirh the wavs 
ai;d i?i(\i!i> for obtaani- g v:.)vernim'nc. 
la.nris I -"mid t i = at p!ib;ic. iands mi^^it' 
be p^^■^•I!..p•> d and seirjr-d upon o.-i .> 
years tina-, thux giving the .«t^ttlr-r the of the laud and paying for it ur r!i-- 
eDd of 5 years at SI. 25 pef ac.-e. And I 
al-o found that fully one half rhe iaud 
had been s^-ttled in that way, and thar 
quite a large share of it was entered 
through land warrants obtair'Ld by sol- 
diers of the late Mexican war I a.lso 
found tha^ many of the preempted 
claims had iar.spd. the time of final pay- 
ment having exjared, and we-e there- 
fore open to entry to whoever might 
co;ue along ai d dispo.sess the would be 
o\vn( rs, and thus deprive him not only 
o'iiis laud buf liis improvemeurs as wejl. 
Such practices were not common, but 
they did occur far ofteuer than cue 
might think could be possible in a coun- 
try where civilization c aims a foothold. 
The disposition of some men, (if I may 
so call them) to take advanraue of the 
circumsta; ces of tiieir fellov;men and 
deprive them of t he results of labor and 
hopes, was found to be a loath>oDie dis- 
ease that must be treated wirh .^^evere 
remedies. .And these renje*!ies, which 
were iron clad, could be foutid in f-very 
house, especially whert' men held lapsed 
claims, (the rifle aud tlio shot gun). 

If the reader will now follow me on a 
trip to Claytoti county. I will relate niy 
first experience v» iiere riile and nnolvor 
were hrcMJght to the front. I was ft 
guest of the Waples House. Dubnque, 
where I fotmd a largo iiuinln^r ofland 
seekers fn)m tlio eastern sti»iF« aud 
ntuong them I Hvajxl two nton that were 
in accord w it li )iie. Thvy i\Mi wautod 
liwdM-r laufl. on-' of tlieui was u:y broth- 
er in l.ivv. \Vn, lC.,'»us, theothvr. J. D. 

Moody, of XcA' Yoi*k state I wus 
sfari-'-iy 21 years of \ p-i.iy ani 

Koons wt-T" bv -pveral yt'itrs my senior. 
v:r. Moody beiiu' somewhar of an ex- 
\n:v{ and of the dari' kind uatiiraUv 
li-e:tiii!^ oiu" Mo-cs Bur bolore \vp st;irr- 
<^d prepared <mr>eives wirh iir-ips, 
which sho'svcd the vacant lands of Clr.y 
couiJty. We also aypli^'d to oju", ?I. W. 
Sauiord, a land speculator, who owned 
several hnudred acres in that county 
that ho held for sjle, on which he gave 
lis prices and also letters to parties who 
would show us thi:^ huids. 

It was Monday morning when our 
iicirty started northward from Dubuque 
CLi foot througli y newly, f^ljen snovr 
about six inches deep. Our load lay 
through a vi-ry sparcely settled part of 
the country. It was therefore necessary 
to enquire ahead where dinner could be 
obtained, and was told there was a 
small settlement 15 miles ahead where 
was a blacksmith shop hard by tiio road 
where we could be accommodated. It 
was about 12 o'cJix^k when we arrived, 
at the black.-^mith shop, which consi.-^ted 
of a shed faci- g the south about 10x12 
constructed of ]>oles set in the ground 
interwoven with a tall specie of weeds 
that were plentiful in that cou- try ;ilong 
streams, tlie nearby house w;is siuiilarly 
constructf d and tilso \(-.ry small in size. 
We found lh(^ blacksn)ith, a good fellow 
with a large himily of about six children 
ages about 14 and down. They were 
just eating their din))er, which consist- 
ed of parched corn, of v/hicii they 
seemed to have an abundant supply, 
which was prepared in a large p in by 
the smith nseiug his forge to make the 
necessary heat. We did i\<n order din- 
ner that day, but got dir. ctions from 
the smith to last us to the next station, 
which wa.s called the Floyd sctr]('ni; rit, 
IS miles distaJit. 

We left th'.-' l)l:u-ks))iirh .sho]> ub'.nt i 
o'clock ]). m., ;utd cirrivud tln^ Fluvd 
setth'inent. mVimu' S o'clock, hnre vre 
fonnd i> l)0li 1 w ith gO'»d a' fOiuriioda- 

tions. Ht-re was a suiail village con.sist- 
ing of hotel, church, store and school 
house. alxDut S or 10 private houses. 
Altogether it was a sort of honu ly place 
arid was situated on the thoroughfare 
tliat led to ^^cGTegor landiug on tlie 
Missi.ssippi river. 

We left the hotel in the morning in 
quest of one of the parties Mr. Sauford 
had referred us. who we found a.bout s 
miles north. Here we spent the re- 
mainder of the driy in loohir^g at land.s 
belonging to the said Satiford, with one, 
Ovv'en Rooue3', as our guide, who 
entLrtaiut^d us the tol owmg nigiit. Mr- 
Roonej was rather above the average iu 
intelligeu'^e and kn^w bnw to moke 
shifts, being one of the first settlers, and 
lived in a first class cabin, built out of 
round lo^s, about ](-;x20 f^et with a large 
liro-place in oiie end. It was all in one 
room. Besides thf otl)>-r things in the 
room there were ab-mc 400 bushels of 
shelled corn in sack>, whir-h was sthcked 
along two of the walls up to tlie ceiliiig, 
or rather where the ceiling should have 
been. This stockade served an excel- 
lent purpc^e to shut out the cold, which 
ar tliis time vrould easily reach zero 
His house stood in a group of bnr-oak 
trees, wliicli at a distance resembled ap- 
ple tree.?. .\;r. Roouey, our host, to- 
gether with our party, after our days 
work, of looking over Mr. Sauford'.- 
land, was through wirb, we returnet] tn 
the cabiii for grub and lodging. Tb i- 
close to the on om'. of the tn-. s. 
was three-quai tf-rs of a very line looking 
beef, hung up among the limbs ab. .r.*^ 
five feet fronj^ th^ ground, froze soli<l. 
And a part of this was s^oon brought in 
to be iv-cd for the evening meal. Mr. 
Rooney, armed with ati ax. cjiniled tie 
tree and vigorously plifd liis ax an l 
made chips of cotisitUrrahlo si/.e whifh 
flew in every diivciiotJ until enougl. \v«n 
d(jwn tor both supper and hiv«l:fa>-r. A 
froritu r feast w.-ts soon rt ady to nv1u> |i 
our wlioie party did ample .in.-,lio<- Hui 
I now In g»in l.» w«jnd«-r whnt of the 

night. From all appearances, tliore was 
hardly b^leepiiig room enonj^h for the 
family, but here our host lonud no dif- 
ficulty at all, he began to pull down 
enough of^ the sacked corn to make a 
giiod loundatiou for abed, before a huge 
tire-place well suppl ed with ^vood for 
the night, on this we passed the ni,:^ht 
very comfortably haviuf? our overcoats 
and a pair of butfalo robes to complete 
the outfit. Next morning' we ap::jin 
started out to see more of Mr. San ford's 
land which lay about two miles east, Mr. 
Rooney again accompanied us as guide. 

When we came to the hmd which lay 
along side of a public highway, vre 
stopped while Mr. Rooney pointed out 
the land that we were looking after 
About SO rods to the right we saw a 
house, and presently we saw a man 
start from the house on the run, with a 
gun in his hand, coming towards us, 
•f-houting at the top of his voice, not to 
cross that road as he would shoot the 
first man that set foot on his claim, as 
soon as he came to the edge of his claim 
and not over a rod from where our par- 
ty stood, Mr. Rooney asked him why he 
wanted to shoot, to which he replied. 
You have brought these men to jump 
my ciidra, but Mr. Rooney protested and 
gave him the lie. At this he became 
still more boisterous and began to raise 
his rifle, keeping his eye on Mr. Roomey. 
At this juncture our little Moses and 
Mr. Coons stepped to the front, revolvers 
in hand and Mr. Moody said to tlie mad 
man, put down your gun and hear mo a 
minute, you big fool, you might shoot 
dow^n one of our party, but you must be 
a bigger fool than 1 think you are if you 
can't see that you would be the next 
man to drop. Tliis little speech seenied 
to bring the man to his flenses. And 
now Roouey again came to the front and 
addressed the man thus. Mr. Varner, 
(for that was the mans name), yon can't 
h'dp but see that you now easily be'''o»(u> 
our pi'isoner, now therefore lay down 
your gun, and I will sliow you a h'tlcr 

f}om Mr. Sanford of Diibuoue, de.-crib- 
ing the lands which those gentlemen are 
now looking after, and you vrill easily 
see that these men are not aft^r your 
lapsed claim at all. He then handed him 
the letter and after reading its contents 
he said yes that it was all right, and I 
will now join your party and assist you 
as I am pretty well acquainted with Mr. 
Sanford's lands. And so ended our 
sight seeing in Clay county. The writ- 
er had orie more such experiHr.ce in 
Jones c^JUEity later on, which rHrminarfd 
ver\- nearly in the same way. Tli^rc 
was nol^dy shot. Our York State 
Moody being still vrith us. Here our 
whole pauty entered some government 
lands. And here we parted company 
with Mr. Moody, who returned to his 
eastern issme. I have not seen or heard 
of him 5iace. The reader will in my 
next comnnuuication find me among my 
old frieu'di::- in and arouug Zwingle. 

Some cf Jackson County's Farl- 
iest Temples of Lea.i ning. 

It has Ibeeu our dpsire to write an ar- 
ticle on che first school houses in the 
several J&ickson county townships, and 
have wrilten several letters asking for 
iofornia&in. As after many days we 
have received only one answer, we have 
cojiclude.'i that tbo people are not able 
to learn nh(*. history of their own section, 
or are indifferent as to whether it is 
made anaatter of record for the benefit 
of those IT. the future, who would know 
somethir^^ of the ea-ly days of this 
country^ Such matter grows more val- 
uable as rime pas.>es. 

From Tib ?, fiftieth anniversary souviuor 
of the Srutinel, we lean tliat thv first 
school huise in Maquoketa township, 
was buih on the cast side of what now 
Main stn-fi, Maquokt-ta, on laud bolonp- 
ing to J. E. Goodenow. It was half dug- 
out and iKalf log Willi a sod rtH>f. A 
man uaii^-d lUcliard Stron taught the 
fii-st lenn of school in that priujativo af- 
fair iu iMl. From tins bfjannin;? htus 


frrjwu several district schools in the 
tovrnship, aud the splendid high school 
building and the three tine ward school 
buildings in the city of Maquoketa. 

From a letter received from Mr. John 
Applegate, postmaster and general mer- 
chant, of Fulton, we learn that tlie first 
school taught in Farmers Creek town 
ship was in a private house one mile 
west of the present town of Fulton, and 
that the first scliool house built was on 
the n. w. of the n e. of section 23. Mr. 
Applegate did not state in what year it 
was built or of what material. It was 
probabl}'- in the early forties and of the 
log cabin variety, as most of the first 
buildings were in Jackson county when 
first settled. 

The fij'st school house in MonmoD tli 
township was built in 1841. It was built 
just south of the presents limits of Bald- 
win, a few rods west of the bank of 
Bear Creek, not far from w^here Joshua 
Beers, who ca^ne here in 1836, lived. In 
early days this was called the "Shake 
Rag" school house. It was constructed 
oi logs and in it was held the fi.rst elec- 
tion Monmouth tovrnship held. 

As near as I can possibly find out the 
first school taught in what is now South 
Fork township, was taught by the wife 
of Daniel Fin ton in their log dwelling 
house, that then stood on what was lat- 
er known as the T, K. Nickerson place, 
and n';ar the three large cotton v/ood 
trees that now stand on the south side 
of the Maquoketa and Anamosa road 
and w^est of where Glnhn now lives. 

The first school house built m the 
township was built at Buckhoru in 
about 1843, and stood some twenty rods 
east of Pumpldn K\ni, on the r(x;ky hill, 
Bouth of the road ten rods and about us 
many foot west of the section quarter 

I know more about that old sch».>ol 
house than any of the rest, for there I 
put in tv>'o or threo terms having our 
young ideas leart to shoot. Wo learned 
more about Bliooting with a [<]ing at the 

end of the old log blacksijiith .shop and 
shooting the rapids in Pumpkin Run. 
This school hoDse was built of logs from 
the Maquc-keta timber and chinked with 
clay. When it was first built it was 
warmed in winter by a fire place in the 
east end. Along the west end and 
along the north side were slab benches 
and board desks. The schollars sat in a 
row ai'ound the side of the building and 
figm-ed cut two and two makes four, 
and that a pop gun makes everybody 
jump. The first teacher I went t-o 
school to in this house was Miss Aman- 
da Sumn-j^TS, nov7 Mrs, Henry Little. 
That was in 1860, I think. She taught 
a good scliool, considering the number 
of devils she had to contend witii. A 
w oman cCwi:ld keep bettor order in those 
days than a man, if she had the nerve 
to quell tlje big girls, for there was some 
little gali7intiy among the big boys, but 
a man tcE'cher had to have his trank 
well sandi^d. We had one man teacher 
by the ua-im of Ramsey, who seemed to 
lack the required amount of grit, had 
X^robably "been brought up on butter- 
milk. The !big boys would put him out of 
the bourse and hold the fort and he had 
to give v-2 the school. The board hired 
Havey Gi ' llkin to fiuisli the term. "Gee- 
Whiz," lightning struck there. I re- 
member it hit me. Tho first day Har- 
vey taugif- he was several feet from 
where I .f^n^ and had liis back to me, 
seemingly lost in an exercise. I raised 
up and l:;;ned over tho desk to drop a 
paper wa*? down an urchan's back.wlien 
something' lit onto my back and my 
heels hit the ceiling. It was all done 
and over with so quick that I never 
knew ho^ it happened and don't now. 
But I ca^ give evidence that though 
there w(\'e a good many big boy.** ajid 
some of tVcm twenty years old, they 
never trl'^-i'I many mon'cey trirk.s onlTar- 
vey GillUJ- n. Ifo always seemed to mn 
to b-^ a bu.'uilo of 'Krv«.'<, a bag of sand 
andastrtak of lirlUning done up in a 
sack full of eye Jmles. Youi-s truly, 

F.MvMr.i; UrcKiiuK'N. 


WiUiaiu Elii- \v;is Ixnii in Sliirc civf]: 
st^trl(^iiieiir, P. Ijtski rnuiity, VirKiui-i. 
Sept. 8, 17i)4, iiud weut wi'li his fufher 
and family to Fmuklin coiuity, Ken- 
tucky, about ISOO. Duriup the second 
war with Eutrlaud, he \vith his brother, 
John, eiiliir ted in n rejiimentof Kenincky 
rifles a> d fought with Jackson at isesv 
Orleans. Soon after that decisive vic- 
tory for tlie Aiiiericau troops, news 
re-Hched i Ins country that a new treaty 
of peace between the two nations had 
been concluded and the American Yol- 
teers were disbanded and made their 
v>'ay home as best they could. 

The Kentuckians went up tiie Mississ- 
ippi aiid Ohio rivers by boat, leaving the 
latter river at the nearest point to their 
liomes and traveling on foot the balance 
of the journey. The Ellis brothers were 
with quite a company of Kentuckiaus, 
who went from the same locality, and 
when their party left the boat John 
Ellis who had been ailing for some time, 
was Tinable from weakness to travel but 
slowly, and the otlier members being 
anxious to get home again pushed on 
and left William and John, promising to 
send help to them. Their progress was 
very slow as John was getting weaker 
all the tirae and William le^jred that he 
would never get him home alive. One 
day while John's fever was high and 
William thought hira de]iroi")S,he stopped 
and gazed for a long time in the direc- 
tion in which thoy were traveling, fin- 
ally a smile lit up his face and turning 
to William he said, I won't have to walk 
much farther, I see old Bally coming. 
William strained hifj eyes in following 
the gaze of his brother but could see 
nothing and thought that John's mind 
wafi wandering, but John rallied his 
feelings and pushed onsvard and in a 
few hours met some of their people and 
sure euougli the}' had brouglit old Bally, 
a horse that William had left at home, 
and ,lohn wa-s able to rcacli henna alive, 
but only lived a short time. 

Willhiiu }^'»^ married and v.'ent (o)"*ul- 

fiTfj :i i-iuiniy, ludiah'u, and in th^ »>;.r]y 
tut r!. > removed to Iowa and settled 
a pirre of land west of Fulton, Jackson 
cduuty. Iowa, in section 28, Fariuers 
Creek rownship. where he followed his 
trade, of gnn niHl-ier for many years ar 
his home near the bh^.ffs on the nortli 
fork of of the Maqvioketa. There was 
an abandauce of game in the locality 
and Uncle Billy, as he was called, sp^ ut 
a great deal of his time with his })ack t.f 
hounds in the forest hunting deer, wild- 
cat and other game I rem«niber hear- 
ing him say that he had kill 62 wild-cats. 
He was famous as a g\iu maker and his 
silver mounted rifles with birds-eye 
maple stocks a ways commanded a good 
price. Tiiere were fcv men of his time 
that could shoot with truer aim thau 
Uncle Billy. 

I was thrilled when a boy by hearing 
ing him tell of the hot reception that 
was given Lord Packeu ham's veteran.^ 
at New Orleans on the Sth day of Jan- 
uary, 1814, by the Kentucky Bifles, in 
which himself and brother, John, took 
an active part, witnessing as I often 
have the wonderful mark.<manship of 
Uncle William and my own father. a'->d 
realizing that it was probably a fair 
sample of what all the Kentuckians 
could do, I could form a pretty gocKl 
idea of the carnage among the red coa:^ 
when they fharged the works behind 
Avhich sTood the stalwart Kontuckians 
wiih their deadly rifles, awaiting as or- 
dered, until they could see the whites of 
the eyes of the enemy before firing, Men 
who could pick the eye out of a squiire! 
from the top of the tallest tree, could 
hardly miss a tar^'ct such as .a Brifisht-r 
would make at clo'^e quarters. 

Uncle William lived ou his little {r.rvx 
working at his trade part of the li;i.e. 
farming a little, and hunting game and 
b^'cs for pastime as wt.-U as pn^lit until 
IS'iS, wheii ho W!us strickc!! with pural- 
y.sis, arid was conluied to his bed I think 
for eight year.^ before death i\»ka.s«-*d 
l.iiii from his .-ufTt rings. He lefralarg' 


family of thrown nu cluidrru, all of 
V. )i(V!i T think, bur. oue, have passed 
axsMv. bar 'hero are quite a iia nher o 
grandchildren aud grc-at-giaudcliildreD 
iving in this locnhry . 

B jsiness Aleii of ^laqiickctaia IS57 

In wrinnt: of early days and recalling 
men ami incidents of the past, I havethot 
it iiiii/ht be ot iLir-.^re>st to the remaining 
pioucer;; of MaquoReta and viciuity to 
be reminded of those who were promi- 
neo^ in business and the professions in 
Maquolreta 48 or 50 years ago. In 
ISol the primnj-ial basiness blocks were 
the TTTjifiji . and Exc^^lsior Blocks. At that 
tiine IviaquokeLa Vv'as quite a bubi'iRss 
center, and had threat, expectations thru 
the con^emplatf d railroad and navigable 
river running tlironji^h the town. 

Josepl. McCloy and Fred S. Dunliain ^vere 
engaged in Kenei'iil inert' ban disc bii si nt-ss, oa 
the r.ortinv 'S' corner of [*iatt and Main Sis. 

D. W. Graves V.-U:. an attorney, office third 
story Union biock. 

&iiol!eubfrt;er v^- GebeM, or later Shiitiuck, 
GeL>ert & Co., were in goneral mercliarKiise at 
No. 4 Unioa bio(tk. 

niraruitt & McGio;z:or, wholesale and retail 
dealers in j^roceries, etc., special reference to 
ttLimson's tloiir No. 5 Excelsior block, 

\Y. S. 15elden had a dru;^ stoc-k iu No. 'i. 
Union bloc!:. Dr. J. H. Allen w.i;s a.^so- 
ciated with him. 

S. F. Bron n H.nd D. H. Chase were arcliiteots 
and buildcLs at tiiat time. Cba e had a shop 
on West FlatL street. 

,r. IfoUistor, M. 1)., Ii:-d an ofTice in the Ex- 
celsior block. 

I). A. Fletcher \v;is an attorney and coun.selor 
at law, could be found in No. o. Excelsior 
qlock, third -^lo-'y, aficrward associiitcd wiDi 
Cha.-\ IJicli. 

Dr. Geoi'^(c Min r;iy v.'as a practicint; jibysi- 
cian, cilice :it his residence on West Phttt, St. 

Dr. G. S. Martin, Botanic physician andsur- 
p^eon, ©nice in residcice three doors horth of 
brict: rch. 

Vv P. .Nb)aU^<'"'>"i.V v.'iis nn ;ittorncv iit hiw 
and fire in:^ur:(n<'e a;.^ent, oliice uft stairs In 
Fnlorr blocii. 

.1. Berry, attorney and larul a;?etit, oliice 
over Mitel jell's .«>t.<.re. 

J. W. .lenMns. J'j.toriu'y. :ih,oo\»-r >iiicheirs 

S. D. ..VT. fvymiin run f.f<Mieral .store ofi 
the e:isl side of Nnr;h M.dt; si I' ei . 

11 ii ildv> in Co., inid a liar-Iwiirc store ;^.t 
No. Fniou block. 
A Feliov. s !>ad a dru^ and book store at No. 
Excekior block. 

Matthews Iveeve had a ^evieral store, in- 
cluding' hardware, and sold hard v?ood build- 
ing lumber forSartwcll ,S: Se n 

Jonas Chirk had a bank on the southeast 
corner of Main and Piatt streets. 

S. Parker ?>e'ld piano-fortes and me!od-'ons. 

.John Elf rick made boots and shoes, on We<t 
Piatt street. 

.1. P. Eddie was a bust lin;r real estate man. 

Thomas Wright & L'o. nad a woolen DiiU on 
North Main street. 

F. Bricker was a tailor with office at hi? res- 
idence, near the woolen factory. 

Catllu A: Co., had a haruwaie store at No. i. 
Excelsior biock. 

Taubman & Mole, merchant tailors, were on 
SOiith Main street. 

Thomas & Shed conducleJ che I'.'cm Yoik 
Store at No. 1, ExceL->ior block. 

The Decker House was conducted by G. 
Brainard, late of New York. 

K. B. Clancy had a grocery and provision 
store opposite the Decker House. 

M. Murphy v,as making ambrotypes at his 
D;is.;uerrean galley for 50 cents. 

H. C. .Jewell was making melanotypes, ani- 
brotypeb and arubrotrraphs. 

P. Mitchell was conducting the Pioucer 
store, selling almost e%-erything, on the nortb- 
eai.t corner of Main and Piatt streets. 

.1. A. Bryan was selling watches, clock's, el<'. 
at No, :i, E.xcel.-sior block. 

Dr. George Stanley was the Srst Homopatb- 
eicto come to our town, his office was on Soj^li 
Main btieet. 

Drs. George and Mrs. S. .1. Moyevs, Hygio 
Therapeutic physicians and surgeons, h:id 
their othce in their ro.-,idence on Prospect 

l-'arr v*;.- Brown were in the grocery 
on West Plait street. 

R. S. Wiiliams was a brick and stone nia.son. 

Edward Sterling had pine lumber and .■ibin- 
glos to to sell or trade for country pnHiu<-e. 

The Chicago, Iowa & Nebraska rail- 
road was runniiiK trains to Ame.*; Creek, 
17 miles west of Clinton, made tlie trip 
every day from Climoa to Ames Creek 
and rettu j, cue hour and fotty minutes 
each wtiy. 

In l8o7, petitions were cinMilatcd for 
n vote by tl)<3 county to lake liie county 
f^eat from Bcllevuo to FuUou, nud a 
court liouso WHS actually built iu Ful- 
ton, and lliai tlourisliiu^^ town nn;;.-, lvi<t 
out of tlie (Oi-.nty seat by tr'^achpry. It 

was claimed that Fultou was tlio most 
central town in the county, was high 
and dry, that; the north fork of the Ida- 
qaoketa river passed \vithiu one-qurirter 
mile of its plat. Tliat it was three-quar- 
ters of a mile from the finest body of 
timber in Iowa, that around it was the 
most densly populated and fertil land in 
the county. That while the town was 
only a year and a half old, it had a pop- 
ulation of 200 ii::habitants, and that in 
an average discaiice of Vyo miles there 
were ten mills in operation. The 
Fulton people also claimed that vrithin 
t}iree-foiTths of a mile were a number 
of good stone quarries, and buildings 
could be built 20 por cent cheaper here 
than p.ny place else in the county . They 
said good durable water could be got by 
digging from 10 to 20 feet, and that the 
houses were all frame and of more re- 
spectable dimensions than conid be 
found elsewhere in a town of its age. 
That there was a flouring mill, a Meth- 
c*dlst church, and a potter shop in con- 
templation, tl^at they had a common 
school house, two stores, two wagon 
shops, two blacksmith shops, one tin 
shop, one grocery and one steam turn- 
ing lathe and was about to have a 
public house. 

Governor J. ¥7. Grimes, General Ralpli. 
P. Lowe and Henry O'Connor were 
stumping tiie state for Lowe for Gover- 
ner. John McGregor of Maquoketa was 
nominated by the democrats for District 
Senator for Jackson and Jones counties, 
and Bradley of Andrew and MilLsap of 
Otter Creek for representatives. Capt. 
Marsh of VauBuren township and Geo. 
McDowell of Lamotte were after the re- 
publican nomination for tlie ol'ilce of 

There were other business and pro- 
fessional men in Maquoketa in 1857, be- 
Bides those named above. Oh::irles M. 
Duubar was p. young lawyer .and Dr. P. 
H. GriOiii was a popular physician. But 
I believe I Ijavc named fully a.s many 
Lusiiiess and prof essiona) men as (liorc 

are in our town today. I am not sure 
whether Dr. Holt was here in l>s57, but 
know that he wa^ in 1859. Probably 
some of the readers will recall others 
who were engaged in business here in 

Of those prominent in business here 
in 1857, Col. J. W. Jenkins and Cap- 
tains Gebhort and Belden, and Major J. 
H. Allen gained fame in the great civil 
war. Henry Jewell was v. member of 
Co. B, 26th Iowa, and I think died iu 
the service. 

Zvviiigle In IS46. 

Having been cn a ramble of ijiiee 
week's duration, most of the time out- 
side of Jackson county, I now return to 
my first love where I spent my first 
night in Iowa. Here I am right among 
my old friends, of chikihood and youth. 
Here for a distance of five or six miles, 
north and south, and as many east and 
west, lived the first setlers who came 
here from Pennsylvania, from the neigh- 
borhood of Adamsburg, Wilkinsburg 
and Pittsburg. If I am somesvhat tedi- 
ous in n\y narative, I trust the reader 
will bear v/ith me, for this is to me a su- 
cred spot. 

Daniel Court was the first, settler at 
the present Zwingle in ISiG. Albert 
Court, his brother, came two or three 
years later, also settling near Zwingle. 
these tv.-o being the first in, gave it the 
name of the Court neighborhood tiud 
made it a sort of nucleus around which 
to gatlior. Dati Court being a man of 
push, BO<:in hewej out for hini:<elf a com- 
fortable home and was among the mcst 
prominent citizens, and was twice elect- 
ed representative of Dabnquo county iu 
the state legislature. His family con- 
sistcd of fom' children, throe girls and 
one son. The eldost, Elizabeth, was 
married to Rev. F. Bowman iu JS55, 
lx)Vh of v. horn aru still living. The sec- 
ond daughter, Knu-line, lUKrriod W. U. 
Simpsou uV»ouC iho year and aro 

hot a now livin;:. aiui next, Sarah, mar- 
ried Abe. Erwiu, this couple iiv^. also liv- 
iag. The son, Albert, was married to 
Kat^ Foster, tho vouQgest, Mary M., 
was married to John Bowuiau, brother 
of Rev. F B. Bu.t in looking the field 
over now T find scarcely an^^ of the orig- 
inal house holders remaining and for 
the most part ic is the third generation 
that now occapy the stage of the old 
stock of settlers. The Rev. F. Bon''- 
man is perhaps tho oldest now living. It 
was in tho spring of 1S55 that he 
preached my fathers funeral, as also 
that of my father-in-law, Philip Saner, 
^vho^e death occurred three weeks be- 
fore that of my fatiier on May 5, ]R5o. 

it is worthy of note that the same Rev. 
F. Bowman of 50 years ago was already 
iastalied pastor of the German Reformed 
church at Zvvingle and is today still at 
his post, doing the work of a pastor for 
over 50 years to the same congregation. 
This is withovit doubt the longest cou- 
tiauoiis pastorate that the writer has 
any knovi-ledge of in this section. 

James Simpson, Jr., came in 1S52 and 
settled three miles west of Zwingle, his 
father, with his family, came in 1854. 
His son, Washington, had preceeded his 
father three years, coming in 1851. The 
remainder of ::!r James Simpson's family 
consisted of Wm. C, wlio afterwards 
married Miss Emeliue Court about 1856, 
Kiram, I think enlisted amo -g the first 
in about 1S(U or '02 and contracted dis- 
ease while he was in the army and died 
soon after returning home. But I can 
not be sure of the correctness of thi s 
statement. Of the Simpson boys only 
two are now living, Rush, who recently 
had a farm near Buckhoru, and who al- 
so recen tly made the writer a short visit. 
I had not seen him for over IK » years. 
The girls in the Simpson family wore : 
Amanda, who married one, Job Miller, 
both have ijcen dead a good many years; 
Marj Ann, miUTied Geo. Scholian, j^r-d 
she is also dead; two more girls, Ilar- 
■jjetle and Martha, tho youngest, I have 

lo>t track of, but I think that they are 
also nead. 

Tho Ashouse family, to which I have 
already retVrred in a former article, c on- 
si.^ted of Johnathao, the ekh'St, who I 
think came in the spring of 1549 or "50, 
together with his family and sister, Miss 
Dianna, who afterward became the wife 
of the late Whashington Simpson in 
1857. She is still living and for the last 
20 years has been a resident of Mp.quo- 
keta. I am indebted to her for much of 
the above information. Lebus Ashouse. 
who served from first to last in the Mex- 
ican war, came home at. the end of that 
war to his fathers place, who kept a ho- 
tel for a number of years in Willkius- 
burg, a sr.burb of Pittsburgh, Pa , and 
on account of the genial disposition of 
the landlord, Joe Als house already an 
old man. made his hotel a favorite place 
for travelers and teamsters to stop at. 
His house was always crowded witi\ 

It was on one such occasion tliat I 
formed my first acquaintance with tho 
recently returned soldier The hotel, as 
usual, was crowded with gnesis, and 
Lebus, the soldier, early bccimie the cen- 
tral figure and was soon called on for a 
speech, bu.' he felt disposed to decline 
the liouor and after a unanimous sec- 
ond call from the audience, lie consented 
to give a few reminiscences of his two 
years experience iu Mexico, among 
which were vivid di-criptious of the 
bombardment and capture of Montery 
and Vera Cruze, but he was much to 
modest on that occasion to say that h'; 
was tho first man that got inside when 
the wallh woi c scaled at Cliaupultopec. 
After the war the government is-surd 
land warrants to thr returni'd soldiers, 
which gave the holder free clioicr- of any 
government land in Uncle Sam's do- 
ujuin. And now anned with such war- 
rant, he canitt to Iowa in 184^ or '-li* and 
located his warr.uU near Zwingle on I he 
Jackson ciounty side of tho lino, audheix* 
began life us a baohKn- for t wo y.-ars 


movt^ or le-s. In ISoO his .-i-:r^=r.Di imia, 
came fvoiii the eusr aud kept hna<o for 
her brorlier, Leb , for a year or more. 
Later ou he uiade a yisit to the jani or 
his uativity bur soon ret.;rue<i bringing 
with liim a wife of his own. Soon after- 
wards he sold his now improved farm to 
Washiogtou Simp -ou. who also became 
the husband nf the aforesaid Dianna 
Alshonse iu 1857. Acd Lebeneus, the 
soldier, with his family, removed to 
Ilhoois a year or two previous to ttie 
war of the rebellion. And now the great 
war was on and Mr. Alshonse, true to 
the government rill, osrain enlisted at 
Macomb, 111., as a private aud was soon 
promoted to the rank cf Lieutenant. Mr 
Aisiionse was a man oi more than ordi- 
nary courage and intelligence. But it 
fell to his lot through the vicissitudes of 
war to find his way to Libby prison 
where he died toward ihe close of the 
war. It is now but natural that we 
should iuquire of the whereabouts of the 
fy,miiy of so brave a soldier. These we 
now find well stakeddown iu Xorrh Da- 
kota. His sou, a chipoff the old block, 
a prominent citizea and a member of 
the state legislature for two consecutive 

I will now name as many of the old 
settlers as I can recall to memory, who 
settled in the vicinity of Zwiugle prior 
to 1855: Daniel Court, Albert Court, 
Jacob Buckmau, Johuathan Alshonse, 
Lebeus Aishouse, John Kenierer, Dan 
Kemerer, Chris Denliuger, Dr. .] Big- 
low, Mr. Kenedy, Phillip Milh-r, Tob 
Miller, John McClurg, Jacob Kuons, 
Da^'id Koous, Matthia-s Scholian, John 
L. Saner, Geo. S-iner, Michul Beck, Sr., 
James Simp.^ou Sr., James Simpson Jr., 
\Vm. O. Simpson and Washington Simp- 
son. Tlie remainder of the Simpson 
family all being minors, I will not give 
their names here. This settlenient all 
before 1855 was coni posed almost e.v- 
clusivcly of former I^Mjn.syh anian.s and 
ne.arly all from tlie sanif, neighborliood. 
Hut 1 must h(;re add the nanves of 01iv».'r 

Bo-sard ar.d D.iii Bi'ssar.' Thf-s^ wfr*^ 
the pioneers who settled in Dubnque 
and Jackson counties arounc the present 
Zwin^c^', prior to 1855. Bat rh.eie ofi'- 
spriug are so numerous that I will not 
attempt to folio v.v them but will leave 
the account to some future hisrorim 

Zwingle, being thf^ first pi ic-- I visited 
afrer coming t<> Iowa in ls50 wb-=^rf I 
felt at liome among my old friends, was 
not my abiding home, I was still foot 
loose And io search of land suitable 
for a home which according to my idea 
at that time, be timbi^r laud, which 
I fonnd i.i the e intern part of Jon-'s and 
the western part Of Jackson counties, 
some of it east and some of it v>-e>t o: 
of Ciiutou. 

From here I will begin my next letter 

L. W. 

P. S. Of the above named early set- 
tlers, there are only three that are now 
known to be living, to- wit: Yvm. ( . 
Simpson, Mrs. Dianna Simpson aud the 
Rev. F. Bowman. 

A ilislory of llic Walker I ninily. 

A sliort history of the Walker faiuily, 
who came to Iowa 50 years ago. The 
head of the family was Truman X. A. 
Walker. B.q was born in .\jassachns- 
etts, January IJ, 1803, and while a boy 
emigrated with his parents to the state 
of New York In 18"24 he took as wife, 
Miss EHza Lyon of Oppenheim, New 
York. Slie was a sister of the wife 
of Rev C. K. Brown, who came 
as a missionary to the forks of the Ma- 
f'juoketa iu 1841, and also a sister of Mrs. 
J O Degrusli, a pioneer of Jacksou 

In .luue 1853 Truman Walker camo to 
Jackson conuty, Iowa, with his family 
except two sons, who had procctxieil 
him liere. The Jirst year after his ar- 
rival he speiit in Mn(iuo':eta. In 18M 
he moved onto a ^nf^ro of laud in soc- 
tions 2d and '42, South Fork township, 
wh« rt? b«* contini :illy roide*! uLtil hi*^ 

doatli J iturary 1^84, tliirtet^n years 
after the doath of hi?- wife, who died the 
28th day of December, 18TJ. Mr. Wal- 
ker was a thorough man, a good carpen- 
ter and joiner and a first-class farmer. 
Mr. Walker was a master ma.^on and a 
member of Helion Lodge Xo. i^O, that 
was chartered at Maqnoketa in May of 

He came from New York to Chicago 
by way oL" tlie great laices and fiom Chi- 
cago to Jackson county, by few liorse 
team. The first four year.s after comiug 
here he lis-ed in a log house until he 
built the house now occupied by his son, 
E N. Walker. In his family were the 
following nine children all of whom 
ccunc tolov.'a: Kelson H , Julia A., 
Cliarlotte L., Geo. B., Benjamin L., 
Frances E., S^'ephen I)., Mary J. and 
Eb'^n N. Walker. 

Nelson 11. Walker, son of Truman N., 
came from Utica, N. T., to Jackson 
county in 1848, five j ears be\ire his 
lather did. He brought with him a 
stock of dry goods and opened up a store 
in Maquoketa. He onh* lived one year 
aVt^'r coming here, dicing December 18, 
1<S49. He was a member of the Baptist 

B(;ujamiu E.. another son of Truman 
Widker was born Feb. 5, 1880, and came 
with his parents to Iowa in 1853, resid- 
ing near Buckhorn uutil 18G0, vrhen he 
en:iigrated to Nebraska and entered gov- 
ernment land, living there until 1880, 
when he and his family went to Denver, 
Colorado, v/hcre he has been employed 
in the car factories of the Denver and 
Rio Grand Uailroad as a p^ inter. 

Stephen D. Also came here with his 
parents, being born in Now York, Dec. 
8, 181-1, and has lived iu Jackson coun- 
ty until the present time, 1905. He has 
followed th^- carpenters trade the most 
of his life though farm'nig for a few 
yeai's. He married Miss Ada Atheton.a 
daughter of Schuyler Athertou of near 
Buckhorn, a musician iu the Civil wnr 
ari'i had a son, Loyal, wlio was a\j>o a 

musician in Co. Iowa National 

Guard, that was enlisted for the Span- American war. Loyal died at Jack- 
sonville, Florida, of typhoid fever. 

Eben N. was born iu the state of New 
York. Nov. 7, 1850, and was brought to 
Jackson county when three years old, 
where he has since lived, with the ex- 
ception of a short period when he was 
in the state of Nebraska. He married 
^Mss Eva Hall, sister of Charles Flail of 
Maquoketa, Lyman Hall of Buckhorn. 
and Byron Hall of Onslow. Her father 
was a civil war veteran.., Ebeu N 
Walker owns, and lives on the old home- 
stead of his father, and like his father 
before him, is an A No. 1 farmer, and 
an a.11 ai'ound good fellow. 

George B. Walker, was born in York 
State, March 8th 1832. He came to 
Jackson Conuty Iowa, previous to his 
father Truman Walker, but for some 
reason was not satisfied here, and in 1853 
on the same day his father's family got 
here, he left Iowa for the Pacific coast, by 
way of New York Cit3" and the ocean 
route crossing the Isthmus of Panama 
the year followiug. He followed minc- 
ing, and won quite a large fortune, but 
loosing much of it by bidng too good to 
liis friends. He s^^rved in the Washing- 
ton legislature and liad the honor of 
namirjg Idaho. We quote will a little 
of his obituary, printed iu the Seattle 
Inte ligencer, after his death at Seattle, 
May 29, 1S79. "He was born at Russia 
Coiners, Herkim-.-r county, N. Y. He 
was one of the best n)ining experts in 
the country and was known by all the 
pioneers of nearly all the great mining 
camps in the west. Among his personal 
friends was the United States S-nator 
Lenlar.d Stanford of California. The 
State of Idaho wa.s named by Mr. V.'ul- 
ker at a consultation i)i 1801 with W. H. 
Wallace, S ilucius Garf'eld auil Judge 
Leander, whose nam.'s arc intimaloly 
conni!Cted v.-ith the early histoty of the 
Pacific Northwest. The nanin wrus sn;*- 
go , ted to Mr. Walker by the slo.inicr 


l(iahn, plies on the Put:ei" Soaud." 

Though George Walker's lite iu the 
west was nio^riy spent iti 'tlie tar west, 
he visited Jacksoa coaufy several times, 
and was married to a daughter of Wm. 
Vosburg, who settled here in 3837, and 
was Captain of Go. F, :^lst I N. luf , 
that went from Maquoketa in 1862. 

Of the four Walkt-r sirls, three n)ar- 
ried early se c t iers of tins couuty. Char- 
lotte married Charles Duiib >r, an at- 
torney at law of Maquoketa and quite a 
prominent mason and Master of Heliou 
Lodge for five years, honored thus from 
1801 to 1864 a-.d also again in ISBK. 

Frances married Isaac Xorthrop, quite 
an ei^rly settler and a farmer here, and 
some tiuic afier his death married a Mr. 
Xiles of Anamosa, who was a liian very 
much liked hy those who knew him. 

Mary J, Walker married DeWirt 
French of near Buckhoru, who some 35 
years ago went to Nebraska and from 
there to the Pacitic const, whore he per- 
fected and had xmttented a device for ex- 
cavating irrigation and flume dit-ches, 
and also dredging channels. It is now 
in practical operation and in a fair way 
of bringing a large return to t he patten- 
tee and to the firm backing the venture, 
by manufacturing and putting 
tiie excavator oa the market. On ac- 
count of being an invalid a part of her 
life, Julia A. Wiilker never married. 

Perhaps a little incident iu connection 
with this narative is not ami?:s. Wlien 
the Walkers came to Jackson county^ 
wolves were quite numerous. One day 
one of the little Walker girls, FraiX'CS, 
or as she is t>est known, Fanny, then a 
young child, visited at a neighbors and 
played with the neighbors cliildreu un- 
till dark before starring home, some half 
a mile dist:uit. When part way home 
slie became aware of some animal fol- 
lowing her as sho could hear the pat tor 
of feet behind her. Slio didn't know 
whether it was a dog or v,-bat it was, 
but Iniriied Ju)uio as fast as she could 
walk, too brave to lun and too frnrfnl 

to .'ifoT) to invKsrif^Rte. wldch v,-a> per- 
haps lacky for her. As she reached h ->n;e 
her ia!'}it-r vras ou*^ waiting for her and 
remarked, "My lady, do you know there 
is a woif following you?" 

Farmer Buckhor.n. 

Rcc'llcctioiis of Karly Days. 

Reccillections of early days, written 
byj. W Ellis for the Jackfr.n County 
Historiral cSocie ty. 

2ily letter lest weeic on "Business men 
of Maquoketa in ISoT," has been the 
suejectof considerable criticism from 
various old settlers. 

1st: Mr. J. W. Gates, claims that 
the Chkago, Iowa and Xebr.*ska R H. 
w^as nmuind trains to Wheatland m 
the vrinter of 185(5 and 7. To show that 
I had good grouuds for my statement, 
that fli^; road was only completed IT 
miles vvest of the river, 1 copy a paid ad- 
vertisement of the road which appeared 
in No. 39 of Xol. 2 of the Weekly Ma- 
quoketa Fxcelsior, date of Sept 2:1 1857. 

Under a fairly good cut of the qu:iiut 
looking trains of fifty years ago v.-as the 
following : 

Chiciigo Iowa and Nebraska R K oppa 
to Ames Creek,] ? miles west of tlie Miss- 
issippi rirer. On and after Monday, 
Apr 27th and until further notice pass- 
enger trains will run as follows : L^^ave 
Cliuton at 9 o'clock a.m .arrive at Ames 
Creek lOr^JO a m. Leave Ames creek, at 
4 p. ui,, arrive at Clinton 5:40, p m. 

Pa^ssengers taking the J> a m. train 
connect direct with stages for DeV\'Uf, 
Maquoketa, Davenpoit, Tii>tou and To- 
1-0 n to. 

- Pass-»?ngers wish in: ' to go to Ds Witt 
on business, can havt ihi'ee hours at I>e 
Wirt a«d return tlie .^ame day. 

Ail l.;iggage destined for Clialou or 
the road will be received at Fuiron, and 
delivered free of clnu'ge Freiglil traiu.s 
run daily. M. .Smith, Engiurer and su- 
ivrinrend.'.nt, Cliutr^n. Apr .ii IN^T. 

Others sny tliero were oih'^r business 
ru n iu Mfiquokota ill 1S57. Wt H. that 
is why I w rote the jn liele. We want to 
kjiow >vJin v.a^ i!> bu-incss, and will up- 
picciate the inftirniitnun. ,1. W. 

Ai-<)unv.l (Canton i?i 

lu iny ]a^t letter 1 pronii>-ed ro make 
Canton my next point to sinrf fro;n. It 
vr:is in the winter of 1S50 th ir I found 
this place. It wa-* a small villa^'e of 
perhaps 150 inhabitants. There was 
here an excellent wafer power with a 
flouring mill, a .saw null and a woolen 
factory, t0K''^>her witli other ni-i'-hinery 
for cu^tino; plasrering lath and also 
turning lathes, in fact anything in the 
line of VN'ooden supplies could be ob- 
tained here. Cjinton had the only grist 
mill in a circuit of 20 miles, and saw 
mills wore also very few and far be- 
tsveeu. O.iuton also had two fairly good 
con ntry stores. The proprietor of all 
these iiidu.srrlHS was J. J. Tonjilso?!, 
formerly a Virginian, who also owned 
about 700 acres of timber land and near- 
ly ail the tovrn lots. Canton thus equip- 
ped became the center of trade for many 
miles around, It was then a brisk vil- 
lage and did more business in a day 
than it now does in two mouths. The 
proprietor was a man of great energy 
and with all, a genial disposition, 
easily appj oached and a man of more 
than ordinary intelligence. 

Mr. E. M. Franks, formerly of Ohio, 
was also here and in the mt-rcantile bus- 
iu».'^.:>,and a trader in live s^.'-ick, having 
at this time 300 steers and cosvs in one 
feed lot, together with three or four 
hundred shoats as gleaners. 

Canton was alre-ady about 20 years 
old and was among the first settlements 
west of the Mississi[)pi, and at that time 
I thought it was des^iued to be one of 
thc'best inland points in the state. Be- 
ing surrounded by a dense body of tim- 
ber and as good water pf>\ver as could 
be found anywhere in the state, I<felt 
that I had found the right spot at last. 

Among the residents were .some that 
the reader will doubtless remeinber. 
John Reynor, an Englishman, wlio had 
recently come os'er to op<>rato the wool- 
en mills. Dr T. (Iracy, who also was 
county surve}^, and his two depati»'s, 
C. Vincent and J. Woods. (iarvis 

Smith, a merchant. J. Rrenaman, a jxis- 
lice and notary, Dr. Johnson, then a 
praciiciug phy^ician, who on one oc- 
casion was returning from a visit tc> a 
parient fell fi*om his bugcy into a mud 
hole, while under the iutinence, but he 
succev-'ded in gaining his seat after some 
struggle. Bis clothing now ia a sad 
plight, on his arrival at his home he 
f'lnud a man waiting vrlth a forthwiri\ 
call seven miles away. He now faced 
about to immediately ooey the call, but 
here his wife interferred and said doctor 
you can't go in such a plight, come in 
and change your clo lies, Imt he refused 
and said he had not ilie time. His wife 
still protesting the doctor now turned to 
the msssenger and said, diil they send 
for my clothes or for me, to wiiich he 
replied, for you, all right here I go. 
There was also at this time an old gen- 
tleman stopping at the only hotel in the 
village, Fulton by name, always well 
dressed and plenty fuuvis to pay his way, 
he had already l..een here over a year. 
Some of the citizen.- once asked him 
when he had imbil;: d a bit too freely, 
why he did not seek a more desirable 
place to spend the evening of his life, to 
which he replied, I am all right here, I 
am under a salary. I am hired to stay by parties in York state, who arc 
defendants in a suit pending in court I 
am the only important witness and I 
must stay here until I am found out by 
the plain till in the case, and then I mii.- t 
hide again. 

Having now completed my recent land I decided lo retur-n to my liome 
in Pennsylvania till such time when tlie 
remainder of my father's family co'.^hl 
be got ready to emigrate. It was now 
mid winter, and tlieir being no rail- 
roads farther west than Pittsburgh, I'a., 
I must needs go by steamer down the 
Mi-sissippi Rivet and up th(? Ohio, b»U 
the upper river being now icc-hourid, 1 
liiast make my way to St. Louis over- 
laid. I now started for BellevuG wh- le 
I some unsetth d busii:os< t . ;<f. "d 

TO. j)i:iy w.iy uift'ht' overt oolc me 

about 1.) nules west- of rhat to\vn where 
T found a loae s-^tflor. \vh'i hs'l ev (i^^llt- 
ly becii a very early serrlv^r frotr, the ap- 
pearance of his builbings aud other sur- 
roTiudings, and here I staid over iii^jht. 
The man was app.ireu-ly fnlly f55 years 
of ai^e and had u fami y of five or ?ix 
children, all of them far up. past their 
teens. The old man told me that hi;? 
former hr)m-:^ %Yas in old Yirc:ir«ia, which 
h;v.i left more than 40 ye.irs a.sro, aud 
that he h id stopped a few years in lu- 
dian:i aud later on in Illinois, aud now 
in Jackson county, Iowa. On my arriv- 
al the old man sent one of trie boys to 
the post ofliee t<» see if there was any 
raail, the distance to Lamotte. where the 
post olrice was kept, was five miles, dur- 
ing the evening- the man gave me an in- 
terestinj^ history of his life up to the then 
present time. About 9 o'clo^ik the boy 
returned bringing a letter postmarked 
Virginia, the whole family now gath- 
ered around all anxiety, the old man 
now turned to me and said, stranger can 
ycra read writing, which I answered in 
the affiirmative, he then handed me the 
letter to read, but I told him it might 
contain something nob suitable for a 
stranger to hear. lie said, Jione of my 
folks can read and we must depend on 
others. I tiien read the letter, which 
was from a brother, aud was th?-oughout 
very religions and emotional in tone. I 
had not read half the iett<!r till the old 
niau was on his feet clapping his hands 
aud shouting, Glory to God, in thi- his 
wife also joined, after quiet was re- 
bumed, I finislied the readiiig, when an- 
other outburst occurred, in true old Vir- 
ginia style. Jvly entertainment by the 
family throughout was of the hospit iblo 
kind for which the southern people are 

Ju all my experience before and since, 
I never in^t witli a fumily so Ihoroughly 
illiterate and so thorouglily christnin 
and emotional and I began to stuOy the 
cause. Gooi mammy wit not want- 
ing widi Jifiy member of ihe family. The 

letftn- of the evening wa-^ well composed 
and shelved the emotional christain 
thruout aud carried with it the spirit of 
southern hospitality and sociability. And 
the kind treatment, simple and unpre- 
tentious as it was, and the emotional 
oat burst of the evening before, and the 
hearty benediction at my starting out 
in the morning showed jilaioly that 
good people with fertil brain c-in have 
th'-ir origin in the mountains of Vir- 
ginia. Altogether it had the eHV-et to 
command respect insteid of amusemeu: 
and contempt, and I was constrained to 
bow the head in reverence.* 

But I must now hasten to B llevuo 
and from their to St. Louis an*I secure a 
passage to Pittsburgh. On this trip 
nothing occurred and 12 days afterward 
I found myself once ^more among my 
father's family and among mj- old neigh- 
bors and friends. 

My next letter will .begin with my 
second departure for the far vrest as it 
was then called. 

Levi "Wagoneii. 

Recollectiotis of Irkirly Days by 
A. J. Phillips. 

My father, ^Yilliam Phillips, came to 
tiie Territory of Iowa in 1S3T. aud .set- 
tled near tlie Ma<iuoketa River north of 
the city and maHe the farm, now known 
as the Sears funn. At that time this 
part of Iowa was almost a tractless wild- 
erness, there was not a road of any kind 
where the city now is located, except an 
Indian trail which came from Dauba)\i\"J 
grove crossed Mill Urceli: where McCloy's 
ur.ll since stood. 

There were, three ctiier f am dies w ho 
came to I">va in oomi^any with my fath- 
er. John Chirk, who settled on lh<^ 
arres which ils nov/ the southeast part of 
the ciiy ; I.>^a/Vi Mitchell aod family, wlio 
EOtrlod on the li'O acres since known as 
t))0 Wi'.li.Mm Cu'rent farm, wlieve Will- 
iam Gurreul, Jr.. the presrnl odiior of 
the ^Ta'ine'.<i;*;» Ji' was boru ; tne 


rliira fMuiily was John Baniett. Mr. 
Biivuett did not stop here very lon^, he 
v'ojit sonth and settled near Burlington. 
John Clark sold his laud to Mr. Marshall, 
%s'ho also owned an that time the mill 
vrhicli afterwards became the property 
of Joseph McOioy. 

"Vvlien %ve came here iu 1S37, theie 
were a good many Wiunebago Indiai^s 
here, iiviu^ near the forks of the NJa- 
qiiokota River. The year before we came 
here a good many of them died with the 
small pox, some of them were harried 
on the sand ridge east of Hurstvilie. 
They died off so rapidly that they quit 
hurrying and laid, their dead on the 
ground with their head at the base of 
lavge tree, wrappf^d in their blankets 
and such otlier clothing as they wore, 
also their guns, bows and arrows, hatch- 
ets and whatever they happened to own 
was laid by their side. The women 
were laid out with tiieir clothing wrap- 
ped tightly around them, decked with 
long strings of beads, ear jewels, brace- 
lets and such things as they used to orn- 
ament with, camp kettles and knives by 
their side, and a small peii built around 
to protect them from wild animals. 

Some of the early settlers robbed the 
dead of their guns, ^jewelry, camp ket- 
tles, etc., and carried off some of the 
bones for relics. I used to go and visit 
the bleacliing bones some years after 
the fiesh had all gone. 

Daniel Livermore came from Ohio I 
think in 1845, he drove a good team of 
hay horses. When a call for volunteers 
was made for cavalry soldiers for the 
war with M^exico, lie sold liis team to 
Brastus Gordon, and Alon/.o Livormore 
some other young men voluntcred for 
the \V',\Y, but they were sent up to the 
north of lov.'a, on Turkey Kiver, to pro- 
tect the settlements from the Indians, 
who were hostile at the time;. 

Mr. Vv^iilium Current came with sijme 
other men on foot from Caiiiida in JslJO. 
Tl)*\y v.ero unsafe in Caru'.da as they 
Were friendly to the ]'i;bellion. Quite a 

number came here about that rime froju 
Canada and became i:ood citizens, took 
up land, broke up the wild prairie sod, 
endured the hard-ships of pioneer life, 
reared families of honor a< d have i^oiu- 
to their reward, of such >I lore to cheri>h 
their memory. Surely at times when I 
tliiuk of the early day* and the few wlio 
were at that time neighbor>j, although 
liviug twenty miles apart, friends, yes, 
such only as death can part. I can only 
find at the present time, who came here 
before 1S50, now living: Anson Wilson, 
Royal Goodenow, Mrs J. E. Goodenow. 
Miles Eaton, Geo. and Beujaojin Seai>, 
ard .TcMue? R. Wright. 

My father entered the first land in 
MaqDoketa township od Xov. 1, 1S38: 
the laud was not surveyed by the gov- 
ernment; until J83S. My father was oi e 
of the commissioners who organized 
Jackson coutity, and was one of the 
grand jurors of the fii-sv court held at 

I Deglected to iiienrion Charlie and 
Frank Burleson, they were h.ere before 
1840. I was so young when we came to 
losva that 1 did not take very much to 
the scenes of manhood. I. enjoyed hunt- 
ing and fishing, there was an abuudancc 
of game in that line. As I grew Vip I 
learned to handle a spear with sucli 
skill tha?. a large fish was nearly always 
my ganse if I had a clear chance to 
throw ury spear, often a dist;uice of 3t^ 
feet. Wild deer and turkey ns^^d to 
come into our coriifif-dd. tlie turkeys af- 
ter corn and the deer after green fall 

My father built the first saw mill in 
thir^partol the county ci Mill Creek, 
two miles northeast of was 
of sliort life, after he had spent one 
tliousand dollars, ho sold it to Elijah 
Eaton, who soon ubandoued it as un- 
profitable because th«.' soil was so Ioo<p 
that a dam would not lu.ld the niill 
pond. A. J. I'll n i ir-. 

Jacques <^barpiot. 

The followiu^^ iiitet esriTi;^ sketch of 
one of Jackson coaary's pioueers was 
clioperl from u lerier writrea by J. W. 
Ell;s, t'o.v the Cliiiron AdvFrtiser.iu July 
1S97. Mr. Ellis, who was well acquaint- 
ed with Ja^-qut^s Oharoiot, says that as au 
explorer, scout and f^uide," as well as his 
adventerous lite oa the plains aud 
ill the niountaius would entitle him to 
rank v.-ith Kir, Carson. Since this letter 
was, writreu, both Jacques and Barbara 
h«vf- crossed the dark river and joined 
their kindred on the^ other shore. 

"We had a pleasant visit one day last 
week with our old friend Jacques Char- 
piot,of the Tete des Morts Valley Jacques 
i a quaint charmer and has had a won- 
derfully eventiul career. He was born 
ID Fr^mce i]'. 1 S39 • de-siring to come to 
America when about 14 years old and 
being refused a passport, he had some 
friends nail him up in a cracker box and 
carry him aboard an American bound 
v^essel, wherebj' he escaped the vigilant 
eye of the inspector, and was enable to 
join his friends in Philadelphia. At the 
breaking out of the civil war he was liv- 
ing in St. Louis and enlisted in the first 
Missouri, and served through the war. 
In 1S6G he fitted out 12 teams with a 
yoke of cattle to each wagon and went 
to freighting across the plains to Denver 
and other points, accumulating a vast 
amount of wealth. 

At one time ho was engaged in the 
mercautilo business in Denver and oper- 
ated a mine, working a large force of 
men for three years. At one time a fire 
in Central City cleaned him out. lie 
handled hundreds of thousands of dol- 
lars and spent money as lavish as a 
prince. Atter spending tens of ihou:^- 
auds of dollars on his mines, they proved 
nothing better than a sink hole to him. 
(Jyi one occasion he sold a mine to an 
eastern, broker for 8100,000. The papers 
were made out i\nd tlic broker came on 
to Denver with the funds to pay for it, 
arriving on the stage in the evening, pikI 
notified Jacques to meet him at hi> ho- 
tel the next nicrning. During llie niglU 

the man died. A sou came on fro.u tlii- 
east for the body of his father. On be- 
ing t.)ld of the of his father in 
Denver he said that he had not lost a 
mine, and didn't want to find one, <q 
took the $100,000 back with hiai. 

On one occasion while freitrhring, he 
passed a ranch where a butcher lived 
and saw thousands of hide> drying in 
the sun. Ke hunted up the butcher and 
asked what he intended tod > with ihem. 
The butch':;r didn't know '-Wiiac will 
yoa take for theai?" aiked the French- 
man. What will you give?'' Ciuir- 
piot offered fifty dollars and was toM to 
take I hem. He had the hide.> stacked - 
on his wagons and bound them with 
poles like hay, and started east with 
them. When he got to Oma'ia, a pass- 
ing empty vessel too < the hides to St. 
Louis for a nominal sum, and the as- 
tute Frenchman cleaned up over .$4,000. 
On his ret urn trip, v.iiich he was accus- 
tomed to make empty, after several 
years of varying fortun-is. sometimes al 
most a millionaire, and at other times 
freighting with oxen, he found himself 
in 1S73 with very lirtle of his great for- 
tune left, except the farm he hadbougiil 
in Prairie Springs township before th^. 

B-^ing brave and resolute and fond of 
adventure, he was e.isily persuaded to 
join a U. S. Geoh^gical survey party, \r\ 
•1ST2, and was in the employ of tiie gov- 
ernment in that capacity for several 
years. His tales of adventure are more 
entertaining than Cooper's novels. Ho 
led the surveying party into the cliff 
dv.ellers country in the southwest cor- 
ner of Colorado, and thinks that he wivs 
the first white man that eyer gazed on 
t)ie ruins of this prehistoric people; 
while exploring the roughest portion of 
tlie mountainous country of Colorado, 
they were attacked by a party of rene- 
gade Utes, who surrounded tlu'ni on the 
side of the mountain .uid kept thejncor. 
raUd in a place wher« thoy coaW not 
obtain water for several days: t)>»^y had 


to lay concealed through the day, as any 
uiovenieiit in their camp would bring a 
a volJey of bullets from ihe concealed 
foe. One moruiug after the party had 
beea three days without water, Char- 
pio! put a piece of loaf sugar iu his 
mouth and ^rLUir.d it up and blew it out 
as dry as powder, reraatking that they 
had stayed lontr euou^jh iu that yjlace. 
He told his companious that iu another 
day they would all die wi'hout water 
and they musr fight their way ouc ; that 
if any of them fell the others should pay 
no attention to them but keep right on. 

I will take the lead, if I fall keep on 
in the way I was poiug. Ke led the lead 
mule and kept the bell ringing to at- 
tract the fire of tlie indians to himself, 
and although severely wounded in the 
head, ho emerged from the trap, with 
the party entire, but with the loss of 
seven mules killed; they were 500 miles 
from a setiiement or camp and had but 
15 pounds of flour. This, when they 
got to water, they mixed up and baked 
on hot stones, A thin cake, half the 
size of a Juan's hand, was the ration for 
one day They made the journey of 500 
miles iu 10 days, living on such small 
birds and game as they could shoot with 
their pi.stols. After they reached Den- 
ver CiiHipiot rticeivfcd a piesent froiuthe 
government in recognition of his ser- 
vices, which he vras very proud of, it 
being a silver mounted pistol with the 
following inscription; ''Presented to 
Jacques Charpiot for bravtry and fidel- 
ity in tiie battle with the Reupgade 
Utes, Aug. 15 and 10. 18 To." Alter that 
expedition Charpiot left tlie survey and 
started a restaurant iu Denver. He was 
l)rospering, \v)yen a fire cleaned him out, 
and h^ returned to his Iowa home to 
.spend his remaining days in peace, far 
from the exciting scenes through which 
lie had passed. 

The old hero hns all the comfort.s of 
life, a good productive fp.rni, a thrifty 
orchard and good buildings. The. cel- 
lai of their stone mansion is h(:wn out 

{•f >!ilid rock, from which Mrs Charpiot 
brought ftirth last year'.s apph-s, v, hieh 
were as>ouud on the "^Sth day of July 
as in the previous 0(rrober. Mrs. Char- 
piot is a worth3' part uer for her adven- 
turous husband. Although 64 Ye:-ir.-. of 
age, her ItLsnrant hair is black as a rav- 
en, audsjif^ has a^fine ligure. She bears 
a stvikiMg rt-sPtubl;incf' uy tlu Emjircs.^ 
Josephine, first wit't- of the grt..iit 2>a- 

Discovery of llic ( ioiiutcrfeitcrs. 

Fifty years ago Iowa had no herd laws 
and catt'-r-. hogs and iiorseswere allowed 
ti) run at iarge and often strayed two or 
three miVs from home. On one oocas- 
sinn Orivn Sinkey and James Coole.y 
had S(-)ui^ cattle in ttjc woods that they 
had not seen for a m )Uth, so the two 
men started out to search for the cattle, 
which t.h(ey exi.ecied to find down on the 
south fork of rhf MaqunkKta River. 
They folio wvd Pitiu Cre^k about 2; ^ 
miies wiit^rc the bluffs on either side rise 
from 'lo et> 100 feet. But here they con- 
cluded ^> chang'e th dr course atel looked 
for a plisce where th^y might scale the 
bluffs ta get onto the table laud. Af- 
ter doing this they»)yered a thin 
column fDf smoke rising out of a crevise 
of the le^lge of rocks, jindhere they were 
pu//l*^d !>o kno""V from whence it cjme 

Th»\v now began a search to see whi^re 
access iBjiglit be had to the smouidfring 
fire. Aud after a close spfirch they found 
a dinj ^-^a^h that led by a circuitons route 
among tli<^ rocks to a cave entirely hid- 
dj'iJ frojs) view, either from above or bo- 
low, this »hey ej)»ered aud found oyinr: 
en)bei-s that still g.ive forth a little 
smoke. They aNo found some frag- 
ments of metal lying around that resem- 
bled silver, and they also found a i\mn« 
ber of inifx rftvt e<.nns stirking in rro\ - 
ii> s in th'' sides of tlie Ciive. But fhc-y 
saw nn iiiuu and no mint. Th"y pith- 
( i.Mi s'iUie of the imp«^rfeot co{u< »uid 
,n:i.d- th'ir ,'<--a\- -. br^irvvr: tb ,t fl-'^ 

CIV* ;J\'.'elUTs nn;{iit cdiiee^ilod in the 
brush somewhon^ Dt-avhy, and that that noi a healrliy plac- to look for cat- 
tle, <o Tliey got away os soon as they 
could. Rm cht^y t 'Id everybody what 
tlK-y had found 

At that time Nesboa Aldf-n ii\>-d at 
Eui^ line, v\']'tv> came i'roLii Oliio s«-'V>M-al 
ye<us before He was homewlmt 
oat spoken and freqviemly said ihut 
there was a nest of coudteniters in the 
big \TO<")d? and that they must be ferret- 
ed out and dealt with according ro law. 
It v.-as soon after that Mr. Alden was 
doing some work iu his timber that he 
had a hole shot throagli his hat, hut did 
no damage more than cutting a little 
svhisp of hair. He <.iui ~::ly looked around 
to see from whence the shot came, and 
saw a man running in ^-he opposite di- 
rection v. iih a gun in his hand. Mr. 
Akhm immediately reported to his 
neighbors and this circumstance and the 
finding of the cave is what gave rise to 
the vigilance committee that formed 
two days after And what followed I 
will relate in my next letter. 

Vit^iiance Committee of 185;^ 
There are doubth-ss many yet living 
iu Jackso?.' county w'lui remember that 
there lived a Mr. B^irgcr in the neigh- 
borhood of the mouth of Little's creek 
18-33 or who, on account of some 

family trouble separated from hi.s wife, 
pnd that hi^ wife foinid refuge witli 
some of her friends in the town of 

After some time the said Barger found 
out her whereabouts, so he followed h^ r 
up and laid iu wait for her behind a 
board fence, the cracks being close 
enough so that a man could hide bchinO 
it without being seeji. Ht;rc he whitth d 
a hole snfljciently largo to to h i th.; 
mu///,le of his rifle tliron.gli and heic^ 
he watched uiitil she mad- hi r Pp]^i>ar- 
anco in the yard early in Ihc momiut,. 
and then he shot her d'vid. 

I car.ot jiot now t«'ll how loji;: after 

the murder until the said Barg-r wp.s 
arrested. But he was hunted down and 
bj-ought to preliminary trial and com- 
mitted to jail and in due time was tried 
iu the district court, but ou account of 
some irregularities in the proci-'pdin^s he 
was again committed Ai3d thpse im- 
perfect trials C0LiTi)H;ed from lime to 
time until nearly 3 years had elap-ed. 

At his last trial in Jacksou county he 
took a change of venae to Clinton coun- 
ty and the prisoner was removed to De- 
Witt jail for safe keeping, until court 
would again convene. By this time the 
whole community was thoroughly 
aroused at the thought that one of the' 
most cold blooded murderers was now 
in a fair way of escaping the penalty of 
the law, and while the excitement was 
still high, still another foul murder was 
committed near East Iron Hill. 

- In the neighborhood lived a man 
whose name I cannot now recall, but he 
had formerly lived in York State and 
had settled some where east of Iron Hill ^ 
a year or two before This man, it was 
said, had a charge hanging over him of 
some crime he had committed in York 
State and had fled to his present hiding 
place to evade n trial iu court. There 
was ako a neighbor of his found his way 
sometime afterwards to Jackson county 
and settled in the same locality named 
Ingle or Engle, wno soon fovind out thai 
his former old neighbor was not know.n 
hero by the same name that he was 
known by in the east. It was also paid 
that Mr. Englc would become an impor- 
tant witness again.-t the criminal in case 
he was apjirchended. And it now be 
came necessarj' to pet Mr. Engle out of 
of the way, or got away himself. And 
here Mr. Criminal formed a plan. There 
being a young man iu the neigldjorhood 
\s ho lacked considerable of bei»ig sound 
of mind, Grilford by name, who the 
criminal hired, for ^W, to dv.coy Mr. 
Eagle into the wr»od> under the prcle.v' 
of iuDiting sqtiirrels, and a.s soo.i as ihe 
0]i))r!rtnni!y was j;:nod, he sliot him in 

tlti' l-:K-i-; of head. The rvo m'.^u 
were s; ea goiag towards rue timV»er to- 
gotber. b'trh armed with nties, but no 
one suspvcted foul uLiy After a while 
Orifford returned alone, but when Mr. 
Eagle did not put in his appearance on 
tiine, some of the interosttd parties be- 
gan qutsrioDitig Gi'itiord as to Engies 
whervabours, and as be gave very nn- 
satisfiicrory answers. ir at once 
aroused :nv;picion. Soon searchers were 
in the wood and found Eugle shot, the 
ball entering the back part of the head. 
Grifford was so u after arrested and at 
a preliminary trial confessed substan- 
tially to the above stated facts and vras 
coinmitted ro jail to await a trial in the 
district court. This circumstance added 
to the already Idgh teniperture of tlie 
people of Jackson county and the talk 
of lynching became general. Before 
anything definite was decided on, there 
was still another horror in store for the 

There lived a man on the corner of the 
])resent Emeline, named Nesbet Alden, 
wlio had mc'vcd in from Ohio feve-"ai 
years before. He was in good circum- 
stances and was suppo.-ed to have con- 
siderable money and owned about 300 
acres of land. One day he was in his 
woods pasture doing some work, and 
hearing the crack oi a rifle and at the 
same time feeling a slight smart under 
the hair of his head, he quickly turned 
in the dh-ectiou from wldcli the report 
of tile rifle came. To his horror he saw 
a man running his best with rith- in 
hand. He now took off his hat to ex- 
amine his scalp, but found no blood, 
he then examined liis hat and found 
two bullet boles where the ball had 
passcH'l in and out. By this time he was 
thouroughly alarmed aiid imniediately 
began a })asty retreat homevrard and re- 
ported to his neighbors what liad liap- 
penr d. This news sjnead like v.-jld lire, 
and at Iron Hill the citi^.ens had already 
taken SLi>ps to form tliomselveH into a 
vigilance committee. 'J1iis organ i/n t ion 

w:is qnk-:-c'y couiplet'i^d, and, cou.sisted 
of nearly the whole communir v. In the 
nit-aniiaie the a{'ores;rid crimiiial of York 
State had disapueared and thi.-^ created 
no small stir among the r.^centlv formed 
c »mmittee. But the cri'uiiiai had gone 
and nobody knew when or where. 
1 don't know now, wheth<-r he was 
evt-r liejii'd from af ;ervv:j.rd. 

The commiftee a.d();>Ted a constitution 
and by-laws, thev provided that the 
assassin, the thief and the counterfeiter 
would be dealt wirh alike. 

One J;4Cob Landis was t'lected tlieir 
pre>ident and leader. This placed the 
ri^hr m-du m the right place for business. 
I had biit ii[i)e acqaaiutance about Iron 
Hills ciiid therefore cannot hr-re give, the 
names except the two Landis boy.s, with 
these tu'O I had some acquaintance. la 
tb;^ mean rin)e a similiar committee was 
fwrmiug at Emeline where the excite- 
)ueuc Vv-.:':S now at ;i boiliiig point. 

I will here say that the committees 
at eithf^r of the pomts. were composed 
by a large majority of the best class of 
the citiz^-ns. All members were required 
by the constitution to subscribe an oath, 
before being aduiitted to membership, 
that they had not at any time previous, 
b-en in utjy way connected with count - 
C 'feiting gangs, theiviug, or any other 
uulawfoJ. pursuits. This oath was hO 
stiiT that it was impossible for a bogus 
to get in without, perjury. At Emeime 
on the uppointed day for organization 
there a.-^t-mblcd at least To of the citi- 
zens wirh souif^ minors in the crowd, 
but no minors could be admitted. The 
constitution was then read and adopted 
with a niftli b}' a rising vote and was 
now rea<{y for signatures. The tirst ni iii 
to subscribe was the Hhv. Khhid Cooly. 
followed bv Rev. A. McDonald, Nesbed 
Aldcu, Loyd Alden Chirk Cooly, .Tohiol 
Craven). Decatur Graven. O. Sinky, 
SIk'p Craven, Jame>i Cooly, llarvoy Mr- 
H'Muild » rc., till over •'.(» names w« iv; oh- 

It wa- now nices>rtvy that js- rimuutit 


oflicprs Ix' <'li'>-,('ii. which rt^saU<^<l u> 
t'>Ili\\ s: Rev. i(lnd i'ooly, presideur, 
J. Craven, scoretavj* and Rev. A. 
M'-D )nulcl, tivasarer. This couipletJ^d 
the o)-^aiiization and rh(^ (.'omniirtee %va.s 
n«'u' ready for bnsijjess. and eve'ry mem- 
ber of said comuurtee plact'd niider 
obliuatioLi to res[>ond to riiM call <>": Pit^ 
cliairuiati fcthwith, whenever his >t-r- 
vices were required to pursae a ad run 
dowu an.^'^ raiscreaut who violatod the 
laws to the detriment of the public weal, 
aud the offender when so arrested was 
uiade subject to a fair and impartial 
tri.;^l. Hiri guilt or innocence was deter- 
mined by a vote of the coniraittee But 
it must here be admitted that this com- 
mittee was itself ai> unlawful combine. 
But was brought into existance to do 
what the iduiinistors of the iasv had 
hitherto failed to do. 

There were now two comuiittees'jin 
exist -in ce, but entirely independent of 
each other - 

Now let the reader follow me to Ivon 
Hills to enquire of the senior committee 
as to their plans for the future. But we 
find them not here. We are told they 
are gone, they left this morning in a 
body v.'ith Jacob Limdis in the lead. We 
ne.xt lioar of their arrival in the town of 
Andrew and hastily sui roundint.^ the 
jail they d^i.mandf'd of tlie keeper a cer- 
tain prisonei', (Triffm-d by name. Being 
infor.ned by th*; jailor tiiat the prisoner 
v»as in his cn-^tody aud that lie must 
iiold him until the district court coli- 
vened. The leader of the committee in 
formed the jailor tliat the court liad bnen 
in session, aud the prisoner had already 
convicted himself of murder in t\w first 
deforce and our committee is hereto exe- 
cute the ])en;dtv.The jailer still protested, 
whereupon the h'adf.M- sent a di puta- 
lioii to bring out tiie ])risoner. This or- 
der v/as qniclvly obey ti anrl Clirfford Sivm 
foejid ln'j)self ;;nno<uuli '1 by t he. com 
mittee, svhose ranks had been inert ;)^eii 
dr.rinrc thciir march to 70 or more. Mr. 
Ijandis nov; j^ive the; prisoner an oppor- 

tunity to make a statement, and here 
Grifford made a full confe.ssion, Sub- 
stantially in line with the first state- 
ment at his preliminary hf^aring. After 
this the executioners placed the noose 
over his head and led him to a nearby 
tree having a large projt-ctine" limb 
about 15 feet from the ground, oyer 
wliich the rope was thrown. The lead- 
er now placed his men in line along the 
rope, which was of sufiicient length to 
give all who felt so disposed a free 
chance to pull. And then came the or- 
der from the leader, all ready, now pull, 
and in less time than it takes to tell it. 
Grifford was seen in the air. And here' 
the curtain must drop. 

But tlto conruiitiee had utill another 
perfornaance on the program. After a 
short cfnmcil the committee resumed 
their Ime of march, this time they were 
headini^ in the direction of D-?.Witr, 
their number increasing as they 
marched. After their arrival at the 
then cG^mty seat of Olinton county, the 
com.ntillree surrounded the jail a.^ at An- 
drew, -iad demanded of the jailer the 
prisona' Bargcr. Against this demand 
the jaiiler vicoronsly protested. The 
protest was soon overcome. The sledtre 
aud r^i'^ crowbar were brought to the 
front mid the deputies soon gained an 
entranit; and the prisoner was brought 
forth aud placed on a wagon, surrounn- 
ed by a strong guard. The leader uov 
commf.nded the committee to fall into 
line atd face r.bout in the direction of 
Andrew, wliere badness required their 

The commit tee now set off at a j^ood 
pace, V'ing reinforced as the,}* journeyed 
until iVey arrived at their destination. 
Here tl\ y lost no time but qui Vily put 
the nGo.<o over the prisoner's he-.ui and 
piYK.<»'?jri(.;d as thej- did in I lie Crrifftird 
case. I was not an eye witiu'ss to the 
abov«» ?;atod facts, but got my itifornia 
from Ambr(ViH' Kobins. who arconipauiod 
the expedition j'lid wlio wps an oy^ wit 
n"-:s fro'u boi.;inning lo end. 1 jfOl tho 

stati'inonTs 'rom Mr. Robiasous vwii 
litis shovrly aftor the occurroncf-' and 
]';iv everv rea-^on to belii-vo riiem cor- 

I have no disp ->siii<ni to uiake com- 
ments eirher ^ood (rr b;id, bat leave the 
reader to jud^e for him<elt'. But one 
thi)!}-^ I will do. I will endeavor to s}:on- 
th^- people of Iowa and elsewhere, that 
this coinniirtee was not. composed of the 
r'">n^. s and tou;?hs of thr- fommiinity in 
which it was formed, bat of the very 
best marerial at command. To say that 
there were no roujjhs in the coramunin' 
w^ould be deuyi/i^^ the trr.i h Too many 
for the pribJic weal. And it was to fret 
rid of them that these couimittees were 
formed. Bi.i< this is unt the interpreta- 
tion J hat WHS placed on the so called 
mob. One might go in almost a ay direc- 
tion outside of Jackson county and 
some inside and hear the commitree de- 
nounced as cut throa's and theives, and 
the farther, tlie more odious was the 
brand, and in fact the brand is not en- 
tirely oblitt rated yet. 

It is not v.-ry many years that the 
writpr stayed over night in a hotel in 
Dubuque wh<^ re a goodly nuuiber of 
guests. a)nou^rlhem a man. from Des 
Moines aiid anot/^er from the neighbor- 
hood of A.ndrev,-. both of t>\em s! rangers 
to me, and I did not learn their names, 
bu* Ihr^y enterr-d ijito eonversation and 
talkfd in a smr of a ronrint- way for a 
while. 'J UH Andrew man finally said 
something that brou-^lit Jiickson county 
to vie.w anfl h- u- fhe Des Moire s man 
(luicklN' replied, yes. yes, I have lir-anl 
(if that plaer-', tha' is one of t'nr- dark 
places of eartli. Tln-r'^ is wh'.re tin- 
B'-lIcvm- w-ar wa- iuauguratrd and is 
tlie ])la'H', wh'-rc year> afr' r,a <ff of r-ot- 
tliro.iis iHing two men on one i )•(;•■ Y'es. 
, I. ir.kson county must be a tough place. 
}bjt liere the Andrew man spoke and 
said, 1. livf ab<»nt midway bttv.cen 
IJel!' vu(.> and tiie place wIm )" \hy vig 
ilam e commitiee, or '.■iii -t Ino,-, ts as yon 
rail lijrm, had llior h> adpuniter^,i liavi' 

a better opinion of !h<-m than you Sfppi 
to have. Ir was thar commitree rhat- 
rid our coan ty ol the toughs that you 
think composed the committ«^e. They 
have done us a great deal of good, and 
they were a dread and terror to evil 
doers as long as the organization was in 
exisrence In fact it so cleaned out the 
counterfeiters, hoi-se theives and would 
be murderers, that the committee broke 
up for want of business 

I might follow- this narrative dovv n to 
more recent date, but will conclude by 
saying that the committee at Emeline 
were never called out for want of occas- 
sion. In this part of the couutrv the _ 
n.iarkedsu.^pect, all suddenly disappeared 
and nobody knew from whence they 
came or v, here they went and have nev- 
er been heard from since so tar as the 
writer krjovrs. 

Let me here relate one more incident. 
It, was a few days after the Em''dine 
committee had orfranized, and the hang - 
ing of Rogers and Grifford still fresh on 
the minds ot the people far and near 
(for the news spread like wild -fire) and 
it was at a store in the town of .N.b^n- 
mouth. that a goodly number of custom- 
ers were collected, some on business and 
some loafing. Among the^m was a man 
from the vicinity of .Millrock, who was a 
suspect, in fact ho vwas known to deal in 
counterfeit mon^y, a^ul was also beli<^ved 
to liarbor and assist horse thieves. 

And while the Barger aiid Gritjovd 
cases were und-^r discussion, some ap 
proving* and some denouncing, the afore- 
said suspf^'jt, who.-'' name I have forgot- 
ten. ]>i|Hd in and said: Yes, I beard of 
tlie cut throats at Iron Hills, and I al-o 
heard that »i sitniljvr gang had been or- 
^at)i/«'d at Vhuelinn, and that it is dan- 
gerous for a stiMng^T to go (hut way. 
Here li* \. Kldad Gooley, w]\o wh'J al^*:* 
in the store, u]) to now unobs^TVod br 
the, suspf'ct, camo to fhe front and 
sf|uared himself as he was wont wlioti 
li.' pn atdied, and ^aid to tho num. "You 
havf now said cnougii. • ; ; • 

cut throats. (.)f (lu^ h\:^{ (Muiiuit tt.-e you 
spoke, I li.ive the houor of beiu^ its 
chairiiiJiu, aiul I oau assure you that for 
all well behaved and well disposed im o- 
ple there is no danger whatever, rliey 
may go and come as rhe^' please. Yes, 
I have heard of you before, and for you 
it would bo dangerous, very daii^'erou.s. 
Our constitution provides for and niaki'S 
everx" nieniber a detecTiv-'. Ajid it 
would be well fe.r everybody ;u quaiut 
themselves with some of the other pro- 
visions. The sole purv^ose of our cf)ni- 
inittee is to rid the e.uunuinity of evil- 
doers, and we will nor bo eon rented un- 
til every murderer, counterfeiter and 
horse theif has been disposed of." 

This little speech brcught down t^.e 
house, and the proprietor immediately 
ordered three cheers for Uncle Eidad, us 
he was famililarl}- called. The cheers 
were given with a vengenfe, -and the 
suspect was already leaving in the di- 
rection of Milirock, and soon afterward 
disappeared without tilling anybody 
where he was going. Some say riuvt he 
with others were, after a long wliile lo- 
cated in California 

Levi Wa(;onek 

I. Gooley of .Maquoketa, a pioneer of 
Jackson county, who came to Iowa in 
IS-tl, broughc- to the Eliisonian Institute 
recently a fax hackle that is more 
than lOOyears old, and a tar bucket that 
Ills father brought to Iowa. It was Mr. 
I. Cooley that discovered tlie counter- 
feiters' cave on Pine Run in ]3r.tudou 
township, in 1850 , r '57. Mr. Cooh y re- 
calls the. traditioji of the strange dir.ap- 
pearancc of a man who lived at the four 
corners, now known as Kmelnie. in ] >}o 
A man by the name of Tii vh.-r lived at 
the corners and a man whos*^ name )ic 
cannot now recall, came there and t<.x)k 
up a claim, which is known as th(> 
Ewing Gilnu-re pbice, and 1)oard(^<l with 
the Taylor family while makiog pr< p;i- 
ratir«ns to bnihl a cabin on ins cUdiu. 
He got out log.-^ for his calaii and invit 

cd the ueighbor.s to come on a cerlaiii 
day to help him raise his The 
neighboi-s came at tlie appoint-ed time, 
but the man did not show up and was 
never seen in the locality again. The 
neighbors believed that he was mur- 
dered by the people with wiioni he 
boarded; for tne money he was supix>sed 
to have. 

Anson H. Wilson, the last of the old 
pioneers who caine to Mapuoketa Yal- 
h^y as a man in the thirties, sent me the 
following names of old friends acd 
neighbors of his who were born in ISbi. 
—J. W. Ellis. 

William Cundill v>-ho died the 2Sth of 
March. v;as bor.'.^ in 18J<>. also the fol- 
lowing: A. H. Wilson. Eleaser Mann, 
Lewis ^Yood, Daniel Stephens, Lyman 
Bates, R. Perham, S D. Lyman. S. L. 
Eddy, Wm. Vusburg, Mrs. Dunlap, Mrs. 
N. Hatfield, and N'rs. H. Mallard. Of 
the thirteeu named, but three are left, 
viz., A. H. Wilsi:)n Ijewis wood, and 
Daniel St€);hens. 

Life of Col. Joseph ]. \N oods. 

Mk. I^DiTOR : By the favor of Mr. 
Oscar E Woods of O wego, Ka:;sas, I 
Ivave obtained the lo.m of a minusciipt 
sketch of the life of Gol. Joseph .lack- 
son Woods, who went from Mariuoketa 
in Jsai, as Colonel of the l'2th. lo^va 
Infantry. It contains many incidents 
of the military career of that distiu- 
guishcvl oflicer in hisservice iu the regu- 
lar army after graduation from West 
Point that have never been pur)lished. 
and, in behalf of iJie Jackson County 
Historical Society, I would therefore 
ask you to give it place in your columns. 


Col. Joseph Jackso)! Woods was born 
January 11, IvS^o, on a farm iu Brown 
county, Ohio. His ancestors came fro'u 
Ireland but were not of the Iri.'^h raco. 
Si)me of them w ere in Londonderry dur- 
ing the famous siege of that place in 
I'lvi. His grandfather, J as. Wov>ls. 
eaui" to America in l ili] aud sctlh;rt in 
I 'tmi,;yl vaina, wlui'' the father of tin- 



subject of this sketch, Saujuel Woods, 
was born iu the same year, 1778. Jas. 
Woods was outraged duriug a part of 
the Revohition in fiu-nishiug supplies to 
the army. 

The motlit^r of Joseph J. Woods \vas 
born in Ireland iu 17S5, and came to 
America at the ape of 6 or 7 years ; her 
maiden uame was Ritchey. Joseph was 
the yonnt^est son that arrived at mature 
age of a numerous fauiily ; his father 
being at the time of his birth fifty years 
old and having been iu his prime, a man 
of more than average ability among tlie 
farming class to vrhich he belonged, but 
while Joseph was yet young his father 
became a physical, financial and mental 
wreck, so that at the age of 10 years, 
Joseph was thrown upon tlie world to 
succeed by his own resources. 

He went with an older brother, John, 
just then married, to Bush county, Ind., 
where they settled iu a dense forest. He 
remainea in Indiana two years and then 
returned to Ohio and lived with rela- 
tives until he was fourteen years old 
wiica h^^ wa.s apprenticed to Joseph 
Parish (iuie private secretary to Presi- 
dent Grant, to sign land patents ) in 
Felicity, Clerment county, Ohio, to 
learn tlie saddler's trade. 

In his early boyliood, while at .school, 
which was but a small part of the time, 
he learned rapidly being m advance of 
other children o{ his age. He never at- 
tended tlie public school after his thir- 
teenth year. 

He sej ved five years apprenticeship 
with Mr. Parish, working for his board 
and clothing, and^becamc very profi.cieut 
iu the trade. Working in the winter sea- 
sou until 9 o'clock p. m. five nights of 
the week he had but little time for men- 
tal culture, but, foriunali h", his cousin. 
Dr. Allen Woods, about this time mar- 
ried a Miss.Whipple of Vermout. a lady 
of fine culture, who, becoming interest- 
ed in young Woods proi)0.sed to become 
his l)ri^;ile tutor. Under thi.s arrunge- 
nu'iit, Iw imi^roviiig evury spare luo- 

meut, he couiplt ted a cour.-e of arithnia- 
lic, English granuuar, geography and 
obtaint'd a fair knowledge of history 
from l»<>uks kiudly ioamrd from the li- 
brary of Dr. J. M. Woods. At I he ex- 
piration, of his apprenticeship the Rev. 
Mr. Irvine, Presbyterian minister and 
graduate of Oliio State University iu- 
foruied young Woods that as he was 
about to review his Latin and Greek, 
studie.s, he would vviiimgly take a pu- 
pil and give insj ructions in tiiose 
branche^i free or ciiarge, as a more thor- 
ough method o making his review. Un- 
der this arraijgeuie t youug Woods pur- 
sued hi.- .-r-ndie.i si veil m.>.;nths, working - 
mornings and eveamgs in tlie saddler's 
shop to pay hi^ bour^i. 

T)it' Srst Methodist culh ge Hsiablished 
in America was l.')cat( d at Au . usta,Ky , 
seven uiil^s fiom Feiiciij, Ohio. It wa.s 
under tne joint paticuuige of ihe Ohio 
and Kentucky of the M. E 
church, eacii conference being entitled 
to keep at the coll'-ge a certain number 
of studT-i'Ms fn^e of tuition, to De 
selected by the presiding elders of the 
various districts fro'ji worthy \ouug 
u\eu of limited means. 

The R'.v. W. X, Roper. Presiding Ei- 
der of t^ri Dist., gave young Wnoas the 
app.iint&ent and he entered the Fresh- 
man Cla-s in that institution the same 
year. Although free tuition was provided 
hefouu<3 itditUcult to provide for board, 
clothing and books, therefore, by ad- 
vice of Dr. Woods he applied for au ap- 
pointment to U. S Military Academy 
at Wf.-st Point lo take the place of U. S. 
Graiit who would graduate the foHosv- 
iug Jutie. His principal recommeuda- 
tious were from Hon. Alou/a Knowlcs, 
the leading Democratic ixjHtioian at 
Felicity, O , and Je.sse R. Grant, Wkig, 
then of Bethel, C). There were several 
coujpetvuirs for the appointment and 
Dr. D'xui, Member of L'ongress, de- 
clinea U> make a sckctioi) but sent the 
papers to tht- War Deparljueul where 
the appointUiCnt vas given to Wo<^1> 
and he entered tin .^e.idemy in June, 



S'-^votity-*ivo %vere appc)ii3ted to this 
clas-^ ; thirty-pight }ir.:irlu:U\ rl in it iu 
lS-4 7, Woods st.iiidiutr No. 3 ia hi-; olt^.ss. 
Duriag tlie last year at West Point he 
was Assi-taiit Professor as well as stn- 
dout. Jul3* 1, 1847 he receiv- d his ap- 
pointiueDt as 2nd Lieut., in 1st., Regt. 
IT. S. Artillery. (A) 

The war with Mexico was at its 
height and he was ordered to New York 
Harbor to drill and organize recruits for 
the war, where he remained until Oct, 
10th., whonout of these recruits Go's. 
L and M , 1st Art. were organized and 
Lieut. Woods was ordered to proceed 
with said companies- to Yera Cruz, I\Iex- 
icc, and there join ins company,C., lo 
which he iiad been assigned, in North- 
era Mexico. 

Tiie command sailed from New York, 
Oct. 10, on the ship "Empire". The 
weather was boisterous and after four 
days of invisible sun the ship ran upon 
a coral reef— entirely covered by water — 
breaking a large hole in the vessel, 
when she settled down and broke in 
two. They were by Captain's reckon- 
ing, lifty miles from shore, but, upon 
its partially clearing off, they perceived 
a small uniohabited island called Fowl 
Key about 3-2 mi] e distajit and day- 
light brought to viev\' Abaco, the larg- 
est of the P>:ihama group, at a distance 
of about five miies. Wreckers came to 
the a^'.-:ii.'tance of the ship and about 10 
o'clock a. m , they landed the soldiers 
on Fowl Key where thoj' remained one 
week. Yessels were then procuied to 
take a part of tlie command to Char'Jt'S- 
ton, S. G. The balance with Lieut. 
V7oods \vas taken to Nassau, New Prov- 
idence, since^famous as tlie rendezvous 
for Ivebel cruisers. l\"inuif)ing }; S 
(lays he then, in comi.iany with Lieut 
Morris, sailed for Gliarhstoii where 
they remained at Ft. Moultrie until 
Doc. ISrr, when lliry again sail<'d 
for Yera Cruz iu ship "Rc^piihlic" vscnt 
out from Now York for that purpose. 
On Jan. 1, a.i they were onterijig 

the ].K)rt of ^"era Cruz, a t'-^rrp'].- 
"Norther" struck the vessel carryie.g 
thf'U] out to sea They finally lauded 
Jaa. 5rh and found that a majority of 
the regiment to which the command 
was assigned was on i^a.rrison dury in 
the city, but Co. C, ro which Li-ut 
Vv'oods had been assitriu'd was in north - 
era Mexico. Woods was ther-,:fore 
transferred to Co. M., and assigned to 
duty with the regi'nent at Yera Cruz. 
Ill May he had yt-liow fever and was 
very sick. About Augusr 1, 184>i, peace 
having been declared, Yera Cruz was 
cviicnated and our troops innnediately 
euibarked for New York, companies L. ' 
and vi taking pa'^sa^re upon the screw 
propelh )r M as-sac !"! uset ts . 

Iu Oct. 184$, Woods was promoted to 
Lst Lieut., <iud N-.v. 10, 1S48, embarked 
on board the Massachusetts with com- 
panies L. and M for Oregon to quell 
diiiurbances recently arisen there, i . 
whicli Dr. AYhitman and a number of 
mi?sio!iaries had bf^en murdered. (C) 

The expedition was under the com- 
maad of Brevet '.iajor Hatheway, and 
Lieut. Woods svus its quarter-masi^-r 
and commissary. These were the fir^r 
U. S. troops ever in Oregon. On tlie 
passage about Jan. 1st., the sliip put in- 
to part at Rio Janeiro, Brazil and re- 
Luaiued several days giving the ofiicers 
an opportunity of inspecting the city. 
Imneiial gardens, where all tropi' al 
fniits were growinir, the fonnderies and 
other places of interest. Lieu Woods 
wus taken throug]i the convent of the 
Mouks of St. Bernardinc and was prcs- 
Oif at tlie Imperial Cliapcl whf^u tl"> 
Emperor and Empre.-s partook of Mid- 
night Mass the goina out of year l'^4^. 

Sailif.g from Rio Janeiro they p.issi tl 
near the 1 alkland Klands and caten-d 
tii« Strait of Magellan, with Patagonia 
on the right and Terra i^cl Fn- goon the 
h'ft. and were, one we«^k in xhv Rtraits 
salh'ng only by daylight and such dis- 
tances OS would in^aire good harl»ors by 
nigiit. 'J'h.ere wev 5 wo cor viol settle- 

iiuMirvS oil srrait i\ud some Iiki ans 
The o'licers enjoyed fre(|ueQf raiuhifS 
oil shore. At Valparaiso, Chili, tiu-v 
were shnwn specimens of jzold rf.cently 
takeii froiii newly ('iscovered gold miues 
iu Caluoroia. 

The next point made was the Sand- 
wivh^. Iviands, where they arrived 
in 52 days and remained 8 days. 
They were constantly IVted by the king 
;is theirs was the first sti-aitier ever seen 
hy him. The otiicers gave the king and 
queen an excursion on board the steam- 
er accompanied by the royal retinue. 
The expediilon n auhed tlie mua'-h of the 
Ooluuibia river May 9, ]8-i9~-ix months 
out of New ~i'ork and having sailed 23,- 
000 miies- they pro^eerled up the river 
ninety miles to Fort. Yaucouyer, the 
headquarters of the Hudson Bay Co., 
situated on the north bank of the Co- 
lumbia river — what is now Washington 
Terr. Here Co. L., to which Woods 
now belonged, landed and Cc). ]^,J., wa,s 
ordered to Paget Sound. 

In the spring of 1S50, Lieut. Woods 
witli Go L.. was n^moved to Astoria 
near the moutli of the river and from 
this point Lieu. Woods with two white 
men and two Indians attemped to find 
a practicable wagon road from Astoria 
to the plains across the coast range of 
monntaius. They found the task more 
difiicalT than was anticipated and the 
party cauiC near starving to death, liv- 
ing for some time on such provisions as 
they could tind in the woods upon the 

At another time Lieut Woods went in 
a row-boat with tlie collector of the post 
of Astoria and a detail of men iri the 
evening to se'ize a ship for violating the 
rfwmn'; laws. They rjui along.-ide \he 
shij) as she lay at anchor near the mouth 
of the river. The collector tried to climb 
tlic ladder hanging over the side but 
failed, when Lieut. Woods and one man 
mounted Ihe kirlder.^ ar.d reached ihe 
deck wlien the ropes wcro cut by the 
ships crew, the ladder fell into tlie col- 

lee fors boat and he p'-nlled for siioix- leav 
ing the Lieut, on b'Xii-d but calling "back 
to him thai he would come for hiin in 
the mornitig 

The ship hoisted anchor and imlStdfairte- 
ly put to sea. The collector protilrred a 
pilot boat armed with a canujoil and 
gave chase, but after a few hours; pur- 
suit and firing a few shots, the; pilot gave up the chase. After a tedious 
run the ship put into a recently discov- 
ered bay iu the nortlieru part of Cali- 
fornia, called Humboldt Bay, where 
several vessels were loading' with. timber 
for Sau Franci-sco. On one of these the 
the Lieutenant secured passage ■ to 
San Francisco and from there he se- 
en red passage to Astoria where he ar- 
rived after an involuntary absence of 
six weeks. ■ 

In April I80I, laeut. Woods was or- 
dered .|With a detatchment of uieu to 
the Dalles of the Columbia, east of the 
Cascade Range, where in the heart of the 
Indian country he commanded a small 
post for eighteen months, the onh* mil- 
itary at the time and he the only 
commissioned ofiicer hcA vveen the Cas- 
cade mountains and Ft-.^.Larxamie. 

In September 1852, ..*w>.:retun>ed to Fi. 
Vancouver, which ii_«.d-;now .become a 
large post and headqr^ for tlie 4th 
U. S. Infantry, and-.av- which-. piace was 
tlien stationed several- men since. fa»ious 
in history, among them U. S. Grant,. 

In February 185^.^ Lieut. VvV'Od* .re- 
ceived orders to report to the. svw^rin- 
tendent of the recruiting service aK.Nfcw 
York City. He sailed Feb. lOtli^ and 
reached his destination via Sau Fniii- 
cisco aTid Panama 

In June 185:i, he received leave of ab- 
sence and visited Iowa and bought land 
in Clinton and Jackson counties, Oct. 
15, lS.">r{ he resigned his commission and 
removed to his lands in Iowa and iw 
September bSoti. marrird Mi^^s Keziri 
Haight in Jonts county, He en- 
gaged in farming iu Jackson county, 
Iowa, until th*- U' bcUion broke out 

when he teudered his !^ervic»^s to the 
Governor of Iowa and was comniissioued 
Colonel of the 15th Iowa Inf. Vol.. Oct. 
28, 1861, and ordered to take immediiite 
charge of the regiment then organizing 
at Camp Union, Dabuqne, Iowa. 

The regiuieut was mustered into the 
U. S. service bj Oapt. Washiugtoa loth 
U. S. Int., No\r. 25, 1861, and on the 28tb 
of the same month broke camp at Du- 
buque and proceeded by rail to St. Louis, 
Mo., where they arrived on the 30ch and 
went immediately into camp of instruc- 
tion at Benton Barracks. In January 
18G2, the regiment was armed with En- 
Seld rifles and fully equipped for the 

January 27, lSt32, Col. Woods received 
orders to report his re^^iment to Gen. 
Grant at Cairo, 111., where they arrived 
Jan. 29, and were immediately embark- 
ed on board steamer for Smithland, Ky., 
at mouth of Cumberland river, where 
the regiment established their first camn 
in the field Jan. 31, 18G2, On the morn- 
ing of Feb. 5, orders were received to 
embark on bo&i'd steamer and join ex- 
pedition fitting out for Tennessee River. 

Arriring &t>Fsducha the regiment was 
asaigatd to O^r^k's Brigade and to C. F 
Smith's Divis*o?i and on the morning of 
Feb. 6, landed four miles below Ft. 
Henry, and took up a line of mari3h to 
gain a position in the rear of the fort, 
but while floundering through the mud- 
dy swamps and almost impassible 
streams, the gunboats made the attacV:, 
drova the enemy from the works and 
captured the fort, most of thognrri.'.oii es- 
caping before the infantry reached their 
position in the rear. 

.Fob. 12, the command marched to I''t. 
Donelson and vrero formed in lino of 
battle, Feb. 18, on the extreme left, u lieu 
they participated in the battles of the 
13th, Mth and loth and folio v/ed tlie 
2nd Iowa Inf., in thoir charge upon Uie 

Col. Woods in his oflicial repvort s:iy.s : 
"About 2 o'clock p. m. of the lotli, flio 

12th Iowa, oOth 111 , and Birgc'-s .-^harp 
shooters were orderpd to make a feint 
attack to draw the enemy's fire. The 
mv'u vrcnt cherrfuUy to the work and 
kept up a wariu tire on the enemy while 
Col. Lauman's Brigade on our left ad- 
vanced on the enemy and got possession 
of his outer works and hoisted th'-reon 
the American flag, wh«n we were or- 
dered to his support and moved rapidly 
by the l^^fr. flank, charered over the fall- 
en timber. while a galling fire of grape 
from the enemy was pouring in upon us. 

On reaching the breastworks some 
confusion was caused by the reireat of - 
a portion of Col. Lanmau's Brigade, 
wiio, havint; exhausted their amunition, 
were compelled iO fall back By some 
exertion our men were rallied and 
opened a warm fire on the enemy which 
they returned from a battery on our 
right and musketry in our front. In 
this cross fire we fought the enemy two 
hours, advancing upon them to a deep 
ravine inside the works. 

Col. (.-ook, who Wiis commanding the 
brigade, iu his report makes mention of 
Col. Woods as deserving commendation 
for his gallant and efficient service. 

At nightfiiU the regiment was with- 
drawn tu the outer works of tJie enemy, 
where they remained through tlie night. 
Early on the morning of the 16th we 
were formed in line to rouevr the battle, 
when a white flag appearing the sur- 
render was announced and the regiment 
marched into the fort. With the excep- 
tion of the 2nd Iowa Inf., no trcops were 
entitled to more credit for the capture of 
this stron,f]:hold than the I2lh Iowa Inf., 
and it being their first engagement their 
steadiness and coolness was largely 
due to tin .^e qualities so prominent and 
marked in their coninianding otlicer The 
regiuient was giv»'n quarters in log bar- 
racks occupied by rebels before the sur- 
rejider, and remained in this camp un- 
til March 12, lSri2. 

While at Ft. r)on..'l>oii the regiment 
was vi.^itf^fl by Stunucl J. Kirkwood, 

CTOveruor or loNva, arui upou hi>i return 
to Iowa ho wrote ro Col. Woods as fol- 
lows : 

De-; Moin'^s, Iowa, Mar. 22, 1862. 

Dn^^sr CoIoMrl Vv o'^ds : Please appol- 
ogize. to your officers and men for not 
calliu^' upon tliem ap:aiu before I left 
Doneisoii. Whea at General Hurlburt.s 
headquarters the stean-iboat Oousetoga 
came down and the officer in comniand 
pojitely offi red a passapp in his boat, 
which be said would leave iu f(u-ty niiu- 
ntes, so we had onh^ time to get oar 
troops on board. Please explain this 
and expres.-, mv regret that I could not 
have spent some time with you. 

The Iowa troops niade thfD)selves and 
our state a glorious name. The 2nd 
Iowa had the best chance for the honors 
of Donelson but The 7th, 12th and 14th 
did nobly. Dr. Hughs, Surgeon Gener- 
al of Iowa, has a brother in the Brigade 
with your regiment. He says that 
he has just received a letter from 
his brother, who writes that the 12th 
Iowa is a splendid regiment and fou. ht 
j^allantly at Donelson. write me 
v/hen convenient. Let me advise you to 
care for your health I was much pleased 
to see on my visit to your camp that you 
were haviog it cleaned up niccl)-. Yours 
was the only regiment that was doing 
this. With, many wishes for your health 
and success, I am yours truly, 

Samuel J. Kjrkwood 

Resolutions as follows were adopted 
by the Icj^islature of Iowa. 


ReKolved by the Senate and House of 
HopreseTitaiives of the State of Iowa. 
First, That in the nanui of thr- whole 
people, of tlie state, we thank the Iowa 
tj oops I or their undaunted bravery nnd 
pillaiit conduct in the recent tlj^ht at Ft. 
Donelson in which the Post of Honor 
thoy nobly sustained their own brilliant 
fame and won fresh and unfading laurels 
for the state Second, That a copy of 
this resolution bo forwarded to Colonel 
of cucii of the lown regiments engaged 

iu the battle of Ft. Donelson. 

Rush Clark, 
Speaker House of Representatives. 

John R. Needham, 
President of the Sena re 

Approved Feb 19, 1862. 

Samuel J. Kirkvv'ooi/. 
State of Iowa, ss. 

I, Elijah Sells, Secretary of State, 
hereby certify that the foregoing is a 
true copy from the originjil enrolled res- 
olution on file iu my <.)ffice In tesri- 
mony whereof I have hert-unto set my 
han-i and affixed the gf*:;at seal of the 
State of Iowa. Djne at Des Moines 
this 20rh day of Febiuury, 1862. 

Elijah Sells. 
To Col. J.J. \\ooi).s. , 

March 12, 1862, the command was re- 
organized and the 2r)d, Tth, 12rh and 
14th Iowa Inf., de.signated as the 1st 
Brigade, coinnuinded by Col. Tuttle of 
the 2nd Iowa, and assigned to 2nd Div- 
ision, commanded by Gen. C. F. Sfuitli. 

Leaving Ft. Donelson the Division 
marched to Metal L mding on Tennt-:see 
River and embarked on steamer for 
Pirtsburgh Landing, where they estab- 
lished cnmp March 21, 1862, on the ex- 
treme right of Union line, near the riv- 
er bclo'.v the laadiijg. 

Early on the morning of April 6, Col. 
Woods formed his regiment on the pa- 
rade ground and soon after, under the 
direction of Brigade commander, moved 
to a position assigned to him in line of 
battle, occupy liig rh^^ left center of Tat- 
tle's Brigade, forming the extreme loft 
of W. H. L. Wallace's Division, Mth 
Inwa, n-'^xt the left of 12th Iowa, formed 
the extreme left of its Division and rest- 
ed on the main roai from the lauding 
to Coririth. 

The 12th Iowa was formrd just bohiud 
the bro>>' of a slight ridge, an open field 
in fron»: of its right, a thick undergrowth 
in front f'f its h tt ; in this pi^ition the 
troops were roviewe i by (.ienoral Gnuit, 
abo*ut in o'clock a. m , nud wore dinct- 
cd by him to >ioM the poijitioiiat all ha?,- 

ard.s, aaci in tliis cxp >•^^•d i)ositi<,Mi, ucross 
the Ooriurli road, rhe L'fr Brigade of W. 
H L, Walltice';; Division, and nghr of 
Prentiss' Division did sastiiiQ itself, 
not ouce being moved from irs position, 
although repeatedly charged by the 
euemy, uatil abiiit 5:o0 o'clock p ni 
Tiirj persistent, desperate fightiug d )ae 
by these troops a^, t]iis key of the position, 
delayed the whole Rebr^l army aril 
saved the Federal army from being driv- 
ea into the Tennessee River All the 
prominent Coufederate officers mention 
the fighting at this place. Gen Ruggles 
comm:i:uling a Division of Bragg's army 
says, "I ordered niy staff officers to 
bring forwaid all the field guns that 
could be collected from the left, which 
resulted in the concemraiion of ten bat- 
teriea and one section as follows :(euu!u- 
erates them), concentrating their lire 
enfilading Prentiss' Division on right 
flank, at this moment the 3nd Brigade 
and thci Oresent regiment pressed for- 
ward and cut off a considerable number 
of the enemy consisting of Preatiss' Div- 
ision, who were surrendered to the Ores- 
ent regiment." 

Gen. L, Polk, commanding army 
corps says: "About o o'clock p. m , my 
li]ie attacked the enemy's troops — the 
last that were left on the field.— The at- 
tack was made in front and flank. The 
resistance was sharp and proved to be 
the oomnuinds Generals Prentiss and 
W. H. L. Wallace. The latter was 
killed by the troops of General Bragg, 
vrho v/as pressing him at same time on 
his right." 

Col. Head, 17th La. Vols., says, "Px;- 
tween one Jiud two o'clocl; on Sunday 
we had carried all the enemy's canip.^ 
except Prentiss' At this poini. tJie cjie- 
my made a determined stand and for 
two hours success at that point soeme(l 
doubtfni. I was ordered 1)^ Gen. Kug- 
f-le.i to immediately bring up all the ar- 
tillery arui concentrate it upon this 
poi)it. AF>:.i?:ted by this artillery firo the 
infaijfry succeeded in carrying the ptr 

sirion and capturin-^ G^-nerai Pi--]iii>s 
and about 2,0'H) uieu " 

General Gibbons, comnsan.'iug Pri 
gad s admits that his Brigade was rc- 
puls r'd four diflferent times and because 
he felt sensitive over the matter of offi- 
cial reports asktdacourr of iuqv. ry. 
Several other officers admit rheirn-pulse 
and the complete demoralization of 
their forces at this point and so great 
was the slaaghter of the enemy that 
tht;y gave to that point of the line im- 
mediately in front oi the ]-2rh, J 4th and 
8th Iowa the title or name of "Hornet's 

At about 5 :oO o'clock p. m , Gen. V'al^ 
lace having be^.-n mortivliy wc»multd, 
Gen. Tuttle succeed-^d to the command 
of th- Div. McCleruard's ( ?j division on 
our rierht and Huvlbuts on the left hav- 
ing fallen back to a new position near 
the river, Tuttle gave orders for his di- 
vision to fall back and the order was 
communicated to jjU the rcgmients ex- 
cept the 12th and l4th Iowa and th'-y 
were safely conducted to the rear, but 
the aid' sent to these regiments v.-as 
killed before readiin^ them, Gen. Tut- 
tle claims, and they were left lighting 
the enemy in front until the euemy 
rusbing around their fl ink— left exposed 
by withdrawal of b.ilance of division — 
formed in the rein- Having just rc- 
Xralsed a desperate charge in front, the 
regiment was startled by the ordergivm 
by Col. Woods with no more e^citpment 
than when on piunde, "Twelfth Iowa ; 
about face; co)nmence firing" wlieu 
they beheld a full and perfect line of 
grey formed in their rear Delivering 
a few voilies into the face of this 
new enemy wliich b.roke their ranks, a 
cbfu-go was ord'^red. 

Col. Woods at th«^ Ijcad of the rrgi- 
meiit succeeded in cutting his way 
through the first lino of the enemy and 
jirrivod in CAUip of Urd Iowa, near Gen. 
Ihirlburl's lit adquarlers where thr.y en- 
countered auoil^er lino of tho onciMV 
drawPi up in ordi r across the line ot 

tivat. Hero, lioiumed in by a perfect 
Willi of fire. Col. Woods was twice 
wounded in quick succotsiou aud dis- 

C'oiu(!Kiud of ref?iinen1' then devolved 
ui>oa Oapt. Kd>j:erton, who, finding it 
imp<">ssible to cut" his way out, surrend- 
ered the remnant of the regiraent pris- 
ouers of war. At the same time there 
VN^as surrendered the 14rh Iowa of ^Yal- 
lace's Division, and- rhe 8rh Iowa and 
oSth Illinois of Prentiss' division ; in all 
about 2 000. Gen. Prentiss, present at 
the tim.e and taken prisoner with the 
res^, s[)eaks in the; hij.<h(-r;t terms of the 
courinci of Col. Woods and his regiojent 
in the field aud says that to the persist- 
ent fightiijg of these four regiments, 
holding their grounds against such fear- 
ful odds is due the failure of Beauregard 
to drive our forces into the Tennessee 

Goo. Tut.tle in his official report says : 
'•On the morning of the Gth I pr<>ceeded 
with my brigade, consisting of the 2nd, 
7th, i2th and 14th Iowa Inf., under di; 
rection of W. H Jj. Wallace and formed 
line on .extreme left of his di- 
vision. Vve had been in line but a few mo- 
ments when the enemy made his appear- 
anc-.-and attacked my lei't wing, l"2th and 
14t}i Iowa, who gallantly stood their 
ground aud compelled the assailants to 
retire in confusion Tliey agai;.) formed 
under cover of a battery and renewed 
the attack upon my whole lino but were 
repulsed as before, A third and fourth 
time tl.\ey dashed upon u.s but were each 
time baftled and completely routed. We 
held our position about six hours, when 
it became evident that tlu^ forces on each 
side of u.s had given away, so as to give 
the, an opportunity of turiiiiig 
l)oth of our flanks. At this critical mo- 
ment Gieu. Wallace jrave orders for my 
brigade to retire which was douo iu 
g(;od order. The :ln<\ and 7th retired 
tiiroug'n a severe fire from botli flanks, 
wliile (lie J'2th and 11th, who were de- 
layed by tiieir (;Ddeavor to save a bat- 

tery, Vvcre complcrt'ly surrounded and 
were conipelleri ro surrender. Col. 
Wo.)ds of the lOrh Iowa particularly 
distiutrai-^h-d inm-^^lf. was twice wound- 
ed aud whor: rhe enemy was driven back 
on Monday he \va.> captured 

Col V\\x)ds lay upon the field wounded 
aud was assaulted by i>ome Texas troops 
with "videur de.'^ign of taking hi-: life. 
Bur jusr ar that moment he was recog- 
nized b .- Gen. H irdee. wrh whom he 
had been acquainred ;it West Point. wjio 
gave hitn a special guard and a permit 
to Woods' orderly to rMinaiu* with him. 
Sf>O i after the surrender our gunboats 
c unmenced throwing shells into that vi- 
cinity (Iriviijii all rhc reb u troops from 
tilt' fitdd. None of the wounded were 
removed or cared for but lay upon the 
field exposed ro our shells and a severe 
rain storm all ni^'ht. When oar forces 
adyauced Monday morning. Col. Woods 
was recaptured, wounds Jres>=ed and a 
few days after he was sent north where 
he w is detailed on recruifing service 
aa i remained on duty within the state 
of Iow;i nnril aliout Jan. 1, The 
men of his regirnent who were captured 
at Shilo, haviisg lieen exchanged, he was 
ord'^red to Benton Barracks. St. Louis, 
Mi-,souri, to reorganize liis regiment and 
soon at'ier he was sent to RoUa, ^To., 
where he remained a short time and 
the) I returned to St. Il/ouis. 

April ISOo, he embarked bis regi- 
ment on board steamer under order? to 
j'Un forces operating near Vieksburf^h, 

lie reported to Gen Grant at Du^-k- 
port, La , Aju'il 14, and was at (tno^ as- 
signed to command ot* od briead- com- 
posed of the s'rh, r3tli and Xi^h Iowa 
Inf.. ;id di\i.'-ion, 15th army "'»i-ps. 
Heavy detail^ wer.^ madi-> from (lu; bri- 
gade daily for guard and also for work 
upon the ciiual. 

May 1st. Col. Matliias of iho 5th Iowa 
was assigned to counnaud and CoL 
Woods leturu'Ml to comniau l Jii'j rcffi* 
ju. nt and May L\ IsOu, left l)virkj>ort. 

L;i., \vith his rei;i'.uenr. aud uiarched via 
Richmoiirl, La. , to Grand Gulf, theuce 
to Jacksou, \liss., where rho r2rb Iowa 
was engaged on the ] 4th in ( he bar tie of 
Jackson, MivSS., on extreme r ght of the 
line Cos. B aud O on the skirmish line 
were among the first troops inside the 
Rebel works and took possession of a 
Rebel camp with all its equippage com- 
plete aud dinner ready to be eaten. 

The regiment remained in Jackson 
one and one-half days, employed first 
day in destroying railroad running north 
and the forenoon of the 16th in destroy- 
ing Rebel camps and other property. At 
12 o'clock orders were received to rein- 
force t.he other corps of the army near 
Champion Hill as s )eedily as possible. 

Leaving Jackson the regiment 
marched with scarcely a halt to near 
Champion Hill where they arrived 
about two o'clock on the morning of the 
17th and after a rest of two or three 
hours marchei north to a po.sition on 
extreme right of Grant's line and at 
night crossed Black ris-er at Bridgeport. 
On the 18th the 15th corps with Isc div- 
ision in advance took the road to Wal- 
nut Hills, pressing this corps between 
the Rebels in Yicksburgh and those ut 
Yazoo river until the head of the col- 
umn reached the Mississippi above 
Yicksburgh and the left rested on Jack- 
son road. On the lOrh the 3d brigade 
was sent to Yazoo river and took pos- 
F.essiou of the forts iheri and opened 
commuuication with our fleet and after 
dismauieliniT the fort, the brigade re- 
turned to po.sition in line in resting 
Vicksbiu*gh and participated as reserve 
in the assaults mad- u]yon the works on 
the lOtli and 22nd of May. 

About June 1, Col. Woods was again 
affsigiied to command of brit;adc, wliich 
had gained yn advance p>osition in the 
line of approaches, and furnished daily 
lieavy details for guard anrl for work in 
the trenches. Nearly evej-y night the 
whole brigade was called into lirifi by 
some alarm ou tlio pif;ket post. 

June tho brigade wu8 relieved 

from its plac^e in frr.ut liue and with the 
remaiudt-r of the loth corps sent to Black 
river to guard rear frt)m au attack by 
Johnson, very heavy guard aud patrol 
dutv was kept up then until July -Ith. 
Yicksburgh surrendered aud Shermau 
moved immediarely upou Johuson lorc- 
ing a crossius: of Bl uik river the same 
day aud pushing: J-di ison b'lck until he 
reached Jackson, Mis-s., which had been 
ag.iin strongly fortifit'd. Sherman in- 
vested the place July 10, and com- 
menced a regular sie:z*-. 

On Julv 1.5, Gen. Turtle reported -ick 
and Col. Woods was assigned to com- 
mand of division and next day moved 
his division to tho right and r'^lieved 
Gen. Osterh tns' division from iis place 
on the advance-! line. 

On the 17th the Rebels evacuated 
Jacksoii and burned the bridge ever 
Pearl river, planting torpf^does in the 
approaches to the bridge aud ferry. On 
the 19rh the 3d brigade, 3d division. 15th 
corps \sith some other trof>ps. iucluniug 
cavalry *.jud artillery, pur.<ued the ene- 
my to Brandon. Miss., driving the ene- 
my through the town and capturing 
considerable Rebel property stored ia 
the railroad depot aud warehouses which 
were all destroyed and the next day tlie 
troop? returned to Jackson, and a few 
days thereafter evacuated Jackson and 
fell back behind Black river aud went 
into camp July 25, 18G3. Col. Woods 
commanded tlie division until so»uetime 
in October, when General Asboth was 
assigned to the command and Colonel 
Woods returned to the command of the 

Nov. 7, the division embarked for 
Memphis, Tenn , aud the 3d brigade, 
was assigned to duty guarding the rail- 
road from LaGrauge to Corinth, each 
regiment at a ditfcrcnt post Kreqaent 
skirmishes were had witli the enemy 
and one severe cngagomcnt lastiiij: near- 
ly all day, brought on by the enemy iu 
force attempting to destroy the railroad. 

Th(( 12th lowM, ."rationed nt Ch»«wftlla, 
rc-enlist»>d JXc. --io, l^Gii. Jan. 1HV», 

bi i^adt^ \v IS ordr-red to Yirk-^bnr^h and 
were on duty at Black river one month 
while Sherman's expedition was out to 
Meridian, Mississippi. 

Upon tiie return of said expediriou 
the now veterans of the brigade were 
sent on aa expedition u • the Red river, 
the veterans ordered home on furlough. 
Reaching Davenport March 2'2, thev 
were f urloutrlied 30 days at expiration 
of which time they returned to Daven- 
port and embarked at once for Memphis 
where they arrived May 2nd and were 
assigrned as 3d brigade. Col. Woods com- 
mnndiiip:. 1st divisioc , Gen. J. A. Mow- 
er commanding, IGth army corps, Gen. 
A. J. Suiirh couimandiag During the 
summer this command made two expe- 
ditions into the interior and July 13, 14 
and 15, fought the battle of Tupelo, 
Missiscsippi, the 3d brigade doing most 
of the fighting and with their commau- 
der received great credit for their effi- 
cient service. 

Sept. 1, the ■ division embarked on 
steamer from Memphis and proceeded 
to Duoall's Bluffs, Ark., and marched 
thence north in pursuit of Price, who 
had cros-ed the Arkansas river and 
started on a trip through Missouri. 

The conmiand marched to Cape Girar- 
deau, Mo., 330 miles in 1 7 days, from 
Cape Girardeau to St. Louis in a stean)- 
boat where they arrived Oct. S, ]8r.4. 
Gen. Mower was transferred to Gen. 
Sherman's command at Atlanta, and 
Gol. Woods assigned to command of 
divisioQ and proceeded on steamer to 
Jefi>r:-on City, Mo., arriving Oct. 17, 
and njarclb'd in pursuit of Price to Iv in- 
sas City, thence south to Harrisouvilic, 
Mo., keeping within sound of bis guns 
but. ri()t succeeding in bringing him to 
battle. His command having been com- 
pletely broken up the ieifautrv was or- 
dered back to St Louis, Oct. 30, march- 
ing via Sfdalia and Jeti'ersou City. 

At Sodalia, Mo., the troops wore met 
by Gen. McArthur, wl\o had been as- 
signed to command of division, and Col. 
Woods returned to command of brigade 

and through storms of snow and laiu 
and fordint: streams filled with floating 
ice niarclied his command back to Sr. 
Louis where thpy arrived Nov. 15, his 
briijade having marched within the last 
30 days 543 miles— within last 60 days 
S79 miles, and since June 16, 1409 miles. 

At St. Louis, having ser^-ed more than 
his full term of enlistment, Col. Woods 
mustered out of service. Ke had filled 
with credit many important positions 
while in the service, acceptably and 
with honor to himself and to the service. 

Col. Woods had a slender stooping 
form, brown h \ir, light complexior. and 
mild blue eyes. He was in apnearance 
and in fact the most nnassuming of 
military nien. He spoke slowly and 
kindly and w^as accustomed to give his 
commands wi.!;h great coolness and do- 
liberation, never undor the hot res: fire 
varying in the least the modulation or 
deliberation of his orders. His. '"Fall in 
12th Iowa"' on the 6th of April lb62, 
at time of a night alarm during the 
seige of Yicksburgh was heard by his 
men above every other sound and always 
in the same tone as when on parade or 

He had none of the style or auster 
manners of the regular army ofticers 
and while very familiar and easy of ap- 
proach bj his subordinates, was a good 
discipliutirian and tlie men soon learned 
that he f>^-ses.sed great worth as a com- 
manding officer and while personally of 
the bravt->t and willing to lead his regi- 
ment to the severest contest, yet devoid 
of all riiihuess that would sacrifice his 
men wit'nont good roa.>on. 

His service richly nierrited ri.<'ogai- 
tinn at Washington that he never re- 
ceived, bit with him modesty blocked 
the whet-N of promotion, and I donbt 
not it woidd be impossible to fitid aiiv 
of his suK-rior olHcors who will say that 
Col. WorvK ever sought promotion at 
their h v.fis in any way but by n faith- 
ful and Oiirucsl disrluirge of his dutks 
in what evrr commaiid he w:is phtcfHL 
} lis uinsfcr out was deeply roKit ttcd by 

all Ivis old c •itic.ii'.i s .iti'.l t'speciiiUy bj 
tho m>-n ■vsii"Di lie 1) i ! nfr^^a b^I txt\d 
who h id If.ini";! »•> :i.>;)fv.'l;irf rh'- qniet 
but Drave aud i-fin^r tu - O >1. o *cls 

Upon liis rerur'i lioni^^ he i-eviioved 
from the farui uy MiKjank'-ra, w heiv in 
coMpauy with ^v. F. MrOirrw?i. he uur 
chast-d the ''Maquokt-ra Ext-ei-ioc.'' of 
wiik'h he became the ediior 

la the fall of 1867 )ie sold his i.iCert--t 
ill said paper and moved upon iu> farm 
in Cliutou conury, low.i, but tlin u^xr, 
year returned to Maqu -keta, aud \;c- 
Oarron having failt^d to iu;ike payments 
02J the, p;;per and b^ics'/ iLiyolvecl in oth- 
er lo:?SfS where Woods was his seeuriry 
and had to pay the loss. Woods again 
took control of the paper and published 
it nutil May lSl"'0, when he removed to 

In ISTl he was on a board of visitors at 
West Point, appointed by Gen, Grant, 
and the same fall was one of three com- 
missioners appointed bj- the Secretary of 
the Interior to appraise the Cherokee 
mutual lands in Indian Territory, west 
of the 96th meridian, and was also ap- 
pointed the same fall Rt;ceiver of Hum- 
boldt land district, but declined the ap- 

The same fall he was elected to the 
Kansas legislature, vvdiich convened in 
January 1872 in March he was ap- 
pointed one of the regents of the State 
University He was a meuiber of tlie 
Ivansas l^-gislature in 1875, and chair- 
man of the Oommitteo of W^ays and 


A very appreciative tribute to the 
cliaracter of Ool. Woods from one who 
served in li"-s rf^glment criim s if. a receni 
letter from John 8. i^ay, of Xapenee, 
Ki-braska. Mr. Ray says: Col. Wo')ds 
was a grand man, and had he, cntcrefl 
into tlio scramble for promotion, as was 
the rule, he might liavo hreJi a .\iaj<ir- 
Geueral. In fact he was better i'tW-.-d to 
command a div-ision or rorp-s, than a 



. L_ : _^ 

Cv^I.ONhl. ,J. .J. \Syn,\». 

retritneri*. His - fortp was not as a dress 
paradr- otli er. He liid no mor'- -tyle 
than G^ii Gr mt. and wa^ not jnuch of 
a miser with either officers or men., al- 
though he was respected by both. He 
was no respecter of rank, as between 
men. A private with a grievance was 
given as much consideration as an ofTi. 
cer. Ho was as gentle as a woman, but 
his bravery was never questioned. 

(A) As a matter of enduring interest 
I give a list of West Point cadets who 
attended that insiitutiou during the 
years when Col. Woods was there, aud 
who attained rank aud reputation dur- 
ing the Civil war. This will include all 
tLB classes from the cue graduating in 
1814. Col. Woods fii st year in the Aca- 
demy, to the one graduation in ISOO, 
which ejitcred in 1847, tlie year iti which 
he. graduated. This doe- not mean that 
lie became personally acotininted with 
all these ofucers, but that lie would have 
seen tb»'ni, and become u:ore or less fa- 
iliar v>-ith their personalities and char- 
acteristics. I will arrange thorn accord- 
ing to tlioir order of ni'-rit in their re- 
spi ctive classes, but will separate thaso 
wliirh served in the I'uion army from 
tho-e w)io ca.;t their lots with the Cou- 


To bewail Nvith Col. Woods owu class, 

Class of 1847. 

Joseph J. Woods, who entered from 
Ohio, July 1 , 1843, at the age of 20 years, 
o mouths, graduated No. 3, beiag one of 
the five Diost distinguished cade ts, who -e 
names are niarked with a star('^) con- 
formably to a regulation for the govern- 
ment of the Military Academy, which 
requires that r.hat many be reported at 
each Fttiniiai examination to be attached 
to the next Army Register. Cadet 
Wcods vJzo .served during the last yenr 
on the Academic StatT as Acting Pro- 
fesGor of Ethics. Ilis marks on final ex- 
nminatious in his respective studies 
were as follows: Engineering, 5 ; Eth- 
ics, 8 ; Artillery, 5 ; Infantry Tactics, 5 ; 
Mineralogy and Geology, 8. During 
previous years he attained rank in the 
other studies of the course as follows : 
Philosophy, 3 ; Chemistry, 9 ; Drawing, 
23; Mathematics, 4; French, 8; Enghiih, 
Grammar, etc., 9. In his third year he 
stood sixth in his class; second year 
fifth (an honor rnan again) ; and in his 
first year sixth. 

There is also kept at the Academy a 
conduct Pvol) in which the whole body 
of cadets (without regard to class) is 
graded according to "demerit-s" charged 
r',gaiiit>t them. If more tlian 200 dernei its 
arc charged in one year tJvc cadet is re- 
ported to the War Department, for dis- 
clmrge. Cadet Woods' record on this 
Roll stood thus: First year. No. 10 vrith 
6 demerits ; second year, No. 44 with 21 ; 
third year, No. 27 with 8 ; and fourth 
year,-No. 2 with no demerits No .1 in 
J 845, was tlic afterwards celebrated 
Thoiiuis J. Jackson. 

The cadet who graduated at the head 
of the clasps of 1847, had also stood at the 
heud every year of his service except 
1844, v.'lien ho wvj^ second. This was 
John Cli'ves Symines of Ohio, son of 
the John ClevcR Syramcs, who is noted 
a« tlie author of the "SymmesNole" 

theory of the earth's construeti(u;. I 
cannot l^aru that cadet Symnies sur- 
vived until the Civil war period. Hk 
certainly had no iuiporta.ut comnuiud 

No. 2 was John H ituilton of Indiana. 
Ke never ie t the recfular army, haviui: 
been captain in the 3d Artillery in IStil, 
aud served in the artillery during the 
entire Civil war, reaching the rauk oi 
Major and Brevet Colonel. 

No. 4 was Julian McA iistet, wlio also 
remained in the regular service aud 
served in the Ordnance Department dar- 
ing the Civil v,*ar, becoming Ciiief of 
Ordnance for the Pacific Department. 

The otherc who had records in. the 
Union army that can be traced were: 
Gen. John S Mason, Col. of the 4th 
Ohio Inf., who serverl in the army of 
Potomac, and returned to the regular 
army after the war, rising t-o the rank 
of Colonel. He was a nephev,- of Char- 
les Mason (also a graduate of West 
Point), Chief Justice of the Supreme 
Court of the (owa Territory. 

Gen. Orlando B. Wilcox of Micliigan 
commander of a division in the Ninth 
Army Corps. <■ 
Gen. James B. Fry of Illinois, Provost 
Marshal. General for the War Depart- 
ment. He had charge of the draff? or- 
dered the last year of t!ic war. 

General Ambrose E Burnside, once 
Commander of the Army of the Poto- 
mac, afterwards ConiTuaudcr of the De- 
partment of the Ohio 

Gen. John Gibbon, who organized the 
Iron Brigade of the Potomac, rose t-o 
tiie oominaud of the 2oth Army Corps, 
aud b<K*auie Brigadier General in tho 
regular army after the war. 

(ren. Rom»yn B. Ay res, an artiiicry 
oHicer in the Aamy of the Potomac, and 
a division roiumander. 

Gen Chiuh^s F. Ciil'in, aNo a divi-;. 
sion coniniap.d«^r in the ar'ny of tiie Vn- 

()• n. Egbert L. Vic!, a distinguished 

otiicer in the Eu{iiu>>ors, and had im- 
portant conimauds iu tho oii>:iora .-iruiies. 

Col. Lewis Cass Hunt, l:»rorhf r of u. 
Heury .1 Hunt, Chief of Arrillorv, Army 
of tlie Potoiuao, became O iloiu-l of f ie 
9"2d New Ycn-k, aud after riie war was 
promoted ro Colo/joi of tiie 14th U. S 

Iu the Confederate service we find 
Ambrcise P, Hill, wlio became Li-^ aieu- 
ant Geueral nud coriit.aauder o a c >rps 
in (.ee's army, and Kenry Heth, a di- 
visiou commander at Gettys iirgh and 
Iq other important campaigas. Heth 
was the foot of riie chis--, ac.d stood Xo. 
lOS on the CoTiduct Roll wirh 165 «le- 
merits. It is of iuteresr, too, ro uore 
that A. E. Buniside was charged with 
190 demerin.-; or within teu of the mark 
of di.smissal. 

We will uow take np the other classes 
wifli whose memiiers cadet Woods uiight 
have associated. 

Class of iS44 

Union army — General Alfred Pleas- 
outon, Army of the Poromac cavalrv, 
Gen. Wiiiiield S Hancock Gen Al-x- 
a-.der Hays, Army Po'omac bri;^ de 
commander, killed, at the Wilderness. 

Confederate arnjy — Gen Simon B. 
Bnckuer There '.vere ojily 2b memlK'v.s 
of this cliiss left at graduation out of 54 
who enrered in 1841. Is one of rhe five 
honor men gained any military distinc- 

Class of 1845 

Union arujy — Generals v\"ni. F (B d- 
dy) Smith and Thos. J AVood, Aiiuy of 
the Cumberland, were both honor ijieu. 
Gen. Chas, P. Sro e of l-Wll's BiafT 
fame, Goi Firz John P(^rter,Gen. J>>))ii 
P Hatch, rf New York, G'.-u. Delo> U. 
Sackctt, Gen Gordon Grar>;rer, C-Ien. 
David A. Russell, killed at Winchester. 

Confederate army— Generals Wm. H 
C. Whiting,' and Lr)uis Helu-rt, honor 
men, and Gmcrals )■] Kii-by Stnith. iWir- 
nard E. Bee, killed at first Bt:'l Umi.and 
Wm L (Crittenden. 

'J'his class {.nuduated 11 members. 

Class of 1846 

Union arm> — Generals Geo. B. Mc- 
Clellan and John G. Foster, honor men, 
Generals Jesse L \<eno, killed at South 
Mountain, Darius N Couch, Truman 
Seymour, Charles C. Gilbert, Samuel D. 
Sturgis, Geo Stouenian, Innis X. Pal- 
mer, Alfred Gibbs, Geo, H Gordon (^d 
Mass ), Delancy F Jones and J. X. G. 
WHiistler, cousin of the celebrated paint- 
er who died recently in Loudon. 

Confederate army — Generals Thomas 
J. (Stonewall) Jackson, John Adams, 
Dabney H. Maury, David R Jones, 
Cadmus M. Wilcox, Samuel B. Ivlaxey 
and Geo. E Pickett. 

Claps of i848. 

The head of the class, Prof. Wm. P. 
Trowbridge, did not stay l. ngin the 
army, but held a high position in rlie 
Coast Survey and as professor of En- 
gineering at Columbia and M ichigan 
Gen. James O. Duane. also an honor 
man, was an Engineer officer and rose 
to Chief of Engineers aft^r the war. 
Gen. Xathaniel Michler was o leadir^g 
Topographical Engineer and map mak- 
er. Others in the Union army were 
Generals John Buford, V H McLean 
(Adjutant General's Department) and 
Hugh B. Ewing. 

Confederate army— Generals Wm E. 
Jones, X. Geo. Evans and Geo. H. Steu- 

Class of 1S49. 

Union arn>y--Generals Qnincv A Gi\- 
more and John G. Parke,' honor men, 
Abr-olam Baird, Chauncey McKeever, 
Rufus vSa.xton (Q M.,), S. B. Holabird 
and R. M . Jolmson. 

Confederate army — Generals Steplie?) 
V. Benet, honor mmi, John C. Moore, 
Jolin Wot hers and Dull" C. Green. 
Class of 1S50 

Union. army — Gcnotals Gonvmictir 
K, Warren and Cuvior Grovor, honor 
men, Adam J. Slemmer, Eugene A. 
Carr, W. P. ( 'Mvlin, An-.o^ l^clrwitb 

Coufederate tiriuy - Generals Cbas S. 
WiQdi'r(( 'omniauder Libby Pri ou),\Vin 
L Cabell, Henry O. Baukhead, J. J. A. 
A. Mouton. 

When Cadet Woods ent^^red the Acad- 
emy iu 1843 Major tlichard DelafieK. 
\va^ superiutendt-nt. In 1845 he was 
jjucceded by Capt. Henry Brewcrton. 

Among the instructors of the 
years period whose names will be recog- 
nized by subsequent military distiuctiou 
were Horatio G Wright, John Newton, 
Wm S. Rosecrans, Israel Yodges, A. P. 
Howe, A. P. Stewart (Confederate) K. 
S. Granger, Irwin llcDowell, Gustavas 
W- Smith (C )aLederate), Isaac N". Quia- 
by, G W Raios (Confederate), E D 
Keyos, James A. Hardie, J. J. ReynoLis 

It is remarkable how few of his W« 
Point associates Col Woods came in 
contact with in his Civil war service. 

None of his own class, they all served 
in the east, both Union and Confederate. 
He succeeded Grant as cadet from the 
same congressional district and met hi u 
iu Oregon. He served temporarily uadnr 
S. D. Sturgis, who was a fellow cad^t 
and swerved under Rosecrans, who v>-as 
an instructor, and be met in battle 
Buckner. and possibly D. H. Maury and 
John G. Moore, bat I can fiod uo more. 

These WestPoiot data are gleaned 
from the Official Register of the Acad- 
emy from 1840 to 1850. kindly procured 
for me by Hon. A. F Dawson, from 
Gen. A. L. Mills, present superinten- 

(B) Lieut Lewis Owen M^orris was a 
member of the famous New York fam- 
ily whose seat wa= at Morri.siana, now a 
part of Nesv York City. His father, 
Lewis N. Morris, was a grandson of 
Levvis Morris, one of the signers of the 
Declaratioi) of Independence. A young- 
er half-brother of the signer was Gouv- 
enetir Morris, who also becamf a nieiTi- 
ber of the Continental Oo/igress, CJ. S 
minister to France and United StaC'-s 
Seriator Lewis N. Morris was also an 
army ofiicer, having graduated at West 

P iur iu 1826. Wli^ n thn .N" < xicun war 
brokn ont. Ije was ;i cap'iiiu i»f ;ii ;:li'Ty 
and W IS Jissiir'ie i t o Gen Za-diaiy 
Tavl>r's coiu'u-ia I He was killed 
wad^' I -ail 'I r hi> -u-^n in the a-^sault on 
M Hit-''-^v- tli> s ) I. Lewi-; O. Morris, 
CO um'-u )ae i S-c >ud Lieu'enaar o ar- 
tillery M trcM S, ! 847, and was s^n: t » Vera 
Cruz as C »L W > . is relates. II- served 
in the artny uaril the war ofther^-bellio i. 
I'} n*f ha i obtained theraukof Oap- 
t UQ iu the 3d Arrilleryand was sta- 
tioned in Texas. He ab.solut'dy refused 
to surrender his command whenordere^l 
to do so by Gen. Twijrtjs, but was fin illy 
ail>wed to return in xlv north He be- 
came C.>Ioiicl of tbe i:yih Nv;-.v York, 
wh^ch was made a retiiir.ent of Heavy 
Artilieiy in the defen^-e of Wn-hingtou. 
At the opening of Grant's campaign in 
1864, it joined the army of the Potomac, 
se ving as Infantry Col. Morris was 
given command of a briijade, and at the 
battle of Cold Harbor he fell, leading 
his me'j, as liis father had done eighteen 
years b'-fore 

(C; Dr Mareu* V/liitinan went to 
Oregon in 1834 v,dth a mission party un- 
d-n- the auspices of the Presbyterian 
clmrch The country w*as then under 
control of the British Mnds in Bay Co , 
who would not allow the American 
niissiouaries to Iteare th 'ir .=;errlo 
menrs. but induced th^iu to cnkss ihe 
Cascade niouarains. wli -o^ fuy esrib- 
lished a mission and s^ho )1 on th'» W ilia 
Walla river (in wh it is now W ishiuii- 
ton) near its.inn;ri)u wi"h tii". 0)lun- 

In 1>^4;1 Or Vv'liitm.ui made his cele- 
brated ridti to the st.ites. throui^h (lie 
Rocky .Mountains m Santa F( , then 
across the plains to Louis, and t hen^-e 
to Washington, where it is sai<l tiiat his 
ri^pre.^entations to Pr^'sidput Tavlor and 
Daniel Webst -r had r.nicb itiMnencc iu 
'ihapirrj the tre ity o 18ir. by which 
Grr. ^.r Hrii iin ab iudonded her claimd lo 
() . u'OJi .sour'> of rlr^ 40rli par.illo!. In 
th- ni antini", l^r Wlutmau hn^ rc- 


tnrut'd to thv Walia Walla with a p;irty 

The Hud.soLi Bay Co , had succt'd d in 
insriHiuKT into th^* Indians a distrust of 
Aint-ricaus which, whtMi it became 
known t« fh^.m that Ent,daiid had given 
up thoir eomitry, found .sava^p r xpies- 
sioD ill the massacre ou November 2!^, 
1847, of Marcus Whitmau and fliirteeo 
mis.^-iooary associates . 

(O) Col. Woods' farm was the norlh 
half of northeasi quarter and tlie south 
half of north wt>st quarter, section two 
in South Fork township, about a mile 
aiid a half northwest of Hurstville ai^d 
about the same distance souti-sea-^t of 
Esgate Gchco! house It is generally 
known as the "Asa Davis Place," Mr. 
Davis having? been the purchaser from 
Col. Woods. Tlie house that Col Woods 
first lived in w.ts situated on the E.-'- 
gate road in the northeasterly part of 
the farm. He built a new house in tlio 
creek bottom near the west end of the 
farm, which became the Davis home, and 
the old bouse has entirely disappeared. 

Notices .Memorial Day. 
In my remin'Fcenses of pioneer life in 
lo'A-a, I endevored to relate eircQiXiStan- 
ces in the order Ihoy cume, bat on tbi;> 
occasion 1 will skip g Urg^e specs for the 
reason that Memorial Day requires no- 
tiec. A day that is beconDiug more hal- 
lowed as time sepc. rates us from tha 
occasion that brou^^ht tli'cday into ey:- 
istenoe. A day that brin/^s us to/^ether 
on one common level Hrouod the^rrnves 
of our luvod 0D.r.s. A day that stands 
for the union. A day that stand.s for 
the reunion-of familiea for rich nnd 
poor to.qether. This day we meet to 
honor the herosof 18G1 to UH'.. A day 
not of feasting and dancing, but a day 
of solemn assembly. A day to com- 
me/Dorate the ^'rcat sacrilico our be- 
loved oncH made for our ^.^lorious utHon 
of stateo. A day to hy mh'oliv.o thii im- 
iTiortaliiy of the bravery and heroism 
of r.TO, of 1^12, of 1^1(1 nnd of l.-td, and 

again of IS'jS. We have here a chain 
of briiliant achievments woa by onr 
forefathers that reache.s back to and 
beyond our national existence. 

While the brave boys in blue, who 
laid down their lives on the alt-ar of 
our beloved country are deserving of 
fis-st honor, W6 must not forget that a 
preat army in the rear were also doiDfj 
a fireat v;ork, iwinting- to'^vard tlie sam.e 
end. It. was just as necessary to pro- 
vide supplies for the army at the front 
as it was to weild the sword. It will bo 
remembered that in 1862, 3 and 
v'heat gold for S2 per bushel, corn $1, 
oats I5o, cotton $2 per pound, pork at 
■SHO per barrel and oiher things in pro- 

And that this army in the rear was 
composed principally of Ladies. Yes, 
ladies of the first class. Ladies who 
p.ttendod church on Sundays dressed ia 
their silks. Ladies, vvho on Mondays, 
doned their danims and peeled their 
gloves, pud entered the service in the 
fields (But it must be remembered that 
silk in those days sold at near the 
same price of denims.) Ladies who 
supplied the army with food. Ladies 
who took the place of the I.OlX'IjCKX) 
drawn from the farms and factories. 
I do nof". relate this to shock the ladie5 
of the present day. For I have all con- 
fidence in them to believe that tliey 
would do the same thing under similar 
circumstances. To enumerato all the 
cases that came under my own obser- 
vsition would require far more lime 
than I have at my disposal. 

I will hero just montion a sin^'le case 
which will {^ivo the realcr an idea how 
great vraj^ the strain, and how great the 
demand for labor among the farmers, 
but hftfipily the supply was equal to 
Uie deniiRud, by t.^king the ladie^ in. 

I ws,s in Dubucjuc vn the. 4th of .July 
1^62, and stayed ovor night. In the 
mornin^T t'ncre CJirne a telegram that 
Viok.sburgh hr.d fallen or .surrendered. 
This nows ypretul like wildfire, and in 

less than nn bcur, Ujc boom of cannon 
an J auviirf couM r3'? h e:ii'd la ev-ry di- 
rfClioM, ttt)d Ibis co:ilitiued for raorc 
tliHu four houi's. It v/as a day of ^^i-eat 
r(-jt)icing tor it was bol!*-ved that the 
"ba,ckbniie of the r&bollion was now 
brokeQ." But in those days we had do 
telephoncb tieither in the citior; Qor in 
the coautrj. News was carried by 
messenaer and the raral districts were 
ahvay^j late in hudioLf o'.it the happen- 
in j-rs. 

It was DOW tbe bes^inrjiuff oi wheat 
havvt-st and wheat was at that time the 
y'-^ple crop. After t'Rt being all the 
available news I started homeward: a 
trip of thirty miles x\ll ah)Rg tbe way 
the fc)rmers were busy in their fields 
cuttiii;{ find binding their wheat. But 
the biodinjj- c:t that time was all done 
by hand and required from 1 to 5 hands 
to keep up w:th a self rake reaper which 
cut the grain similar to our pref,*ent 
binder^-, minus the binder. I also 
found by actual count alon;-=; the road 
that over two-thirds of tbe field bands 
were women. And ylmoyt invaciably 
the driver of the machnje was an old 
lady. After I had driven 18 miles I 
came to to a large farna that was rather 
of tbe model sort, larjre fields; of corn 
wheat and oats all in fine condition. In 
this field were seven bands, all of them 
ladies, except one old man who carried 
water. The liisld lay hard by the road. 

The old lady that drove the machine 
hailed ine aa she turn(^d a corner fuily 
25 rods from the r<);:d, (ttey Mr. hold, 
bold.) S)bo now quickly threw her ma- 
chine out of pjear and drove to the road 
on a keen trot to where I was waitni<?. 
And immediately inquired of me what 
all this shooting?; and drummiu<i meant 
to.'- I bear it from every direction. I 
said the news came this mornlLu; thut 
Vick!?bui't;:rh is taken. At this news 
she exclaimed (Oh my Cod, rjiy (Uh\.) 
By this time tbe lady bindcr.s had also 
arrived at the road from their Peveral 
stationb. And after tbe old larlv wa^ 

some what C'>mi>osed, for .-he was shed- 
ding- tears freely, she asked me wheth- 
er there v/ere many Killed. I said co, 
it was a surrender. After bearing- this 
she began shourins^ praises to God. I 
DOW beo-an to be interested and ven- 
tured to ask her the cause of her si-d- 
den emotion. She replied, Oh my dear 
sir, Ait my boys are there, three of 
ihem, and may God preserve them. By 
this time the proprietor also arrived 
with a pail of water and joined in ask- 
ing questions, as did also the junior 
members of the family. I now asked 
the husband p.nd father ho-w he man- 
aged vo raise so large and fine a crop 
with labor so scarce, hs replied, I am 
not able to do rjuch^ my v.dfii and the 
^,'irls did it all. Levi Wagoner. 

0'.i-<..n Siiihy's i^orsc Sto'cii. 
It- was in the sum?ner of ISo") thai 
Orren Siuky, of Emeline owned a ver y 
hne i-^Mm of marched horses, {tor Orren 
deligbred in fine horses). That one 
morn it) g he brot in his horses from the 
pastuie, while it was yet dark, and tied 
theurto an adj-i^v-nt ft^uce while he went 
to tlir' house to get his breakfast But 
ais retuDv he found one horse miss- 
inj:, 'And after exnuduiu^! the hook where 
he had it tied he temnd the little cad of 
tiio h;dterstrap srill in the hook, but was 
cut s-quare (>^L He now easily knew 
wbuT had become of his hor.=:e. And as 
soon it became suflicionrly litihr to 
trace fhe thief he set out with two oth- 
er compauion.'i into the hi^j woods, whicli 
had iits be'-^uiiuu only 1 rods from 
when; the horse liad teen tied. And 
here nhe treses wern tall and th" uuder-, but they .'■•uceeCMhxl in loi- 
lowiu'i tlu^ trail on til Pine creek was 
reacle-d. Ilcr»' tlu* horse was led into 
the sitrcani and downward evidently for 
the purpose of causing tno pursuers to 
loose trae.k, 

After continuii:;' the hi arch thrnoiit 
the (hiy without !«ucce.s, it w.U'^ now b"- 

licYod that- the horse was concealed dur- 
iug the day somewhere in the bit: woods 
and that he would be takeu acrot-s the 
river tJie followinj^ night. Our ]mrr.y 
now returned to eat supper and deter- 
mine on plans for tlie night. Our party 
b:id now been swelled to seven each one 
armed with a rifle or other deadly weap- 
on, and our plan was to go to smithr* 
ford about 4 miles distant, this being the 
only point on the river that was forda- 
ble for several miles up or down. Here 
we crossed the stream and at the out- 
come of the ford was a narrow track cut 
thru the banks, on either side of the cut 
was thick nudcrbrush, our party now 
took stations on both sides of this cut, 
every man with weapon in hand, except 
James Sinkey, I. Cooloy and A. Robbins 
these three being the jnost able bodied 
were selected to grapple with the thief, 
while the other four would hold up the 
villian and secure the horse. It was the 
order that every man be settled dov/u 
quiet in his lair till the splashing on the 
opposite side would indicate the theif-on 
his way. It was now 10.30 p. m. when 
came splash splash splash, and every 
man quietly raised to iiis feet ready for 
the onslaught, but to our great chagr in 
the expected horse thief turned rut tobe 
a belated cow w^hich \ve allowed to i>ass 
our picket line without molestatioa. But 
we continued in our position most of 
the night without hearing or seeing 
any thing of the thief or horse. But it 
was afterwards discovered that half a 
mile from the river was a large cave in 
the rocks of Pine creek where there was 
plenty of room to hide several lio} .=i;s, 
and that this cave had actually boon 
nsod for this purpose, there were abun- 
dant mar.kR left to indicate this fact. 
This cavo was only a sliorfc distance from 
one occupied by a gang of countereifters 
which I described in a former commu- 
nioati(.>D. It Wits also discovered that an 
organized gang existed, boginning nt 
the town of Bollevuo thcnco west as far 
as Cedar Rapids, and thai the strongliold 

of said gang was situated ia the big 
woods 3 miles south of the present Em- 
eline. And these recent discoveries to- 
garher with the narrow e.scape of Mr N. 
Alden from the assassians bullet which 
I describ-^d before, and al.^o the tragedy 
at East Iron Hill, gave ris:e to thp noto- 
rious Vigilance Commitee that formed 
at Iron Hills and soon afrer at Emeline 
also. Suffice it here to say that these 
two commitees did theis work thorcly 
and well. "And that the laud bad rest 
for many years". Levi Wagoxer, 

Keiuoval of Col. Cox's Heniins. 

At the last meeting oi ihe Pioneet and 
Old Settlers, Society held in Maquoketa 
July, 1. 1904, the President W. C. Greg- 
ory; the Secretary and Treasurer, J. W. 
Ellis, and H. Reid, were appoiutet as a 
committee to take such steps slf. they 
deemed necessary to suitably mark the 
grave of Col. Thomas Cox, a vctran of 
two wars and a prominent early iiio- 
neer of Jackson county. Born in 
Kentucky in 1 187, and died ISovember 
9th 1S44. He was hurried on the farm 
owned by him and called Richland, on 
the blutTs north of the Maquoketa River 
about two miles south of the present 
site of Bridgeport. The Cox family re- 
moved to California in 1S49 and in time 
the ColonePs loonely grave was plowed 
over and all trace of it dissapeared ex- 
cept the f-turdy shellbark hickor\' tree, 
under v,'hose branches his reinain>; had 
been laid at his repncst, which has si" cod 
a^s a solitary sentinel for more than GO 
years. On the J 8th of September, I'JO l, 
the commitee drove to the spot and had 
a photograph made of the tree wi)ich 
then .stood in a field of rye. The com- 
mittee first contemplated placing a huge 
glacier boulder over the grave but t)\Q 
present owner objected to having ony 
kind of monument erect(.'d in hi** field, 
and lino pro j .ct wa.s aba7idoned. 

The conniiittoe then a^ked the trustees 
of the Mt. Lloiui C'Mur'iry to donate u 

.suitable lot iu rhe Cetiu'tery for tlie re- 
maiu.s,aucl the request. wa.s {^arnred, a iot 
50 feet squ.ire aud in good location was 
donated. The commitee put in a cou- 
crete base for (he mouumeut they pro- 
posed to erect, and contracted with Kirk 
Landis to bring in a 14.000 pound glacial 
boulder donated bj W F. Jones for the 
monument On the HUh day of June, 
1905, J. W. Ellis aud W. C. Gregory of 
the coiumiree acco;npanied by FranVi 
McNear and three ol' his men, drove out 
to the place long known as the Hamil- 
ton Patterson farm for the purpose of se- 
curing sach relics as 00 summers and 
winters had left of the once famious old 
pioneer. The hickory tree which w'as 
said to be from 6 to 8 inches in diamiter 
in. 184-1 had grown to be 12 to 14 inches 
in diamiter but the branches showed un- 
mistakable signs of rapid decay. No 
mound of earth or stone remained to in- 
dicate the location of the grave, but that the tree was intended to 
mark the head of the grave and that the 
body was hurried with the face to the 
east there was little time lost McXear 
indicated a point about 4 feet in a north- 
east direction from the body of the tree 
and started a trench from north to south 
and iu three minutes )jad located the 
grave, and at 12 o'clock noon, the dig- 
gers found the black walnut boards that 
had been placed over the black walnut 
coi'iin that contained all that was mortal 
of Ool. Cox. The coliin was so much 
decayed that it fell to pieces but it was 
carefully removed aud the bones found 
intact and every one secured and placed 
in a casket, all the fragments of the cof- 
lin were carefully preserved and pkiced 
iu the caskcu with the bones after which 
the earth v/as shoveled back into the 
grave and leveled over The casket con- 
taining the remains was taken to the 
offic^eof J. W. Ells, tlu'.re to remain un- 
til Sunday, June .I8th, when it wa.-; laid 
in tlie grave prej^ared for it in the lit. 
)To|)',; cemetery : On tlie 10th of Jniv: (ho 
boulder was brot in and placed on (he 

Ainu)st A Linching 

Wrin^.-n by D. A. Fletcher for the .I:ickbon 
Couuty Historical t^ociety. 

In the fall of 1858, on returning home 
from District Court at,Bellevue, I found 
the citizens of Maquoketa considerably 
excited over the arrest of one, Charlie 
Harvey, for larceny. At that tim.e Will- 
iam E^urlcson was carrying a little st-ore 
at Buckhorn, and shortly before that, 
some one had stolen fromi his money 
drawer a quantity of small change. Har- 
vey bad been in the store without any 
apparent business the day before the 
money w^as missed, and being a rather 
w^ortMess fellow, much given to playing 
poker on a small scale, he was naturally 
suspected of being the thief. After the 
theft Harvey came to Maquoketa, and 
while in town made several, small pur- 
chases, paying iu each case with five 
and ten cent pieces for the goods he 
bought. Hearing of this, Burleson had 
Harvey arrested, charged with grand 
larceny, and I was eraployed by Harvey 
to defeud him on a hearing before Jus- 
tice S. D. Lyman. 

To begin with, pul.Jic sentinient was 
strongly against Harvey. 

He VTfcS a green, sappy looking youth, 
from t;i-3 region south of .Monmouth, 
and abwit eighteen years old. The Bur- 
lesons >ii-ere i'lfiuential citizens, full of 
talk, and they v\-ere iu town vrith blood 
in their eyes. Jerry Jenkins and R. S. 
Hadier,. the best lawyers we had at 
that ti'i'ic, were for the prosecution, and 
brotht-r Harvey's chances for escape ap- 
X)earwl vijry slim. But what lawyers 
call the coTiPUS dklicti was not ju'oven. 
No o?if;Sow Harvey steal the money; uo 
one coffiid swear that the money he paid 
out wa? over iu Burleson's drawer. For 
the dof*nse, I was: able abundamly to 
prove that Harvey was in the practice 
of playing poker; that he confined hi^ 
bets (0 five and ton cents; that he usual- 
ly carried in his pockots for gambling 
liurpo'sf.s handfuls of dijncs afid half 
dinurs. There wu.s really no eTidcnco to 

.in>tify I'.oltiiujz H:iivtT '"•••rti!^^ I.r-cHDy 
hud the jusncf discharged hini. 

Af tt>r hi^ (li-rb.;ir^6. ab' Hit tea n\-iMc-!v 
at niirlu, I ro'>k h.rnx to my ofli'-e for thu'. 
iuiportaut businf"-s of st^rri nienr tor 7!iy 
services, and while thus t-n^^airt-d I h< ard 
uriusu;!l uoi.~t^ (Ml tliH str- 

We both went down io fiu'i oat what 
wa.s ^?oing ou The stre-r-r. was fall '"'f 
exrited people. The Burle-;on< w^-re 
' verywh -re stivrii-.g things up. I'here 
was abundant, lalk of lyiicluut: H;irvey. 
There wa& a, rush arouud tlie old Go )de- 
now hotel, vrher--^ it was SLsid Ilarvt-y 
\vaK ia hiding. X'-xt it was said iv-^ h-id 
rashtid throagii the hotel frow rlie rear, 
and got into a rooui up stair>, %vijich 
was a fact. 

William Yosburg was city marslial, 
and a close friend of Burle<on, and lie 
was at the head of a crowd rhar pro- 
posed to go up stairs and bring the 
man down for the purpose of speedy 
justice. Charlie Dunbar was a justice 
of the peace and full of the diguiry of 
that high office He got- on the srair .vay 
auoye: Yosburg and read him the riot 
act. '"You are a pretty fellow ain'r,yoa, 
Bill Yosburg, Marshal of the city of Ma- 
quoketa— sworn to preserve the peace 
and good order of this city — and liCiir 
you are heading a mob. Ar'ut you 
ashamed of yourself. Justice of the 
Peace, I forbid you fiom coining up 
tiiese stairs Instead of being iiere, go 
out ou ihe st^-eet and tpudl iljis distur- 

Yo'.burg was cowed. He had Ti» ver 
see]i the dignify of the law fully exem- 
plified before. He and his crowd re- 
treated, [n tlie njeantirne Harvey svas 
shaking in his shoes iu the room lip- 
stairs After sonie coui't-reuce a com- 
promise; wa.s etTected. It was agre^•d 
ihut Haryey was to bt; bronght down to 
the street ; and given a liundred f>.(.-t Ihe 
start, and allowed to run for his lif<*, 
Yosburfj and lJunbar kept the tTosvd 
b.ick until Harvey was placed and ready. 
"Go" said Dunbar, an<l Harvey 11 up 

Main street like a deer with the yetlijig 
crowd in fall pursuit. Th»^y didn't 
catch him although they chased him as 
far south as the academy. 

The sequel of this httle story remains 
to be told, A few weeks afterwards, 
Harvey was again in Burleson's store 
when no one but him and Burleson was iu 
Burleson says to Haiwey, "Now Charlie, 
you had your trial and was fairly cleared. 
No one caji harm you again on that 
matter you know. Tell Die the truth, 
did you take that money or not? I am 
curious to know about it '-Yes," said 
Charlie "I did." Burleson lost no time 
in coming to town and getting another" 
v>'arrant. Harvey was arrested; salt- 
peter or anything else couldn't save him. 
He was bound over, tried in the District 
Court, and sent to Ft. Madison, both for 
his and his country's good. 

D. A. Fletcheii. 

Meeting of Old Settlers. 

We would like to speak fuby aod in 
detail ot the succ-e^s and enteriaiD- 
mientuftbe Old isettleis' Pici)ic and 
entertammeul yesti3fdciy , but to do to 
would delay us too ninch. We tave 
neither time nor space. 

The prog-rara was very gei.ei-Hl.y 
carried out as arran;?-ed a. -id some of 
tho most noted mot! of the state, itjat 
helped to make er.rly history and io 
trnnsaet early terriroi'i:il business, vrt-ro 
present and p-trtiei')arcd in tht- exer- 
cises, among tiit-m were; 
SYui. Salter of Burling ton, pastor in Ma- 
quoketa in 1S43 , Col, Samuel W. Dur- 
ham of Marion, mevnbor of the first Con- 
stitutional convention of ISli — being 
the only living survi%-or of Iowa Terri- 
torial ohicials; Hon. Charles Aldric li ci 
Des Moirics, Pionet r lawmaker aud Cu- 
rator Historical department of Iowa, 
Hon. Theodore Cdrsten-^en, m*»mb -r of 
pro^ont house. Hon John Wil- 
son, of Walker, Lirin county, m«^'niber 
Iowa llo\!So from r.amotie in 1?;0^»; Ma- 
jor S. W. liHthbijrn, Kditor Marion 
Jiegister: Ja.s. Yuui fC, OdsIow, pioneer 
in the lO's." 

The unveilin'Tf of the monument wa- 
tho work of .Mrs Jo>ic l)orchc-t«^r, 
daughter of \Y. A, Warr.^r. j ' ->cer 
lav.yc r o! JJollcvue, 

The followit)}? persons rcijisrered as 
piou(-er.-> or old vSt ttlers July 4, 1005. 

Name Born To la. 

Celia Ilobart Kidder, X. Y. 



A H BrowM, New York 



Mary Forbes Ellis, Wis 



William Trout Penn 



Will Cuiidili, Iowa 



A J Pbillips. Ohio 



A J Kigi^s, N Y 



Mrs Jack Cooery, Ohio 



E F WeeaiaD, Michiijau 



E Taubrnan, Isle of Man 



Geo \V Far/iswort bi, Ohio 



Robert Ward, Eup'land 



I McPeak, III 



A Carter, Eogland 



R A Davenport, III 



E E Colli priest, Jackson Co 



J N Nims, Jackson Co 



Charity Nims, " " 



C H Davis, Vermont 



Eliza Davenport, N Y 



J. Priaulx, this county 



Mrs F Glaser, Clinton Co 



J A Fairbrotber, Jackson Co47 


Mrs L Taft,Ohio 



Anna Eovelee, N Y^ 



L 8 Lovehie, N Y^ 



A Struble, Ohio 



Mrs J\ ilut chins, Ohio, 



Julia Oueill, Jackson Co 



H Reid, N Y 



Mrs E A Reid, Mich 



J Glaser, Germany 



C Blanc hard, N Y 



E Johnson, Iowa 



G H Conery, Maquoketa 



W MoPeak, Jackson Co 



J Seeley, Penn 



G A I less, Gerniany 



Mrs \J Fiwr^ Canada 


5 1 

31 S I^arr, Canada 



Mrs. ]]. J. Gosner, Iowa 



Mrs K D Taylor, N V 



Mary A I'riu'.Ue, Michi^/an 



J !^ "JMioiiipson, I'enn 



Mrs J S Thompson, P«.-i)n 



Mr J am OS YouiiK. Vu 



Mrs Jamos Yourifj, Va 



V\^m Fox, N Y 



Oins M Collins. Iowa 



Emma A Morey, N Y^ 



John Cook. Englar.d 

4 J 


Mrs John Cook. l*enn 


A Bprtlesen. Germany 



G K Miller, Penn 



M J Murray, Penn 



Mis? Mary Shaw. Iowa 



\V 1} iSwio'art. Iowa 



\'> 111 Current, Iowa 


F. 1 
1 = 1 

yVm Salter, N Y 



Chas A Id rich, N Y 


J V; Eli is, l7id 



The list of old settlers 



died driiing the pa^t year: 

Mrs. Dr. J. A. Carson, Born in Birm- 
ingham, Ohio, in 1S46, came to Iowa in 
1S68, died in 1904. 

Mrs. Mary H, Van Gordcr, boru in 
Pcnii. came to Iowa in 1853, and di.?d in 

Mrs. F. J. DoGrusli, Lornia Eentucky 
in 1841, came to Jackson county in IhVO. 
died C^:t., 1004. 

Mrs. A. G. Fischer, born in Penn.. in 
1830, came to lovra in 1854, died in 1904. 

Carolae E. Bowman was born in Vir- 
ginia, "vonv. 9, bsU, came to Iowa in 
1855 Jan, 15 1005. 

W. B. Suthcrlaju], born in N. Y. Aug. 
30, 1&'!:4, came to Iowa in 1857, died Jan. 
22, U*>)5. 

Joli'j. L. Sioan, born in Ohio in 1847, 
cmuii in Maquokora in 1850, died Jan. 
24, im. 

• Mjts. Henry Lock wood, born in Warren 
county, X. Y., May G, 182S, can\e to 
low,'), in 1854, died Jan. 31, 15Kt5. 

Wni. D. Kitts, born in Ripley county, 
I?h1., March 14, l.s3i>, died March 4.1!'(:'.). 
was au old settler of JacLson county 
and a v.Ueran of Ci\ 11 war. 

Geo. H Kimball, l»o. u in Ma»-s., 1S40, 
died Mrrch 3, 1005, old settlor. 

Ira A. House, born m ar Bridgeport, 
March 30, 18G8, dici Marcli 5, l<>Od. 

JMilton NYiutcrstcin, born Dto. IblO, 
died .Miirc)! 22, H)')5, an old settler aud 
vcloratt Civil war. 

Mrs. Mary A. Millar, born in prnn , 
April 2>), lS-?7, came to Iowa iu 1872, 
died March 1G. 1905. 

Wm. Cuiidill, Sr , born in Eu^'land 
July T, 1816, came to Iowa 1850, died 
March 28, 1005, a pioneer and enthus- 
iastic member ot the society 

Joseph Zook, born Oct. 8, is^"'., in 
Ohio, and came to Iowa in 1851, died on 
March 22, 1005. 

D. A. Wynkoop, born in Chemuni; 
county, N. Y., in 1840, came to Iowa in 
1855, died April 3, 1905. 

Mary M. Coffee, born in Penu., Dec. 
0, 1842, died April 17, 1005, an old set- 
tler of Jackson county. 

D. G Olary,. born in Georp^ia, V(!r- 
mont, Jan. 81, 1821, came to Iowa 1847, 
died May 7, 1905. 

Amanda J. Shinkle, born in Ohio, 
Jan. 16, 18;-56. came to Iowa in 1838, died 
April 26, 1905. 

Mrs. Sophia Cornell, born m Ohio 
April 14, 1822, came to Miiquokt r^ in 
1854, died April 37, 1005. 

William Shinkle, born in this Co , Au- 
gust 1, 1870, died May 12, 1905. 

Josie Goodenow. born near Maquo- 
keta Jnne 24, 1864, died in California 
May 20, 1905. Daughter of a pioneer. 

Sarah E. H'arp, born in Ohio Feb. 29. 
1826, died in Maquoketa" May 22 li»05, 
an old settler. 

Scndol Sears, born in Maquoketa Nov. 
3, 1855 died in New York City Ma\ 23, 

J(3hn Hoot, born in Ponn., Sept. 27, 
182;', c.i[).:io. lo Iowa in 1852, died May 27, 
1905. Pioneer. 

Eujiice Decker, born in N, Y. Au- 
gust 4, 1812, died in Dehjiar June 17, 
1005, an eavly pioneer of Maquoketa 

Mrs. Julia Brown Dunham born in N, 
Y. Nov. 14, 1841 came to Maquoketa in 
1848, died in Dc^^ Moinc^ Juno 16, 1!)05, 
a pioneer and a noble womaii. 

Lcltcrji xr >m 31 en Who Were In- 
vited to be Pre.oenl at the I n- 
Vciling <»fthc (>nl(>nel ("".ox 
.HoMiiine!)! .Jul y^T ii, 
Hut Could n<ii he 

Because Col. Thomas Cox liad been a 
pioneer lawmaker, a member from 
Jacl:son county to l.>oth houses of the 
Iowa Territorial legislature, a speaker 
of the House aud President of the Coun- 
cil, and a maker of early Jowa history 
formal invitations to be present at the 
unveiling of his monument were sent to 
the Governor, to the Lieuteuaut Gov- 
ernor as pre.sideut of ihe Sonata, to all 
presen! m.emxbers of tlie House of Repre- 
sentative.s of Iowa, to all surviving tx- of the House, to all memberfi 
of t, c Iowa Pioi.eer Lawmakers AssfX*!- 
ation (those who served more than 
twenty-five years as'o), to all survivirsg 
ex-2nembers of the Iowa legislature from 
Jackson county, to ail otlicers of the 
Historical Department of Iowa, to the 
officers of the lov/a State Histori(uil So- 
ciety, to the surviving children and 
grand -children of Col Cox, a.ud to ihc 
surviving Jackson county Territorial 
Pioucrrs, they being coUeagues of Goi. 

Respon.^es in per.son or by letter svou 
received from a majority of these invi- 
tations. Among these received by lc*\ef 
were the following : 

Proiu the Groveruor oc Iowa ; 
Executive oiUce. 1 '.-s Moins Iowa. 

June 24th, 1905. 

Mr. Harvey ll'-id, 
Maquoketn, lov.a 

My d-,;arSir: I beg to ac knowh'.lgr 
3'our invitation to a; tt ud tlie exeiTises 
connet.ted witli tlic unveiling of a uiouu- 
ment to thi» Hon. Thojnas Cox, on*^ of 
t.he. pioneers of the west. It would give 
luegpjat pIeasur«Mo bo pvcseut. upon i^o 
it)tci''.'.;'.ting an iVixa;>iou, aud to cxpros? 
my profound csKcm for tho^o I'oblt 

iiiea and \voinei,i who laid the f(miidati;m 
of tins country so l-roiid and deen that 
the sructure wo are building iu later 
times i^ si^cuie 

Unfortuiiatoly, however. I promist'd 
lonj: Ago to dtiliyer nu address at Malveru 
ou July 4th and therefore cannot be 
with you. 

With high regards, I am, 
Yours very truly. 

Albei^t B. Cummins. 

From the Lieutonaut Governor : 

June 21, 190?. 
Your in vital u->n to be present at the 
uuveiling of the monument to the Hon, 
Thos. Cox, Pioneer citizen Legislator of 
this state. July -Ith, 1905 is received, I 
sincerely regret my inability to be pres- 
ent on this occusion. I desire to offer 
my cougTatuiati()us to you and the good 
people of Ja:'.kson Cviunty ou perpetuat- 
ing the memory of the pioneers, v, ho, 
by their personal bravery, patriotism, 
and wisdom, laid rhe foundation of our 
state so broad and v.eep that our consti- 
tution and laws have won the coijimeu- 
dation of our wisest statesmen and have 
bv.en copied in many of our sister states. 
RespeO' fully yours, 

John ilEiiRiOTX. 

From the Secretary of Agrifulture, 
iiiemb'->r of the Iowa House, 3S(.)8, and 
Speaker in 1S72 : 

Department of Agriculture, 
Ollice of the Sf cre' ary, 
Wfishington, D. C, 

June 2'.j, I'.iOo. 
I would very greatly t njoy meeting 
v.'ith the good people of Mnquokcta, and 
especially the pioneers of Io^va on the 
Fourth of July m>.\i, but exacting olii- 
cial duties will prevent me from h^;i ving 
the depariment at that tiun-, inuoli to . 
iny regret. J. tliank you cordially for 
the invilation to attend and witness the 
unveiliag of the- Cox^ mo.uiunent. 

Very truly yonrs, 

J-\Mi:b Wjr.soN, iScc. 

From fbrn, John A. Kasson, M. G.^ 
1863-lbi>T, and 1878-1S7T; mern'o-.-r Iov>a 
House 186S: 

The Westport Inn, 
Westport-on Lake Champlaiu, X. Y,, 
July 1, 1905. 

Yonr letter inviting me to the cele- 
bration of the 4th of July, v.'hen a mon- 
ument is to be erected in honor of Thos. 
C.'X was forwarded to me liere from Des 
Moines and received yesterday I great- 
ly regret my inability to be with you 
on that occasion, being still to weak 
from siirgicai operation to'venture on .^o 
long a journey. There is no duty I 
would undertake ruore cheerfully than 
that of honoriug the men who so nobly 
laid the foundation of our state. Our 
debt to theiu is great and enduring. In 
the midst, of hardships and embarass- 
ment of wnich the active generation of 
these psDsperous timos has little know- 
ledge, they marked out the lines upon 
which lov.-a has steadily advanced to 
ker prfsent prosperity and distinction 
among t he states of the L^uiou. These 
line? thoj laid dov,-n have given us a 
state Gfi.^urpa.ssed in public morality, in 
intelligence, in general education, , and 
in freeSom from the taint of "graft." 
Iowa i? adapted by nature for ug'-icul 
ture, p..?id has becouie the garden spot of 
the Union. She is not adapted to man- 
ufactures, and will never be degraded, 
let us liiope, by the centers of vice and 
immoraUty that characterize great citit's. 
I pray that our state mav be contented 
with i.'.v agricultural life for which the 
pionet rs paved the way ; and satisfied to 
doveko;. her prosperity on the lines which 
fifcun prosperity to the masses of the 
peopl", without th.e ambition for great 
fortuJ3-.> and speculative venture^. Tlie 
tiniif^ will come when such a state can 
.savp Union from demoralization and 
fiuL.rv i'y tlic force of ht r example and 
thuqua ity -of her leadersltip 

I beg 10 oxpres.>. my syt?ipathy with 
yourrHortlo pres- rve the im inory of 
pionr'cr and patriot. Thomas Cox. 

Vi'.ry cordinllv yours. 

Joii.N A. Ki.ssuN. 


From Ex-Governor Larrabee, Srate 
Senator 3S6S-1SS-?: 

Cleimont, la., Juue 28 1905. 
Accept thimks for the iiivitiition to at- 
tend the unyeiiiug of monument to Hon. 
Thos. Cox. We all owe much to rhe 
early settlers of this state, audi am glad 
indeed that your people show their ap- 
preciation of it by this monument in 
memory of one of them. 

Yonrs truly, 

Wm. Larraeee. 
From Hon. A. R Cotton, speaker of 

losva Hoi^se 1870: M. C, 1871-1875. 
San Francisco, Cal,, June 27, '05. 

Remembering me with an inviiation 
to attcLid the exercises of the unveiiin^^ 
the monument to Hon, Thos. Cox, pio- 
neer legislator in Illinsis and Iowa, is 
highly appreciated 

It NYonld be a great pleasure to be 
present on that occasion to join in pay- 
ing tribute to the memory of the dis- 
tingnished pioneer in whose honor the 
monument has been erected, and to 
meet my long time friends who are to 
participate in this memorable event. 

I retain a deep interest in Iowa and in 
auythincf connected with its enrly set- 
tlement, being something of a pioneer, 
having arrived at Davenport, Iowa, with 
my father's lantily, May 5, 1841, and 
am also a pioneer in California, crossed 
the plains with an ox team from DeWitt 
Iowa, to California in 1849, and on 
the journey became acquainted with 
many citizens of Maquoketa and vicin- 

Wi-sliing all a happy reunion on the 
Fourth. Truly yours, 

Aylktt R. Cotton 

From. Hon. S. S. Farwell, State Sen- 
ator, 18(i(i-G8; M. C. 1881-83; Major ;3Jst 

Monticello, Iowa, Juno 22, 1905. 

I thank you njost sincerely for your 
invitation to attend tl:' pubUc 
{'.Mending the unveiling of a monument 
to the Hon. Thomas Coy;, July 4t!i uvxi. 

It would afford me gr.-at plfisan'. to 
accept voiir iuvitatiou, but I fear rhe 
state of my health will prevent my be- 
iug with you I have made nrran-^t;- 
ments to go to a hospital to undergo an 
operation next Saturday, and can hardly 
expect to be in condition to be with you 
in so short a time. I formerly had a 
great many warm friends in Maquoke- 
ta and it would be a delight to meet 
those who are living again The last to 
pass away, [ believe, is Mrs. Julia Dun- 

Thanking you again I remain. 
Sincerel>, yours, 

S. S Farwet.l. 

From Hon. John 11uss^.'li, sp3<iLer 
Iowa House 1868; Auditor of State 1871- 
85; oldest surviving ex-speaker. 

Onslow, Iowa, July 1st. 1905. 

Some time ago I received with pleas- 
ure your kind invitation to join the 
Jackson County Historical Society and 
the Maquoketa Valley Pioneer and Old 
Settlers Society in doiijrr hhnor to the 
Hon. Thom^is Cox I am still in hopes 
of being able to attend the unv(ileng 
cermony, but am in fear that the infirm- 
ities of age may prevent my doing so. I 
take thi.s means of expressing to you my 
apreciaricm of your courtesy and also to 
express the fullness of my svmpathv in 
tlie proposed gathering 

It is a common thing to errect moim- 
ments to the memory of lieroes who 
have served their country on the field of 
battle and in the halls of our uatioual 
capitol, but it is fit and pro})'?r that fu- 
ture generations should learn fhut the 
boroio pioneers, w!io by their energj- 
and ability, enduring, rugged, and all 
sufncient, have hewn out of the rough 
and have determined the destiny of our 
b"loved Iowa, should leara that their 
worth and greatness }iav»i bcf u appre- 
ciated by their own people in th« ir own 

Th(i Hon. Th.os. Cox was a wox'thy 
representative of the men to \vl)oni wc 
owe our pre^sent pence, pro^i> -rily and 

h.ippttui^s M ly til ' iii'">ua::i;^at, erect- 
ed 111 iii> houor, iiispire many Muofher 
cit zou lo e as ht' ^'ave of lii-^ stron^rh, 
his e. ei">ry and hi\-^ brain in tlu- service 
of his couQlry, his state uud his coni- 

^ Should the flesh prove weak, and the 
vrei;-:ht of increasiu.s: years prevent my 
bei'-'.g- \vith you h ' assur-. d the spirit 
joins you on that date, with hearty sym- 
piathy and wisirlii^ you e\er3- success. 
Yours very truly, 

John Russell, 

Prouj Gen. Greoville M. Dodge, il. 
C, lSfVT-69 ; last surviving Coras Com- 
mander of the Civil vs'ar : 

No. 1, Broadway, Xevr York. 

July 1, 1005. 

I am in receipt of your invit ation to 
the imveilius^ of the monument to Hon. 
Thomas Cox on July 4rh, and regret to 
say that if. will be impossible fnr me io 
be present TJianking \ou for th'- in- 
V tation, I a7ii, Yours tru y, 


From Hon John \YiL<ou, member of 
the lovva House from .Jackson couctv in 
1866 Mr. Wilson found hims If able to 
be present, but we quote from his Ivtrer 
his beautiful tribute to Col Cox's iiui<iue 

"Walker, Linn Co., Iowa 

June 2s, lOO.") 

1 tViiuk it very appropriate that you 
vary the patriotic proceedings f:en"i'ally 
indulged in on tlie ever momorabh^ 4t}i 
of Jul}' widi tJje interestiiif;; and impos- 
ing/ ceremony of d.isplayin<x to your citi- 
zens of Jackson county a niemorial stiaie 
ere'cted to one of the county's earliest 
servants. It would seem tiiat tlie mon- 
ument is composed of one larg(! (granite 
boulder — a monolith carried by Nature's 
icy rivei- thousaads of yea/sa;.,'0 from 
di-uant mountain ran^^oa and laid down 
on a spot uciir to where it could be raised 
as a characteristic monument to 0!u'- of 
Jacksou county's pioneer noblemen. It 
Kceni.s unnecessary tor the artistic hand 

of the s-'-ulj^tor put many finisjiic.:^ 
touches to the stone. The rubbing, 
grinding, dressing', sawing, planing, liav- 
iug been many years ago slowly and pa- 
tiently executed in Mother Nature's 
great geological workshop It was left 
where you found it so artistically pre- 
pared for your pur[>ose by the icy hand 
of one of the earliest glaciers that slow- 
ly slid over the surface of our now far 
famed state 

"We think you a- e paying wortliy 
tribate to Hon. Thomas Cox in thus 
raising this monument to Uis memory 
It may not have the imposing appear- 
ance and fine finish o^ some monuments 
thpj are raised to add bsaiT-y to the pub- 
he i.arks of some of our large ci' ies, but 
it has the Luerit of serving the same pur- 
pose — that of honoring the memory of 
him to whom it is dedicated, and re- 
minding future generations of the es- 
teem in which he was held by the peo- 
ple who knew and recognized his worth 
as a man. We knovr not what the in- 
scription is that you have chiseled upon 
this stone, but even if there should no: 
be one, its conspicuous appearan'^e 
where it is raised, will draw attention 
to its presence, and like the twelve 
stonf'S broujdit up from the bed to the 
banks of tlie river Jordan by represen- 
tatives of the twelve tribes of L^^rael, the 
question will be' asked by Ruccoerliug 
generations, 'What meaneth this Stone;' 
Then the story of Thomas Cox will be 
repeated and reiterated from year to 
j^ear until the far off lindt of recorded 

"As long time fiieuds of Jackson 
county, vre take pride in thus doing 
honor to the meinory of the Honorable 
Thoma< Cox, a mati, who as your cnnv 
mittee Siiys, was a pioneer of pirmci^rs, 
and who iti the territorial days of Jack- 
son coujity did so mt;c)i to give it high 
prestige in the legi-lative cnun.seU of 
our embryo-stale, and of hr^''wi.;i' ludp t^ 
give it a -lart in the right dircftion Ail 
honor to his meinors . 

Your friend. 

Jons Wilson " 

J he Ellis 31us-iim 

While Ht M -iqii()k'.-t.H atteudiDp the 
c^'r' rnotiy of UfiVeiting: the monnmenl 
of Col. Tbos. Cox, my old-time friend, 
J.ihn Wripht, look me to see the El- 

(joini? tr)to the office I was? introchiced 
to Mr. J. W. Ellis. ',Ybei' I took his 
h-.iiid, I hisd no idea that I shook the 
h^'id of. to my mind, one of Jaek>on 
county most, industrious men. I won- 
der if the general public know what 1 
mem when I say so? I am certain you 
v,'ill say so too if you step with him 
back of his ofliee de,:,k aad examine Lhe 
immetise variety of exceedingly jnter- 
intt rrstiQiT articles, which by long-, 
pej sisteut and iDdasirious application, 
he has jLjathered top-ctner. If do doubt 
came by patient labor and the expen- 
dinire of hundreds' of dollars— it may 
bf thousands of dollars. Hundreds of 
rare and valuable articles are exposed 
to view on the walls, o.' shelve'-, on ta- 
li] e.'-\ on the floor, maov of them tonear 
\<jur feet for loDg and safe keepint:. 
Oihers a^ain stored away in boxes and 
drawers out of view and yet intended 
to be seep. 

Many articles of historical interest 
t-o Jackson county thnt should never be 
allowed to go elsewhere. Others ar^ain 
of state and world-wide importance 
tlsat should be of interest to every 
man or woman, boy or tjirl, not only in 
Maquoketa, bu in the county. The 
wonder is tliat one man with compar- 
atively moderate means could po^-sibly 
Hiv.'um :ilate so many objecis of diflicult 
access and all of them of rare value. To 
enumerate all of these things Mr Ellis 
has hrou^ht together is hopeless. 'J'hey 
ivre there by the thour.ands and almost 
every article has a history of which 
Ml Tills is the especial historian. It 
i.' much to be hoped that the know- 
lodj^e bo has of each thint; will not die 
with him. ilo is, in his line, whut Mr. 
'•'hn... Aldrich has been to the Ifistor- 
I' ul :i?;fiocijition of the state of I )v.-a, or 

Mr. Th-miKs S. Parviu to the Ma.s<iiiic 
library and museum., an indnstri(jus 
collector of rare value and ioipoi tttnce 
and often of difficult attainment 

Mr. Ellis has brougrht tog^ether c 
number of articles belonjiinu- to the 
few murder cases that have occurred 
in Jackson county. Articles beloncj- 
ingr to Cronk'and che Cronk murder arc 
in his bossession, and other articles be- 
iODgincf to Jackson county of more 
pleasant memory are shown. Gqds 
from many couutrie.s, guns used in In- 
dian warfare, g-uns used at Waterloo 
a'jd through Ncipclean's campaigns. Old 
flint lock iTuns, our civil war gruns.even 
f^uns used in ancient times i'u Chjiia 
are exposed. Samples of some of his 
guns, not worth one dollar for use, Mr. 
Ellis has been offered 8-30 for, but his 
peculiar lovs for such articles prevent 
their sale at any price though thus 
temptingly approached 

He has a fine coHectioa of mortar 
shells some loaded ready for their dis- 
tructive use. Swords of different 
makes and shapes, Bolos from the 
Philippine Island, spears manufactured 
for John Brown of Ossiwattom fame 
and many articles of warfare are there, 
all of instructive value. T-Iany samples 
of mineral, specimens from Iowa mines 
and other states and countries. Shells 
and other sea relics in fjreat variety. 
Many household articles of the early 
days, Indian relics and one of the finest 
displays of arrow heads in existence, 
sooie of tliem the finest that have ever 
been found are there. A lar^:c variety 
of stutVed bird^ and animal.-, a son" of 
Mr. Ellis beiny a taxidermist. Quite 
a lar^e ^how of Confederate script i>- 
sued by the millioT^f^ of dollars by the 
Confederacy to help ^evor lhe l>ouds 
that bound our country toj:ethcr in 
the early sixties. Many old coins from 
many old countries. Some fiuo sam- 
pler" j)f tt;eth hud bone.^ of extinct antw- 
diluvii^n animal^, and rare t'oolovrioal 
.spi :'ii!mns in <:ieuL varity. I Cctt'io lo 


euumera.te You mu^t see for y<mrse!{ 
to have any conception of the number- 
lests articles he has leathered for your 
inspection. Do call aud see them.They 
contain Icssoas of much educational 
usefulness and will well repay you for 
time spent there. 

vVhy should the people of Maquo- 
keta and of ihe county too for ths.t mat- 
ter, sulier such an immense, rare and 
valuable museum to be stuffed and 
hidden away in such crovrded quarters. 
They are worthy of a place in u build- 
iuQ erected for their especial safety 
arid exposure. Let the board of Su- 
pervisors of the county visit the mu- 
seum and find out what they can rec- 
ommend in this mutter. Let the cit- 
izens of Maquoketa look, after it to. It 
is all together to valuable to be ne- 
g-lected. In the mean time could not 
floor room be given to it in your li- 
brary building. Good space might be 
proOtably spared tliere for many years 
yet. Vv by not aitend to it now? Un- 
less something can be done soon to 
g-ive better encouragomeot to Mr. Ellis 
in bis splendid effort I fear he may 
tlnd som.e other city who would be 
glad to bargain with him for its pos- 
session. Yours, 

John Wilson, 
Friend of .(ackson (;ounty. 

From Col Samuel \Vallace Durham 
of Marion (who whs unison t). 

Mariou, Iowa. July 1, 1005. 

I met. Col < !ox at It)\va City vvhilf he 
was Speaker of the Terrirori;d House of 
Representatives Likf^ him, I v,-as of 
Kentucky stock, aud aa early Iowa pio 
iieer and was acquainted wjf h a good 
many of the Jackson county people in 
the early forties, and surveyed two ter- 
ritorial roads there. I was United 
States deputy surveyor, having in the 
capacity of a contractor from the Sur- 
veyor (reneral, BUt veyed contract'^ in lo 
different counties in the territory and 
stn,te, iijcluding the district where (ho 
city of Dos Moines is now situated. Sur- 

vryci ;il.vo u l:\rj_'*' distii -r liMi-i'u riiig on 
Lili'' Pf[siti ;»iid Chipp'^nvii nv»r I 
bf-rvt'd as a nit-nib-r o rlip Fir.-r Iowa 
Teriitoriiil (^oiisrimrioii CouveiitMHi in 
ljS44, and the only oii'- of rbut body 
uow k-ft. 

Samu!;!. \V. DUIUIAM 

From Col Coxs' only surviviu^ daug!i- 
ter : 

H-'llywood. Cidf.. June 21, I'-fi).""). 

I'mui the reeipit^ir of your most cy- 
t^^emed If^tter aud ha^t'^u to ackuow- 
ledi^e t e same Y'lUi ui iy perhaps real 
ize the iin-At satiefacriou aiTd pleasure it 
vTould f^-ive !)io to be pipseut ar rh.o uu- 
yeiliijt? of my lather's monument, July 
4th, 1905. Ir. will be the regret of my 
life rhar tjvviug to thn uncertain cond - 
tio?i of my heahh I will be unable To 
undertake tlin lf)ug jouruey. But I wish 
you to understand how siucerely I ap- 
preciate all your kindness, even though 
I cannot, see you to thiuik you in person. 

Trusriug that yon v-ill favor us with 
full particulars of the ceremcjny at a 
later date. I am, 

Very siucerely yours, 

PiiOEBE Cox. 

From Thomas E. Nichols, grandson 
of Col. Cox: 

, Los Angeles, Calf.. Jane 2H, J!i').5. 

Your favor with eneiosed invitations 
to be dislributed duly rt;ceived, and im- 
msnUately atreT)ded to. 

My uuclt-, S B Cox, i.-^ at present suf- 
fering from an acute attack of lumbugo. 
He d( .=ires me to express to you his 
thaiiks lor what is being done in honor 
of his father, and to say that he will 
write you as soon as he recovers. 

It is untoftuuate that the short notin'. 
we have had prevents nny of the grand- 
children, living here, from accept inj? 
your invitation My two Itrothors arc 
living in Mexico, and my two sister< in 
San Francisco 

For mys'^'lf; I wish lo th:nik \ou for 
your interests aud elYorts, and would 
a,>k that you pleasfi convey to all those 
assisting in llie cerenioiiics my dorp ai>* 
prcciatinn of the honor shown the incir.- 

ory of my i.'ran'i athor. Col. Tlu^s. Cox, 
and rliat. I rt't:ror exi^r-odin.^ly my iua- 
bility to accept the iuviratiou to be svith 
you. Honor shown flio memory of a 
wortliy citizen not only redounds to tbe 
credit of those sho%s'iua- that honor, but 
also serves as au exut!iple ior the youfig 
of i^ucceding generations to so live and 
act as to merit the approbation of tlieir 
fellow citizens. 

Cordially yours, 

T. E Nichols. 

From Jonathan R. Scott, grandson of 
Col. Cox: 

Los Angeles, Calf.. June :?S, 1905. 

Mr. xCichOiS has handed me your letter 
to him of the 20 rh iiist., together -vvith 
the printed il^vitation to me to attend 
the exercises on the urt veiling- of a mon- 
ument to my grandfather. Col 'J'homas 
Cox, on the 4th of July, next. 

I would gladly be present on the oc- 
casion if circumstances permitted it, but 
I am afraid thatjt will be impossible for 
me to indulge my earnest and sincere 
desire in regard to this maiter 

I, and the other m.embers of my fam- 
ily, who live in California, are under 
great- obligations to you for your active 
eiToi'ts iu b; inging about ih': romoval of 
his renjaius to a perni,iDiM:it resting 
place, as well as the erection of tbe mon- 
ument to commemorate his life; and I 
thank you very n>uch for what you 
have done. 

It had long been a '.vish of minf^ to se- 
cure title to the farm on winch my 
grandfather was buri<;'d, and of wliich. 3 
had lieard my mother -ipeak from my 
early boyhood, and I Jiad intended going 
back (o the place witli a view of making 
inquiries and seeing whether sometliing 
could be done to pi-eserve tiif- grave, l>uf 
the opportunity nt-ver ai rived. Yon, 
however, have done about tlie bestihing 
that could be done; for, had the farin.or 
pome laud or) wliich tlu) grav»3 was lo- 
cated, been bought and held l)y thi fam- 
ily there might have been considerable 
rnconvoJiienoe ncrasioncd by reason f»i' 

the s-ale of thv' or<n..^rty f>;i- lax* s in case 
the p vrries int rested did nor l(Kik after 
I that niatt r, --ind with regard tok' ■^^piag 
the irravf iu proper cooditi"U. Ail of 
( this trouble is avoided by makintr the 
interment in a public cenurte y, audit 
seems to me -fiat \s the best thing 
under the circumstances 

My sisters, Mrs. Harriet Taney, Mrs. 
Emily Smith and Mrs. Ro'.Vfn ■< Mc- 
Eweu, will also be unable to attend, al- 
though I know th.i^ they v\-Guld like 
very, maeh to be there 

Again thanking you for your kindly 
inreteftt and cirorts, T am, 

Yery truly yours. 

JR. Scott 

From a grand daughter of Col. C 'X : 
Los .\ngeles, Calf , June 29. 1905. 
Your invitation to tlie nnveiiinu of a 
monu!7ient to my grandfather, Colonel 
Thomas Cox. is at haijd. 

In expressiug my sincerest regrets at 
not being able to he present. I wish to 
say that I feel myself under obligations 
to the Jackson Cou-.ty Historical Socie- 
ty, and the Maquoketa Yalley Pioueers' 
and Cid Settlers' Societ3', for the honors 
to bo paid to my gr.mdfather's memory 
I am tlie wido .v of Col I. R Daukle- 
berger, U. S army (retired) and tiie 
eldest daughter of the late Joseph. Still- 
man Mallard and Cordelia Cox Mallard. 
I was born iu Andrew, Jackson county, 
Iowa, and am proud to be a native of a 
state where dk^l' are of such stabiiiiy 
that they remeniber the virtues of a mart 
after he has been d<-ad 01 years. 

Yrry sincerely voui-s, 

From Hon. Rodney A. Smitli, mem- 
ber of General A.ssembly l-SGb.Yice Pres- 
ident Iowa Pionc(^r Lawmakers asso*ua- 
tion. Mr. Smith was one of tlic party 
who rescn»'(l the survivors of the Spirit 
Lake massacre in 1S57. 

Olioboji. la., Jun«*.>S, 190.) 
DtarSir: Your invitation lo moet 
wun the Jackso!! County Historical So- 

citt-y iind PifUiHtTs' ami (Md ^<t-tih-rs' ns- 
so -iatiiMi t!ie ocrasicin f>f the uuveil- 
iiiK of the nio luiit'nt to Huii Thns. Cox 
r.-ceived ami I muoli ref^rt-t tltut I C-Ui 
not comply wuh it Anions: other 
tiiiuus it briujzs vividly to my mitid a 
bviLTlit Oc'tober nioruiiitr in t.iio (''all of 
]Sr)ii \vii(.-[i O'} fool ni)d a'oiie, frieiidlf'S? 
and tilmost pe^ niloss. I startt-d from Du- 
buque to C'edar Riipids in search of. I 
hardly ktie.w \siiat. 1 ima^iue that in 
those early days many another travf-led 
the saiiie road in the same aimless, list- 
less \va3'. 

Ynu are to be congratulated on the 
fact that you live in a community where 
the pcoitle feci enouj^zh interest in their 
pioneer history to or^-anize and main- 
tain a society, havinti- for its ol)jfCt, tlie 
preservation of this history audits trans- 
mission to future generations All hon- 
or to the early pioneers of lov^ a, the 
dangers they braved, the hardships they 
endured, the privarioiis they suffered 
and the obstacles surmounted form a 
chapter in the history of our noble state, 
both unique and interi-sting, and one 
which may well tempt the busy throng 
of today to drop for tht; time being tlieir 
ordinary vocations, b^- th^y what they 
lu-iy, and to call up the pleasant mem- 
ories of the past, to live over again in 
imagiuation the many varying vicissi- 
tudes of the- pioneer days. 

}3ut pioneering as exemplifi.ed in the 
•early history of lowci is a thing of tlie 
past. The covered wagon known as the 
"prairie s(;hooner," drawn liy three or 
four yoke of slow plorlding oxen and 
followed by a drove of loose cattle more 
or less numerou.s according to tlie meaf'S 
of the owner, and bearing the fannly 
and household goods of sotne Ivavdy ad- 
venturer to some favored grove, lake or 
stream tliat, ho has seen, o^ of w)ncli he 
has lieard, there to buiJd a home and 
await developments, is now only n nvm- 

The ]r)ug tedious drives by day and 
t)ie jolly by uight around 

which t-'atheied tiie sturdy boy.- and 
buxom girls of the early pioneers, are 
but a pleasant recollection. Tlie old or- 
der of things has passe.d av/ay and wilh 
the in uguratiou of the new, the Amer- 
ican pioueer is passing down and out. 
for near three hundred years he has oc- 
cupied a prominent, place in tlie forefront 
of American history. But his days are 
numbered. As we look away to the 
west, we are forcibly reminded that 
there is no longer an American frontier 
and when the frontier shall have faded 
away tlie pioueer will only live in his- 

Wishing you a most interesting c>ci*h- 
.sion, a most pruspcfuus Cciicui for your 
Historical Society, 1 remain, 
Yours truly, 
Rodney A. Smith. 
Member 12ih G. A. 136S, 
Vice Pres. Pioueer Lawmakers As.^ocia- 

tion, for 11 ih Gong. Dist. 

(Mr. Smith has been so generous a* to 
present to the Bistorical Society a copy 
of his excellent "History of Dickin?oii 
County, Iowa," which contains a very 
full account of tlie Spirit Lake Indian 
massacre, ant} of the nnparailed suiier- 
ings of the rescuing party from I-'ort 
Dodge and Webster City. The volume 
has been placed among the loanable 
books in the Board. nan Library and will 
well repay perusrd. ) 


From Mrs. A. Y) .Kobertson: 

Wa.^htu, la., June CT. I'.ftj 

My Dear Sir: Vour invitation to u! - 
tend the exercises of tlie unveiling of 
the monument of Hon. Thos. Ccx, is re- 
ceived. Permit m*.' to thank vou for 
this invitation, and I may assure you, I 
greatly appreciate tlie Itonor conferred 
by your kindly remembrance, hut which 
at this time, I must decline and foivgo 
tho pleasure it would give me to b*? 
present and participate in the exe<xns«'s 
of this ni'Muorable O'.va.sion. 

I shall be with you in spirit, for 
can do no belter (ium to roiun*''iM<.r;<r " 
the. deeds (*f {.•icat n;en, nnvl I wi :h for 

jou ull the sacc<-ss in couuection with 
the celebration, that you most ardently 
hoped for. I have tJie honor to be 
Very truly yours, 
Mrs, Alex D. Robertson, 
Daugliterof John S. Brigsjs, grand- 
daugliter Gov. Ansel Briggs. 

From Hon. John Hilsinger, State Sen- 
ator from Jackson county 18G4 to lSfU->. 
Judge Hilsinger's legistive service ante- 
dates any other surviving ex-meniber 
from Jackson county. 

Sabula, Iowa, July 3, 1905 

Dear Sirs : I received your kind in- 
vitation to be present at a nieering of 
the -Pioneers' and Settlers' association, 
and the unveiling of the aiomuuent to 
Ool. Thos. Oox, one of the ancient law- 
makers from Jackson county, on July 
4th, 1905. at Maquoketa. Iowa, in due 
time, and permit me to extend you and 
the other members of the iijvitation 
comniitree and the association, my grate- 
ful thc^oka for the same, and I regret 
very much tiiat circnmstances vrere such 
that it was impossible for me to be pres- 
ent, but not beiiigr sure -whethei I could 
or not, I delayed answering until now. 

It is a great honor to any man to have 
s-o faithfully and ably discharged his 
duiies as a k;'islator, conferred npon 
him by the people of Jackson county, as 
to merit their commendation, fiS pro- 
posed to be expressed on July -ith, 1905, 
by the erection and unveiling of a mon- 
ument erf!Cted to the name and honor of 
Col. Thomas Cox. after so ;many years. 

I became a resident of Jackson county 
in July, and was elected by the 

f>:ood people of Jackson county to tlie 
Iowa Senaie^at the general election in 
18fi3, and X served in the Iowa Senate as 
Si uator from Jackson county in the two 
8wsioL*8 of 18tM and and I knew I 

tried to discharge the duties of that hon- 
orable position, conscientiously and to 
the best of my al»ility, if not to the en- 
tire 6j;Msfaction of the itcople. 

I foci very giatcfnl to tlu' jn-nijle of 
Jaci'son county for Die many positi^.ms 

of lioiior and tru^t rhey h %>• coiif.-rrr-d 
upon me, unsolicited on my pa t. j-iuce 
I have been a resident of the ctmuTv. for 
I never was a politifian in the sen.-e of 
seeking ofhce. 

My chief desire so far as bniug a citi- 
zen of the county is to couduc- myself, 
for the few remaining y^^ars I may be 
px'rmitted to live, that when the end 
shall come, I will merit the confideuc*-* 
and gO'id will of all the good peo le of 
the county : for I do not expect and hav«^ 
no desire to change my rr^.-^ide-uoe Jack- 
son county and its peeple ure good 
enough for me and as gcKnl as T desire 
for the remainder of my life! 

And again thanking you and those 
who are assO'3iated with you in the Pio- 
neer association for your kind invitatian, 

Verj' respectfully yours, 


From Prof. L F. Parker, professor of 
History in Iowa collt-ge, author of v. rit- 
ings on Iowa history. 

Grinuell, la., June 2<)*h. li^O.".. 

My Dear Sir: Thanks for the honor 
conferred on me by your invit.itieju to hf 
present at the unveiling of the moiiU- 
ment to the Hon. Thos. Cox. piono-.-r 
legislator of Illinois and Iowa. It was a 
happy thought that blended this (xer- 
cise with the celebration of our national 

May the wise mi^n who founded our 
states be honored evermore as partners 
in the foundation of our nation. Iowa 
is more inlfucntial in the nation than 
Tho!^. Cox ever thought it would be.. 
The nation is inJiuencmg international 
policies inore beu( licently than (Toorge 
Washington ever thought would bcr iih- 
er wise or possible. Cox and Wasliing- 
ton built state and i\atio?i tuore u lorio - 
ly than they kn^'W. Ileit s of their bril- 
liant, [);itriotic servir-e, wo ^in^ll ucvvr 
for^Tfi how much we owe tlivui. 

Ir» gr«'t that 1 am unable to join you 
aciively in tlie local honors whi«d» yon 
pay to Thomas Co\ and to tlio forvi.b r< 
of our ri pu)>lic on July Ith. 

Yours ( (>'• n,i!^v. 

From Hon. \iarriji J. "A ad«', tx-M. C. 
Secoud Disrricr 

Ios\a City. la , Juno 21, IPOo 

MyDi-nrSir: I wouiu he ck'lighted 
to be preseur- at the exeri-iM's, uiiveiiiiig 
thf moiiuuient ro FIod. TIiohkis Cox ou 
July 4th, it it were pos.sibie, but I am 
enga.iied tor a lecture at the Chautauqua 
at Tama ou that day, so that it will uot 
be possible for me to attend 

Willi hifiiiest personal rc^^ards, I am, 
Yery truly yours. 


From Mrs. John S Bii^'gs, daughter- 
iu-la\v of Gov. Ausel BriKg?^. 

Omaha. Xeb , June 57, 1905 

MyDoarSir: I ackuosvledge with 
graritude the kind invitation to attend 
the unveiling exereises of a monument 
to Hon. Thoinas Cox. 

I have deferred answering this invi- 
tation Dulii this date hoping to secure 
tran.-- porta tion through a personal friend 
of my family, bat who is out of the city 
at present. 

I have alwiiys desired to visit N'aquo- 
keta and Jackson ^-ounty from the fact 
that it was the liome of my husband's 
family in early tlays and is fraught Vv'ith 
dear memories, of which I have heard 
so much through him ajid his father. I 
may as.-r.rc you it would have aiTordcd 
me the keenest uleasure to be present at 
tliH unveiling of a njouumeut to su dis- 
tinguisiied and dcserviiig a man as the 
Hon Thos. C x, but which under tlu^-^e 
conditiiDS I must now forego As I 
read of the promifut part he took in the 
early liistory of Iowa, I am led to reflect 
that his was an upriaht and well orwcred 
life, one that constitutes iu its ef^icar-y a 
a most elotiueut pf-rsuasion to higher 
and better life, and as om-* amon<^ you, I 
would be permitted to })ay homage, and 
revere his memory. I am, 

Very truly 3'onrs, 
Mrs. Jou.\" S. Bm-ios, 
28011 Bristol St., Station A. 

]''rom Miss Bliza Moss, dauglitt-r of 
Hon. .Tames Jv. Moss, who ticcr"ded 
Col. Con as mcml)er of the Tcnitoriul 
1 lonso in is. II . 

Dear Sli" and f'rieud : It is wilh fi 

iugs of regret that owing to a condition 
of ill health, it will be impossible for me 
to meet with you and witness the 
unveiiing of the monument to the Hon. 
Thomas Cox of pioneer fame and his- 
tory. As the sole representative of my 
dear father, James K. Moss, and ac one 
of the now all too few vissibie links di- 
rectly uniting the past of the real pio- 
neer to rhe every day world of the pres- 
ent, I feel that it would be good to meet 
with those, who like myself, are so close- 
ly connected with both the past and tbo 
present of Iowa and Jackson county, 
and vrith them give honor where honor 
is due. Though I can not be with yon 
in person, I can sympathetically join in 
the honor you. shovr to ihe memory of 
the man who stands foremost in early 
history of our county — Jackson. 

I thank^'the committee, of which you 
are cbau'man, generally and yourself 
particularly for the remembrance mani- 
fested so \in(lly. Veiy truly, 

Eliza Mo???. 
Sabula, la., June 27 1S05. 

From Hon. Samuel McNutt, State 
Senator 1SG4 to 1S70, member of House 
1878 and 1S90. 

Muscatine, la., June 2-1, 190o. 

Dear Sir: Your kind invitation to be 
present at the public exercises attend- 
ing the unveiling of a monument to the 
memory of Hon. Tiiomas Cox, pioneer 
legislator, (Illinois 1818, Iowa 183S) on 
the coming 4th of July, is received, for 
which please accept my thanks. 

Being myself o:ie of the "Pioneer 
Lawmakers" of our beloved lo A'a, it 
would give me great pleasure, now in 
the 80th year of my age, to be with yoa 
on that occasion, but circumstances will 
prevent me from being with you. I am 
deligljV'.'il, howevtr, to know that the 
pood pv:ople of Jackson county are still 
n>indtol of tlieir distiugnishod dead. 
Hoping .that you will have a pleasant 
day for rlie exercises, 1 remain, 

Yours very truly, 
S.xMi ri, McNi'TT. 
Mouse lJ-i7-:::5 S»'n:ito lO-lM-ei; ' 

From Hon. W. J Moir, ujt uiber Cn-u- 
^'r;ll Assembly istvj juul ISIM. now 81 
yeas old 

Eldova, Iowa, June 22. 1S0.3. 
Dear Sir; Your kind iuviratiou ro be 
present, during: the public exercises at- 
■-teiiding the unveiling of ii Luonument in 
hoiior of Hon. Tiios. Cox, is received, 
accept )nj thauks .NJonumeuts are 
erected in honor of men for heroic deeds, 
'fConietiiues for acts fuithfuiiy perforui'-'d 
iiud sometimes for words beautifully 

In \Yashiugton stands a monunieut 
555 feet skyward in nonor of him who 
was first in war, first in peace, and first 
in tlie hearts of his countryman. In one 
of the principal streets in . Baltimore 
stands a monument erected in 1S(55 to 
the memory of Thomas Wilson, for 
cba)'itable acts performed. And in Oak. 
Hill cemetery was erected a monument 
by Y7. W. Coreoran, the great philan- 
thropist, in hon >r of John Hoss ard 
Payne, who made his name honored by 
all peoples throughout the civilized 
v\'orld, when lie penned those 14 lint.s, 
"Homo sweet Hinne, there i^; no place 
like home." Well did lie deserve that 
beautiful epitaph carved on his monu- 
ment : 

"Sure when thy gentle spirit fled, 

To realme beyond the azure dome. 
With arms outstretched God't- angels 

Welcome to Heaven's Home sweet 
Home. " 

It is sweet to be remembered. T hope 
veil may liave a very enjoyable time on 
our nation 'ti natal day. 

, Yours respectfully, 

y,' W. J. MoTU. 

■• Fro)ii Hon. Cbest'^'r O. Cole, .judge of 
>-;upreme Court LSOi to J.':^V(;. 

Des Moines, la., June 1!)('5. 
Dear Sir : I have yonr inviuvtiou to 
be present at the jmblio exercises atiemi- 
ing tlie uuvoiiing of the nionunie:u c»f 
Hon.. Tlios. (ajx on July 4tii, 1:h.)5. I 
thank, you for your invitation and re- 

gret that eireujti^rancts art* stu-o as r<> 
prt!ciude my acceptance 1 shf)uld de- 
light to be presHur, and thereby luanifest 
my eordi:d approval of rho<e who have 
contributed to the monumeur anrl to the 
magnityiug influt-nce of if.- unveilmg. 
1 had no' ilie advantage of a personal 
acquaintance with Mr C<>x, but 3 have 
some knowledge of his private cbamcrer 
and public services and think they fully 
justity the fullest measure of honor 
which can be given. I someiiine^ think 
that the people of Iowa do not fully ap- 
preciat^j the value of the Si-'rvices rend- 
ered to these of future genera;ions. by 
their sagacity, fidelity and inregriry. 
Iowa stands today more exalte<i rluiu 
some of her sister states, because of the 
faithfulness and intcgiity of its pioneers. 
The Iowa pioneers as law m?.kers were 
really more wise in tlieir conduct than 
they themselves appreciated. In their 
intc-gi-ity, nprightne,~s and conduct, 
they exercised a poteJit influence, ' and 
even in tJie discharge of their daily du- 
ties they manifested an ihtere^-t and rx- 
ercised an influence more potent than 
they knew. The many eulogies upon 
Iowa as a state, and its people as citi- 
zens are indeed eulogy upon the wi^doui 
and integrity of Iowa pioneers. They d»'- 
serve honor and you do well in the erec 
tion of tliC monument to Thomas Cox, 
to wxioui and to whose service s Iowa is 
largely iiidebted. 

Very t'uly yours, 


l''rom Ho)i. P. ^V Crawford present 
.Senator froHv Dubu<iuo. 

My Dear Sir: Please accept my licar- 
ty thauks for your esreemed invitarinn 
lobe present at tlio unveiling of tho 
monument to Hon Thomas Cox Ma- 
qnokf la, July 4tl). I shouM bo gn'atly 
pleased 10 af cept, but a. engasr^'- 
m( n» tor tliat dale will prevent. Tht» 
oceaMiou would be of especial interest to 
mi! as 1 have, a very lively porsoual rec- 
ollection of Ool. Cox, and remeiuVM-r, 
wheji a "iKiy lo have s^v a uud heard hin 

talk several times, once nt least in my 
father's office in Dubuque, wheu he 
gave a very graphic descriptiou of the 
affair at BeUevae, April 1, 1S40, wheu 
BrONVD and seveu others vrere killed, aud 
of which lie was a wituess and took a 
prominent part. 

The last- time I ever saw him was at 
my uncle's (Theophilis Crawford, first 
state senator from Dubuque district) in 
New Weiu township, Dubuque county, 
in the sumtner of 1S4^, wheu lie vras 
canvassing as a candidat-e of the Coun- 
cil. He staid over night at my U7icle s 
who was then tb.e on^y voter in that 
(New Wein) township, now densely set- 
tled. I V7as greatly' interested m his 
reminiscenses of liis life in Illinois, and 
his experiences while a member of the 
legislature of that state. 

I vs^ell remember that he also relat- 
ed the circumstance connected with 
the execivtion of Jackson, tiie first man 
ver hun^ for murder in Jackson coun- 
ty. He said that Jackson, having made 
an agreement or understanding with 
Sheriff Bill Warren, that the execution 
should be so conducted that his neck 
should not be broken, was firmly per- 
suaded tliat he would survive the opera- 
tion and be resuscitated. He consulted 
Col. Cox the night before the execution 
i\v to whether it would be advisable for 
him to remain in the county, or had 
better go to Texas. Unfortunately the 
hanging, arranged by tying a rope to 
the limb of a tree and driving the wagon 
in which Jackson was seated from un- 
der him, was fatal, and he necessarily 
rojnained in the county. Perhaps the 
tree is yet standing in Andrew. 

[. recall that Col Cox, at the tin^.e 
nieutioncd, did not feel very sure of his 
election, us he was not a nominee of his 
]iarty, but was running independ';nt. 
Jackson county was then a V'^rt of the 
Dubuque district, which riXtendfd, I 
t)Yink, indefinitely to the r'.ritish pos- 
si'.^^<ion on the nortli, and the Pa'-i/ic 
Gceaa on the we^t, Imt ihrrc wor»; few 

or no voters in it north of the Turkey, or 
west of the Vv^apsipinicon. The regular 
democratic nominees for the Council in 
1842 were Francis Gehon and Hardin 
Nowliu, both of Dubuque county Steph- 
en Hempstead, second Governor of the 
state, was also an independent candi- 
date. At the election, the voters of Jack- 
son county all voted "single shot" for 
Cox, aud he was elected and there was a 
tie between Hempstead and Nowiin, and 
Gehon was behind. At a subsequent 
special election, Gehon, by the help of 
Jackson county was elected aud both 
Hempstead aud Nowiin v.vre left It 
was said at the time that the final out- 
come of the election was the r-^snlt of 
an agreement between Gehon and Col. 

Though that was 60 years ago, the 
circumstances are still fresh in my mem- 
ory and I am confident are exactly cor- 
rect as I have related them 

Col. Cox was a man of strong chirac- 
ter and a prominent specimen of ihc 
western pioneer. I trust that the r.n 
veiling of the monument to his memory 
willbe succcs-jful and a raeujorable oc- 
casion. Most truly yours, 


Col. Crawford in a later letter gives 
other very interesting reminiscences of 
early times in Iowa. 

Dubuque, Iowa, July 1, \90b. 

D^ar Sir: Youi^ of the 2Stb relating 
toOol. Cox aud inclosing clippings from 
the Sentinel contniniug s(tme interest- 
iug sketches of him, was duly received 
for whi(?h I thank you. 

I retnrn the clippings herewith ac- 
cording t-o your request In reply to 
your inquiry as to niy knowl-^dge of the 
fast four territorial legislatures, I 
say that 1 was only a boy then, and 
know very little personally in regard to 
them. l.wa.s out of the slate at coll^^gft 
from llvl l lo 184'.», and knew Uttli* dur- 
ing that period of what was doing iu 
loWM e\ce])t iu Uubmiuo ••ounty. 

As a boy 1 knew Col Andrew J'unk- 

sou, Hardiu No^vliQ auci Loriu;^ Wheel- 
er, iiionibers of the first terriLoriai as- 
sembly, well. Baukson lived on what 
is still called the "Bankson Prairie" 
ucar the present p. o. of Tivoli, towD- 
phip 89, ouo west. I think he also came 
from Southern Illinois He was a near 
neiglibor (as then considered) of mV 
Uncle Theophilis Crawford, three miles 
d;sti!,nt, and I often heard him speak of 
his enrly life and of beiu^ in the Black- 
hawk war. He was one of the promi- 
nent settlers of Dabnque county. The 
last time I eyer saw him was 63 years 
ago. Sept. 12, 18-i2, v.iien he came to my 
iinrle's house to vote at the special elec- 
tion, Gu. that date, for a member of the 
Council, caused py the tie between 
Honipstead and Nowlin at the regular 
August election, when Cox was elected. 

I was intimately acquainted in their 
lifetimes, with Gov. Hemps' ead, Hard- 
in Nowlin, Thomas McOrany, Thomas 
Rogers, Jiimca Churchman, M. r>I. Bain- 
bridge, (others whose names I do not re- 
call.) members of theea'liesi territorial 
iegisilature from Dubuque and with 
Philip R. Bradley and John Foley and 
his son John P. from Jackson, Fredrick 
Andrews from Clayton and George Wal- 
v. ortli fro}n Jones. 

I also knew well in their day James 
Watkius and Wm. Ax. Warren, both 
.«tberif!".s of your county, F. Scarborong, 
Judge D. F. Spsirr, John E. Goodenow, 
N. Butter worth, Judge Palmer, S Bur- 
leson, and oiany others of Jackson coun- 
ty's early settlers. 

i was present when Sheriff Warren 
bought the ropi with which to hang 
Jackson, at Pert or Wa pier's store in Du- 
butjue. 3; think my father, James Craw- 
ford, way the prosecuting attorney who 
f onvicted Jactrson for murder committed 
oat on Farmers Creek, in tho I\lillsap 
n(. jj',hbv)rhood. In the present day he 
Nvould iwvci- be convict(;d, or only taven 
t* short tiM-ui of imprisonment, for liis 
a*.! was not more tlian a case of man- 
.shuiKhb.T iiTid liardly t}iat, 

But I am growiug irrelevant, as we 
old timers are pron to do when we get 
starred on our reminiscences. Duriiig 
more than forty years of his life, I was 
intimately acquainted with Gov. Hemp- 
stead, a member of the territorial coun- 
cil at, I think, the 2d session, and have 
aooountvS of his experiences while serv- 
ing as a member in those e^rly days 
Gne circumstance, I recall, which he 
used to rel.jt^ with much gusto. The 
president of the council was Gen . J B. 
Brown of Sac county, an old Indian 
lighter, in the Creek wars, under Gen 
Jackson, a big, dignified old man, who 
sat up in the pulpit of the Presbyterian 
church at Burlington and presided with 
greaf dignity, but at times, when busi- 
ness in the council was dull, was apt to 
go to sleep. He was accustomed to talk 
a good deal of his experience while with 
Jackson in hi.- Indian campaigns. Que 
day during a session of the Council, 
while a rather protracted debate wa-3 
going on, the old General fell off into a 
peaceful nap. Some member from H- nry 
county, I think, was making a lengthy 
speech, who had a very shrill voice, and 
at times would elevate it to a very high 
key, and then lower it so as to be hardly 
audible. At one period of his speech he 
beccime quite excited, and raised hi? 
voice almost to a yell, at the same time 
bringing his fist dov,-u on his desk with 
great violence. Tliis broke in on the 
old president's slumbers, and he sudden- 
ly, only half awake, sprang to his feet, 
and shouted, "Injuns by God " 
. According to Hempstead's account 
tlu! wliole house w:v-. instantaneou.-ly 
convulsed with laughter and applause, 
and at once adjourned. 

Plear-e excuse the uncalled f(»r leiigdi 
of this letter, and beliove me to remuiti. 

Jilost truly yours, 
P. W. CuAWFor.i>. 

Jesse W ilson, Pioneer. 

The secretary of the Old Settlers' so- 
ciety iu makiin: up the memorial report 
for the last meeting, by oversifjht left 
out the uame of Jesse \Yilson, one of 
the oldest pioneers of the county, who 
passed away on Mond iy, Nov. 5S, 1904. 
Mr. Wilson came to the \i aquoketa Val- 
ley iu the s; ring of 1S39 with his broth- 
er, Anson, wniiani and Mark Curre t, 
and Ira Stitnson. Mr Wilson came here 
in his early manhood and spent a 1 mg, 
useful and busy life in this locality. 

Early History of Canton, Iowa. 

Iq my reoiinisceuces of my early ex 
periences in Iowa which began in 1850, 
at whicQ time 1 v sited Iowa for the 
first time. After a stay of 4 months I 
returned to my nitive li:>m3 in thd east. 
After a relapse of 4 years I turned my 
face westward. This time not as at 
first by way of Oaio and Mississippi riv- 
ers But straight overland by R. R. 
landing in R')ck Island, Aug. 20, 1854. 
It was iu 1850 that I found the country 
spa,reiy settled aud I often tr avelled 
10 or 15 miles rjetiween settlements and 
it was the progiess made in the 4 years 
of my absence that I will endeavor to 
note. Th.-, first S3t tiers believed that 
the soil and climate were peculiarly 
adapted to the culture of wheat which 
at that time e;:sily became the staple 
crop, which often yielded as high as 40 
buslicls per acrer When I crossed t)\e 
Mississippi from lU. to lowa I found a 
great contrast, Iliin ois being <i land of 
corn'or we miglit say a sea of corn,often' 
extending apparently as far as the eye 
could see." But as already stated, Iowa 
was given j)rincip:tlly to wheat.. It vras 
after th.e v/heat crop was in stack that 
I travelled fro.m D.ivenport- to Canton in 
1850, passing through Bcott, OlitHonand 
Jackson counties, which wajre at that 
time the most thickly settled. I found 
the finest crop of wheat in stack I ever 
had the pleasure of Ki^e^ing before or 
since. I soHK.'tinu.s look f be trouble to 

count the stacks iu yards that vrere near 
the road in one of the largest I found d\* 
aud such could be seen iu every direc- 
tion as far as the eye could reach. It- 
was between 1S50 and '55 that Iowa had 
its greanst boom, aud emigrants by the 
hundreds were Hocking iu. Land that 5 
jear.>> before could have been bought at 
government price now readily sold for 10 
and fifteen dollars per acre and prosper- ^ 
i!y could be seen on every side. The 
viiliage of Springfield of 1850.had chang- 
ed its uame to the\present' .Maouoketa, 
Vv'hich no'.v exhibited all the elementr, 
of a tJuiving tov»u.. In fact, this was 
true of all the towns through which. 
I passed on my way from Davenport to 
Canton. This last town being my ob 
jectivcpoint I must give more than a 
passing notice, which I first visited in 
1S50, then but a small viliiage had now 
become I he center of trade that drew its 
supplies from a territory of more than CO 
miles in circuit. J. J. Tcmlinson was 
the proprietor who founded the town 
and owned nearly all the town lots and 
also about 800 acres of the adjuiuing 
laud. A saw mill with, a capacity of 
24,000 feet every 24 hours was never al • 
lowtd to stand idle day or night. In 
conne. tic.n with these naills there were 
also turning latlies of various kinds 
mauaf.acturiug wood into all ^kinds of 
prodcets the market demanded, which 
gave constant employment to over fifty 

The grist mills were equally active, 
with ii capacity of 00 barrels of flour a 
day v. hieh also employed four mill- rs, 2 
for day and 2 for night. These mills 
also gave employmeur to a large num- 
ber oi: teams in carrung the product;; to 
market whicli was principally in Du- 
buqu., ;;0 niih s distant. The woolen 
niiil.^ }). te were also doing an extensive 
bu.dii-.-s. a!id afforded an excellent mar- 
ket for all the woal grown in the lui- 
jacent counties and were openued hy 
John K- ynor Son-;. There are .sriil 
many P'^oj.'!..) livnig who will r« • 

ni«Mnber the Rejnor fauiily. But v.ot 
li as{ of Caatou was the flry gixid.< biisi- 
UH'.ss. There were six stores, mn>t of 
which k-epr a general stock Auinng 
rh'.'se. thiit of E M Erauks, with an 
>']S,000 stock takes first place. That of 
Jjus. Smith & Bro., 010,000. Tomlinsou 
Smith, .$6,0CK). Dawson, Brenaman 
aiul Lowe with lesser stocks ag^e^atiug 
in all §39,000. And so complete was the 
assortment that anything iu the line of 
farming implements and other necces- 
saries, could here be found. It also cre- 
ated a good market for anything the 
fanners had to sell. Wheat, which v/as 
at that time the staple product. w\is ex- 
iensivel> handled by E. M.. Eranks, who 
at this time was operating the flouring 
mills and frequently had 30,000 tmshels 
on hand at one time. Mr. Eranks also 
dealt in live stock and often had in his 
feed yards from 200 to 400 cattle and as 
many hogi on feed. The cattle, how- 
ever, were not of the kind that feeders 
now use, 2 and 3 years old, but they 
were principally superannuated oxen and 
dry cows. Young steers were altogether 
too valuable for work and were used for 
breaking teams for breaking the native 
s,od. it required from 10 to 12 oxen to 
make an effective team. Mr. Franks 
also operated a packing house of suffic- 
iv-at capacity to use all the porkers that 
the farmers marketed at this point. 
The packing was all done in the winter 
and the stock was marketed after it was 
d rt;.-;seO . The m anuf acture of oa k sh ing- 
I'-.s throughout the adjacent timber, 
wliich extended eastward for a distance 
of more than 20 miles, was not least 
of industries that contributed to the 
tinde of Canton. It was not uncommon 
to find jKjO.OOO shingles piled up about. 
1 he .stores. They were taken in exchange 
for goods by all the rae.rchaiit.s at au av- 
"r.ige price of $3 25 per lOOO, and resold 
to tlie prairie farmers covering a territory 
<'f at h'Mst 300 sq. miles. Coopering was 
an important business that largely 
• ('iitriliutrd to t))c trade of Cuntou. 

Ovnr a terrirory of 12 miles iu le.ngth 
beginning ar Cant^>n and ea;:t ward there 
were by jictual count 1^)0 men working 
at the cooper trade making pork and 
fiour barrels, for in those days flour was 
altoijether shipped iu barrels. The vil- 
lage of Ozark, situated three miles north 
of Caatou, whose proprietor, J. E. 
Hildreth, was doing a thriving business 
with his flouring mi Is, with a capacity 
of 60 barrtls every 24 hours and which 
also run day and night, and his saw 
mills, together with his general store, 
with $12,000 in stock, gave this little 
village a busmess second only to that of_ 
Canton. But these were the days of 
Canton and Ozark gr?atest prosporiry 
and glory. The large body of fine tim- 
ber now began to get thin, and the 
^]idland branch railroad was now pro- 
jected and the business speedily left 
Canton to points along the new rail- 
road. E. Franks and J. J Tomlin- 
son, the leading spirits, sought 
locations. Mr. Franks procured seveial 
hundred acres of fine prairie land, in- 
cluding the site of the present Onslow. 
J. J. Tomlinson organized a colony of 
lumberman, who he took with him to 
the far we.«t, where he again engaged iu 
the iGoober business. Of the early 
settlers of Canton there are now so far 
as the knowledge of the writers goes, 
only f&ur left, to-wit: J. B. Alberry, 
Henry \Yilmon, Hiram Kcister and 
Mrs. Cecelia Beldeu, now a resident of 
Maquoketa, as also is J. B. Alberry. 

Lkvi WAQOKtR. 

The Jackson County Historical 

The Jackson County Historical Society 
was organized at a meeting calied by J. 
W. Ellis, for that purpose at his office iu 
Maquoketa, April 25th, 1903. There 
were present Osceola Good enow, P. D. 
Griggs, Harrey Reid, J. M. Swigart, M, 
T. Fleming. D. A. Fletcher, C O. Dud- 
ley, O. M. Dunbar and James W. Ellis. 

D. A. Fletcher was made chairman, 
and J. W, Elllis secretary, and a com- 
mittee consisting of J, W. Ellis, Harvey 
Reid, and O. Goodf^now was appointed 
to d!:*aft a constitution and by-laws. 

The next meeting was held at D. A. 
Fletcher's office, on the 29th of April, 
&t which the committee presented draft 
of constitution and which was 
adopted and the following officers were 
elected : 

President, D. A. Fletcher; 

Yice President, M, T.; 

Secretary and Curator, J. W. Ellis; 

Treasurer, Harvey Reid. 

At the last annual election held De- 
cember 13th, 1904, the following offijoers 
were elected : 

I-Vesident, Geoj-ge L. Mitcliell ; 

Vice Frosident, Harry Littell; 

Treasurer, Harvey Reid ; 

Secretary and Curator, .las. W. Ellis ; 

Y7ith D. A Fletcher, W. 0. Greg- 
ory, James Fairbrother and V/ill 
Gundill ai: members executive board. 

On the 20th day of June, 1905, the so- 
ciety filed articles of incorporation under 
chapter 2, title 9, of the Code of Iowa. 

The society is in a fiourishing con- 
dition, has a good fat tretusury Jind i:-3 
constantly grovring in membership and 
is rapidly acquiriag a valuable colleciion 
of books, letters, papera and general his- 
torical matter. 




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A TV T -(H T A T C 




^ Repri}iicdfro}}i ihe Maquokcta Soitinel \ 

M <:3.q u o i le ta. , I o w a 

PubUshcd by 
THE . 


I ?5 O 3 



Reprinted froai the Jachsoji St rJinfl 

T^leeting oi Jackson CooRty Historical Society,., 1 

/ ackson Stntiiitl. 

Froiii ^\ wjiy Back 2 

Mks. Maiiy Goodenow Anderson. 
Some Earlv Pionters of Jockson Countv r 5 

Earlv PioDeers ot Buck no rn ad 'Vicirjirv,— Capt. Renrv M al- 
ia rd, Joseph S. Mallard -c.v':. Fajet-t? ^falJard h 

•'rArL>;i:i; Bi'i,'i:ncHN.'' 
Tlie B'jckhorn Country Teriitci'ia; Pi-neers.— WiJcox Families.. U 
'•FAa>:E-: Blckhoun." 

Life ai]d Military Services 0/ c;.'pt;iio A. \V. Drips 1^ 

JArux:? W. Ellis. 

Col. J. W. Jeokiiis, a Solnier aad PioDeer 28 

Haii'sey Rb>d. 

VaJiiable Relics Wood from Historic New Englaoa Buildings 

ill Ellis Colleclio:) 30 

James \v. Ei lis. 

Coi. J. W.. Jenkins (Portrait) 33 

Joseph McElroy, Iowa Pioneer of L-r^37 f Portraits) ;>> 

Sabitia GaieJi'e. 

Sixtieth Wedding Anniversary Arnold Fvciling and Wife 3-S 

Btllcvm Herald 

A. RsiliDg and Wife (Portraits) .89 

An/:?.n n. Wilson, Oldest Pioneer Now Living in Jackson County 40 

.1 VMi:'- W. KLLlb 

Anson H. Wii^.An (Port tail ; 42 

iierr.ijiiscences of A.. IL Wiison -13 

Ja'^lks W. ELLLf. 

Capt. W. L, Giark, Earliest Pioneer , iiO 

'•Fa r{>rER Bi lkijoun. 
Shadrach Burles'in, Territorial Pioneer i Portrait) 51 

' ' ]< A I .y\ E n PvcKiKiJlN." 

John O. Seeiey— "FarjG;er Lurjkhorn" (Portrait) 01 

Joe lieniy's Story 7 

Ja:U':s W. Ellis. 

Letters ifouj Gov. Lucas' Files. ^ 81 

SiU'pUed bv Ben.). F. Sjl«>mp. a ran. jhVi. I> 

The Bellevue War. A Review S5 

JiARVKY Ri:n». 

Early Po^rit On:;;es in Jackson Cauiily. . , \C 

\{s\\\v,\ Rlj.d 

A. IP Wilson on the Hellevue War i-^^ W- Elli'« 

The articles hfrein v.'cre first S'H up .u)d orintnd in the Jackson 
Sentinel n^vvsnaper, then tiie sanju tyn^ arranged in hook pa^es nnd 
reprinted. Tliis explains ttic peculi'uitii.:s oi iiiaKe-up and suh-divis- 

Interesting [Meeting of Jackson County Historical 



The Jackson County Historical Society held a meeting at the library last 
Thursday, Jan. 25th, in the evening, to which the public 'Yhere invited and 
which was well attended, the assembly room being crowded to its full ca- 
pacity. The program prepared by the olficers of the Society was well re- 
ceived and enthusiastically applauded. 

President Mitchell addressed the audience in his usual liappy vein, very 
ably setting forth the aims, objects and hopes of the society, and requested 
all who were in sympahy with the movement to enroll their oames and be- 
come members of the society. 

Mrs. Mary Goodenow-Anderson was next presented, who read a very in- 
teresting paper on pioneer times awav back, when Maquoketa was a little 
frontier village. Hai'vev Reid in a paper showing deep research, told how- 
Iowa City became the Territorial capital of losva, due to the tactics of Col. 
Thomas Cox, Jackson county's delegate, from whicl) we infer that sharp 
political wire pulling was practiced as far back as 1S3S. J. \V. Ellis read a 
sketch on the tirst settlement in the Forks of Maquoketa, describing the 
advent and locations of the Shinkle, Owens, Edwards, Pate, White and 
Copeland families, who came and made claims and moved into them. Pr. 
Charles Collins reviewed some of the bloody tragedies that were enacted in 
'Bellevue in the early days as told by Captain Warren. 

An interesting sketch of tlie first pioneeis of Puckhorn as told by John 
Seeley was read by Harvey Reid in the absence of tl)e writer. 

D. A. Fletcher told of the desperate straits to which tiie early settlers of 
Maquoketa were subjected to at one time on account of a salt famine. In- 
teresting short talks were indulged in by Mrs. Anderson, Mrs. Crane arid 
others^ sYliich created considerable amusement. 

At the conclusion of tlie program, several new names were enrolled on 
the roster of the society. C'urator Ellis who has dcvol;ed a large siuire of 
his time to tlie organization of the society, says ttiat it is now on a safe 
footing with a snug sum in its treasury which will enable it to continue the 
publication of its annals quarterly. Tliere are nearly 100 coi)ies of the J:in- 
•;aiy A nnais in the secret aiy 's olli'je whicli will be olfered for sale at '2'> 
cents each. 

All contributions or communicalions intended for the society slioiild 
l>e sent to the secretary, J. W. Ellis. 

From Away Back. 

(Written by Mrs. D. H. A-nderson for the Jackson County Historical Society.) 

One does not know just what to talk about at these open meetings of- 
our society. Thoughts naturally turn back to tlie long ago time. Memory's 
well brims up and overflows with the fullness of the tliought of those days. 
The actors wno made our pioneer history are silhouetted 'gainst a luminous 
background. Our own life seems to have had all the dimensions— length, 
breadth and thickness— but the future! It seems a thread-made up of 
strands, some silken and shining, some somber, the blending a neutral— a 
gray. It should not be so. The point where life's converging vista focuses 
should be as a star, not shining with the brilliancy of morning or noonday 
light, but quite as clear and certain. Young life unhampered as was ours by 
restraint and ceremonious v^is buoyant, expensive. We were close to Nature's 
heart and were her children. The fashions and formalities of modern usages 
had not dulled our spontaniety nor caused us to enclose ourselves in shells 
from whence to peep thro' loopholes of vantage, or open and close as 
policy and propriety shall dictate. 

Those first comers— our forebears— were great in fearlessness and hope. 
It took no small amount of grit and faith in self to turn one's back on a 
settled community which meant kindred friends, the protection of law, 
shelter and a sustenance, wiiicli. tho' sometimes meager, was sutlicient for 
pliysical needs. To the woman, more especially, 'twas a case of "where 
ignorance is bliss"— to join hands and hearts for better or for worse, to face 
toward the great unknown and journey on for days and days, for weeks anri 
weeks, then to halt with only the pregnant earth for a foothold, the great 
dome of the sky meeting the earth in its endless wedlock, there to lay a 
liearthstone, surround and cover it with rude walls and roof, and call it 
Home Is it not an awesome thought? Yet it was home— and why? 

A great man has written. "Whever a true wife comes this home is ever 
around her. The stars oniv may be over Ijer head, the glow worm in the night, 
cold grass may be the only tire at lier feet, yet home is wlierever she is shed- 
ding its quiet light far, for those who else were homeless, a woman's true 
place and power." She brotight to the cabin tlie eternal feminine, gave it 
the touch that cannot \)Q described vet iiever is mistaken, lilled it with an 
atmosphere of inviting comfort that mere money cannot, supply, and was a 
perpetual fountain of refreshment and renewal to tlie man who was, in 
turn, her shelter and her strength. 

We have outgrcvo the primitive physical conditions. Are we aUogelh- 
er bettered? Then a Jetter came once in many months, postage 25 cts. It 
marked an epoch, set the heart thumping, was read again and again, was 
very precious, bro't tears and lieart longings and homesickness, a slipping 
away, for the time, of courage and contentment. Not so now. Supply and 
demand are neutralized, the zest is gone. The tallow candle was a long step 
from the rag in grease and the first kerosene lamp! Why I I tho't the ligljt 
of Heaven had burst upon us, when the chimney was slipped over thie ignit- 
ed wick. Now they smell and are a nuisance. The tirst piece of upholster- 
ed furniture, 'twas a thing apart, almost too sacred for human eyes, was 
swathed in antimacassers, and as for desecrating its plump fineness with a 
human anatomy, 'twas a thing not to be tho't of unless the minister came. 

Now our homes are cluttered with draper)e3, carpets, luxuriant divans, 
stufi'ed with mixtures varying from curled hair to chopped up refuse and mi- 
crobes by millions, on wliich we sit or recline, stir up and breathe in, till 
we pay the price of unwise indulgence and have to go travelling for our 

"Indulgence and punishment grow on the same stem. Punishment is 
the fruit which unsuspected ripens within the flower of the pleasure that 
conceals it.'" 

Then we had few doctojs and few deaths. We might have sometimes 
had a gnawing in our vitals but 'twas not from dyspepsia. 

I wonder if all towns have had such sound beginnings. We 
have enlarged in many directions, our citizens have a high order of 
intelligence, our homes are beautiful, tlie most modest showing care and 
taste. Many small communities are divided into cliques that cause jeal- 
ousies and contentions. We are singularly free from this undignitied belit- 
tling state of society, the which shows narrowness and conceit. There is 
an intensity about all we do, a doing everything to the limit, a trait inher- 
ited from the first men who planted the first grain in this virgin western 
soil. Wl'iile mucli of the fruit of this early planting is sound and sustaining, 
there are alas! as ever thorns and thistles and noisome weeds too. We are 
a people of many virtues and sad to admit of vices. The crood arc very, very 
good, and the bad are— they're horrid. Like a disease, influence never 
stands still. We, who stand for the old, should be caretakers for our fath- 
ers' and mothers' sakes, for conscience sake, live wholesome, temperate 
lives. Not only seem but be. Whnt we are proclaims us from the housetoi)s. 
1'Ijo' we speak no word and shut ourselves behind bolts and bars, theres' a 
wireless telegraphy, or better said, a mental telepathy between man anil man, 
impressions given oil" and taken on, strengthening or weakening a bic>ther. 
Kuskin says, "Tliere is more venom mortal inevit able in the gliding entrance 
of a wordless thought than in the deadliest asp of Nile." 'J'hink oh! 
man, Oh woman, wliat individual volition and responsibility mean! 

The life of Marshall Field is :i. grand exemplilication of what a hicl; 
minded, conscientious character, acted upon bv t he e.xhilarat ing po-silnlil ics 
of western push and privileges, can accomplk^h. Mr. Verkes died rioh-rirh, 
yel. unloved, uninourned, undeserving, oslraci/ed. Marshal! I'ieUi died Ho 
(oo was a money kifig, yet. inlinitely more a king among men, uno.^teiiiM- 

tious, honest, pure, belos'ed. Out of our business conditions of free compe- 
tition and unlimited possibilities has grown a drunken greed for wealth. 
Too much hberty breads license. Too often craft and cunning take the 
place of work and patience and the basic principle of our democratic govern- 
ment is swathed in a sepulchral robe of cloth of gold. Let us hope and be- 
lieve that it is not death, only suspended animation. ''Truthi is mighty." 
The world must be growing better else creation were a failure. Finite 
minds cannot believe this of the infinite. Emerson says, ''tiie world globes 
itself in a drop of dew." JS[o division of matter is so small but that all created 
matter is represented in it. Is it wise then to underrate ourselves who are 
made in His image, and who are children, of earthly parents who made a 
virtue of industry and sacrament of brotherly service. There is an unvary- 
ing ratio between privilege and responsibility. The law and the way is sim- 
ple, love is the law. 

There are people and places and times and things 

That sing in the heart like a humming bird's wings: 

While we work with our hands, honor duties each day, 
All unconscious we listen to what the v/ings say. 

"Love is living. " 

Oh! the sweet reaching back to the dear restful hours I 

Oh! the soft folded things memories pure as wliite flowers! 
They are always about us. let life's busy wheels fly, 

Bring us weal or bring woo we iiug tight our dear joy- 
Now a hand clasp live over, now an eye glance so kind. 

That a tear is the answer and all undefined; 
A host of emotions crowd up thro' the heart, 

Each a ghost; of some gladness that pulse throbbings start. 

What can restless ambition contribute, or what 

Is the solace of riches it friends mmst be bought; 

Give me just the old kind-loving, just the old way, 

Then come fair or foul weather tl;?" humming wings say 

"Love is living." 

Some of the Early Pioneers of Jackson County, and 
. , Where They First Settled. 

(Written by J. W. Ellis for the Jacksou Oouaty Historical Society.) 

Mr. Piesident: I am indebted to Mr. E. D. Shinkle now a resident of 
Maquoketa, a pioneer and the son of a pioneer ton a large part of ttje in- 
formation in relation to a group of pioneers who, if. not the very rirst set- 
tlers in the forks of the Maquoketa, were certainly among the first, for 1 
have been unable thus far to get any record of a settlement earlier than 
the spring of 1836. According to Mr. Shinkle's account, Daniel Shinkle, 
David and Thomas Owens. Jesse Pate, Barney White. Jones Edwards and 
Ben Copeland, a son-in-law of Edwaids, came from their homes on Fever 
River near Galena, 111., in the fall of 1835, to the forks of the Maquoketa to 
hunt game and bees in the then unbroken forests of the country now em- 
braced in Farmers (Jreek and South Fork townships. The country pleased 
them so much, being siaiilar to the country from ".Inch they originally 
came, Ohio, that they decided to take up claims and build homes here, and 
accordingly marked off claims as was the custom at tliat period by blazing 
trees around their several claims, and in the early spring of 1336 came back 
and built cabins and commenced moving onto the claims as fast as tiie 
cabins could be got ready, all but Shirikle moving over in 1836. Shinkle left 
his family near Galena until J838, dividing his tirce and labor between 
the claim and tlie lead mines. 

Jesse Pate located on wliat became by survey the southwest quarter of 
section 36 in Farmers Creek township on lands that have been known for '0 
years as the Dr. flslier farm, and whiclj is now owned and occupied by Jo- 
seph Jack.son. 

Jones Edwards located on the southeast quarter and Daniel Shinkle on 
the nortlieast quarter of the same section. Barney Wliite located on and 
built a cabin on wliat became section 1 South Fork township now owned by 
Asa-Strublc, and Ben Copeland located on wliat. is now part of section 31 
Perry township which is now occupied by tlie family of the late Isaac Mc- 
Penk. David Owens, grandfather of E. I). Shinkle, locnted on soutliv.est 
quarl er of sect ion 25 Farmers Creek township which was later knowii as 
the Martin Flynn farm and still later Ijccame pari of the George Cooper 
farm. Mr. Shinkle says thiit he hus heard \i\> father say (hai at the time 
tiiey made l>helr claims in the forks, the n<^arest cal/in was at the foot of 
the long tiill soutli of Bellevue. ^ 

The lirst grain laised by these settlers had to be tnken to Giilcria to he 
ground and that the lirst. mill erected wesl of i.he Mississippi was built i\\ 

Cat Fish and tliey patronized that until the mill on Mill Creek near Ma- 
qnoketa, known as the McCloy mill, was built. Daniel Shinkle rove out 
shakes or clap boards to side up and shingle the McCloy mill as there was 
DO lumber to be had at that time, and David Owens was one of the first 
millers at that mill. There was no elevator m then and the wheat when 
ground was run into the meal chest and then carried up a ladder to the 
bolter by the miller in a half bushel. 

These first settlers experienced pretty hard times in the first years of 
their settlement here. One year their seed corn was poor and their corn 
crop a failure on that account. 

On the day that Daniel Shinkle left the new settlement to go and move 
his family to his claim, he and six other persons had only for their dinner 
two small wild pigeons and four or five small potatoes. Mr. Shinkle crossed 
the river at Smith's Ferry above Bellevue on a small row boat railed 
around the sides with fence rails, and it took an entire day to get the fami- 
ly and stock, etc. over the river While crossing with the cattle, a heifer 
jumped over tha railing and it seemed for a time would be drowned, but a 
rope was thrown over her head and she was towed across. When the family 
arrived at the claim they found a log cabin made of round logs built like a 
pen and covered with shakes split out of trees, svithout any floor and the 
nettles and other weeds were knee high in the cabin. Mr. Shinkle says the 
prospect was so discouraging that his mother broke down and cried. He 
also says that his grandfather, David Owens, helped to build the first mill 
built on Farmers Creek, which was built by Hazen and Morden. and was 
the first miller at that mill. This mill is best known as the Greener mill. 

Mr. Shinkle attended a fauious Fourth of July celebration in Andrew 
during the county seat contest between Andrew and Bellevue, wherein the 
citizens of Andrew cave a free picnic dinner to the public which doubtless 
proved a good factor in the contest and contributed no httle to the victory 
scored by Andrew. He was also present and witnessed the execution of Jo- 
seph Jackson for the rDurder of Perkins. Jackson was hanged in Andrew 
hi July, 1842. Shinkle saw him brought down from Butterworth's tavern 
and placed on a box or platform on a svagou wliich was driven under a tree. 
The rope was fastened to a limb and the other end adjusted about Jacuson's 
neck and the vvagon pulled out from under him leaving him suspended in 
tiie air, the twist in the rope swinging liim round a'nd round. Jackson had 
Ix'en told that if his neck was not broken that the doctors would resuscitaio 
liim after he had been liangcd and as the penalty would have been paid l.e 
would be free to go where he chose. Consequently he laid the weight of 
Ids body on the rope as soon as it was tied and was allowed to strangle, fl.e 
shcrilT not taking any chances l)y limiting the time. 

Mr. Shinkle says the lirst scijool he ai,tenried was taught by a 
Nancy llange, in one end of a cabin occupied by the family of Dr. Charles 
Usher, Miss Range being a sister of Mrs. Sherwood whose family at that 
time lived on wliat is now known as the Ellis farm in South Fork lowsJiip. 
A daughter of Siierwoods married a Doelor Martin who at one time was 
well krjown in Maquokcta. 

Mr. Shinkie remembers well the great excitement caused by a well that 
he was digging, caveing in on and killing Peter Jerman on land now owned 
and occupied by A. J. York in South Fork township. Few men have been 
permitted to note such a wonderful transformation in a country in which 
they spent tfieir lives as Mr. Shinkie has. He has seen a dense unoroken 
forest entirely removed and in its stead beautiful towns, villages, rich 
farms and prosperous, Ijappy homes. 

The Shinkie and Owens families were pioneers of Illinois as well as of 
Iowa. Daniel S^linkle was born in Brown county, Ohio, in 1805, and when 
16 years old came with his parents west to where the city of Springfield, 
111. now stands. David Owens at tliat time owned about 500 acres of land 
along the Sangamon River, and wneu Daniel Shinkie married Naacy Owens, 
her father gave her 80 acres of land on which they made a home and on 
which E D. Shinkie was born and which the town of Decatur was after- 
waids built. 

At the close of the Blackhawk War, the Owens and Shinkie families 
sold out tiieir interests at Decatur and removed to the lead mines near Ga- 
lena, where they remained until coming to Jackson county, Iowa, in 1835 and 
1836. David Owens spent his last days with the Shinkie family and was 
buried in tlie old Parsonage burying ground on section 36 Farmers Creek 

Wiiile 1 am convinced that there were no earlier settlers than the part- 
ies named above, I am aware that quite a large number of settlers came to 
this part of the county in 183G. Steve and Ben Esgate took up claims at that 
time where the Esgate schoolhouse now stands about two miles west of the 
Shinkie settlement, and quite a colony came to Fulton in 1836. 

While I can remember very well and can still locate all the sites of the 
first cabins for miles around my home, I find it very difficult to learn but 
little of the people who built them, for the reason that the first settlers 
have long since passed away and their descendants Ijave moved away. An- 
son fl. Wilson, I believe, is the last of the old pioneers who caa^e liere in the 
thirties as a grown up man, but there are a few descendants of piorieers 
like Mr. Siiinkle, Mr. Isaiah Cooley, and Rev. J. W. Said, who have a vivid 
recollection of real pioneer times. A large per cent of the settlers of 1836 
came from the lead mines near Galena and not a few of them had partici- 
pated in the Blackhawk War. Among the latter class with whom I was 
personally acquainted was Nathan and Jesse Said, Mr. Buchner, their broth- 
er-in-law, and old Mr. Fernish, all of wliOm settled in the forks of the Ma- 

Early Pioneers of Buckhorn and Vicinity. 

(Written by Farmer Buckhorn for the Jackson Count- Historical Society.) 

Time obliterates, memory fades, and in another decade no man will live 
who from personal knowledge can point to the spot where the -pioneers of 
Jackson county, Iowa, built their first cabins and hung their cranes. We 
find that as a matter of convenience cur pioneers built as near tipjbcr, 
springs or streams as possible, and we can trace tiie sites of eigtit of those 
old, first houses along the banks of Pumpkin Eun, or Burleson Creek, be- 
tween the north line of section 20 South Fork township and the countv line 
of Jackson and Clinton counties, a distance not exceeding three miles. 
They were nearly all built while Iowa was a territory. 

The first commencing near the north line of section 20, was built by 
ITenry Mallard who claimed and settled there in 1^38. It was built of logs, 
one story and a loft— a short story at that, and not a very lofty loft. The 
door was on wooden iiinges and a half svindow in the south side and also a 
half window in the north. At the west end was a tire place laid up with 
flat. SDDall stones, with chimney of same material on out end of house. One 
reached the loft by mounting something that resembled "Jacob's Ladder,'' 
and when once up and tucked in under a blanket or a l)uffalo robe and 
sound asleep, you were just as near heaven as Jacob in liis vision. This 
old house chinked with sticks and clay and shingled with shakes, was built 
on the point of a rise of land clo=;e to the north line of the southv,est quart- 
er of tlie northwest quarter o! section 20, South Fork township, and about 
twenty rods east of the creek bank. Jlenry Mallard lived in this log house 
over forty years when he built a now frame house just east of the old log 
house, and there he died after over half a century's residence on land he 
settled on l>efore the country had been surveyed. 

Before even this State liad become loA'a tei'ritory, being yet Wisconsin 
territory until July the 3d of the same year, lie claimed his land and settled 
on it. In his earlier days he has told us he was a sailor and was somewhat 
crippled in one foot by an anchor falling upon it. lie vvas a middling large, 
poll ly man, very dignified and brusque, and lived upon the square. Never 
in all tlje days we knew liim (nearly forty years), did we hear a word 
breathed against the honor of "Cncle Henry," as ruarly everybody calle^i 
liim, even by those who were older tlian he. A few of thi: oarlicsl .settlers 
sometimes called him Captain, as in fact, he was entitled to he called, hav- 
ing hold a captain's commission in Co. as then designated, 1st Regiment, 
tsi, lirigade and :hd Hi vision, Territorial Milit ia. John II. Rose of Dcllc- 
vuc was (colonel of the regiment, ('apt. Mallard received his comnilssicii in 

1S39. It can be found on the Military records, and was signed by Robert 
Lucas, the tirst territorial jjovernor of Iowa. That militia was organized 
because it was thought necessary to guard against possible Indian raids, and 
otlier border trouble. 

We have no doubt he made a good officer, for the natural make-up of the 
man was such as would lead him to exact and expect discipline without be- 
ing questioned. Then his faith in his ability to direct, and power to as- 
sume the responsibility of tlie move he thou^^ht best to make, and the de- 
cisive way he would dispose of opposition to his authority and opinions on 
matters over which he had control, and his natural military bearing, was of 
the kind of which good military officers are made. And it was unconscious- 
ly his, for he was not arrogant, overbearing or snobbish. He was. a kindly 
man. though blunt and positive. 

His wife was a woman of great intelligence and a sincere Christian 
worker. She also had opinions of her own, and though there never wos any 
heartfelt discord between the couple, the positive nature of each sometimes 
led one to question the other's opinion. If his wife, whom everyone loved 
to call, Aunt Ehza, would have her opinion questioned by Uncle Henry, she 
was apt to say very earnestly, "Henry, I say Henry, I am right." Then 
Uncle Henry being weary of the discussion and a little disconcerted at the op- 
position to his opinion and having a way of expressing himself more forceful 
than religious when lie would clinch a matter he considered beyond further 
discussion, he would assume an authoritative attitude and retort, "By God 
sir, Madam, you are mistaken " 

During the winter of I86i we lived with the old couple while yet they 
occupied their old log house, and thought it a great treat to sit of an even- 
ing by the old fireplace and listen to Uncle Henry tell of the pioneer days. 
1864 seems now almost like pioneer days and there was much of the old that 
never will be new again. There were sometimes a red deer and millions of 
wild pigeons, and flocks of prairie chickens so numerous as to almost darken 
the sun. and quite a few wolves There is scarcely a chicken or a tin^ber 
svolf ever seen now, and never a pigeon. All are gone with the Indian and 
the buffalo. Even as late as when we were with them they scorned the new 
devices that were springing into use, such as the heating stove and fluid 
lamp. Aunt Eilza would light a tallow candle, or make what used to be 
called a ''slut," v/ith a saucer, a button, a rag and a little grease of some 
kind, get her work and kint at Uncle. Henry's woolen socks. We would gath- 
er around the hearthstone, then Uncle Henry would till liis clay pipe with 
tobacco of his own raising and tell me of days twenty- live years tjefore, and 
more, when he and others were eriduring the hardships of l)uilding a home 
in the wilderness. Bands of Indians came and wc:»t, hunting, trapping and 
begging. Herds of deer dotted ttie prairies by day and nights were made 
hideous by the howling of packs of wolves, with the scream of the panther 
in the near by woods no uncommon occurrence, and tracks of bear were of- 
ten visible along the .soft banks of he creek and river. No grist mill near- 
er than I)ubu(]uc, forty miles through an unbroken forest. No poslollice 
or sawmill nearer than Bellevue, twent,y-seven miles, as the crow flics. No 

bridges, no roads in this country, and not a train of steam cars\s-estof Piiil- 
adelphia. Friends and relatives in the old far away home in reality farther 
away than they would be now in the heart of Africa. There were do mail 
cars, no postal cards, postage stamps or letter envelopes in existence. A 
letter from liome came %Yrapped and sealed with wax, coming by rivers, 
lakes, stages and post riders. After many weeks it would reach Bellevue— 
or a little later the settlement of Springtield, (now Maquoketa) with twenty- 
live cents postage due on it which meant twenty-live times as much to those 
who came here before 1840, than it does to the poorest of men to-day who 
are able to work for present wages. Sometimes letters would have to lay | 
for weeks in the office for the want of twenty-five cents to redeem them, 1 
while hearts were acheinsf and souls longing for news from distant friends. 

Tiiere was not a corn planter, reaper, mower, or threshing"maci»ine. The 
pioneer knew only the hoe, grain cradle, scythe, flail to beat out the grain, 
and the wind or a fanning mill to separate it from the chaif. Telephones 
and telegraphs, electric light, gas jets or kerosene lamps were unknown. 
The nearest approach to an automobile was a long sled wooden shod, and 
buggies, v.'ere ox-carts. A world in embryo was struggling to be born. We 
know not how we would live under those surroundings, not - only a pioneer '. 
in a country's settlement, but a pioneer of our present civilization, but we j 
honor those who did; they were Nature's unalloyed production. ; 

To-day the multipJicity of inventions that liave drawn men nearer to 
each other in communication, the centralizing of individual workers into 
multitudes depending one upon another to complete the machinery now ne- 
cessary to life's maintenance; the more uniform system of education, and 
the demands of commercialism, liave knocked olf tiie sharp corners of the 
natural man, smoothed his personality, and to some extent, obliterated liis 
individuality, made iiira much a creature of policy and of business men in 
general, diplomats, with much of individual action submerged in a common 
dependence upon a system that crystalizes custom, and is tiie autocrat of 
man's orbit. 

As a rule the pioneers of this country owned wiiat etincation they had to 
uniform system, and they were so much the product of their own architect- 
ure; so much the creators of their own resources: so close to the soil and 
moulded by the half savage altruistic influence of nature; so self-dependent 
upon and so much a law unto themselves; so free from the adhesive qualities 
of a system; so little bound by the chains of commercialism; so strengthen- 
ed by the hardships of existence that each man was a clearly defined unit, 
lie was a stranger to policy, and a friend to principles that were rock bound 
shores of independence of thought and action, and gave him a personality 
80 clearly deiined and so diirerent one from another, that iie seemed more 
like an especial creatif)n to found a .separate and distinct race of pnople. 
l-5ut the "Viiki,ge lilacksmith" has gone and so have the earliest of the 

Henry Mallard seemed to be one who loved th-e old things best, for a 
reaper or mower never was seen on his place urjicss l)r(H:gl)t there by .some- 
one who i)ad land on rent and he never used a double corn worker inhis)ife. 
lie tetidod liis corn with a live tool h cultivator diawn many seasons by a 

— 11 — 

cream colored horse, he called "Dobbin." The animal seemed to be a great 
crony of his. for he would talk to that old horse by tlie hour and follow him 
down a corn row with all the pomp an olilcer of tlie day might assume, 
and command him as he might a troop at drill. It Dobbin didn't "hay 
foot, straw foot,'* to suit the captain, and got a little out of the ranks, it 
would be "Iley Dobbin, haw, there sir, what you doing on that corn? 
You know better than that, >ou old rascal." 

Henry Mallard never adopted any religious creed that we ever knew of, 
except that of ''good will tward all Daen and mulice toward none." But 
Mrs. ISIailard was a strict Baptist, not only on the seventh day, but seven 
days in the v/eek. She attended the tirst Baptist meeting held in tiie Ma- 
Quoketa valley region of Jackson and Clinton counties, Aug. 31st. 1842. at 
the house of \Vm. Y. Earle, v,'ith Elder C E, Brown (who was appointed 
missionary to the Forks of the .Maquoketa) as minister. At that meeting, 
the first Baptist church organization in this country was perfected and Mrs. 
Mallard was one of the fifteen who enrolled themselves as members at that 
tirst meeting. The others were C. E. Brown and wife. Esquire Taylor and 
wife, Jason Fangborn and w)fe, Wm. Y. Earle and wife, Levi Decker and 
wife, C. M. Doolittle and wife, Mrs Mitchell and Walter Woodworth. 

• On account of an accident early in married life, there was' no issue to 
perpetuate tliis branch of the Mallard family An adopted daughter. Matil- 
da, found fond foster parents in Mr. and Mrs, Mallard. After Matilda mar- 
ried and moved to Oregon, there was, while they both lived, an extra plate 
on the table at every meal. We have seen Mrs. 'Mallard place it there many 
a time, and once asked her why she did it. Uer answer svas, "Oh, some 
one might come hungry and it would save me from getting up." What a lot 
she left unanswered. 


Besides Henry Mallard, there came to JacKson cour^ty in the same year, 
18.38, two brothers of his, Joseph S., and Fayette ^NFallaid. The Mallard's 
were from New York City, where Joseph and Fayette had been in the mer- 
cantile business. Failing in business there through some stress of tiie times, 
they concluded to come to the far west. Eaily in 1838, we find the three 
Mallard brothers here in Jackson county, and active in pioneer work. 

Joseph Mallard got a claim in section 29 South Fork township and built 
a log house on it near the west line of the forty and twenty rods north of 
the soutl] line of tlie northeast quarter of the northeast quarter of said sec- 
tion. This bouse was built just south of where now runs the Maquokcta 
and Anamosa wagon road, nearly on the site of the present building known 
in the near past as the Arch Atherton Ijouse. We lind Joseph Mallard was 
on the first grand jury of the district court of Jackson county, lield at Belle- 
vue beginning June 18tli, 183S. This court was presided over by Clias. 
Dunn, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Wisconsin territory. The 
other jurymen of that court were James Wood, Benjamin Hudson, 'J'homas 
Parks, Samuel Draper, James ihirtis, John Stuckey, Jolin I). Bell, Wm. 
Srnith, J. S. Kirkpatrick, J;avid Bates, Daniel Brown, James McCabe, W. 
H. Vandevf^nter, Chas. ihuris, Uehster McDowell. Win. rhillips, Obcdiuh 

Sawtell, James Kimball, Shaderac Burleson, M. Seymore, R. G. Enoc and 
il. G. Hitikley. Joseph Mallard was also clerk of tl^e second commissioners 
court, the board of which was elected in the fall of 1S3S. Joseph Mallard 
also was commissioned by Gov. Lucas. Catpaio of Company 6, 1st Regiment, 
1st Brigade, 3rd Division Infantry of the Territorial Militia ot 1839. 

This country in those da3's was evidently quite a military region for 
Maquoketa prided itself on being more or Jess military, also George Mit- 
chell, Jim Fairbrother and a few more raw recruits marched up Academy 
Iiill and Dave Anderson and one of Cucle John E. Goodenovv's girls aiarcli- 
ed up to the Uy menial Altar— which is a darn sight steeper liiil, for there 
the real battle begins to see whether the victory shall rest with pantaloons 
or petticoat. We don't know where in 1839, could be found men enougfh in 
marching distance of Buckhorn for two couipanies. Joseph and Henry MaJ- 
jard being captains, one of Co. 3 and the otXiei of Co. 6, same regiment; 
and we don't know why Buckhorn wanted so many captains. But we sup- 
pose as every other man in Kentucky was a colonel, that it was considered 
unpretentious for nearly every body around Buckhorn to be captain. Dur- 
ing the Civil War— if a war can be civil— we used to be captain too. We 
gave mother no peace until she sewed some white rags on our blue demiugs 
jumper and overalls, w[ien with a good broad sword made cut of a lath, we 
led a band of bold spirits up and down wishing we could meet JelT Davis 
and the wtiole southern Confederacy. 

Tlirongh the research of Harvey Reid in the Col. Cox history, we learn 
that Joseph Mallard was married (we believe by the Rev. Salter) to Cor- 
delia Cox, daughter of Col. Thomas Cox, at Richland, Iowa, May 1st, 1S45. 
and that eight children were born to this union. Mary, who married Col. 
Isaac R. Dunkleberger, a retired military commander of Los Angeles, Cal. 
Augusta wlio married Benjamin C Truman, Josepliine who remained single 
Henry named after Captain Henry Mallard heretofore mentioned, Walter 
and Clarence Stillman Mallard besides two v.-ho died in infancy svhose names 
we do not know. 

Personally we know nothing of the personality of Joseph Mallard as he 
after eleven years residence in Jackson county emigrated in 1849 to southern 
California at or near Los Angeles with the Cox family and others. That was 
four years before 1 was born ai]d I ought to be excused, having a poor mem- 
ory anyway, for not remembering the personality of tlie man. It is said 
though, by thosR who did know hini, that hf; like his brother Fayette, was 
a man of education, rctinement and culture, and the fact of his being so 
qliickiy ciiosen to fill importanht public positions, bears out that version of 
the matter. 

Since going to California, (hie Joseph Mallard family all l.iecamc wealthy 
and prominent. We do not know in what year Joseph Mallard or either of 
his brothers died, but it was well along in old ngc. 

l^'ayettc Mallard, as wo have before said, came here in 1S3S from New 
York CJity. He claimed land in section 29 joining that of his brother .lo- 
sepii, and built his liist house of logs— as all ttie earliest settlors did. Jlis 
liouse was built near the site of the prestiut buildings of Walter Miilor ou 
the hill south of the east line of the Waterfurd cemetery, and in the norlh- 

west quarter of the northeast quarter of section 29 Soutli Fork townsliip. 
It was there od that hill near Fayette Mallard's house, that history tells 
us the first American Hag raised on Jackson county soil was unfurled* to 
the breeze, July -ith, 1S40, by Ans. Wilson, who bought tlie cloth and 
Thomas Wright, Jr, who painted on the stars and stripes. The cemetery, 
which to-day is so densely populated by our pioneers and tlieir descendai:ts, 
was a part of the Fayette Mallard claim. His sister was the tirst person 
buried therein, and his wife was, if not the second, the third or fourth per- 
son buried there. The cemetery is the northwest six acres of the north- 
west quarter of the northeast quarter of section 29, and was purchased for a 
public cemetery at a meeting held for that purpose on or about, 1851. At 
tliat time about two acres was purchased by each one putting in one dollar. 
Tliirty dollars we think, was raised which Mr. Mallard thought was too 
much, as he did not want any more than the actual land value at that time. 
Laud isn't selling around there for $15.00 to-day. 

There was a little incident connected with that meeting whicli perhaps 
we had better relate. Some transient stranger from the east attended the 
meeting out of curiosity, and after the rest had put in their dollar he walk- 
ed up and put in one also. It created quite a bit of surprise among the set- 
tlers, who no doubt found a dollar mighty liard to get in those days, to see 
a total stranger chipping in eojial with the rest. Tlieir surprise was plain- 
ly discernable to the stranger who said, "Gentlemen, you need not be sur- 
prised. We are all going to need a grave yard and I have no doubt some 
one has bought one for me somewhere." 

About 1851, or '52, Mr. Mallard sold out his farming land in section 29, 
and bought a small parcel in the southwest quarter of the soutliwest quarter 
of section 20, across the road from S. Burleson's (of whom we expect to 
speak in another article), and built thereon quite a pretentious frame build- 
ing for those days, and opened a hostelry for the traveling public. A year 
or so later, 1853 we think, he built a two-storv frame for a store building 
near the east end of the tavern stand that was known as the "Watcrford 
House.'' It was some time between 1851 and le5J, that Mr. Mallard began 
to take his beer, by marrying the widow Beer. She had two girls by the 
name of Lucy and Grace, and by the grace of iiiee they were botlj peaches. 

Fayette Mallard kept the Watcrford postollice for many years and was 
known far and near as Esquire Mallard, being jisstice of tlie peace and no- 
tai-y public, a long while. He was a gentleman crf the old school, polite, dig- 
nilied ar)d courteous to all and well liked by his fellow citizens. His family, 
if v/e remember right, consisted of two boys an<l six girls. Wm. and John, 
Henrietta who married Kinsey Karland, Anna, wife of Wm. Burleson, Eliz- 
abeth, who was Perry Moulton's wife, and Janie, who married A I Need- 
ham, all of whom were by his first wife. By liis second wife there were a 
pair of twin girls, nick-named "Bose" and "Dod." 

In 18('>.'i Fayette left BucUhoJi), or rather WaUrfoid, and with Terry 
Tvloulton, Wm. Moulton, Wm. Donni.ston, Waller Woodworlh and ethers 
with their families, went overland (o Call for nin. 'J'he Mallards, Woo<1vvorths, 
and Perry Moullon arid family remair\cd there, W:n. .Moulton and Denni.sloii, 
jjlter serveral years, rehn/if'd by the way of Ihe Isthmus atKl New York 

The Buckhorn Country's Territorial Pioneers and Where 
They Built Their First Houses. The Wilcox 

(Written by Farmer Buckhora for the Jacksou Oouniy Historical Society.) 

Some time about 1842, John Wilcos bought a claim consisting of IGO 
acres, the northwest quarter of section 29, and also a twelve acre tract of 
Shade lJurlesou in the souttiwest quarter of section 20, and built a log house 
thereon. This house, which was the first liouse built by Wilcox in Jackson 
county, Iowa, was erected thirty rods east of north of wheje the highway 
crosses tlie creek and eleven rods east of creek and just north of where now 
stands what is known as tlie old Robert Haines house, all in soutliwest 
quarter of the southwest quarter of section 20 South Fork township. Later 
Wilcox built a large frame house and barn on liis laud in section 29. A part 
of the lumber for these buildings was sawed at a v.-ater mill on the Maquo- 
keta river, and a oart liauled from Lyons by team. They were built some 
time about 1855 and are apparently as good as ever after fifty years and 
are owned by J. E. Sljirk. 

Wilcox came to Iowa in 1S'40 and first settled in South Grove just o\er 
the line in Clinton county. He came from Canada— he and 'his wife— by 
team, leaving there February 18th, and arriving here !»]arch 2Sth being 
thirty-five days on the road. He was a native of Moutgori^ery county. New 
York, wliere he spent the first l.S years of his life, dating from Ai)ril 2t>th, 
18(i8, when he was born. Mrs. Wilcox also was a native of York State, hav- 
ing been born at Plattsburg. Her maiden name was Maria Caswell. 

Mr. Wilcox was not a man to take any very active part in public affairs, 
though he liad been town trustee, school director and for a while postmast- 
er, and for many years deacon of the Baptist church here. He and his wife 
were life long and steadfast disciples of that faith. During revivals Mrs. 
Wilcox semcd to be a wilhng slave for from two to six preachers, as the Wil- 
cox }»ome was always headquarters for the cloth of tlu'. Hapiist denomina- 
tion. Aunt Maria would trot trot looking after every little detail for tlieir 
comfort and some of them not half so old as she, (or half so religious either 
and looked as though they had pastured on clover during the summer ai^d 
been corn fed m the fall), seemed very, willing to let her. Hudson, one of 
the Wilcox boys, said he alwavs liked to have the preachers come, for Ma 
always had so inarjy good preserves then. 

.lohn Wilcox was IjcIow the average man in heighth. and .slow but mells- 
odical. indust.i ious and bluing nearly always at work acoomphshcd much. 

His honesty and his word never was Questioned and his paper for any rea- 
sonable amount was giltedge. (He never was known to put out any unrea- 
sonable amount. ) He was a temperance man of tiie strictest kind, never 
j using either liquor or tobacco in any form and never was guilty of what 
|, Roosevelt would call "Race Suicide," having born to him eight children— 
i five boys and three girJs. Hudson, Warren, Columbus, Ferdinand and Leon- 
1 ard, his last boy died in infancy. The girls were Sarah, who married \Vm. 
i Moulton, Mary, wife of Geo. Frank, and Leuora, who married Horace Dc- 
I lano. The Wilcox geneological tree had many branches, all more or less 
j fruitful, and was transplanted into this country before the American 
I Revolution, and was rooted deep in pariotism. Politically John Wilcox was a 
I republican and strong abolitionist, as was all of his brothers. 
I If blood tells, they couldn't have been otherwise than imbued with a 

I love oC human liberty for it is claimed that auiong their ancestors ttiere was 
revolutionary stock, and we learn from the historical researches of Harvey 
Reid, (a painstaking local historian), that the father of John Wilcox, Eben- 
! ezer Wilcox was in the Canadian revolt under Wm. Lezon Mackensie, 1837 
and 1833, against the British government. After Mackeusie's defeat near 
Toronto, Dec. 7th, 1S37, Ebenezer Wilcox was taken prisoner and kept in 
prison for ten months when he was pardoned, after which he came to the 
States with his family and headed for the Black Hawk purchase in Iowa, 
and in 1839 (a year previous to the coming of iiis son John of this sketch) 
settled on land in section 23 Monmouth township, Jacksoji county, and built 
a log house on a rise of land close to the south bank of Bear Creek at a 
point in the northwest quarter of the southwest quarter of said section and 
township, and spent his remaining days there in as beautiful a natural loca- 
tion as Iowa can furnish. His house ovv?.rlooked the clear rippling waters of 
! Bear Creek that came down from the southwest and led awaj to the north- 
I east with its banks timber fringed with scattering stately old oaks and 
! elms and its bottom land a shidv natural pasture that in early days was a 
j satisfying retreat for the red deer and elk. 

He, Ebenezer Wilcox was born in Glenn, Montgomery county, New 
York, March 13th, 1786, and died June 7th, 1855, where he settled in Iowa 
sixteen years before. He, like his son John, was of the Baptist faith and' 
the father of quite a large family several of whom were nearly life long citi- 
zens of Jackson county, Iowa. Tliose of his children who lived to be old and 
died here svere John, of wliich much has already been said, and William who 
was nearly a life long resident of Mill Rock, owning a farm near there and 
for many years proprietor of a general store there and postmaster and justice 
of the peace. Also Abner, who many years owned and lived on the farm 
joining his father's on the south, until he sold out to his son, Noble, and 
moved to Baldwir) where he died and where nov,' lives his widow whose 
I maiden ;jame was Lydia Chandler, daughter of Gen. Samuel ('liandier, 
i who was one of three— Col. James Morreau and Benjamin Wailo bcitig ilic 
j othv?rs— v^ho led an invasion of Canada by a force organized in America in 
j 183S and was made prisoner and sentenced to be hutjg, but had his snntrrico 
commuted to banishment on Van iJiemon's iarjd but escaped aft er four VRars 
by the help of a brother mason wlm was (he maslcr of a YanKiM-, vrj-^rl, and 

in 1843 came with iiis family to Jackson county, Iowa., There were nine 
children in Ebenezer Wilcox's family. It will be noticed the Wilcox's were 
all here in territorial days. 

It is not our intent to write so fully of the Wilcox family to eulogize them 
members of one particular house as it is to illustrate the type of men who 
first peopled this country. Nearly all of them were men of force and iron wills 
or, they would not haye been here hewing houses out of a wilderness that was 
only known to most men of the east as a spot on the map nearly a thousand 
miles toward the setting sun and beyond bridgeiess streams dense fcr- 
rests almost bottomless sloughs and unbroken almost trackless prairies, stiU 
the home of wild beasts and no stranger to roving bands of Indians. It must 
be born in mind those who came here to settle before Iowa become a state 
came before the age of steam and steel and nearly all of the modern in- 
ventions that has made settlem^ent comparatively a picnic, had scarcely be- 
gun. Once in a while a steamboat that traversed the Ohio and Missis- 
sippi rivers was the only link between the frontier and the older civiliza- 
tion of the east and the south, Lo, now, after sixty years of statehood 
here centers an agricultural empire that is Godfather to the east, nurse to 
the south and granary for the whole world. 

When John \Tilcox came here in 1840, he came poor as nearly all the 
early settlers came, and endured his share of the hardships incidental to 
pioneering in those days. Although the country had already began to take 
on life and there was some grain and other produce to be had necessity did 
not compel liim to live at tirst by the chase as was the case of those who 
came as early as 183G and 1837. In the ilrst several years of his settlement 
he hauled dressed hogs to Galena about sixty miles and has sold them as low 
as one dollar the cwt., and taken his pay in trade. lie, for some time, went 
to Cascade to mill, twenty-Kve miles distant. For many years he, like all the 
early settlers, hauled grain to points on the Mississippi and hauled pine 
lumber and many necessaries home. A round trip consumed three days, 
weatlier and all things favorable. 

For over thirty years after Iowa lirst began to be settled there was no 
law in Jackson coutity to restrain stock, except hogs and sheep, from run- 
ning at large and all tilled land had to be fenced. There was no wire fence 
then and during the tirst few years of settlement no board fences, tlie only 
kind of fence the earliest settlers knew of was fences made from rails split 
from logs and laid up worm fashion with a stone under each corner and 
staked and ridered. As it took a log ten feet long by about two feet through 
to furnish rails and stakes for one rod of fence one can gain a faint idea of 
the amount of timber and work it took to fence even forty acres of land. 
As the settlers tirst house and fences all had to be the hand wrouglit pro- 
duct of the forest, we can understand why our pioneers could not exist far 
from timber And as all well water for stock and liuuse use had to he 
lifted by rope and bucket we can see why near springs and streams were 
favorite places of seltlernent. 

When we take into consideration all the inconveniences and tlie lack of 
• if'-arly all the useful and hihor siving inventions of later days, wc begin lo 
know wiiat n}anner of inen the pioneers of ttiis country must have hi>-r\. 


Ttiough John Wilcox, like most of our early settlers, came here with scarce- 
ly a dollar and never was a speculator in any sense of the word, but what 
he had he wrouf^ht out by hard labor, had as early as 1855 his farm well 
fenced and nearly all under cultivation and a house and barn erected that 
would do credit as ordinary farm buildings to any age or stage of civiliza- 
tion. About the same time several others of our early settlers including 
Burleson, Pence, Finton and Haven's had substantial frame buidings erect- 
ed, all of which yet stand fit monuments to the architects of other days 
who took the lumber rough from the saw and hand planed all necessary to 
be dressed, and made by hand all mouldings, rabbet and panel work. Seme 
of the joist in the S. lJurleson house was worived out uith a wliip saw. 

When we compare the ttnisij on some of those early houses built in tlie - 
early fifties (like the old Eddy house in Maguoketa for instance) v\iih many 
of later build severely plain— even unto meanness— it gives one a profound 
respect for those who wrought by hand so well in other days. As we liave 
the record of three generations of Wilcoxs' before the John Wilcox of this 
narrative to show how much of the spirit of Roosevelt they possessed, and 
for the benelit of any who in the future cares to know, we will record it 

John Wilcox, Sr. was born in Connecticut, April 15th. 1732, and married 
Anna Stephens who was born Jan. 6th, 1734. They begot Ebenezer Wilcox 
born June 5th, 1700; John Jr. born Jan. 12, 1762; James born Fet). 18, 1704; 
Wm. born Feb. 18, 1766: Anna born March 17, 1768; David, born Jan. IS, 
1770; Levi born Dec. 17th, 1772; Amy born Feb, 28th, 1774: and Dinah 
born March 14th, 1776. 

John Wilcox, Jr. born Jan. 12th, 1762, married Lois Anger born Feb. 
17th, 1758, and ttieir issue was Ebenezer, born March 13, 1786. Eiizabetli 
born March 19, 1788; Davjd born Dec. 23, 1790; Anna born Oct 19, 1794: 
Prude)]ce born Aug. 1, 1790; Lois born April 5, 1798; and Mary born Jan. 21, 

Ebenezer, soi] of John Wilcox, Jr., ur.s born March 13, 1780, and rn;ir- 
ried Jael Hauchet, who was born Sept. 30, 1790. Their offhcars were John 
Wilcox IIT, born April 26. 1808; Anna E. born Aug. 24, 1809; David XL born 
Feb. 2, 1811; Maria born June 10, 1813; Xelson born July 8, 1815: Harmon 
S. born Dec. 16, 1817; Abner T, born July 16th, 1820; William born Oct. 
7, 1823; and Ebenezer Jr. born Nov. 15, 1.^29. As there was a child born 
into these three Wilcox generations on an average of one in about two years, 
and there were eigljt in the family of John Wilcox III of the fourth gener- 
ation, it will be readily seen that theWilcx)x's were race propagators and the 
Wilcox geneoiogical tree was quite a thicket. 

A Brief History of the Life and Military Services of Cap- 
tain Andrew William Drips. 

(Compiled for the Jacksou Oounty Historical Society by J. W Eliis. Curator) 

In preparing a sketch of the life of Captain Drips, a pioneer of Iowa 
and a hero of two ^Yars, we find materia) for much more space than we 
would be justified in claiming in our little booklet that our limited means 
permits us to pulihsh. We are indebted to Mrs. M. A. Knight, wife of A. 
W, Drips, for an account of the antecedents and early history of the Captain 
and are particularly indebted to Harvey Reld and his wonderful military 
scrap book from wliich we have been permitted to copy from letters written 
by members of Captain Drips company, showing their estimate of their gal- 
lant captain. The letters referred to were written to be read at a public 
meeting in Maquoketa. March 7th, 1887, wnerein the exercises wei'c com- 
memorative of the 25th anniversary of the battle of Pea Ridge, where Drips 
was killed. The principal feature of the exercises was the presentation of 
the swords of Captains Drips and Kelsey to the Grand Army Post in Maquo- 

Andrew William Drips was born in Laughlinstown. Westmoreland coun- 
ty, Pennsylvania. March 4th, 182f). His fatlier was William Drips, a Penn- 
sylvaniaii of Irish descent. His mother was Maitha Clark, a Pennsylvanian 
of Scotch descent. Tliey resided in Westmoreland county until 1S50. when 
they came west and settled in Garnavillo township, Clayton county, Iowa. 
The father died at Naliojial, in an adjoining township, on tiie ISMi of 
March, 1881, in the 92nd year of \us age. He was a pensioner of the war of 
1812 in which he did a gallant and meritorious service. Tiie mother, Mnr- 
tha, died April 12Lh, 1874, in the 82nd year of her age. She was intelligent 
and learned, a lady of culture and retlnement, a great reader, readily grasp- 
ing the most dillicull problems, hence a pai'tner wit!) that force and cliarac- 
ter vvhicli served her advantageously in shaping the lives and character of 
those committed to lier care. Both were active and earnest Christians, the 
motlier devoutly so in the administration of all the duties of life. 

'J'he children of William and Martha Drips were live sons and six daugh- 
ters, all of whom lived to manhood and v.omanhood, save om\ .l;unos, who 
died in early youth. Robert C. died in Garnavillo, Iowa, In 18o<i, at the 
age of :14 years. Tiic survi ving sons, 'J'homas, Andrew, Joseph and .lotwi, 
(tiie latl er an adopted son), were in the Union army. Corporal John F. 
was a memt)er of Co. A OtI) Iowa, and died in hospilal at Memphis, 'J'enn., 
in the fall of 1802; Thomas was captain of Co. E, 27th Iowa, and died al 
('laytnn, loAa, from disease contracted in thf s-'rvice vo<in after the cl« < 



the war; Joseph H. survives, residing at Malone, Iowa, though nearly blind 
from his severe service as a member of the 6th Iowa Cavalry. 

Andrew, the subject of this sketcli, was educated and trained under the 
guidance of his mother in the common schools in Westmoreland county, Pa. 
At the age of sixteen he became apprenticed to O. A. Traugh, publislier of 
the Hollidaysburg (Blair Co., Pa.,) Standard, to learn the art of printing, 
and with whom he remained until tlie breaking out of the war between the 
United States and Mexico, when he joined Capt. Dana's company, but or] 
the arrival at Pittsburg, on accountt of ill health was rejected. Xothii^g 
daunting, hosvever, he joined Capt. John W. Greary's Company H, 2nd Regi- 
aient Pennsylvania Volunteers, from Cambria county, in which he was ac- 
cepted and mustered into the service. He served with honor and distinc- 
tion to the close of the war. Was wounded in the thigh, receiving a tlesli- 
wound, in the charge upon the castle in the battle of Cliepultepec, Sept. 
12th, 1847, and laid in the hospital about six months 

With the close of hostilities he returned to IloUidaysburg, Pa., having 
been mustered out of the service at Pittsburg in the fall of 1S4?, and again 
entered the printing otlice where his apprenticeship began. Here he re- 
mained uiitil the winter of 1851, when he obtained a situation witli the 
State Printer at Havrisburg. fie had learned phonography during his ap- 
prenticeship, and during the session of the Pennsylvania legislature he re- 
ported the proceedings of the lower house for the daily press, taking it down 
in shorthand and copying during the evening. Jn this art he was an expert 
and the year of his stay in Harrisburg furnished him ample opportunity to 
in) prove upon his knowledge in the use of phonographic characters and 

He was easy in military tactics and long before the Mexican war organ- 
ized and commanded the Hollidays"burg Cadets, a company of young men 
about his own age. We believe that E. W. K. Jacobs, now residing at Mc- 
Gregor, and brother of the captain's wife, was one of the cadets. From 1S49 
to 1852 Capt. Drips commanded the Hollisdaysburg Guards, a company tliat 
enjoyed a )ngh distinction in those days of general training. 

March 2lst. 18o0, Mr. Drips was united in marriage to Miss .^targaret 
Ann Jacobs, at Hollidaysburg, Penn. Her parents were Alexander Jacobs 
and Dorcus Van Devandcr. The father died Oct. 21st, 1852, the mother pre- 
cecding him to the grave Marc-h ]2tli, 1S4I. The fatlier was of Knglish de- 
scent, a pensiojier of tiie war of 1812. The mother was of Holland descent, 
a lady of raro. attainments, a mind rich in knowledge, a soul imiiued with 
devotions to every Christian principle. 

Andrew and Margaret came west in April, l'^52, and settled in Garnavillo 
township, whore Mr. Dnps was employed as a copyist in the county record- 
er's olnce, the county seat of Clayton county being then at (Jarnavillo. 
Jan, 2Sth, 185."}, N. S. Grander established the Clayton County Herald, and 
Mr. Drips was employed as its publisher, in which cai)acify lie served until 
Aug. IHIh, 1>!51, when he succeeded to the proprietorship of the paper, and 
continued to publish the Jlcr.alti until in ]-<>('> when the county seat was re- 
moved to Guttenbeig, and he packed his bit of printing and followed, 
lleie he reuiaint^d \<n- two years in the publication of the Herald, whnn ln't- 

ter opportuuities presented themselves, aod he sold out to McBride & Co.. 
and took up his reside.nce at Maquoketa. in Jackson county, where he ob- 
tained an interest in the Maquoketa Excelsior. With this paper he remain- 
ed until the date of liis enlistment into the service of the United States, in 
anvvseu to the call for 300,000. He was also postmaster at Maquoketa, and 
upon his enterin^T tlie o^ilitar}' service of the government, he was succeeded 
by his wife who conducted the ollice until October, lS6i. 

Naturally, one of his temperament— witli an intense admiration for tiie 
principles on which the government was founded, and who, from early boy- 
hood, had been schooled to the enjoyment ot a perfect treedom'and the ad- 
vancement of the human race, entertaining the most pronounced opinions 
upon the slavery quest ioi], then af^itating the country, and the primary 
cause of the rebellion's inaugurated by the seceding states south of the Ma- 
son and Dixon line— would be about the first to respond to iiis country's 
call. He was true to the instincts of true patriotism, and upon the call of 
the President immediately took steps for the organization of a company in 
vYhich he was quite successful, but having failed to secure enlistments into 
the company to the full maximum number it was not until August 20th, 
1861, that his company was accepted. In the choice of officers he was elect- 
ed captain, and when on a later day he reported at the rendezvous at JJ>u- 
buque, his company was assigned as A Company of the Oth Iowa Volunteers. 
The following is the roster:. 


A. W. Drips. 

Fiorello M. Kelsey. 

.Alpheus Alexander. 


Phillip A. Miller 

A. B. Kendig, Chaplain 

Thomas J. Cornell 

George Trout 

Joseph Ingraham 

George >L Bump 

John S. McGatter 

. Elmer Stephens musician 

Dennis O. Kelly 

Benj. F. Darling, Jr. 

G. O. Tinker, musician 

H. n. P. Millhauseu 

R. Smith Delano 

John S. Billups 

Frederick Cogswell 

Jesse UpdegrafI 

L. L. Martin 

Franklin T), Taylor 

Chas. H. Lyman 

Djiniel Tubbs 

Otis Crawford 

Oscar Xrallt 

Stephen R. Martin 

George C. i'carcc 

Jacob Country 

Sydney H. Fuller 

\Vm. Brock 

Ira Fisher 

Sam'i McConib 

Henry F. Spear 

\V. H. Livingston 

Onnus D. Bancroft 

Fred J DcGrush 

Aslier Riley 

Jolin W. Mc.Nfeans 

Joim \V. Alexander 

George \\. Liltle 

Hiram Colcii.nn 

Alex. Van Orsdel 

Whit man Buhinsou 

Wlllit R. Wail 

William H. Ih^'-ins 

Samuel D. Townsend 

H. A. Hamsev 

Edwin DarJing 

Lucius Bennett 

Francis N. Rhoades 

Joseph A. Davis 

Wm. H. II. Guisfc 

John Markle 

Edward A. To! man 

Menzo Sweet 

Oliver Beck with 

W. H. O. Manow 

J. W. Esty 

S. F. Gordon, musician 

-Wm. S. Seward 

Jonathan D. Hodge 

F. Reyner, musician 

Addison W. Barnes 

Peter Miller, Jr. 

Floyd W. [^'oster 

Henry U. Snepard 

James B. Eby 

Silas Ilarcourt 

Geo. A. V\ hiting 

J. H. Guentheu 

Henry L. Klinger 

Henry C. Sanborn • 

Samuel S. Scott 

Thomas Gray 

James S. Hamilton 

James McNally 

Henry Brown 

Aaron Seeber 

Josiah Brown 

David B. Patterson 

Levi L. Pearce 

John Wi eking 

John F. Drips 

Joshua Grindrod 

Warren SpauJding 

Leveret W. Usher 

Andrew IL Brown 

Henry A. Grote 

Henry C. Cleveland 

W. S. A^an Orsdel 

John H. Green 

Samuel Beckwith 

Edwin G. Cutler 

Thomas Grout 

Alfred M. Norton 

Wm. M. Thompson 

Francis P. Norton 

James B. Holloway 

Sylvester 1). Brown 

John B. Spelraan 

• Ira Downey 

John AdaD:is 

Charles C. Young 

List of men rejected by the musteritiK^ officer Sept. 2nd, 1881, at Du- 
buque: ^ 

Dennis C. KelJy Francis Parnell 

Daniel Tubbs " J. W. Esl ey 
Sydney Fuller F. N. Rhodes 

Stephen Gordon Aaron Lecliur 

Silas Ilarcourt Henry C. Cleaveland 

Additional enlistments in Company A were as follows: 

N, C. White . Phineas Tompkins 

Marcus Reyner William Troui 

Austin Alexander ' Samuel Dicknison 

Andrew McMcans Robert 'J'homp'^f^" 

John H. Crane 

Wilham Trout pays the following tribute to his old cntnmandei. in a loi- 
ter writl cn in 1887 to be read at a meeting held in MjKi'.joketa on I he ^oth 
annivcrsnry of the battle ol Pea Ridge. 

It was at Pea Ridge our loved Captain Drips gave up his life. It was 

a sad time and as I think it all over it makes me feel sad. But such was 
the fate of many a brave man. Of Captain Drips I would say farther, he 
was always with us, never shirking' a duty, ever kind and tender, and above 
all just in dealing with all. I remember when we were camped at Pacific, 
Missouri, liis treatment of disloyal Missourians. He had a piercing eye 
which could look a rebel through and through. I have heard him talk to 
thera in such a way they would crouch at liis feet and beg for mercy. He 
always gave them one chance for their lives, but when brought before him 
the second time would send them to— well, 1 do not know where, I did not 
go with them, i might speak of several such instances but forbear; the past 
is in the past, and many of the rebels South are under the sod, their souls 
in heaven I hope (with tlje exception of a dozen or so.) 

Had Capt. Drips lived he would have. been Colonel of the Regiment, as 
he had so endeared himself to the hearts of us all, that no honor was too 
great to be conferred upon him. Of Lieut. Kelsey I can speak in the high- 
est terms of praise. He was always daring, brave and a good disciplinarian, 
not as cautious and as calculating as was Capt. Drips perhaps, but always 
ready, always to the front in time of danger. He was a man of retiued, 
cleanly habits, and at tirst thought by some to be putting on style, being 
neat and careful in his appearance. He compelled those under him to ob- 
serve the same rules, which caused no little inconvenience, but as we learn- 
ed to know him we respected him more; he set a good example and wasliked 
by all. 

The following is taken from a letter written by George Trout of Wame- 
go, Kansas, in 1887 : 

My recollections of Capt. Drips was that he was a strict disciplinarian, 
always in earnest, but kind to those who did their duty. Personally I never 
had any trouble with either of them. Capt. Kelsey I think was more of a 
military man. While he demanded strict discipline, he was quite jovial and 
on that account was perhaps more popular with the boys, but both were 
good men and had the respect not only of Co. A, but the oilicers and men of 
the wliole regiment knew them, and regarded both of them as above th.e 
average commissioned oilicer. 

The march from Kolla, Missouri, to Pea Ridge, was a tedious one. H 
was in the spring time when ram and mud were plentiful Tliere is no mud 
on earth so sticky as Missouri mud. The streams weie so swollen that iij 
some cases we had to make bridges of army wagons for the infantry, which 
was donejjy loading the wagons with rock and placing them near enough so 
that the soldiers could pass from one to the other. In many cases the liorses 
liad to swim and the artillery went clear out of sight. It was soou after 
one of these scenes tliat one of our company deserted, 1 think the orily one 
during the war— Josiah Jirown. 1 hardly blame the fellow for the boyswo:-e 
ahvays picking on him, and 1 thinic that was more the cause of his deserting 
thaji t he hardships of soldiering. He, at least, lias m\ forgiventss. Quite 
a number of our fellows deserved to be bucked and gagged for their nie.m- 
D'-ss to others. They would get some rig or joke up on .some one and keep il 
"P until the fellow would be tempted to do something desperale. 

About the tirst. of Marcii, 18'i::, we came near tl»e vicinity of Pea Uld;:e, 

Arkansas, and on account of the many and good natural positions, I suppose 
the enemr '^.hose this place for their battle ground. Their troops were h i 
made up from this portion of the country, and they must have known all 
about the ground. They drew us on and considerable beyond the final bat- 
tle ground, then by a quick and stealthy movement got in our rear, cutting 
us oil from any retreat in that direction. In fact, they had us cornered for 
a tight and tight we had to. On the 7th of March everything was in readi- 
ness and we went for each other. As far as I know we were tlie attacking 
party in every instance and rather got the worst of it. Our brigade took a 
position a little east of the old Elkhoru tavern. I shall never forget 
a feeing came over me when the tiring began. I remember we' had some 
trouble getting into position, when we tinaily got into line ofv battle we 
were right in front of a masked, battery. The ground was covered with 
small gravel. The rebels depressed their guns, and ti:e grape and cannistcr 
would strike the ground before reaching us, and sweep up gravel which as 
often struck our boys as the shot. It was there where Bancroft was killed. 
1 think a grape shot killed him. Quite a number of our fellows got hurt 
while in that position. The groaning of the wounded frightened me more 
than the excitement of battJe. 

Our position being such that the rebels had to cross tire on us, and im- 
mediately in front of their battery, we were ordered to move a short dis- 
tance to tne left, which brought us immediately in front of their line of 
battle. The whole regiment began tiring and the battle raged all along the 
line. We were almost within stone throw of each other, and we stood there 
loading firing as fast as we could. I think it was while in this position 
that Capt. Drips received his death wound. I reniember seeing him sword 
in one hand and pistol in the other urging the men to stand firm and do 
their duty. After 1. had fired about 15 rounds I received a buckshot through 
the right hand, they fired ball and buck. Tlie large ball sfruck my cartridge 
box. on the end, flattening somewhat three mlnnie balls in the lower tier. 1 
was just in the act of taking out a cartridge, and of course it paralyzed my 
liand so I could not load any more. I began to look around to see if 1 could 
get back with out getting struck. J started and had gone only a few steps 
when 1 met a fellow of our regiment with a ball in his foot. Of course il 
v/as a paiiiful wound and he begged me to help ihm olT. I took his musket 
and with my own about my neck, slung them on my shoulder t^y the straps, 
then asked him to put his arms about my neck and with my wounded h.nnd 
supported him the best 1 could, and we started for the rear. I have often 
wondered liow we escaped, the air seemed full of whistleing bullets. Whr»j 
we got near the Elkhorn, tlie rebels were just appropriating for their own 
use a portion of our best batteries. 1 thhik it was llayd(jn's. They got 
three of tlie guns and turned them on us. We came very near beirjg killed 
l)y some of our catujon in the hands of the enemy. We tiiialiy got out ol 
range and bock to timber, where the surueons were laUiiig care of the 
wounded. An6 wiiat an awful time it was. A mpulal ions were taking place, 
i)robing for bails, arid temporary binding up of all kinds of wounds lo sl(»p 
t he blood. Men came or were brought in urabulanoes shot in all parts of the 
iKifiy, fvcvjuenfly a portion of them woiilil be dead wliun arrivr<l havii-g 

died on the way. Such a scene I never witnessed in my life. I nearly for- 
got that I was wounded myself. My hand beo^an to swell and I really did 
not know how bad I was hurt. I made several attempts to have a surgeon 
examine it but they seemed so busy that it was some tiioe before I got one 
to look at it. He took a probe, run it clear through the wound, and with 
an oath informed me that 1 was not injured much, but made more fuss than 
some of the fellows that had an arm or leg off. I took care of my wound af- 
ter that without the counsel of an array surgeon. 

It was beginning to get dusk and I wandered about to see where I could 
put in the night at best advantage. I noticed an old house near by and 
tliought perhaps 1 could crawl in there. The lirst thing that attracted my 
attention was an ofiicer lying on the porch and a surgeon stooping over him 
probing a wound received a little to the side of the sword buckle, and im- 
mediately below the belt. To my horror and surprise I discovered it was 
my captain. I stood transfixed a few moments and the agony and sufYering 
were too much for me and I turned away. That was the last I ever saw of 
Capt. Drips, I do not even know what became of the body. I was present 
when the dead of our Company were buried. Tiiere was a long trench 
made near where I was wounded and wliere I suppose Capt. Drips fell, but 
I do not remember of seeing him among the number. 

The next morning I took the captain's pony and rode to the front to 
see the tight. I got a good position in the main road and in line of the ar- 
tillery. Sigel was getting in position to shell the rebels. The infantry took 
position immediately behind the artillery. The guns were elevated high 
enough so the infantry could move in front and across an open field. On 
an opposite side were posted the rebels. The terrific effect of our sliot and 
shell partially demoralized them. Then came the time for the infantry 
men to move, away across the field our infantry went with a shout that 
could be heard above the thundering of some sixty cannon, belching forth at 
the same time. The rebels could not stand the storm and away they went 
which ended the battle of Pea Ridge. 

1 was informed that quite a number of our company were wounded and 
begaji at once to hunt them up. My chura and messmate, Charlie Young, 
was the lirst 1 discovered, fie had buen shot through, both legs and was in 
the act of crawling away, wlien some brave rebel emptied a load of buck- 
shot into his pistol pocket, a part of the contents he carries to this day. 
He had been with the rebels all night lying with dead and wounded all 
night on t-he floor of the Elkhorn tavern. He was very glad to see me and 
J was very glad to see him. I tried to have liim ride my horse but on ae- 
oount of liis wounds he could not. 1 soon found others of the company and 
it did seem as if every one was hurt somewhere. It was indeed a sorry sight. 

There are some of Company A in 3 our midst who could irive ymi a more 
interesting accourit of the whole alT;iir. This communioal ion is alreadv too 
long aufi in a few words will say when and where 1 last saw Capt. Kelsey. 
Of course you all know Capt. Kelsey received a very bad wound in the same 
hatlh: and went, home. lie came to us ai Vlck.^!>ing and led our coMipatjy 
in (luit terriljle charge on the 22nd of May. 1 remember him with uplilled 
swori! its he eilluci us to follow him. If took but a few minutes t«) i;et to 

the breastworks. Only a few of us got onto the works. They poured a 
ixiost murderous volley iiito us just as we reached the slope of the works, kill- 
ing one hundred and eleven of our regiment, then numbering not mere 
t.iian three hundred and fifty men in line, a great many more were wound- 
ed. That was the last I saw of Capt. Kelsey and I was told afterwards tliat 
he received a ball in the same old wound tliat had not healed up, and I re- 
member he was limping at the time. He died blessing the rebels and did 
not seem to fear death. 

Tiie following is clipped from an article read by Sergeant F. J. De 
Grush at a public meeting held in Maquoketa, March Tth, 1887, at which 
the swords of Captains Drips and Kelsey were presented to tlie Grand Army 
Post of Maquoketa, which was named for Captain A. W. Drips: 

Capt. A. W. Drips was the life of his regiment. His exnerience in the 
Mexican War, his patriotism, liis desire to do his whole duty, ana his brav- 
ery made him a leader in the councils of staff and line. I remember two 
instances which euolgize the wearer of that sword equal to hours of praise 
or pages of paper. At Lebanon, Mo.- while in camp for the night and some 
danger existing of a sudden attack, Capt. Drips called on ('ol. Yandeverand 
though up all night the night before and tired from the hard day's march 
his salutation was "Colonel, anytlung I can do?" Twenty miles west of 
Wilson's Creek, Mo., while chasing old Pap Prince was the first time Com- 
pany A was ever drawn up in line of battle. Capt. Drips remarks to us 
that morning caoje from the bottoai of his noble heart: "Boys, the General 
commanding has assigned to this company a post of honor. We are the ad- 
vance of the whole army and much depends on us. If we waver and run 
there is great danger of its demoraliizng the whole command. Be cautious, 
be cooi, but shrink no duty and hold our position at any and all cost." 

The last time 1 saw that sword was on the 22nd of May at Vicksburg 
during that terrible charge, wliere the 9th had 112 killed and wounded. 
Capt. Kelsey was acting as major and his position was with the colors, in 
the center of the regiment. He fell ai)Out the same time as color bearer, 
Otis Crawford, who it will be remembered by the hoys, tore the flag from its 
staff and secreted it in his bosom, thinking the rebels wouUi not find it on 
his dead body. Adjutant Granger told me where tlie C:jpt:iirj lay and tak- 
ing a stretcher and three men we went over the lield and found \nm. That 
belt was around the same leg that was wounded at I-'ca Ixidge, tlie fatal ball 
having gone through the old wound at right angles, and the condition of 
the bone showed me that Capt. Kclsey's time short. The cowardly 
llebs. lired at us as wo were coming down theliili with the stretcher and 
siiot one of the boys who was assistirig me. At the foot of the hill when out 
of (ianger, I bade the good man good-bye and turned my attention to 
others of the wounded. Next sunrise brought the news from t.he hospi- 
tal that our {;allant captain was mustered out. 

The McMeaos family will never forget Yicksburg. Andrew was shot and 
instantly killed and ten minutes after Wilbur was wounded, and we thought 
mortally. Wiien the sad news came home funeral services were held at An- 
drew, and while the atllicted parents were returning from church a bolt of 
.lightning killed the father. While preparing for this occasion 1 have been 
shown an extract of one of John F. Drips letters to the captain's wife, 
written at Polk plantation near Helena, Ark., in which he says: "We 
still read the company paper weekly. We have commenced in it a history 
of Company A, including a biography of Captain Drips. It is the calcula- 
tion, if enough of us live to carry it out, to have the history published in 
tine book form, and out of the remains of the sale remove the- remains of 
the Captain and boys at Pea Ridge, to Iowa and erect a monument. Wheth- 
er we will live to carry it out or not is more than we eau tell. I' will en- 
close some verses Sergeant DeGrusli wrote for the Greyhound, a couple of 
weeks since. Noble hearted John! Deatti has called home most of the con- 
tributors of that Greyhound, and you among the rest lie in the Hospital 
graveyard at Memphis, Tenn. If the audience will pardon me I will read 
the verses sent to Mrs. Drips, as some of the boys present tonight may like 
to hear them. 

On Rocky clitfs, in rebel land, 

Where naught but forests grow, 
There came a tierce and warlike band 

With cautious tread and slow. 

With savage eye and darkened brow 

Proclaiming well their hate; 
They aimed the deadly cannons prow, 

Kor thought to find its mate. 

But see! Tliere comes a chosen few 

In Union's proud array, 
Whose trust in God full well they knew, 

W^ould help them win the day. 

The carnage opens and the hail 

Fails thick and fast around: 
And o'er their heads the boml> shells sail, 

Or bursting shake the ground. 

Among the foremost in the light 

Was he who led our clan: 
Who called ns on to show our migiil, 

Nor fiiiich a single man. 

The llrst he to raise his voice 

Against the Soutljcrn m«ib; 
Who seemed to show it as their choice 

To murder and to rob. 


But ah I A deadly musket ball 
Must pierce his mauly breast, 

And with a kind farewell to ali 
He sought the soldier's rest. 

TeJl wife I bless her as 1 die, 
Was last our Captain said; 

And soon his noble form did lie 
Inanimate and dead. 

And now when martial notes do start 

Our blood to finger tips, 
We don't forget 'twas sad to part 

With the hero Captain Drips. 

Col. J. W. Jenkins, a Soldier and Pioneer. 

(Written by Harvey Reid for the Jackson County Veteran Association.) 

When the great caJls for help to the armies came in the summer of lSo5, 
Jackson county as a part of the joyai North, was thrown into a great fer- 
ment of patriotic ardor and excitement and her young men thronged to the 
recruiting stations in droves. The tirst companies that tilled, one in the 
southeast corner of the county and the other in the west, became A and I 
of the Twenty-fourth. Then the Clinton county 26th drew into its ranks 
almost an entire company (B) and several detached syiiads from Jackson 
county. But another company in Maquoketa, one in Andrew and one in 
Bellevue were also soon ready and were all assigned to the 31st as F, I and 
K of that reginaent. Three companies from one county in a regiment seem- 
ed in justice to demand that one, at least, of its field ollicers should be from 
that county. Gov. Kirkwood promptly recognized that demand and was not 
long in choosing a man whose quality and attainments conspicuously point- 
ed him out as tit for high command. lie commissioned lion. Jeremiah W. 
Jenkins, a prominent lawyer of Maquoketa, recently state senator from 
Jackson county, Lieutenant Colonel of theVlst Iowa Infantry, under date 
of Sept. 16, 1802. 

Colonel Jenkins was born in Warren county, New York, in 1S2.1, was 
graduated in a state normal school and had then studiec^ law and been ad- 
mitted to the bar in his native state. About 1850 or 18ol, he followed to 
Iowa two uncle^, Alex and Jed H. Jenkins, who had become farmers near 
Maquoketa. Soon after the admission of Iowa as a state— about 1847-48— a 
project was approved by the new legislature to establish three state normal 
schools, one at Mt. Pleasant, one at OsKaloosa, and one at Andrew, Jackson 
county. It was requiied that each locality provide the necessary building 
witliout expense to the state. A small one story concrete building was 
erected at Andrew (it was afterwards used as a blacksmith simp hut has 
been demolished) and the school ran for several yuiirs. but the prami.'>ed 
state aid proved insuHicient support and it w;is abandoned. 

To the charge of this school young Jerry Jeiikins was called soon alter 
his arrival in the county. I have not been able to ascertain exact dalos, 
but he was teaching there in 1853, and that was not his lirst year. A.^ caily 
as lS~h), however, we find him estal)lished in law practice in Maquokj-ia. 
and lie soon won the reputation of being the leading practitioner there. He 
had also becouie an iicl.ive politician, alliliating witii the Whig party, jn 
I8."j2 he received, at the hafids of the state conventio:i of Ijis^ parly, the 
nomiiiation for secretary of state and thfe voting lliat year was so close be- 



- tween the parties that for some days he was reported as elected. The suc- 
cessful democratic candidate was George W. McCrary, afterwards member 
of Congress, (18(39 to 1877) from Keokuk and Secretary of War under Presi- 
dent riaycs. Be received 16,922 votes and Jenkins 15,032. 

Tlie lirst or^^anization of the republican party in Jackson county was 
when a convention met February 16th, 1S56, at the old Tliird ward school 
house in Maquoketa to nominate delegates to a state convention, and J. W. 
Jenkins was one of those who officiated. Later in the year he was nomitiat- 
ed for state senator and at the state election in August he was successful by 
a majority of seven votes, although the democrats carried the county at t/ie 
presidential election in November by 169 majority. The republicans had 

^ some aid from the American or "Know Nothing" party. 

When Gov. Kirkwood therefore cast about to find a man in Jackson 
county to honor with a field commission he found to liis hand a man whom 
he knew to have just closed a successful term as state legislator: who was 
conspicuous for his ardent patriotism and loyalty to the war measures of the 
administration; and, who, although nob a trained soldier, had imbibed 
much knowledge of military art and routine from the fact that his older 
brother, Leonidas Jenkins, had been an officer in a New York regiment dur- 
ing the Mexican war and was son-in-law to the distinguished regular, Major 
General lOdwin Y. Summer. That the governor's conlidence was not mis- 
placed cannot better be told than by quoting from the recent tribute to the 
Colonel's memory by Capt. Milo P Smith of Cedar Rapids, an oHicer in his 

"Col. Jenkins commanded the regiment the most of the time as Col. 
Smith was on detached service a good deal. Upon the latter's resignation, 
he was in the early fall of I8G4, promoted to the colonelcy. In the assault 
on the works of Vicksburg on the 22nd of May, 1SG3.. Col. Jenkins was badly 
wounded in the leg, and when he was able to travel compelled to go home 
for a while on leave of absence. He returned to take command in the fall 
of 1863, and marched from Memphis to Chattanooga on the 22nd of Novem- 
ber and on the 21th he led his men gallantly througii the b:i:tle of Lookout 
Mountain, and on the nest day headed the charges on Mission Ridge. When 
tl)e Atlanta campaign opened the next spring, Jenkins assumed his place 
with the column, which was projected by General Slierma!) through Snake 
Creek Gap, on Resacca under the command of Gen. McHherson. In the lirst 
engagement at Hesacca the colonel was badiy wound id again while accom- 
pajjying ttie regiment in a charge on the enemy's works, lie was this time 
struck on the shoulder by a piece of shell. From tfiis wound he never fully 
recovered. 1 saw him a few years ago in Kansas City arid noticed the droop 
of the shoulder and tie told mo it pained him at times yet. Again he was 
compelled to go to the rear, but courageous as ever he returned to tlio front 
as soon as he was able, wljich was about the time of the fall of .\tlanta. He 
commanded the regiment thence on to the close of the war, and had the 
pleasure of leading it, not only in the fafr?ous march to the sea, but in the 
grand pamdc or review at Washington. Mo made a splendid o!lic»ir and \v:is 
a good soldier, lie was bravo and steady under lire. had rod hair and 
always woi-e eye glasses. He had an 'arlillory look' as the bn)s iisid lo say, 

when in battle that meant light. No remaining member of the old 31st will 
learn of the death of Col. Jenkins without recalling his good qualities as a 
man, his splendid courage as a soldier, and bis gallant leadership of t.he reg- 

Almost immediately after liis nauster out, Col. Jenkins removed to Kan- 
sas City, where he engaged with success in the practice of his profession, 
■served for a time as Judge of the Court of Common Pleas, and where he died 
June 2-ith, 1903, from the ell'ect-s of injuries received in an assault by a 
-street robber a few months previous. We claim the Colonel asaftlliated with 
Jackson county veteran organizations, not only from his service with our 
•own companies in the Held but also because in 1SS6 he appeared as one of 
the speakers at the reunion of the Eastern Iowa Association at Maquoketa: 
in 1890, he accepted the invitation of A. W. Drips Post at Maquoketa to 
•deliver the address on Memorial day; and again in 1900 he performed like 
.service at the dedication of the soldiers' monument in that city. 


J. \W. Ellis received from Littleton, Mass., a box containing 26 relics 
"for his historical collection taken from as many historical places. The donor, 
^Mrs. Ella IJildreth, is a cousin of Mrs. Ellis and with her mother and sister 
visited the Ellis family in the summer of 1904. The grandfather of both 
■'Mrs. Hildreth and Mrs. Ellis, Samuel Waldo was first cousin to Waldo Em- 
-erson. The following interesting letter explains the .various relics contribut- 

Littleton. Mass. 

-■'Mr. Ellis, 

Dear Cousin: I am sending to you the pieces of Historic wood that 1 
•wrote you about, I feel that they are hardly worth sending, although near- 
•Jy all of them came from buildings or places of historic interest. I suppose 
you have added many new relics to your collection since we were there. I 
'have wished that I had taken notes and a description of some of the things 
in your collection. 1 think with notes one can recall what one has seen so 
much more readily. I saw so many things of interest while out in the west 
it has been confusing to try and tell what I saw there, but hope to come 
again and see you all as well as the relics. 

We received the book you sent which we all greatly enjoyed reading. 
,You spoke about publishing another book on the same subject if you do 
hope you will kindly remember to send us one. The early settlers must 
have passed througii many hardships in settling the West, but do not think 
t.he country was so hard to bring under cult ivation as New Eujiland. Go 
through our Nev; ^Ingland towns and see tlie luHes of stone walls which llie 
early settlers laid, first digging the stones from the ground, and then layinn 
them into walls to dispose ol them, besides this part of the country was 
nearly all covered witli forests, which had to \'y.\ removed before the land 
could be cult ivated. When f think of the hardships and discouragements 
that the men and women had in tiio^e early days to meet and conquer, I 
do not wonder ttial the race became strong in character and frugal In Mieir 
mode of livifi{^ Ihil that old New England typo is fast passing awav. In tiK 

past 20 or 30 years, we have had such an influx of foreigners and inter- 
marrying as they have^ it is hard, especially in the manufacturing cities and 
larger towns to find a person of genuine Puritan blood Probably if the west 
had been disL^overed and settled first our dear rock bound old New England 
would liave remained barren or nearly so, to this time. Of. course for some 
time to come , at least, this part of the country will remain the manufact- 
uring center but we must look to the west for our food supply. 

Sincerely yours, 


No la Piece of wood from Faneul Hail, Boston, Mass; built 1742; burn- 
ed 1761; rebuilt same year and made lire proof in 1S9S. It was bui-it bv Peter 
Fanuel and presented to the town of Boston for a town hall and called the 
"Cradle of Liberty," as the first movements which led to the war of the 
EevolutioD were inaugurated here. 

No. 2. Piece of wood from Jesse Putman house, Danvus, Mass.. built 
1730. He was a Col. in war of 1812 and a cousin of Isreal Putman. 

No. 3. Piece of wood from Isreal Putman house Danvus. Mass., built 
1748. The original part built 1648. He fought in the French and Indian 
war. Took part in the attack on Ticondereoga under Abercrombie. Also 
took part in the capture of Havanna. In 1762 he fought at Lexington 
and Bunker Hill, and in 1777 was appointed to the defense of the Hudson 
River Highlands. In 1778 he made his famous escape from Tryon's drag- 
oons by riding down a steep pair of stairs, wliere the British dared not fol 

No. 4. E'rom piece of the new Maine U. S. warship built to take the 
place of the Maine sunk in Havana harbor. 

No.5 . From flagstaff Acton monument built to commemorate the 
memory of tlie soldiers' of the Kevoliition, Acton, Mass. 

No. 3. From Vv'riglit Tavern, Concord, Mass, built 1747. Major Pit- 
cairn stayed at this inn on the morning of the battle of Concord. Ho stir- 
red his brandy with his bloody lingers saying, "He would thus stir the 
damned Yankee's blood before night." 

No. 7. From church at Temple, New Hampshire, where in 1775 Minis- 
ter Webster preached. He was informed at the door of his church by a mes- 
senger, that he (the messenger) and his company were marching on to Tic- 
onderoga. A Loyalist I'eplied that, "He heard a voice not to respond." 
Minister Webster said "Tiiat voice v,'as from hell, but I hear a voice from 
Heaven, saying. Boys take those guns and follow mo to the front." The 
next morning Minister Webster witli thirty-one men at fiis command \Nason 
his way to Ticonderoga. He died in a short time after this and was buried 
at Temple, N. H. 

No. 8. From home of Asa Pollard first man kilhnl at Hunker Hill. He 
was killed the night l^efore the battle while at work in the trenches. Col. 
Prcscott said, "He was tlie tirst man killed and the only one to be buried 
that night. 

No. U. p'rom the old South churcli, I'oston, Mass., built IV.'iO. Jji 1775 
it was used as a riding school by the British. In lh77 the sutu of •*i:?n,ooo 
w:is raised to i)reservo the church to posterity. It contains Piariy rare rcilics. 

No. 10. From U. S. Cruiser, Chicago, where the ancients and honora- 
nles of London were received and entertained in 1903. 

No. 11. From Dorothy Quincy lioiise, Quincy, Mass., built in 1635. In 
171G the house was raised and inlarged from that time until the present it 
has remained tlie same. In the parlor of this house is the wall paper tliat 
was brought from Paris for the wedding of Dorothy to John Hancock. Be- 
fore the wedding day arrived the Hevolution broke out, and John Hancock 
had to flee to keep his hejid on his shoulders. His Dorothy followed him, 
first to Lexington and Concord and tinaliy to Fairfield, Conn., where they 
were married. The house has entertained Presidents John Adams, John 
Quincy Adams, John Hancock, Judge Seweli, Sir Henry Vaire, Benjamin 
Frankiln and Sir Charles Henry Krankland. 

No. ]2. From Elm on Lexington common where the first blood was 
shed in the Revolution. 

No. 14. From Wayside Inn, Sudbury, Mass., built 16S0, and run by some 
member of the Howe fauiily as an inn for 150 years. Tlie real name of the 
inn in the long ago days was the '"Hed Horse Tavern." and it stands in the 
old town of Ludbury, 30 miles from Boston. It is one of the oldest inns now 
standing in ouu country. It is on the old post road between Boston and the 
Connecticut river, and in tlie old stage coach days travelers who left Boston 
in the morning dined at noon at the ';Ked Horse." Longfellow relates, 
that his first visit to the inn, he has immortalized in verse, was made under 
these circumstances. On that 19th day of April, 1775, when the minute- 
men were marching from Worcester with Timothy Bigelow at their head, 
stopped iiere for a brief rest before ^oing on their way. 

No. 15. From piece of Ash tree in front of "Old Manse," Concord, 
Mass., tlie home of the Emerson family for many years. From the cham- 
ber window of this house, the grandfather of Ralph Waldo Emerson watch- 
ed tlie fight at Concord bridge. On the land belonging to this estate, the 
three British soldiers that were killed at the bridge were buried. Haw- 
thorne lived here and v/rote his "Mosses from an Old Manse." 

No 21. From piece of the Walter Kittiidge house, author uf "Tenting 
on the old Camp Ground." 

No. 22. Nail from old shiphoouse Charleston Navy Yard, where 
llie Merrimac and other famous ships were built. 

' No. 23. From the old oflice on Bunker Hill, torn down by tlie B. H. 
historical society, and a new one built costing $30,oOO. 

No. 24. From Fort Sewcll, Marbloliead, Mass., built by the l^ritish in 

No. 25. Faulkner house at South Acton. The place was occupied at the 
t ime of the Revolution hv Col. Francis Faulkner, and he was aroused by 
J*aul Revere, who stiouted, "C'ol. J^'aulkner, rouse your minutemen, llic 
British are iniirching on Lexington and Concord. " Col. J-'aulkner tirciJ his 
gun tljree times to arouse the ncightiorhood. 

No. 20. From a {liecc of wood from tlio hotno of Capt. Barrett, Coucorvl. 
Mas-s., who ordered the attack on the Krmlish troops at the bridjje. 

^ COL. J. W. JENKINS, \ 

I From war lime photograph \n his lloulenant • 

{ colonel's uniforui. \ 

? 5 




Joseph McElroy, Who First Came to iov/a in 1837. Dies at 

Ripe Old Age. 

Through the courtesy of Editor Lambert of the Sabula Gazette, we are 
enabled to produce the following life history', with cut, of Joseph McJOlroy 
one of Iowa's oldest settlers, and to be made a part of the annals of the 
Jackson County Flistorical Society: 

The death of Joseph McElroy at the home of his daughter, Mrs. J. F. 
Scliramling, in this city, Monday morning, marks the passing of Iowa's old- 
est pioneer, for such ]Mr. McElro\' undoubtedly was having come to Sabula 
in 1837, tlie year that our little city was laid out in town lots. The other 
sturdy pioneers who braved the wilds of virgin Iowa at tliat early date or 
within, we dare say, live years of that time have all passed to the better 

Joseph McElroy was l:)orn on a farm tv»'o miles from the city of Erie. 
Pa., on September 2, 1815, and at the time of his death was 90 years, 5 
months and 17 days old. Re was a son ot Hugh and Margaret (Duncan) 
McElroy, natives of Cumberland county, Pa., and liis father served as a 
soldier in the war of 1812. He participated in several active engagements 
and was wounded at the battle of Lundy's Lane, a ball passing through his 
liver. Notwithstaiiding this fact he recovered and lived to the advanced 
age of seventy-three years. To him and his excellent wife were born thirteen 
children, of whom the subject of our sketch was the last to pass away, and 
he was the eldest of the family. 

The earlier years of Joseph McElroy's life were spent in his native coun- 
ty, but in 18.37 he decided to investigate the then far west and set out for 
the Territory of Iowa. He reached Sabula during that year and linding the 
country to his liking went, back lo Pennsylvania for his folks and returned 
to ttiis county in 1338 and entered 200 acres of land in Iowa township, west 
of the town of Sabula. In an exchange afterward with Mr. Grant he came 
into possession of the quarter section of land which he owned lo the liir.o 
of his death. Wlien gold was discovered in California, .Mr. .Nfcl'^lroy and a 
number' of oth<;r Sabula men organized a party and in lg4i« made t he ha/.arctons 
overlnnd trip to that state and engaged in mining until l^o^, when they re- 
luriu'd to their homes. The return trip was made l)y way of tlio Pac.itic 
(>oean, crossing the istliuius of I'.inuna and the Gulf of Mexicr) ami up th«- 
Mississippi river lo St. Lnuis. 



^ Cl'bo abovi-. picture wus t;ilcoii iiboul ttn ycMis apo.) 


On Sept. 22, 1853, he took unto himself a wife and helpmate, Mrs. Mary 
A. Wnasor, a daughter of G. Gilroy, then a resident of Jackson county. 
The fruit of this union were four children. They are George, of Malvern; 
Margaret, who died in infancy; Mrs. J. F. Schramling, of this city, and 
Joseph, of Norris, Montana. Three step-children who were reared to man- 
hood and womautiood by tlie deceased, also survive him— Mrs. G. A. Buzz?, 
ot Marion; Mrs. G. A Hathevs-ay. of Magnet, Neb., and Wm. Winsor. The 
asteemed wife and mother passed away on November J., 1872, and soon after- 
ward Mr. McElroy moved to a home he purchased in town, wnere he lived 
until the past few years when he has made his home with his daughter, 
Mrs. Schramling. 

At tiie time ot the rush to Pike's Peak, about the year 1849, Mr. McEl- 
roy and Clarke Cook (deceased) started for Colorado, but after getting as 
far as the Platte river returned. Of the Sabula party of 'Forty-niners, " Mr. 
McErloy was the last survivor and he was also the last original member of 
the Sabula Pioneers' Association to pass away. This association was formed 
on Nov. 22, 1872, by J. G. Sugg, E. A. Wood, James Murphy, J. S. Dominy, 
George Cantield, Kobt. C. Westbrook, Pvoyal L. Westbrook, Jos. McElroy, 
John Scarborough and Oliver Emerson. All of these gentlemen with the 
exception of Joseph McElroy passed away over ten years ago. The latter 
was always a familiar figure at the annual picnics of this association until 
the last one held when he was confined to his bed in his last sickness, the 
general breaking down caused by old age. On this occasion several of tiie 
older settlers called and spent a sliort time visiting with him and the part- 
ing of these old friends of the early days was a very pathetic one. 

For the past three years Mr. McElroy has felt the weight of years and 
his health gradually failed until last February he was obliged to take to his 
bed and although his condition varied from better to worse it could be seen 
by those around him tlmt he was gradually nearing the close of a well spent 
life. Sunday he conversed with the family and appeared brighter than 
usual, but at 6:25 the end came and his last moments were marked witli 
peace and contentment and thus he passed away. 

Eulogies to the life and cliaracter of this '.'grand old man" are needless; 
he was here before any of us and his life is like an open book, one with 
pages white and clear. lie was not a member of any churcli, but in relig- 
ious views was a Dniversalist, believing in the free and universal salvation 
of all. lie .vas honest in all his dealings and treated all of his fellow men as 
he would 5e done by. His company was greatly enjoyed by both old and 
young and iie could tell many stories of pioneer life in this tov.n when it 
was known as Carrol port, then Charleston and later Sabulu. 

The funeral services were held at the M. E. cliurch at two o'clock Wed- 
nesdav aTternoon and were conducted by Rev. T. II. Shecklcr of Marble 
liock, former pastor of thie cliuich here. A large number of friends gather- 
ed (o pay their last re.-5pects, amoi^g them being Henry Seeman, of SpraRue- 
ville, and Geo. Helfert, of Almont, old i^ioneer frieiuts of Iho deceased, 
'i iie reuiains were laid to rest in Evcrjjreen cemetery. 


Who was First White Child? 

L. H. Steen, of this city, has the distioction of beicg the tirst white 
child born in Jackson county, having first seen the hght of day in this vil- 
lage the 27th day of February, 183S. ISIr. Steen believes that he may also 
have been the first white child born in Iowa, at any rate the matter would 
be worthy of investigation and the facts v.ould prove of liistorical value. 
Now brotiier editors if there are any early, real early, natives in your parts 
kindly publish the dates that an important item in the early liislory of Iowa 
may be furnished.— Sabuia Gazette. 

We were evidently at error in stating in the obituary of Jos, McElroy 
that he was the earliest pioneer of the state at the time he passed away, for 
Ramey Kindred informs us that he lirst came into what is now the state of 
Iowa on October 10th, 1835. Mr. Kindred's father was born in Tennessee 
and his mother was a native of Kentucky. Sliortly before xMr. Kindred's 
birth his parents started north and upon reaching Indiana settled tlieie for a 
short time. Here Ramey Kindred was born and wlien lie was but a babe 
the parents proceeded westward, crossing the Mississippi river at Burjington 
on October 10th, 1835. Iowa V7as then known as Black Hawk territory. Tiie 
Kindred family aterward went to Galena, then to Believue and came to 
Sabuia in 1840 and since that year Mr. Kindred has been a resident of this 
city for the greater part of the time. — Sabuia Gazette. 

Came to Iowa in 1835. 


Mr. Arnold Railing and Wife Married Over Half a Century. 
Two of Jackson County's Earliest Pioneers. 

. The following article of Mr. and Mrs. A. Reilinof of Bellevue, with cuts, 
is furnished to the Sentinel through the courtesy of Publisher Brandt of the 
Bellevue Herald, and to be made a part of the annals of the Jackson Coun- 
ty Historical Society: 

Mr and Mrs. Arnold Reiling, of this city, celebrated the 60th annivers- 
ary of their marriage at their home last Saturday, Feb. 10. Silver weddings are 
rarity, golden weddings still more so and it is but seldom that we read of a 
couple rounding out three score years of married life, and this fact makes 
the anniversary celebrated by our esteemed fellow townsman and his 
worthy wife of more than passing interest. Owing to various circumstances 
over which the parties most concerned had no control it was impossible for 
all the cliildren who are not residents of this city to be present, but all who 
were not here sent their congratulations in the form of telegrams which 
reached here on the day of the celebration. Herman Reiling of Denver was 
here, and witli the children who live here and the grand cliildren made up 
a very pleasant party. Those present were Mrs. Christina Weber and daugh- 
ter, May, Benjamin Reiling, wife and children, Arnold Weber and wife, 
and Piiit Webor and wife. Among tlie presents received by Mr. and Mrs. 
Reiling was a beautiful Morris chair presented by the grandchildren. This 
chair iias been placed in Mr, Reiling's favorite corner in tuc library and 
will serve to keep in liis mind the love and respect which the younger genera- 
tion liave for l)im. 

Mr. Reiling was born in the Kingdom of Hanover, N'ov. i!, 182.3 and at 
the age of 15 came to this country with liis parents, landing at New Orleans 
in tlie fall of IS.'JS and moving to Galena in March of the next year and 
from there the family moved to a farm about four miles north of the 
present site of this city. Mr. Reiling'F father passed away in ISoO. In 
this same year Mr. Reiling moved into liellevuo and engaged in the mer- 
cantile business and followed this for .some years, after which he took Iho 
contract for building seven mile.=? of track for the t'fiicaj^o, Milwaukee ^. St. 
Paul railroad between Dubuque and Clinton, imuI for six vears after that 
owned and operated the steamer, Reiling, in the river freight and 

tinally became interested in the milling business in this city and for a time 
the company of which he svas a member controlled all the flour milling in 
this section of the state. Mr. Reiiing still owns tlie mill property, but it is 
not operated on such an extensive scale as in years past. 

Mr. Reiiing has served a number of terms as a member of the city coun- 
cil and was for two years mayor of Beilevue, and has the honor of being the 
tirst county commissioner elected from the township of Tete des Morts. He 
has always been an ardent supporter of the principles of the Democratc 
party and has no small part in the political affajrs of the county. The 
marriage of Mr. Reiiing to Miss Mary Havem&yer was solemnized at Ga- 
lena on the 10th day of February, 1846, and to this union nine - children 
were born, Mrs. Christina Weber, of Beilevue; Herman Reiiing of Denver; 
Mrs. Regina Reilly of Wichita. Kansas, Benjamin Reiiing, of Beilevue and 
Anna and Amelia who are both living at home. Three nave passed to the 
Great Beyond. 

Mr. Reiiing has made a success of life: there is no more to say; in all 
that he has done he has had the support and helo of a faithful wife who 
has helped liim tight his battles, comforted him when the world seemed to 
■go wrong and rejoiced with him in his successes. It is the wish of the Her- 
ald and a host of friends that this worthy couple may live to enjoy many 
anniversaries of the same character as tiie one just nassed. 

Sketch of Anson H. Wilson, the Oldest Pioneer Now Liv- 
ing in this Locality, Who Game Here as a Full Grown 
Man in the Thirties. 

(Compiled for the Jackson Oouuty Hislorical Society by J. W. Ellis, Curator ) 

Anson H. Wilson was born May 27th, 1816, near Niagaia Falls on the 
Canadian side on a farm rented and occupied bv his father for one season. 
Tlie next spring a^ter his birth the family moved back to the old homestead 
in Cropland township, Lincoln county, now Ontario, wiiere young: Anson 
grew up to manhood working on the farm in the summer and attending _ 
school in winter. In 1S35 he traveled quite extensively in Micliigan, being 
very favorably impressed with that country, returiiing home where he re- 
mained until June, 1838, when General Cliandier came to him one day and 
asked him to drive him to Point Ebino, Mr. Wilson consented to do so and 
on the way the General told him that they (meaning himself and men) 
would attack St. John's on Friday of that week. 

There was a company of Lancers stationed at St. John's whose tyranny, 
abuse and brutality had caused a revolt among the people who determined 
to fall upon them and crush them, and while Mr. Wilson heartily sympathiz- 
ed with the people in their desire for revenge on the brutal military, he 
had had all the military experience he v.'anted and made up his mind to go 
back to Michigan, and told his father that he would start next day. His 
father fully approved of his plans, out Mahlon Brooktield and Ira Stim- 
son,who were present, said if he would wait another day they would go with 
him. This he assented to, and the three young men set out with a two 
liorse team and wagon, crossed the St. Lawrence at Black IIock Ferry, went 
to BufTalo and from there to Micliigan overland through the states of New- 
York, Pennsylvania and Oliio, striking the Maumee. river at Perrysburg 
and crosjsing over to Maumee city and from there to Toledo, at which place 
they parted company, Brooktield and Stimson securing employment there, 
and Mr. Wilson went to Kalamazoo county, where he remained until llic 
next February when he was ioined at Nilcs by his brothers .1 esse, Wra., Mark 
and Joe Current, and tlie five young men made arrangement for a trip to 
the great west in search of a suitable location where they had their ideals. 
TJiey wanted to ibid good farming land v.-ith good water anii convenient to 
good timber and building stone. on the r,i h day of April, 1S30, they traveled on foot taking with 
them a hori^e on which they carried their t)aggagc. Thoy explored proiiy 
thoroughly Michigan, Indiana and Illinois, a large portion of the country 



through which they passed being trackless prairie or tangled forest, swim- 
ming or wading the rivers, and experiencing almost incredible hardships 
and dangers. Arriving at Savanna on the east bank'of the Mississippi they 
determined to cross over into the territory of Iowa. The ferry boat was out 
of repair but the ferry man told them that if they could get their ijorse in 
to his skiff he would set them across. Tlie horse went into the boat all 
right and it fell to Anse to sit in the bow of the boat and hold the horse to 
keep him quiet, while the boat was being propelled across the streaai, as 
any movement of the horse would be liable to capsize the boat. They land- 
ed safely and the ferryaiau went back after the remainder of the party and 
the baggage, and when all was safely over they started for the interior.' 
Arriving at Deep Creak they found the stream quite deep and no bridge and 
their horse objected to enter the water. However tiiey secured a st.out pole 
and with their united strength forced the animal into the stream nith 
Jesse Wilson on his back. Both horse and rider sank out of sight, but soon 
came up and made for the other bank, and the other men who l)ad crossed 
on a log put a rope around the neck of the horse and pulled him out of the 
water and struck out in a westerly direction bringing up at tlie present site 
of Maquoketa, wiiich at that time, was marked only by the log cabin of 
John B. Goodenow. After a journey of more than fifteen hundred miles, 
occupying sixty days of continuous travel, here the party found exactly what 
they were looking for, beautiful prairie land adjacent to a lieavy body of 
timber with an abundance of pure water and fine quarries of building and 
lime stone. 

Mr. WiUon first found employment with Mr. Goodenow but soon found 
a tract of land nearby that had not been claimed and on this he settled and 
Duilt for Ijimself a substantial and comfortable home in which he has resid- 
ed up to the present time. Mr. Wilson always practiced rigid economy in 
business matters and was opposed to display and extravagance in any form. 
This trait iu his character was strongly exemplitlcd in his old age. In tlie 
spring of 1842 he was hauling )-ails from his timber land to liis farm and on 
one occasion wlien passing through what was known as Montgomery's grove, 
he pulled up a small cherry sprout by the roots and laid it on his load and 
when lie reached )]ome handed it to his wife and asked her to plant it and 
they would raise their own chen ies and have chei ry bounce. Tlie good 
woman planted the tiny tree vrhich grew wonderfully thrifty, and in time 
bore large quantities of cherries, aithougii the lir.nd that planted the tree 
never was permitted to pick any of its fruit. In ISOo tlic sprout had grown 
to be quite a large tree and Mr. Wilson had it cut down and its t)ody taken 
to the saw mill and sawed into boards, so?ije of which were sixteen inches 
wide and took them home and put them iu a dry place until thoroughly 
seasoned and in 1897, took them to a planing mill and had them dressed af 
tor which he took tiiem to Ileuhen KauiVmun's shop and had them convert- 
ed into a bi-autiful casket which he brouj;ht home when completed. He 
tljeu purchased of Sulherhmd & 'J'ubbs suHicient lied Godar lumber at the 
rale (»f on per thousand to make an outside case. When the caso. was 
made and the casket lined and all completed l»c had a burial casket lit for a 
kin{^, and the. entiie v::iiv.>'»'<\ for m.atc:rial aiu! woi': < nly Ti-is 

casket is now carefully stored away to be used when Mr. Wilson is summoned. 

During his military experience which was very irksome he did a great 
deal of thinking and formed certain resolutions which governed his conduct 
throughout life. He resolved to obey the l^ord's commands by earning his 
bread by the sweat of his brow, working six days in each week and resting 
on the seventh, to treat all men as he would like to be treated and keep out 
of debt. It is his boast late in life that he has never had tobacco in 
any form in his mouth, never paid a cent of interest on his own account, 
and never was dunned for a bill or debt of his own making. In his home 
life he is noted for benevolence and hospitality and admired for his sterl- 
ing honesty and integrity and his well knouo disposition to attend strictly 
to his own afiairs and avoid interfering with the affairs of his neigiibors. 

On Dec, 3rd, 1904, he sent for his old friend, J. \V. Ellis, and made him 
acquainted with his wishes in regard to his faneral obsequies. He appoint- 
ed his pall bearers whose consent he had obtained to act in that capacity, 
and insisted that his body be taken to the cemetery in a wagon and that 
his pall bearers ride in a wagon, thereby exemplifying that simplicity of 
character and avoidance of display and extravagance for svhich lie has al- 
ways been noted. 

y\pe, iM) ycar-i. 


Reminiscences of Anson H. Y/ilson. 

The first sheriff of the county was W. A. Warren, who was also assessor 
and tax collector. In those days money was a scarce article, and furs of 
roost any kind was legal tender. The collector would take furs for taxes and 
make change in furs. For instance if a man had an otter skin it was often 
wortli more than the taxes amounted to and he would change back in coon 
skins or skins of some animal less valuable than otter skins. Kot only tax- 
es was paid in pelts, but they were the medium of exchange in nearly all 
deals except with Uncle Sam. Coon skins would not pay postage. 

The first post oiiice in this locality was at Bridgeport, and of course the 
people of tlie Maquoketa settlement had to cross the river to get their mail, 
which was sometimes a hard proposition. The ford was never good by any 
means, and a slight rise in the river mads fording impossible. The mail 
was carried in those days from Davenport to Dubuque on horseback. The 
carrier would ford the river at Bridgeport when fordahle, and John B. 
Doan, the postmaster, had a rope stretched across tlie river to wliich he 
attached a pulley and a small rope or line was attached to this pulley. 
When the river was too high to wade or swim, the mail carrier would fasten 
the mail sack to tiie pulley and the postmaster would pull it over and get 
some one from that side of the river to take it on to Dul)uque. 

Ttie people of Maquoketa soon tired of swimming the river for mail and 
set to work to secure a postotllce. At that time Frink and ^Valker had con- 
tracts for carrying nearly all of the mail for the government. J. E. Goode- 
now svas elected postmaster, and received his appointment in due time, but 
he had no place to keep the mail wliich yt that time was not extensive, lie 
went to Dubuque and got a boot box which he transformed into post oilice 
lixtures, and said post otlice was kept under tl)e table or under the bed to 
be out of the way. Wlien mail come, Mr. Gcoodcnow seldom had time to 
look it over and each one iielped himself.. A place was lixed iu one corjier 
of tiie box where the 25 cents, the price of eacli letter, was deposited. 
Doan, the postmaster at Bridgeport, was not pleased vvitli the orospects lor 
a post oiVice at Springfield, as it was tiien called, and tried to injure the 
coming town. The Spiingtield people to get even with him concluded to 
build a ferry at another place on the river and leave Jiridgeport out, and 
tiiey did make a ferry near the forks of tlie Maquoketa, and operated it 
free, and made a road across the sand prairie to Andrew. A boat was made 
large enougii to carry a team and wagon, and as it was free, of course each 
man done his own ferrying. Jvopes W(,mc fixed so it could be pulled back 
and forth, and the work and expeiiac^ of making the leiry and road wab all 
b} vohuitary contributions. An Irishman, who iielped cut out lh« road 


to ADdrcw, remarked that lie always considered Himself half way when he 
got to Andrew, even if he was going to Ireland. 

A couple of neighbors fell out about something in a business way. and 
could not come to an agreement, and as the amount in dispute was not 
sutlicient to hire a lawyer, it was agreed to leave the matter in dispute with 
Squire Clark, and abide by his decision. The squire decided that one of 
the parties should pay the other a certain amount of corn, and the case was 
refer led to for years afterwards as Clark's corn case. 

The first convention held in the county to nominate officers was held by 
the side of the road between Andrew and Cottonville. There was not ma- 
terial enough out of which to make up two tickets, and it was -decided that 
as each was named he should announce his politics. \V. A. Warrtn was 
nominated for sheriff and said he was a Whig. Uncle Tommy Wright was 
named for recorder, and declared himself to be a JeiTersonian Democrat. 
Some were Jackson Democrats, and of course all who were nominated were 
elected for the reason that there was no opposition at the election. 

The iirst 4th of July I spent in Maquoketa was in 1839, and I was the 
only human being in the place on that day. Lorenzo Spalding was married 
on that day to a lady living near the four corners, now Emeline, and Mr. 
Goodenow, Mr. Niras and wife, and Lyman Bates left early in the morning 
for the wedding and I was left to look after the cabin. As the party had to 
go to Canton to cross the river they started early and came home iate. I 
did not see a human being that day. 

The next 4th of July, 1840, we had gained some in population, and we 
concluded to at least remember the day. We got Amasa Nims teaui and 
gathered up a load of settlers, taking provision along for cur dinner, and 
started south over the beautiful prairie country which at that time was a 
veritable flower garden. We stopped at a spring about noon, ate our dinner 
and picked flowers, and enjoyed the day very much. 

The next 4th of July, 18il, was a day long to be remembered by tlie 
settlers in the Maquoketa valley. Uncle Tommy Wright arjd I had talked 
about how we could get up a celebration, and finally concluded tliat if we 
could get Scott Kirkpatrick to make the oration we could manage the rest 
of it. We saw Kirkpatrick and he readily consented and thought it would 
be a good thing for the country to get the people togetlier and have them 
get acquainted with each other. After deciding to celebrate, the next thi!ig 
of importance was a flag. I went to Dubuque and got some .vhile cotton 
cloth and some blue cotton cloth and some red paint, to make tlic strips 
with and Uncle 'J'ommy Wright and 1 cut it out and Aunt Rachael Wrigljt. 
sewed it together and we had a pretty respectful Hag. 'J'hai was the first 
flag ever raised in the Maquoketa valley. We now had our orator and Hag, 
and we sent out word through the country that we were going to celebrate, 
and called a meeting at Fred Mallard's to formulate plans and make ar- 
rangements. At. that meeting Joe Brown volunteered to road the DccUir- 
at ion of Independence, William y. JOarle rgreod to play the life, Jason 
J\uigborn to beat the snare ftrtim anrl IkMi Hanson tlie hn^s drum. r.,oren- 
t,us Adolphlus I^'erdinand Corbin was elected mni.shal of ll»e day, niul Jonas 
Chirk svas'cted as chairmari and toast nuisti:r. We ^cl y d,i\ that wc 


would meet and put np a bowery, but wbeo we got the frame up we found 
that DO arrangements had been made for lumber for seats and tables, so we 
got teaais and went to Canton and got planks for seats and tables, and un- 
loaded it at the bowery/ We had also built a place for the storage of the 
provisions. On the ord of July we met again and covered the bov.-ery v.ith 
brush and got a liberty pole and made seats and tables. We got a very nice 
hickory pole, drawed it to the place where we were to raise it, duer a pit to 
set it in, but did not raise it that day. On the morning of the 4th we met 
again to raise our liberty ^ole, had our flag ready, but when we tried to raise 
the pole, we found that some one had bored it through with an augor near 
the middle and ruined it. We were determined to raise a liberty pole and 
Henry Mallard started after his oxen and some of us took our axes and went 
to the woods for another pole. We found a white oak tliat would answer our 
purpose and by the time vve had it trimmed up, Mallard was there wiili iiis 
oxen and we hitched the cattle to the pole, and then some of us got after 
them catLle and we made them make pretty good time to the bowery, and 
soon had our pole up and flag flying, and 1 never saw a fairer day. The peo- . 
pie came from far and near, the crowd being much larger than we expected. 
When the hour arrived, the marshal formed a grand procession, headed by 
the flfe and drums, and after a brief march, brought up at the bowery and 
was called to order Dy Jonas Clark, who introduced Joe Brown, wlio read 
the Declaration of Independence in a highly creditable manner; Scott 
Kirkpatrick was introduced as the orator of the day and talked for two 
hours, taking for his subject, the Declaration of Independence, and a liner 
address v/as never made in the Maquoketa Valley. Alter the speaking was 
over the ladies brought out the baskets, and loaded the tables with the best 
the country afforded, and we enjoyed the day as only pioneers can enjoy an 
occasion of that kind. After the banquet^ the toast master, Clark, called 
for toasts, one for each of the original 13 states or colonies and after each 
toast Clark would call for so many cheers, either from the drum corps or au- 
dience. Nearly every one present had an opportunity to give a toast and a 
good many responded. Finally Squire Harris suggested that some one 
should give a toast to the man that bored the liberty pole and he. Harris, 
was elected to give the toast, he .raised his glass and said, if he is as l}lack 
outside as he is witiiin, and his hair is as black and as curly as mine, lie 
will pass for a native of Africa. That wound up the tirst 4th of July cele- 
bration. Many of us met for the lirst time that day and some of us formed 
acquaintances that ripened into friendship, which lasted through life. 

Our next 4th of July celebration was held where the High School lujild- 
ing now stands and the olticers were tlie same as on the previous year. 

The next was held on Ira Stimpson's land where Willam Bodkin now 
lives and our ofllcers were the same, except tlmt Ira Stimp.son was our mar- 
shal. The program was about the same as the preceding celebrations. 

In 1S41, Sliade Burleson built a barn and got a roof on and lloor laid }n 
time for us to celebrate there. Zal. Livcrmore had been to licllevuc and 
h;id t)eard that (here was a tine flag there that could be got cheap and (he 
people, chipped in and raised money and bought it. That Hag wa.s used at 
Burk'soris and I don't- know what become of the Hag liui( rJricle Tommy 

Wright and I made. At this celebration Zal. Livermore was marshal and 
a man from Dubuque assisted our orator and made a fine speech. 

Another notable celebration was held at A. H. Wilson's. He had built 
a large barn, in wliich was a matched floor where nine sets could dance at 
one time. There were 2,000 people attended this celebration and 120 num- 
bers issued to dancers. Dancing kept up all night and large tables were 
placed in the basement loaded witli edibles which all had access to. 

Anson H. Wilson tells an interesting incident, illustrating some of the 
duUculties experienced in the early days. It is about his tirst letter. He 
heard there was a letter at the Bridgeport post office for him, and he set 
out on foot for Bridgeport. It was late in the fail and he found. a thin crust 
of ice a^ong the bank of the river and the water looked cold indeed to the 
young man, but he svas bound to have that letter and taking oil his clothes 
and making them into as small a bundle as possible, he fastened them to 
his iiead and plunged into the water and swam and waded to the other 
shore, dressed himself and went to the post office and demanded his letter. 
But there was furtlier trouble in store for him, for there was a charge of 25 
cents for additional postage on the letter and 25 cents he did not have. The 
letter was from Canada and it cost 25 cents to send a letter to any part of 
the United States and an additional 25 cents to Canada. For instance, if 
he wrote to his folks in Canada, it cost him 25 cents to mail it and his folks 
had to pay 25 cents to get it out of the office; if his friends in Canada wrote 
to him it cost them 25 cents to start it and him 25 cents to get it from the 
office, in other words it cost Sl.OO to write home and get an answer. Mr. 
Wilson could not raise the money nor couid he trade liis coon skin cap as he 
offered to, and had to go back witliout liis letter. He went to his friend. 
Goodenow, nor could he help him, for reason that he had no money. Mr. 
Wilson then went to Shade Burleson, worked two days, took liis pay in corn, 
sold tlie corn to the miller and got money to pay postage on his letter. 

Mr. Wilson says while staying with J. E. Goodenow, the Grst year I 
came here, 1 was taken very sick with fever. A Mr. Dunham, commonly 
known as Hog Dunham, with wliom I had become acquainted, heard of my 
sickness and came to see me. After looking me over for some time, he said, 
"Ance, you are going to die sure as hell, would you like to die comfortablyV* * 
I said yes, if I liave to die 1 would like to die comfortably. He got some 
cold water, gave me all I could drink and poured cold water all over me. and 
he and Mark Current began rubbing mo and rublied me until 1 fairly shone, 
and in three days after the cold water treatment, they liad n-ieso I could ride 
horseback. 1 have always felt that Dujjham saved my life. 

While batching on his claim in the early d;iys. Mr. Wil.scui says he pot 
awful hungry lor meat and with one of his neighbors concluded to go and 
see Hog Dunham, who then lived near Canton ;ind try and induce liini to 
kill a l>og. They started out with a team of horses, Ancc had the ague and 
hud to shake every forenoon and the neighlior shook overv uftcrnooii. About 
the usual time A nee began shiikirjg and shook so hard Ihc.olher man had 
fo take the lines and drive, wlien Ance had about had his shake out. the 
other man began shaking and the lines were turned over to Ancc. When 
they came to Mineral Creek, lUa hank.s svere high and the water and mud 

pretty deep; they forced the horses down the bank and the wagon came 
down on top of them. Ance tell across a horse and the box on top of him and 
the other man was floundering in the water. They got the wagon rjghted 
and led the horses to where they could get up the banks, but were in a sad 
plight, shaking with ague and saturated v/ith cold water, they made their 
way to Dunham's witliout further mishaps and were heartily welcomed. 
Mr. Dunham readily agreed to kill a hog for them. The hogs were running 
the woods. Next aiorning Mr. Dnuham got his old horse, Salem, and was 
getting ready to go after the hogs, when Ance ollered to gb with him, but 
Mr. Dunham told him no, if he went they would see no hogs, but he sta- 
tioned them in a clump of bushes with a gun and told them to Jkeep perfect- 
ly quiet, and he would bring the liogs past svh.ere th«y were concealed, and 
point out the one he wanted tiiem to shoot, and he rode oti calling his hogs, 
after an hour's waiting they heard Dunham comiijg and he was loilowtd by 
swaruis of liogs, as they passed the concealed men Dunham pointed out the 
hog to kill and it was shot in the eye and never squealed. A rope was fas- 
tened to it and it was pulled out of sight without alarming the herd. Ance 
says that while the hogs were as wild as any wild hogs, tliey would follow 
Dunham anywhere. The hog was dressed and hung up in a cool place, and 
then Dunham asked Ance to go with him after some bees that he had pre- 
viously captured. Ance objected on the ground that bees l)ad a particular 
spite at him and that he never could go near bees without getting stung. 
Dunham promised to secure the bees so they would not hurt hijn and they 
went out on horse back, their route being through heavy timber and over 
hills and hollows, to the place where the bees had been hived. There were 
two swarms in gums or hives made from hollow trees. Dunham had taken 
quilts with him to secure the bees with, lie spread a quilt on tlie ground, 
placed a gum or iiive on it and pulled the quilt up over the top fastening it 
so the bees could not get out. After securing the bees, one hive was hand- 
ed up to Ance, the other Duriham took up in front of him on Salem, and 
they started for home. The night was extremely dark and it was a hard 
problem to make their way through the forest. Ance said he noticed Dun- 
ham keep slapping Salem, iirst on one ear and then on the other, he asked 
\nm what he done that for. Well, said he, Salem knows the way hoD:ic bet- 
ter than 1 do and I am slapping him to make him go home. They reached 
home in safety with tlic bees and had a bountiful supply of fresh meat, 
which was a great treat to Ance. Next morning, Dunham split the hog 
from nose to tail and gave Ance and his neiglibor half of it to take home 
and of course they lived high while it lasted. Dunham was a widower and 
had four cliildicn. He got acquainted and made arrangements to marry a 
widow in Full on, 111., who liad four cJiildren. On his way to Fulton to get. 
married he stopped v»'ith Mr. Wilson and stayed over nij^lit. ; as stated pre- 
viously Dunham had a bad habit about scratching, but he had a worse habit 
still, that of talking in his sleep. Anco said to )nm next morning, *'Dun- 
tiam, yon had better stay at Lyons tonight and cross over tomorrow aud get 
married, and then you will be sure of your wife, but if she ever hears you 
talk in your sleep as you did last night before you arc mairied, you will 
lose her." Dunham look the advice and secured the widow. A lady some- 

tiroe after asked him how many children he had, he said, I have four aiid 
my vvife has four and we have one that belongs to botli of us. The lady was 
somewhat puzzled, but an explanation set things ri^ht. 

The tirst grist aiill in Maquoketa Valley was built in Maquoketa and 
operated by horse power. The mill was afterwards set up on Mill creek 
and was sold to a man by the name of Doolittle, and Levi Decker was tiie 
miller. In 1839 or 1840, Ben Hansen took a half bushel of corn to the mill 
to have ground, but the capacity of the mill was very limited and Hansen 
could not get his grist the same day. The next Sunday, he went back and 
Abb Montgomery, a neighbor, went with him. Tlie mill was fonud to be 
locked and Hansen was for returning home without the meai, but Mont- 
gomery insisted there was no use in doing that. Th.e log mill wus buijt upon 
stone corners and piers four or five feet from the ground and only a sm.all 
portion flooring was laid. Montgomery era v\ led under and got tlie meal. 
When Decker came to the mill he missed the meal and on making inquiries 
he learned that Hansen and Alontgomery had taken it out. He swore out a 
warrant from Squire Clark and gave it to Lyman Bates for the arrest of 
Montgomery, Bates made the arrest, but there was no jail and it was an 
important question what to do Vrith the prisoner, but Montgomery promised 
to be on band at the time set for the trial and was allowed to go home. 
Decker liad retained as council, Piatt SnDilh, the only lasvyer in the locality. 
When the day arrived for the hearing of the case the prisoner came and sur- 
rendered himself to the constable, but in the meantime the friends of ILan- 
sen and Montgomery had held a conference and decided on a line of action. 
A little man by the name of Smith was staying svith Montgomery, wlio 
would seem to have been one of the leaders of the conference, he said I am 
llie smallest man on our side, Piatt Smith is the largest man on the oilier 
side, wlien the candle is blown out I will take care of Piatt Smith and each 
of you pick your njan. When they came to Squire Clark's place the Squire 
w^as posted to get under the bed when the trouble commenced, i^latt Smith 
opened the case and described in his own inimitable manner the tenibie 
cringe which had been coiumitted in breaking and entering the mill. As 
Montgomery had no lawyer, Shade Burleson unriertook to defend him, he 
explained tl)e condition of the mill and showed it was not necessary to break- 
in tlie mill as they could reach in and get the sack w ithout entering the 
door. All the time during Burleson's talk, Smith kept interrupting liim 
saying this was not law or that v,'as not law. Little Smilli, who had tied 
liis ii;u)dkerchief around his waist and rolled up his sleeves to liis elbows, 
stepped up to the lawyer and informed him that if he inlerruptod Burleson 
again lie, Smith, would break his jaw. The atmosphere svas getting warm- 
er in t.lie Squire's ollice all the time until finally the candle wa.< blown out. 
the Squire went under the bed and the plaiutilV's party was routed and the 
case of the United States vs. Montgomery was never brought up again. 
Tliis was tlje second huv suit held in >La(iuoketa N'alley. 

A. H. Wilson say.s the first .settlers of the Maquoketa ^'alloy experiencocl 
gieat diniculfy in getting plows tfiat would scour in ttn^ black loam of the 
MiKjuoketa Valley. In 1840, he and Mr. Jascn I'anghorn went lo Duhuqur 
and found a man making plows that they thought, would work all riglil in 

■ 49 

the vallej. They bought one for a model and came home and svent to manu- 
facturing plows, Wilson doing the wood work and Pangborn the ironing. 
The plows worked to perfection and Mr. Wilson says there was never greater 
cause for rejoicing than when they turned out the first plow that would 
scour in the rich bottom of tlie Maquoketa. 

(Written by J. W. Ellis, August UAh, 1904.) 

/ Anson H. Wilson, the oldest pioneer of the Maquoketa Valley, who came 
here of his own accord, was in town today, looking hale and hearty for a 
man of 89 years. Mr. Wilson remarKed: Tt is 65 years ago tonigiit since I 
slept in the wildest bed T ever saw. It was in the then new capitol of Iowa 
Territory, at Iowa City. I had tlie honor of holding an end gate to a wagon 
for Governor Lucas to write his proclamation on, announcing terms of sale 
of lots in the new capital. There was no table convenient so I took the end 
gate of a wagon and resting one end on the wagon 1 held the other while 
the Governor wrote with a red lead pencil. Colonel Thomas Cox and J. G. 
McDonald, of Jackson County, were surveying the new town site at the 
time. 1 started for Iowa City on foot, on the llth of August, 1839, reach- 
ing my destination on the 16th. Thel first day I got to the Wapise, after 
dark, at a point opposite the present site of Massilon. There was a cabin 
on the opposite side of the river, but the river was up and I was afraid to 
try to swim over in the dark, so I put up for the night on the body of a 
fallen tree, and nest morning swam over, got my breakfast and a lunch to 
take along. My next stop was at a cabin at Onion Grove. The family had 
been there only two weeks and had not completed their cabin. It was witli- 
out floor or window, but I was lieartily welcomed to such fare as they had. 
My next stop was at a cabin at Oak Grove, eighteen miles from Onion 
Grove, where a man by the nanae of Dallas lived. He had got quite a start 
and liad cows, milk, butter and potatoes, and here I got my first drink of 
buttermilk in the Territory of Iowa. I went from tliere to Washington 
Ferry on Cedar river, found the skow on tlie other side and the ferry pjan 
shaking wnth the ague, so I could get no help to cross from him. While I 
waited, a man came along with a team that wanted to get across. We con- 
cluded to make his wagon answer the purpose of a- boat. We tied the box 
to the running gears and swam the team across, then I went, on to within 
five miles of Jowa City, and stopped with two boys who had been there but a 
short time and had a very small cabin only partly built. I spent the night 
with them, partaking of such fare as they had and next morning coinpleted 
my journey, arriving at my destination about 10 a. m. 

Tiie father of John P. Irish liad made arrangements to taku care of the 
people who came and he fed them well for so new a country. A bed had 
been provided by sewing togetlier a good many cotton ticks and a holster 
stulled w ith prairie liay. The full length of the bed answered for a pillow. 
The quilts were fastened together and reached the lull length or width of 
the bed. Nails were driven irjto the wall to hang clothes on, and each one 
hung his clothes on at, the place where he crawled into bed. (a) slept in l!ns 
woiulerful bed, others sl', in wagon and some stayed uj* r.nd played cards 
all night. a 

1 did not meet a person on the route to the new capital, and the man I 
crossed Cedar river with, was the only human being I saw enroute except 
tliose at the live-mile cabin above referred to. There was not a bridge, and the 
on)}' ferries on the route were an old scow on the Cedar and an old basswood 
log used for a ferry at tne Wapsie. Walking was bad and twenty-four 
hours of the time while going I had but one meal, and that was sweetened 
water and corn aieal. The settlers on the route were very hospitable and 
gave me som.ething to take along, but 1 could not well carry mush and 
sweetened water. 

Mr. Wilson has lived on the same farm since 1839, is tall and straight as 
an Indian and has been an active business u^an all his life. Coming to this 
country in 1S39 a full grown man svith more than average skill and ability 
and with a w^onderful memory. He knows more of the early days of Iowa ' 
than any other man living. He receives marked attention wlien he comes 
to town dressed in the style of 60 years ago and wearing coat and vest but- 
tons that he bought in 1842. Uncle Ans. will be greatly missed when he is 

Capt. W. L. Clark Earliest Pioneer. 

Mr. James Ellis, Curator of the Jackson County Historical Society. 
Dear Sir: 

I see by an account in the Sabula Gazette of tlie death recently of Jo- 
seph McElroy, who came there in 1837. The Gazette claimed Mr. McElroy 
was at the time of his death the earliest pioneer of the State. The Gazette 
corrects itself by stating that Ramey Kindred informed the Gazette he came 
to Iowa as a babe, Oct. 10. 1835, evidently the (iazette should correct itself 
again, the woods are full of those who came here in 1S37. Charles Burle.son 
of Nashville, F. V. Burleson of Buckhorti, and their brother Wm., Jotely 
moved to California, came here the spring of lb:37. Captain W. L. Clark of 
Buffalo, Iowa, came there when a voung man with his fatlier in 1S33 and 
still resides on the claim his father took near where Buflalo is, over seventy- 
two years ago. Capt. W. L. Clark as a young boy came with his father's 
family to Rock Island in 1823, when there was no other whiles there except 
soldiers and George Davenport tlie Indian trader, afterwardr. called Col. 
Davenport and killed at his home on the island July 7tli 1^45. For proof of 
this I refer you to Capt. Clark of Buffalo, who yet lives, or did six months 
ago and I am sure ho yet does as I am a daily reader of the nav(u->port Dem- 
ocrat and surely would have noticed the deatii of so prominent a pioneer. 
For furtfier proof the Democrat has on file ment ion of him in its souvenir 
edition of Oct. 22, 1005, also in an issue of the Democrat of 1004 (have for- 
gotlen the date) an address ol W. L. Clark, delivered before some club at 
Andalusia near Rock Island in which is an extended a(;count of the Clark 
family and early history of that count ry. Tiie Democrat aNn has a cut of 
Capt. W. L. ('lark. Got, any earlier hunt "em ' up. 

Yours truly, V.\ r M I W TTc K n< ''-IN. 


The Country's Territorial Pioneers. Shadarac Burleson 
and Some of the Incidents in His Life. 

(Written by Farmer Buckliorn for ths Jacksou Oounty Historical Society.) 

Forty years ago no raao in Jackson County, we venture to say, was bet- 
ter or more widely known than S. Burleson, who came here in an early day 
• and for many years entertained the traveling public and took an active part 
in public affairs. He was born in Vermont, Sept. 19, 1805, and when about 
eighteen years old went to Waterford, j^. Y., where for several years he ran a 
packet on tl]e Erie canal. He married Miss Eunice Houghtoti. of Waterford, 
N. Y., in 1824. In 1836, he came west with the lead mines of Galena as his 
prospective destination. After wintering in Galena, he concluded to come 
to the Maquoketa Valley country with liis family and settle. He arrived 
April Gth, 1837, at what is now section 20, South Fork Township, Jackson 
County, Iowa, then an unsurveyed, unnamed part of Dubuque county, Ter- 
ritory of Wisconsin. There he staked a claim and built a log cabin about 
ten rods west of where the Maquoketa and Auamosa road crosses the creek, 
known on the oiap as Pumpkin Run and on the north side of the present 
road and about where the east end of the present house owned by John 
Allison is situated in southwest quarter of the southwest quarter of said 
section 20, of South Fork Township. 

Mr. Burleson was a remarkable man in many respects. Of more than 
the ordinary intelligence, shrewd, logical, forceful and resourceful, with a 
strong will and a clearly marked personality. Though the township was 
surveyed by Col. Thomas Cox and Jolin G. McDonald soon after Mr. Bur- 
leson cauie hei-e, the land was not otlercd for sale by the government until 
1845, therefore it was eight years after Mr. Burleson settled here before the 
government had any knowledge in law of any settlers' rights or any settlers 
had any scratch of a pen from the government to protect himself in any 
land property rights, though by this time this part of Jackson County had 
nearly as large"a rural population as at present, 1906. 

Much of the laud v/as already improved and m;.riy claims had changed 
hatids l.)ofore the land was ofVered for sale at auction by the general govern- 
ment. The man who over bid the settler had a le^al right to the premises, 
but in this case there was a liighcr law than civil law and is the divine law 
of the rights of man. Self preservation is the first law of nature and to pre- 
serve their rights of possession the settlers became a law unto themselves 
for t;he protection of each other in the peaceable possession of their claims, 
with the understanding tliat when the land camo inio market the settlors 
bid of $1.25 per acre (I lie ujinimuDi price) should liold liis claim and woo be 

to the man who was fool hardy enough to bid over him. It will be seen it 
was the settlers only show to get justice for himself when pitted against 
the speculator, who wis wilhng to iovest money in the settlers improve- 
ments, leaviing hira witliout recourse, being largely in fact, a tresspasser 
on government land. ^Moral law is the law on wnich civil Jaw should be 
built. We and Mr. Burleson was a leader in the enforcement of that law 
of human rights, that was no more, no less than the golden rule made man 
ifest by force. It can hardly be comprehended, that no man in Iowa had 
any legal right to the land he occupied, improved and often bartered his 
squatter's claim until only one year before Iowa became a state. But such 
is history. 1845 found Iowa with a population of about 650,000 .with all the 
mashiuery of a territorial government in force, towns and country rapidly liH- 
iug up and al! resting on what? So far as this part of Iowa was concerned, 
at least resMng upon the settlers claim Jaw that atlordeu the poor man the 
same justice as the rich and protection in bis hand so long as he occupied 
and made use of it. It might be well if it was still in force. There would 
be no idle land waiting for some other man's energy to double some specu- 
lator's principal. 

As early as 1838 we find S. Burleson identfied with the government 
affairs of Jackson County, then Dubuque County. He was one otthe grand 
jury of the lirst district court of this county held after the country became 
Iowa territory, said court being held at Beilevue, beginning June ISth, 
3838. The first election in what was then known as the sixth precinct, was 
held at Mr. Burleson's house, he being one of the judges, Jonas Clark and 
Wm. Phillips being the other two. 

As was the case with most of the pioneers, Mr. Burleson came here poor 
and for the lirst year, at least, was compelled to live almost entirely by the 
chase, as there could not possibly have been any grain of any kind in many 
miles of here when he first came. The three Pence brothers came in the 
spring before Burleson (18.30) and broke forty acres, but raised no crops 
that year, as they svent back to Henderson County, UK, after their families 
and did not coaae back until the spring Burleson came, 1831. Several fam- 
ilies came in a few miles west of here in 183(>, but too late in tne season 
to have raised anythinj^. No one was in the whole south prairie country 
until you got well toward Davenport. No one was east of here in 1S37 for 
many miles, exc'^pt three or four families north of the Maquoketa river in 
the timber. Therefore it will be seen there was not much need of a grist mill 
ih this part of Jackson county in 1837. 

After 1837 settlers began to come into the country rapidly and stake 
claims and build their log houses and by 18iO considerable crop.s btgan to 
bo raised so that Burleson and others could have a grist ground by going to 
Dubuque or Galena and could exchange pork— if they had any, for from one 
to two dollars per cwt., and take their nay in trade. At one lime before 
the days of l)ogs in thi.s country, I'.urleson bought a barrel of pork al (la- 
Kria and brought it home on his sled thinking hl.s familv would have a greai 
treat only to lind upon opening it that the meal was spoih-d and could not 
be eaten. It was about that time Mr. Ihirleson itad one of his wild spells 
<jf profanity and without waiting for another day he lolled MiaL barrel of 

pork outo his sled and headed his oxen for Galena over fifty miles away to 
trade pork. There is no question wliatever, but the man who sold the pork 
knew when Mr. Burleson got back to Galena. 

During the years following his settlement, Mr. Burleson took an active 
part in tlie country's development. The lirst school house in South Fork 
township was built on his land and by his help, and so was the present stone 
school house. lie held the offices of school director, road supervisor and 
justice of the peace. He was one of the party of government surveyors, who 
surveyed Biack HawK county. About 1855 he buiJt a large frame basement 
barn, about 40x60, and the large frame house still occupied by his son Frank, 
and opened what for so many years was known as "Buckhcrn Tavern." In 
those da3s there was no railroad in tlils part of the country and none in the 
far west and this being the main road traveled by those bound for Pike's 
Peak and California and to settle the west, made the overland travel a 
steady, unbroken stream for years, and made the name of Shade Burleson 
and the Buckhorn Tavern familiar in many states, for Burleson was a man 
wlio made an impression on every man who had anything to do vrith him. 
He was unmistakably the head of Buckhorn so far as his business and family 
were concerned and was recognized as such so long as he lived. His advice 
and council carried weight with his grown up family and all of those around 
him. Even many of those outside of his household— some of them his ene- 
mies— u^-^ed to go to Shade Burleson for council and advice and it was freely 
given and wholly sound, for his business qualities were unsurpassed by any 
in this neighborhood. He was a first-class farmer and always abreast of the 
times and was about the lirst man to make use of modern improvements in 
farm machinery and breeds of hogs and cattle. 

His tavern stand was a great help to him tinancially, but its door never 
shut in the face of a man without money. He was fed and slept and sent 
on his way. No neighbor ever came to Burleson, to my knowledge, to bor- 
row anything or ask a favor and was refused. He was a good conversation- 
alist and a great story teller and yet, Mr. Burleson, apparently, had more 
enemies than any other man in this part of the country. He was a Jaw unto 
himself, as it were, and followed his own council and expected every man to 
return unto Burleson that which ^vas Burleson's, and any infringement on 
v.'hat he believed was his rights met with a decided opposition from him. 
To make clear the nature of Mr. Burleson in this respect, we will state that 
lie liad a neighbor vvho persisted in letting his ho^^s run in Shade Burleson's 
corn, Mr. Burleson romonstruted, but the neiglibot was too careless to heed 
the remonstrance, so Mr. Burleson took his rifle and shot several of tliern 
wthout making any ado about it. To further illustrate his decisive nature, 
(which was the source of much of (he enmity toward him) wlicn he built 
his tavern stand, he employed one Wagoner with several workmen, who. we 
suppose, like a good many worJ:iiien, put in a good deal of time kiJlin^T 
time. A man hy the name of Mills came along and wanted a few days car- 
penter work. BurJeson put him to work and soon s'lw liiat he did about as 
much as all the rest and Burleson Ihnn nnd theri.; di.schar^ed r.ll except 
Mills and let him finish the job. He simply thouglit they v.'crc not r'^'^^K 
hiui what ho was entitled to and t honj'li h( !nip,l)t not h:i ve cured a eor.tini nl- 

''■V, I 

al for the actual money loss, he would not tolerate the supposed imposition, 
no matter how much the work was delayed. 

When Mr. Burleson was in the prime of life and the •'Ruckhorn Tavern'" 
was in the hey day of its glory, the bar room, or rather what raieht be more 
appropriately called the assembly room (as Mr. Burleson never kept a bar), 
was quite a resort for those who caaie to spend an idle hour and take part 
in spinning the yarns that were a part of the settlers' social stock in trade 
of tliose days. As a rule, when the dinner hour came, Mr. Burleson would 
extend an invitation to all to come to the dining room for dinner. The man 
who came to loaf received as hearty an invitation to come to his table as 
the traveler guest who expected to pay his bill.. This trait of S. Burleson's 
character did not always tind a willing response in tlje cooks, who once or 
twice tried to rebell against his generosity, but he told them he paid for 
what svent onto the table and he expected it cooked for whoever he saw tit 
to have sit at his table and any one who was at his place when meals were 
ready was welcome to eat. 

My recollection of Mr. Burleson is that he never leaned toward any reli- 
gious creed, in fact was somewhat of an agnostic, believing that the great 
mystery was as open to one man as another and that no man had any knowl- 
edge of the future life and that the Bible was not the direct spoken word 
of the Almighty to man, but the written genealogy of the human race and 
recorded moral laws that were promulgated by tlie wisest men of the world's 
earliest known history. Notwithstnding that, we have no knowledge of liis 
ever laying a straw in the way of those who were workng to extend the 
cause of religion and several times liberally responded to the soliciting of 
donations for church building and work, thouirh he would more readily have 
given for educational purposes, believing educatoin more of a civilizing 
force than religion. 

When a boy, we did not have any too good opinion of Mr. Burleson, large- 
ly on account of the influence of the expressed opinion of others, wlio on 
account of some real or imaginary faults of his, took particular pains tu 
speak ill of him out of his hearing. But after coming to man's estate and 
judging men by the visible evidence of what they accomplished and weighing 
them by the scale of justice with the good in one balance and the ill in the 
other, we come to liavc a bc'ttcr opinion of Shade Burleson than we have cf 
the average man. 

On account of his prominence as a pioneer settler and landlord and his 
strong will and peculiarly clear cut personality, we have often wanted to write 
of him as we understood him by the evidence of over thirty years acquaint- 
ance as a near neighbor. We have alJ?Hdy given in part our reason for no*^ 
liking liira any too well as a boy, the remaining reason is a story by itself. 
Butj as paper is cheap and my pencil is long to illustrate Mr. Burleson's 
ability to judge himself we v/ill tell that story. At that tunc there wcn^ 
perhaps a score of boys from eight to fourteen years of age in the Buckhorn 
region and no swimming hole .short of the river over a mile from the .scr»0"l 
tiouse. Vp stream from Mr. Burleson's land there were higli banks to the 
creek and the boys coticludrd by damming the creek a short order duck could 
be had at any hour of the day. A ft er a good deal of Iku'1 work, carryitig 

stones and cutting rods, a good stroug dam was constructed that when full 
would afYord water neck deep to a man for a short way above he dam and 
euougii slack water to make mighty good swimming for goslings such as we. 
For twenty rods up stream in those days Mr. Burleson and others depended 
upon the streams flow for stock water. When the water failed to come 
down for a day or such a matter, Mr. Burleson began to think of looking 
up the source of the drought. He and several who haopened to be staying 
around the tavern, among whona we believe were Bill Deniston and John 
Crane, took spades and started for that dam. The water had risen to 
witiiin several inches of the top and the water looked so inviting, as it was 
a warm day, that the younger men could not resist taking a plunge before 
they drained the pond. Mr. Burleson was fond of sport himself and a great 
atheJete and after watching the others a minute or so threw off his clothes 
and sought the cooling waters, after which tlie dam was destroyed and the 
thirsty stock below reveled in the waters that came down— not at "Ladore", 
but from the boys' hoped for swimming hole. 

To the writer of this, who was watching from afar It looked to the boy 
as a rank injustice and a flagrant violation of the rights of boys and the 
thougljt was leaven to his rising indignation and after the party of men 
had returned to the bar room of the hotel, the boy * 'bearded the lion in his 
den and Douglas in his haJl" and standing in the middle of the room and 
with a force that would have done credit to Patrick Henry and in language 
that would do credit to no one", addressed Mr. Burleson on the rights and 
feelings of boys and explained to him though the boys knew the creek was 
gettng a little dry below, that in a few hours more tliere would be water to 
spare, and he considered it an unwarranted invasion of boyhood land for a 
lot of grown up men to usurp the longed for pleasures of the boys by taking 
a swim themselves and then blasting the fond hopes of ttie juveniles by des- 
troying the dam. In the boy's mind, there was uppermost the thought of 
a great injustice done him and his pals and in his voice only scorn and con- 
demnation for those whom he was judging. He addressed all his iaiigcage to 
Mr. Burleson, as though he considered he was the only one of the party of 
whom he expected fairer treatment. Though the boy's language, sm.artiug 
under the supposed wrong was scathing, mean and insulting, Mr. Burleson 
said not a word, but sat stroking his beard as was customary with him 
wlien in tiiought and seemed to be taking no note of what the boy was say- 
ing— but he was. He was weighing the matter in his mind according to the 
way he knew the boy felt about it and leaving the thirsty stocK out of con- 
sideration. The boy thought he was only ignoring lum and after abusing 
him roundly v/alked out of the room. Perhaps Mr. Burleson would not havo 
taken one-tenth of the abuse from any man and he knew well enough he 
could have sweet revenge on the boy by telling his father of the language 
used to the man; knew tiiere would soon be a tannery started that would 
take every hair- off the boy's hide. Well lie did not tell liirn and we have 
thouglit, since we came to man's est ate, tliat lie more than half admired a 
boy who would stand before him and judge him according to the hny's idea 
of the ju:jtico in the casc^ and condemn him in such scaUiing language. 


There is no 'doubt with us now but what the boy would have had a 
strong friend in ''TTucle Shade" if lie had used sense enough to have Jeft 
the trail then instead of leading many of an invasion against Mr. Burleson's 
best apples and perpetrating various little tricks to annoy him just to 
"make good" and thereby increasing his disgust for the ways of boys in 
general and this one in particular. After tiie passing of the years and one 
was man grown and the otlier man grown gray, they were walking side by 
side, cnatting about the day's affairs of life, Mr. Burleson with his hands 
behind his back and little stooped forward as was often his wont, all at 
once he left the subject and remarked, "well you seem to have made a pret- 
ty fair sort of a man, but you was the damndest, meanest boy J ever saw." 

In tfie days of other years when the Buckhorn tavern was in its glory 
and dancing was a very popular form of amusement nearly everywhere, all- 
the length and half the width of the upper story of the main part of Burle- 
son's tavern stand was a ball room and sevej'al times during eacli season 
there would be a wide awake ball at Buckhorn. Burleson always took ex- 
tra pains on these occasions to cater to the comfort and joy of his puests. 
There were plenty of hostlers and stable room with mangers tilled with hay; 
on the tables a *'horn of plenty" and in the ball room the best string band 
the country afforded and a hurrying of feet, and in the bar room cards and 
checkers and many a well spun story. The popularity of Burleson's balls 
used to bring many from as far away as DeWitt and Andrew and sometimes 
from Bellevue and there are plenty from Maine to California and Dakota to 
Texas, who are now grown old, who have tripped the light fantastic at the 
old Buckhorn tavern, while S. Burleson was the landlord and we do not be- 
lieve there are any who have any "kick" at the way they were treated by 
the Burlesons. 

Burleson always was a vrarm friend of Nathaniel Buttcrworth, who kept 
the Butterworth House at Andrew, svhich might he wondered at if Burle- 
son hadn't iiave been Buileson and Butterworth hadn't have been But- 
terworth. For tlirough the heat of the rebellion, Burleson was the strongest 
kind of an abolition republican and Butterworth was just the opposite, so 
much so that once when some one went into the store of an abolition lire 
beater at Andrew and asked "what is butter worth" lie got the reply "ht 

is a d ed old copperhead. " When there svas a ball at Butterworlh's some 

of Burleson's young folks were sure to go to Butter worMi's ball. As we are 
not writing Andrew history we will rfeturji to Buckhorn and follow still 
further the characteristic of and tije events in the life of I^uckhoru's wid- 
est known citizen, best liked by his friends and most disliked by his ene- 

What gave the name of Buckhorn to this Utile cluster of houses w;is the 
sign of Burleson's tavern, which was a cedar post about twelve feet high 
liternlly covered witl) the antlers of tiic deer Burleson hnd kilkd in previ- 
ous days, when much of hin living depended upon his lire, and what made 
I'Uckhorn famous and far known in other days was the I'.uckhoru ta\crn 
and Shade Burleson himself, who w;is ever ready to graiil a favor to UiO>e 
who askijd nnd stanrl up for h's own rig^)l^ and those whuin he believed in 

under any and all circurastances, and just as releutJessly follo'.v those v.hom 
he believed was trying to SYionc? him. 

Sometime in the fall of 1805 or there abouts, when his large barn was full 
to overflowing v.'ith hay, grain and farming machinery, it was set afire, 
about seven o'clock or half past in the evening where a clapboard was loose 
on the side hid from sight of the house and burned to the ground. (A barn 
built by him on the same foundation was also burned by accident since S. 
Burleson died and his son Frank came into possession.) A man by tiie name 
of Eowley Waight, who in after years became an uncle of the writer by mar- 
riage, was known to have an ill will against S. Burleson and who took no 
pains to conceal it, was arrested as the most likely person to iiave committed 
the crime. There was claimed to have been some other circuaistantial evi- 
ence against him, among the rest the fact that he was gone from home 
an hour or so at the time the barn was tired and could not account for his 
absence only by tlie statement of himself and family that he was at the 
creek after a barrel of water, having to haul their water from about half a 
mile from the house. On account of lack of sufficient evidence to convict 
and the help of Lefflngwell, one of the best, if not the very best criminal 
lawyer, in the state, who later became judge of the courts of Clinton County. 
Waight was cleared, but it broke him up financially and compelled him to 
sell one of the best farms in this secf ion, the one now occupied by August 
Luett. It was a stubborn legal contest, as it might be expected to have 
been with the interest of such a man as Shadvach Burleson supported by 
such a lawyer as Darling on the one side and a clients case defended by 
such 'a man as Judge Lefflngwell on the other side. At the ..same time, it 
was being tried and retried in the neighborl}ood where the crime was com- 
mitted and Burleson and Waight each came in for their share of condemna- 
tion or exoneration with the bulk of the sympathy in favor of Waight. In 
this narrative sve are neither jud^e nor jury, only stenographer recording 
known history and opinion of early settlers for and against S. Burleson. It 
was the belief of many of this neighborhood tliat a certain woman, wlio 
aspired to the affections of one of tlie Burleson family and was then there, and 
whose passion was unrequitted, burned the barn out of revenge. But as be- 
lief is not proof and Waight was acquitted, the burning is still unsolved. 

As Burleson was such a leaditjg spirit, in much of the liistory of this 
country, we have often wanted to write him up. as v.e and otheis have un- 
derstood him, but have been a little loath to undertake it, as some of it is 
bound to co[\nict with the opinion of others and mucli that has already 
been written on matter that implicates him it)directly. Shade Burleson 
was undoubtedly a m:in of great courage or he never would have undertaken 
to have settled tlie W. W. Brown estate; being known as it was that he, 
like many of .Jackson County's best citizens, did not believe Brown was all 
or any where near what Cox and his friends painted liirn, and he, like such 
mfcn as Ancc Wilson, Wm, Current, J. K. Goodenow, Nathaniel lUitter- 
worth arxl in fact many of the leading men of ihis, as well as other parl.s of 
Jackson County, refused to go to help drive }n<)wn out of the country. For 
all of that, after Brown was killed it was ab(»ut all a iiiau's life was worth 
to sLiy a word in defence of .Brown or agahist the manner of disposing' of 

hiai and the hardest thing S. Burleson ever got up against vsas when he 
became the administrator of Brown's estate. The animosity that his con- 
nection with the settling of that estate, caused rumors to be circulated by 
those with whom he had to deal that he was a Brown sympathizer (which 
he was to a certain extent) and in league with murderers, horse thieves and 
counterfeiters, which uas not slow to be more tlian half believed by many 
in this country, who were not strictly friendly to Mr. Burleson. The replies 
of Wm. Warren, "a pioneer" and of an anonymous writer to "old settlers'' 
account of the Bellevue tragedy, which have become recorded history in tlie 
Jackson history publisihed in 1879, so clearly fixed the belief tliat Shade Bur- 
leson was the old settler to whom they referred that it lent strengili to 
tliose earlier rumors circulated at the time Burleson was administnUor of 
Brown's estate. The belief is still in the minds of men, as is evident by 
remarks one may some time hear since the Jacl-'son County Historicai Socie- 
ty, tnrough James Ellis, Harvey Reid and ottiers caused the remains of Col 
Tiiomas Cox to be exhumed and with honor and ceremony laid to rest again 
in Mount Hope cemetery at MaquoKeta, all of which was the proper thing 
to do, as Thomas Cox was a pioneer of five territories and very prominent 
in the early affairs of Jackson County and the territory of what is now Iowa, 
but if there is anything in recorded history and the tradition of men. Cox, 
as an angel, was not completely feathered out. We svould not give to 
Shade Burleson all the honors that have been showered upon Thomas Cox 
lor we do not thjnk he was entitled to it. or Cox either, but we would like 
to see all people have what is their due. The historian who undertakes to 
give it them and write history as history is made, must contract for liis so- 
cial and political shroud and stand with pen in one hand and sword in ihe 
otiier. As heretofore intimated, we hate to touch some matters of history 
that will become necessary in clearing Shade' Burleson from some of the 
stigoia that has been cast upon him by the charges made against him by t!ir 
Cox following. And we have no svrord. though perhaps we may be able lo 
borrow the one Calvin Teeple used at the hanging of Jackson for the mur- 
der of Perkins. In order not to let this narri^rive seem mystical we will have 
to tell about that sword before we can "pioneer" as tlic anonymous writ- 
ter before mentoned said "go back and settJe up the Brown estate." 

Wiien the territorial militia was organized in 1839 and Henry Mallnrd 
was commissioned captain by Gov. Lucas, Calvin Teeple was commitjsoned 
First Lieutenant. When Jackson was to be ?iuiig by Sherill W. A. Warren, 
Mallard's compajiy was called out as guard. Lieutenant Tqeple, to im- 
press the importance of liis oOicial position tupon the world at large and An- 
drew especially and his troop, borrowed of aa old veteran of the war of 
1812-14 what was perhaps then tiie only swotd in Iowa t<:rrilory and receiv- 
ed instructions from him as iiow to make a few passes and sword thrusts that 
would be very "fctchir.g" in the eyes of the civilians in general, und his 
company in particu'ar. Upon arrival at Andrew, ('npiain Mallard .slcp|x?d 
in to irrigate his droutl"! and njion coming out .saw Teeple with his com- 
pany drawn up in line and going through his manual ot arms. Captain Mal- 
lard watched him a moment and seemingly concluding it would not do lo 
let a lieutenant dim the luster of the captain by thus carving out chunks of 


glory to be woven into garlands lor some futijre hall of fame, approacLeci 
Teeple with all the dignity of a superior ofiBcer and said: "Lieutenant 
Teeple give me that sword," to which, without so much as a military salute 
or a cessation in the manual of arms, tlie valiant lieutenant replied "go to 
hell and get your own sword." This story of the sword only illustrates how 
little the pioneers cared for military discipline and has led us away from 
the subject of Cox and Brown and the Bellevue war and the connection 
IShade Burleson had with It in the selling of the W. \V. Brown estate. To 
show what the feeling was (of the Warren and Cox party and their friends 
which still lives in their descendants) toward those who had faith in Brown as 
a useful citizen of Jackson County, we will mention what Nathaniel Butter- 
worth, Jr., recently told us, he being a boy at that time and remembering 
the circumstances connected therewith. (As we have before stated Na- 
thaniel Butterworth, Sr., as did such men as J, E. Goodeuo'^^, Ance VTilsou, 
Wm. Current, VVm. Morden, Shade Burleson, Calvin Teeple and many others 
refused to go with Col. Cox and others to drive Brown out oi the country. ) 
J. E. Goodenow said to them "What do I want to lielp drive Brown out of 
the country for? He is the best man lor the country there is in it. Any 
man who needs help can get it from Brown. He will trust any man." 
These men might have been laboring under a delusion, but any man who 
knew them will not accuse them of being in sympathy with criminals, (es- 
pecially such men as J. E. Goodenow). But to get back to Butterworth's 
story, after the tragical April 1, 1840. when Brown and several ethers were 
killed and still others, who were taken prisoners, whipped and ordered out 
of the country never to return on pain of death by the Warren and Cox 
posse, or mob as you see lit to call it. A part of his heroes (as W. A. War- 
ren called them in his defense of the method of taking off of Brcv.u) among 
whom was Col. Cox himself stopped in front of Butterworth's on their re- 
turn from Bellevue and called Butterworth out and producing a jug of 
whiskey ordered Butterworth to drink. Not caring to arouse their ill feel- 
ings he complied, whereupon some one of the party said, not Cox, he was 
in the bottom of the wagon bed too drunk to sr.iy anything: "Butterworth, 
tlie linger of suspicion is pointing at you and if you do not carry Noursell 
mighty straight, wu will" indicating wliat they would do by a move of the 
hand as though circhng his neck witli a rope. This will show wliat Shade 
Burleson undertook when he administered on W. W. Brown's estate, being 
as he was one of tiiose wlio were friends of Brown. It also will show some- 
tliing of tije character and nerve of tlie man who v.ould undertake it, inasmuch 
as it became necessary for him to commence action against several of the Cos 
party for money owctl by tlicm to W. W. lirown. Some say "why lesurrcct 
those tilings that happened fa) long ago, wlien the parties are all dead and 
the events nearly forgotten." '^Phere can be no resurrection of the events 
for (hey are still a live issue and while mucli (»f .tlie recorded history is very 
much inclined to make heroes of Brown's slayers, it causes a stigma upouthosft 
past and present, wiio have tjecn, or are now, skept ical and in writing npthe 
bi()gr;iphy of our old ncighl)or Shade Burleson, we caniK»l avoid touching 
upon the subject of the Jielievue uar. We have before staled tlial in writing 
this nariMiive we vveie neither judge or juiy, only stenographer, but we 

snA])rvA(;ii Drrvi.KSDx. 



must also to some extent be Burleson's attorney in a way, to defend liim as 
the "Old Settler" from the attacks made upon him by W. A. Warren and 
the "anonymous writer" in the 1879 history of Jackson county. In our de- 
fense we will mostly use the account of the Bellevue war and events con- 
nected tiierewith as found in said 1ST9 history. All, nearly, with the ex- 
ception of old Settlers" letter, (which you will lind tucked away in an ob- 
scure place in print, nearly to fine to read, and the letter written by the 
anonymous writer) was either the word for word writing of \V. A. Warren 
or taken from his writing by the compilers— and is so stated by the publish- 
ers. In order to make our case clear we will have to quote from said history 
and will commence with old settler's letter of Sept. Gth, to the Maquoketa 

"I saw in one of your papers that a company was fretting up the 
early history of Jackson county, if there is anything to be said about the 
Bellevue tragedy or war that happened in the early days of the county, I 
wish it to come before the people in its true light.. 

"I came to this country in April, 1837, the same summer, one Thomas 
Cox, had a contract to survey the county and as he was a great friend of 
Monongahela svhisky, he procured a barrel for his outiit. His boss surveyor 
Was a man named McDonald. Cox kept camp and entertained the callers 
while the others done the surveying, so he became acquainted with nearly 
every one in the country and when we organized into Iowa territory Cox 
represented this county in the legislature, but never lost sight of his friend, 
Monongahela. The people, however, began to think they had better not 
trust him with so responsible a position any longer. Cox saw unless some- 
thing was done he must go down and that William l^iown of Bellevue was 
bound to be the coming man of the county. This Brown was an off hand 
business man, he bought property on credit and turned it so as to make 
money with every change. He bought a hotel of Peter Dutell and ran it him- 
self. He also had a dry goods store, all bought on creidt no man or beast 
went away from his door hungry, money or no mone}. he trusted every body 
and was just the man for the country. Tlie lionest and industrious part of 
the community thought Brown was doing more for the country than any 
man in it. 

"Cox, however, became politically jealous of Brown and raised a mob to 
drive Brown out of the country or kill him. To excite the mob, Cox told his 
friends, Brown was gett ing rich too fast to get it iionestly and that he 
thought there was a {:;ang of liorse thieves and counterfeiters at Brown's and 
he proposed driving 1 hem out of tbu country, so svith tlie aid of the Monon- 
gahela whislvcy, he got, ins friends to>jethcr at Belltn-ue and ordered l^rcwu 
to surrender or leave the country. ]%rown told the comimttee he would nut 
surrender to a mob, but would meet, them before any tribunal tliey uii^'ht 
name at any place or time and abide the decision.. Tiie mob was very drunk, 
yet tlicy passed tiie whiskey around and then swore Ihey would have blood. 
As every man in the crowd owed J;rown more or loss for clolhing and llvinj^ 
and being cr;i7.ed with liquor and ple;ised with getting rid of paying thvMr 
debts they proceeded at once in pulling into ellcct their murdeiou.-; Intoot . 
1 do not remember 1 he number, but tliink \rom scvoii to rnnr wtrc kilUxJ, 

several more wounded, five or six whipped and ordered to leave the country. 
Wm. Fox was one of the number whipped. Soon after I met Fox and he 
swore he never would do another day's work while he lived, but would rob. 
D'juider or steal for a living. Tiiey had ruined his character and the sooner 
he was dead the better it would be for him. Brown's friends in Belle vuc 
and throughout the country, were the industrious part of tiie community, 
while Cox's friends were those who minded everybody's business but their 

We thought in those days the sheriff was not quite as strict in perform- 
ing his duties as be should have been and endeavored to please everyone he 
met, women not excepted— although he was a pretty clever fello^v." 


The sheriff and others have said that Old Settler was quite a hand to try 
to please the woman too—and chased after tlicm a great deal, but as we never 
heard of one cornplairjing of him, we take it as evidence that he never chased 
the poor dears very far. Old Settler's charge is pret ty strong against the men 
led by Cox and Warren and too sweeping, seemingly, to be accepted in to-to 
but is no more so than W. A. Warren's reply to it in which he charges that 
Old Settler was a member of Brown's gang and a sympathizer with murder- 
ers, horse thieves nad counterfeiters, and intimates lie was one of tlie party 
wiio murdered Col. (leo. Davenport at his home on Rock Island the night 
of July 4th, 1845. True, Warren does not give cut anything to positively 
tix the identity of Old Settler (as one would expect him to do if lie could 
prove what he charges), but the letter following U^arren's, in the Jackson 
County History of 1879, and written by one who signs "Pioneer", does fix 
it on S. Burleson by alluding to Old Settler as IBrown's administrator, al- 
though Warren and Pioneer make pretty serious charges against Old Settler, 
they both fail to point out where the proof can be found as to their charges 
of Old Settler's criminal record. Is there any proof for any of Old Settler's 
cliargcs against Col. Cox or his co-operators? or any justitication for the 
faitii so many of the pioneers had in Brown as a man and useful citizen? 
Those pioneers, we mean, among them such men as J. K. Goodenow and 
Ance Wilson, the latter who yet lives at 90 years of age this coming May. 
the 5th, 190G, and, who. according to Wm. Cu-rrent's, (his nephew) state- 
ment to me, remarked no longer ago than a year tliat according to his abil- 
ity to judge men. \V. \V. Brown as a man stood liead and shoulders alvDve 
Thomas Cox. Is there any proof that Cox was an inteniperate man and 
politically- jealous of W. W. Ih'own, as Old Settler charges him with having 
been, if there is sve can find it on page 3(51 of the 1S"9 history of Jackson 
County, in the article titled "A Shcrill Foiled," and mentions a caucus 
held about six months and a half after Jackson County vvns organized The 
article in part refers to a span of horses stolen and claimed by a man named 
Jenkins, who described them to Sheriff Warren's satisfaction and uained 
posssession. We quote from the account of the caucus, which was furnished 
by Warren Inmself : "'About ten days after lite departure of Jenkins a c.iu- 
cus was held for tiie nomination of a democratic candidate for the Irgi'^^niure 
and Col. Thoujas Cox, who was the democratic of Jackson Connlv, 
was aprurent'y the only man lalki d of. The h Jiot ing was re>;ar(l«»d asa mi»rc 


formality, wheo to the araazement of Cox and his supporters Brown was de- 
clared nominated by a vote of two to one. Cox was a very high tempered man 
and fond of whiskey, which frequently had the better of him. He arose then 
to denounce Brown and his clan. Just after the meeting two strangers ap- 
peared inquirincj for the sheritf, the elder oi whom was recoa:nized as the 
■ lion. bj. Brighara of Wisconsin, he was in search of a sran of horses stolen 
from him which he believed to be the ones advertised from Bellevue. He 
gave the same marks Jenkins had given besides others. Cox and Brigham 
had served together in the legislature and when the former heard the truth 
in regard to his friend's loss he declared open war on Firowu, previous to 
this time he liad been one of his strongest allies and looked upon him 
as a persecuted man. But he no longer Iiesitated openly to declare him a 
base villain, nor did he ever relent his enmity toward hira. And we find 
Cox one or the leaders at the time the tnieves were exterminated. --Strani/e 
Cox should be one of Brown's strongest allies believing liim to be a perse- 
cuted man and not linci out the true character of him and his clan, until 
just after those ballots were counted and he was beaten two to one. Strange 
also Brigham should turn up just at the right naoment with the ear marks 
of those horses to connect Brown with the theft. Such things have been 
done before now to help fix a political fence. 

By quoting further it seems he didn't get the riders all on. "A decided 
majority was on the side of Brown, who did not then attempt to conceal his 
true character and the prospects were not pleasant for those who opposed 
him. Brigham and his friend left between sunset and sunrise and Cox was 
saved from injury by going to his Ijome, having announced himself an inde- 
pendent candidate for the legislature to which lie was subsequently elected." 
(Brown is said to have been dead before that election occurred. ) Does this 
prove that Cox was an intemperate man and politically jealous of Brown? 

ilistorv does not state what was the true ciiaracter of Brown, h.c no 
longer attempted to conceal, but it might have been his opposition to (?ox 
and his fence builders. Is there an.y excuse to offer for the faith of Old 
Settler and others in Brown being representative man of tiie country and 
at least of average good citizenship.? If there is we will look for tiie proof 
of it in Captain Warren's own account of early affairs as written by him for 
the 1879 history of Jackson County, as that is all we liave at hand now. 
Besides we had rather quote words of . praise from a known enemy of Brown'.^^ 
—it is more apt to be reliable. At intervals all through W. A. Warren'.^ 
write up of the Bellevue affair he pictures Jirown as a villain of the blackest 
dye, whicOi might or might riot have been true for all we know. Wc are neith- 
er for nor against, but we are looking for the evidence. Jn one passage of 
Warren's writings in which he condcn^ns Ihown, we also find the following: 
"lirown was a man of line personal appearance and had the semblance of 
/ culture about Inra. He was possessed of an engagiiig manner, wa.s hospita- 
ble, a good talker and well calculated as a leader of men. Mrs. Brown tec, 
was a handsome and accomplished lady ana won many friends by her wo- 
manly and kind ways, Jirown himself was a rharitahlo man, benovnlerit to 
those in want, ever pleasaii! and kind to chiklreti and niaily po.sses**cd vf a 
lunnanf: arid generous h(;arl. " Mr. Warnn docs not say Jirown borrowed the 


J well known to the readers of all of - 

J the Maquoketa newspapers under the ^ 

I pen name of "Farmer Buckhorn," ) 

\ resides in the Buckhorn settlement { 

5 in South Fork townsl)jp and thus de- \ 

^ rives iiis non de piunje. A short * 

5 skelch of this popular writer's life ^ 

I and ancestors appears in number one ^ 

» of the annals of Jackson C.ounly, j 

i ]owa, publisiied by the .iack>.on Coun- ^ 

I ly Historical Society { 

lambs cJothes for state occasions, but thej were amonR his real possessions 
and I would like to ask for the benefit of tlje jury if Old Settler wasn't ex- 
cusable in seeing Brown with his ''lamb skin" on and if tliere is any case 
on record, except in romance, wliere a n3an with all those tine characterist- 
ics and ''really possessed of a humane and generous heart" was known to be a 
black liearted villain and a leader of murderers, counterfeiters, thieves and 
thugsV Warren must have been mistaken about those tine qualities. Many 
a man has been believed to have been such and some of thera liave been 
shot. Even Marie Antoinette, the hapless wife of Louis the 16th, of 
France, was beheaded by the terrorists of 1793 and accord ins^ to an account 
given James Ellis by near relatives, whose people lived at Eellevue in 1S40. 
Brown's wife the handsome and accomplished lady, who won many friends 
by her kind ways, was taken to the river after Brown was killed by some of 
the sheriff's posse, placed on a plank and threatened with being set adrift if 
slie did not tell where Brown's money was. 

But, that is only tradition and would not be admitted only as corrobora- 
tive evidence by any court. Now is there any evidence to prove that "Old 
Settler's" charge that all of those who participated in the tragedy of 
April 1st, 1810, against Brown and his clan owed Brown for clothes and liv- 
ing? Perhaps not, as "all" is a large majority, but there is evidence, and 
plenty of it, that some of them at least, were on W. \Y. Brown's book and 
that Shadrach Burleson, as administrator, had to commence suit to collect 
and had a rocky time of it. For that proof we will have to go to the territor- 
ial docket of Jackson County and will have to call names, which is not a 
pleasant duty for us, but we are pleading "Old Settler's" case and owe as 
much to the feelings of the descendants of "Old Settler," who are my 
neighbors, as we do to tiie descendants of those whose names we Slid on the 
court records, in wiiich instances, we will have to be personal. 

Brov^'ij employed a great many wood choppers, ran a hotel, general store, 
a meat market and did a large credit business, consequently, at the lime 
of his deat h, had a great many accounts on his book, as well as many proin- 
isory notes, of which many were against men who were with Warren's posse, 
under Cox's leadership, when Brown was killed. 

While we are getting up courage to tackle the disagreeable task of un- 
earthing the records, we will place tlioughts on paper that have olten come 
to us while reading Warren's account of the Bellevue w;n. Why was it 
necessary for he, ('ox, and ot,hers to .scour the country to raise a posse to 
affect a legal arrest of Ihown, and his men charged with conspiring To dis- 
turb the peace and welfare of the country, when there were two companies 
of territorial inilitja in Jackson County and organi.c'jd for tlie pur- 
pose of protecting the territorial peace and help enforce its laws; one of 
them commanded by Josepli S. Mallard, a prospective son- in- law of Col. Cox, 
and the ot her by Henry Mallard, brot her of Josepli, w ith Calvin Tecple as 
his tirst lieutenant? As we tind Henry Mallard's company supporting Sheritl 
Wnrren at the hanging of Jackson for the nuirder of I'erkius. I hero i.s no 
doubt it wr.uld have been available for a legal arrest of Ikown and hisga'u:, 
and that Lieuicnant Teepio vvith Ins sword would have coinpleldy auijiliicd 
thtfJi ^vit houl a diop o! hlo'jd iK'iiig shed. Now to the cvHlence of IIimm- 


debts. Burleson, uodertaking to collect, found hiaiself up against a pro- 
blem. It he commenced suit against one of Brown's debtors, the debtor 
would demand a jury and in nearly every case, as the old court dockets of 
that period show, the jury were mostly composed of men who were in War- 
ren's posse, and the result, in nearly all cases, was a verdict, for defendant. 
On page 180, April term, 1840, S. Burleson, as Brown's administrator, got 
a judgment against James C. Mitchell, Jolin Peterson and John Stuckey for 
S10(j.70. (James C. Mitchell was not with th.e posse, although he wanted to 
be allowed to go with it. lie was in jail indicted for manslaughter.) On 
page 182, same term, the case of S. Burleson, administrator,. against Elisha 
Barrett and John Jonas was appealed and afterwards defenannts got a ver- 
dict against plaintitf. On page James C. Mitchel confessed judgment In 
favor of administrator. In December, 1840. Joseph Charlyville brouglit 
suit against Burleson, administrator, for SO". 50. Burleson brought a count- 
er claim for $79.00. A jury was empaneled and brought in a verdict for 
Charlyville for S3S.00. On another occasion, Burleson, as administrator, 
brought suit against Lyman Wells for debts due the estate of Brown. In 
1842, Burleson, as administrator, brought suit against James White and W. 
A. Warren and these parties came into court and confessed judgment. On 
page 94. Burleson brought suit against Charlie Harris, the mm who issued 
the warrant for Brov^'n's arrest, for debts due estate of Brown, but, as in 
nearly all cases, a jurv composed of men who fought against Bror>n brought 
in a verdict for defendant. 

We have here named a portion of those the territorial docket proves 
were on Brown's bODks as debtors at tlie time Brown was killed. It does 
not prove the accounts were in all cases genuine, a^ in several instances the 
jury rendered a verdict in favor of defendant; nor does it prove "Old Set- 
ler's statement as to all being Brown's debtors was true, but, it does prove 
some of them were, as Burleson got a judgment against Mitchel, Peterson 
and Stuckey. and that Mitchel confessed judgment, as did W. A. Warren 
and James White. In the faH before Brown was killed, he sued John Co.\", 
a member of Warren's posse, and got a judgment lor $48. 

As afore said, this does not prove "Old Settler's'' statement in reeard 
to all those who participated in Brown's removal, were Brown's debtors, 
and it does not prove they were not, as there would be no record of those 
who came forward and settled with the administrator witiu^ut legal action 
at law. When "Old Setth i" stated all the mob were plea-cd at the oppor- 
tunity to wipe out their debts by mobbing lU'own, he evidently went a long 
way too far, for no one can well believe eiglity men could be found, all of 
whom were an.Kious to pay their debts in that way, and it is doubt tul as lo 
"Old Settler's" intention to. convey that idea as to all of them. Ilischargc 
to their being a drunken mob is contradicted by SheritT WarroJi's statement 
ttiat no li(jUor was drank that day or the next; If tliat is true, Col. Cox 
must have been dry by the third day. The charge of mol), however, takes 
on a semblance of truth inasmuch as the plea of Cox, at loasl, was not lor 
help to place P>rown aiKl nihers under legal arris! to answer to the law for 
coit;tin crimes si^ccitied in a wariant, hut. (according lo .stat ennmls of old 
seUle's of this vicinity) to drive Brown and his frii»nd.s out of Iho couiUrv. 

We can't tind us he was successful in raising a man in these parts, araong 
whom were the Wilcoxs, Mallards, Fences, Burlesons, Vosburgs. Teople, 
Scott, Beers, Perkins, Redden, Thomas Wood and others, who were always 
since, known as law abiding citziens; nor could they, so far as we could 
ever learn,' raise one in the ^laquoketa region, amon^ wlioin were Goodeuo w, 
Lyman Bates, the Wrights. Currents, Wilson and others, wlio were life long 
residents of this country and foremost and exemplary citizens. According 
to W. A. Warren's own pen he could only prevail on one or two to go from 
Sabula. With the exception of those from Sabuia, there is nothing to show 
us a single njan south of the Maquoketa river who could be prevailed upon 
to help exterminate Brown and his so-called b:ind of desparadoes, and that 
too in face of the fact that V.'arren claimed in his write-up the western part 
of tlie county suti'ered severely from the depradations of Brown's men. 

From what we can learn from written history and from old residents, 
the posse got no recruits in the western and southern parts of the county, 
except a very few of Cos's relatives and neighijors in tlie country between 
Fulton, Bridgeport and Andrew, was made up from around Bellevue, and 
according to Warren's write-up. a party from the Illinois side of the river, 
who came over to help support the law of Iowa (if v\'e can take that view) 
and also a captain and a crew on a steamboat plying the neutral waters cf 
the Mississippi, who tied up and came ashore to take part in tlie melce, but 
did not get there in time to have a hand iu the tight, which must liave 
been a sad disappointment to river men of those days, when, as a source of 
amusement, a tight beat a circus ten to one. 

By the hght of history as furnished us by tlie write-up of W. A. Warren 
of the Bellevue war, there is no doubt but whit he and many others of the 
posse were endeavoring to act in a humane and legal way. We find after 
Brown was killed and his so-called bandits were taken prisoners, and the 
cry went up from the mob element for the blood of every single one ot IIjc 
prisoners and ropes iiad been placed around the neck of some of them. Dav- 
id G. Bates, 11. K. Magoon, Parks, Allex Reed and others addressed the 
mob and pleaded with them to consider tiie cause of mercy, but to do 
avail, and it was found necessary to hedge for time, hoping something 
would turn up to stay the cry for blood. Warren asked them to listen to 
wJiat Col. Cox might liave to say. We tind, according to Warren's writings, 
Cox, though not nieading for the law or mercv, asked in tljc cause of hu- 
man decency, not to let their desire for vengeance cause them to neglect the 
care of the dead and wounded, and the women, who around their fallen 
friends were wringing tlieir liands and wailihg in (heir sorrow, that to 
abide the morrow and then what migiit br the verdict of the majority he 
and the rest would abide by. 

That night a meeting, consisting of the mosi influential citizens gath- 
ered at the residence of James L. Kirkpatrick to agree upon what disposi- 
tion should be made of the prisoners. Gathered there were Col. Cox, Alex 
J<eed, T. U. Parks, Ansen Hai riFjgt(jn, J. 1\. Moss, JI. I\. Magoon, Col. 
Collins, Lew Hilyaid, David G. Bales, .lolin 'J\ Suhklland others. W. A. 
Warren's writings says ''the n^eeting was organized by callniij J. L. Kirk* 
piitrick (0 the: chair, wiieii 1 .iddicssi d the meeting UbUIng and urging lliul 

it should be sustained in maintaining the authority of the law, in bringing 
these men to answer to the charge set forth in the warrant. In this I was 
ably sustained bj David G. Bates, Alexander Reed, T. H. Parks and H. K. 

Upon further reading of Warren's account of the affair we tind Anson 
Harrington, one of the committee vvljo tiled the information for a warrant 
for the arrest of W. W. Brown, Aaron Long, Wra. Fox and twenty others, 
and placed it in Sheritt' W. A. Warren's hands for service, and also Col. 
Thomas Cox, who had represented Iowa Territory as legislator and speaker 
of the lioiise, and who if any one should be found on the sheriffs side 
pleading for legal proceedings, the more so as he was said to have been 
deputized by the sheriff to help organize the posse to effect a legal arrest of 
Brown and his men, were opposed to letting the law take its course and using 
their inHuenee (wl)lch Warren said was great) to bring about a wholesale 
hanging. Without further fuss or feathers, declaring nothing sliort wouid 
satisfy the people, we so find them using their influence toward that end sc 
long as there was an opportunity left. Warren further said, "to cppose 
such men as Cox and Harrington was uphill business for they not only held 
the esteem of tnc people, but were capable of imnressing their views on 
those whom t hey wished to influence in this or any other matter. To hedge 
was now our policy, to obtain, if possible, a lighter sentence than deatli. 
D. G. Bates comprehending the situation and seeing the utter impossibility 
to carry out the proposition to hold them subject to law, ottered the follow- 
ing resolution : ''That we shall ri:ieet at 10' o'clock a. m. tomorrow, and 
the prisoners shall be sentenced as a majority of the citizens shall then des- 
ignate, and we pledge ourselves one to anotlier, whatever that sentence 
hsall be, we will see faithfully carried out." Mr. Bates sustained his resol- 
ution by an able speaech. saying they were not. all guilty alike, thev ought 
to be punished according to their crimes. The resolution was accepted and 
adopted unanimously and the committee retired at 4 a. rn. for a few hours 
rest." We learn further from Warren, at ten o'clock the prisoners were 
brought in haggard of countenance and looking as though they anticipated 
the v/orst. Col. Cox, who occupied the chair, addressed them, stating tiiey 
had been given a chance to peacefully surrender and iiad not accepted it, and 
on that accourit several of the best citizens had been sacriiiced. and he was 
authorzod to inform them the citizens w(Hild then proceed t-;> relieve tiiesher^ 
ill'.of his dut ies, and wliatever the verdict of the majority was would be 
strictly carj'icd out. 

According to Cox's statement, the sherifT had been set aside and the 
prisoners taken in charge by liis posse. Tiiat Dosse became as near bcinR a 
njob as "Old Settler" claimed they were, wliether it was a mob before the 
light or not. "Old Settler's" claim that they were drunk at the time of 
the attack isn't proven, Warren's st atement that tliere was no liquor drank 
lliat day, offsets "Old Settler's" claim. Warren's writin-s .•^ays Col. Cox 
had closed all the saloons and provided boilers of hot collee for the men. I 
have heard other old settlers say tliere was plenty ot wldskcy In Mcv^es* 
store in Cdllee po(s, h»it as those old snttleis all dicfl without IcivImr -li'- 

ten te3LimOi^y, so far as I know, hearsay cannot be considered, so the pre- 
ponderance of the evidence is with the boilers of hot cofiee. " 

To return to the prisoners and their fate, vre find Chicliester had been 
granted a chauGe to speak in belialf of his fellow prisoners and by his elo- 
quence liad made some impression upon many of the citizens, whereupon 
Mr. Crawford, one of the advocates of mercy, seized the opportunity to lend 
strength to the humane cause and plead in the interest of the law. He well 
knew from tiie character of the men present wiiat he might have to say 
would have no weight, but would ask that no greater punishment would be 
inflicted than the law provided for in such cases.' At this junction we tind 
Anson Harrington energetically pressing his demand for their Jives, as War- 
ren said he n^ade an able argument in favor of tianging every one ot them." 
Eut for all the argument and influence of Harrington, Cox and others, there 
was a majority of three ballots cast in favor of whipping and banishLient 
from the country, instead of lianging, which was done, and the prisoners, 
after being wliipped, put into canoes and ordered to paddle out of the coun- 
try and never return upon pain of death. 

In order to make clear what the charges were against each particular 
one of those prisoners Cox, Harrington and others worked so hard to hang, 
and came within three of doing it, we will see what W. A. Warren said 
about the proceedings in his reply to "Old Settler." 

"Now what are the facts as to the charge of "mobV" I have hereto- 
fore stated the courts of justice in Jackson County were powerless. It mat- 
tered not wliat the charge was, an alibi could be proven, and the criminal 
went scot free. Bafiled and beaten in every instance to bring these outlaws 
to justice, a commttee was appointed to see prosecuting Attorney Craw- 
ford and Judge Wilson, then one of the associating judges of the territory- 
and ask for oiders. I was one of the committee. After laying our grieve, 
ances before the judges, Judge Wilson protested against anything like 
mob violence, and said t,he arm of the law would protect the people. He 
then advised an information to be tiled, charging Brown and his associates 
witli conspiracy to commit depredations, as alleged by Die committee. Such 
course would prevent them from testifying m each others behalf. This 
was accepted by the committee and on or about^ March 25th, 1S40, James 
Crawford, then prosecuting attorney, drew an information, charging l>rown 
and twenty- two others as above si ated, which information was sworn to 
by Anson Harrington, and the warrant issued by Chas. fiarris and Goo. 
Watkins. justices of the peace of Jackson Count y, and placed in the hands or 
the sherfl of Jackson County for service." 

This warrant didn't charge any of these men with committinR any dep- 
redations, only conrspi ring to commit depredation, so they couldn't testify 
one for another. H, wns a sort of a guardian angel to prevent them from 
being templed to perjure themselves in Ciise so'ne cliargc should he prefer- 
red against some of their friends. It Is evident from llii! statement of 
Judge Wilson ll)at the wholesale arrest was only to place Brown's friends In 
a position so they could not testify In each others belialt. Tlirro Is iirihiniT 
in the warrant, or In all of Warren's writinus. to sliow each and all of these 
men, or even a majority, had been guilty of any particular crime, only being 

friends of those who had. It was claimed they would prove an alibi in case 
some of tiieir friends should be tried for crime as it was said it had been 
done in several instances. 

Brown was a sort of a lawyer, and according to history, well up in the 
art of defending his clients, and as it is the case with all our criminal law- 
yers, resorted to alibis, where possible to win iiis case. No one charges our 
lawyers with being criminals on that account, tiiough it is no doubt true 
that if some of them were hung instead of their clients, the ends of justice 
would be better served. So far as I know Brown and all his men might 
have been guilty of all the crimes in the criminal calendar, and we are 
not defending them, only as the case seems to warrant. It will relieve 
"Old Settler" and other from the stigma placed upon them for their faith 
in Brown and their condemnation of the means taken to be rid of him. Ac- 
cording to Warren's write-up, Brown questioned the legality cf the whiOle- 
sale arrest and in the light of Warren's evidence almost any one would 
doubt the legality of the warrant, that according to written history, was 
only intended to deprive Brown and all liis friends of the power of defense 
in case future indictments should be preferred against any of them. 

We have it from pioneers' lips that are now stilled, and it can be prov- 
en by \\. A. Warren's writings, that yet live, that Brown expressed him- 
self that he and his confederates would willingly surreuder to the sheriu if 
they believed they would suffer no violence at the hands of Cox and his 
men, but they did not believe it. They likely thought, as many did, Cox's 
violent opposition to Brown and all who support him at a foresaid caucus, 
and his expressed determination to drive Brown out of the couniry, was 
his motive for action, and had banded together tlie good, bad and indifferent 
to protect Brown and themselves, as most people would, and surely a parcel 
of frontier men more or less free from the fettering influence of civiization. 
Cox himself, had never been rocked in the cradle of civilization, hut was 
born on the frontier of Kentucky Territory, spent liis whole life on the 
frontiers of five dilferent territories, never lived in any slate, arid was hur- 
ried in Iowa territory while it was yet more or less wild. 

According to \\'arren's written statement. Cox svas of violent temper 
and addicted to intemperance, and according to a statement of the lS7<i his- 
tory of Jackson County, was bigoted and arrogant as his reply to the preacher 
who modestly inquired of him, who he was. .•^ecrcs to pro\e. His reply was, 
•'I am Col. Tliorpas Cox, supposed to be the smartest roan in tliis part of llie 
country." We have never found anything in the history to prove he didn't, 
actually lielieve it. Nevertheless, Cox was an unusual and remarkable man. 
Ambitious, courageous, energetic and persevering and a noted pioneer and 
did much servic(i in blazing ttie trail for's future statehood, and his 
life's work adds much of interest and value to history, lie seeinci lo have 
been much .such a man as David Crockett -half wild, yet so butlt by nature 
he was a leading civili/.er accordinjMo pioiicer methods. But Is there any 
excuse ior urging the wljolesale Jianging of Brown's men, after they 
prisoners and barred from defeating tho ends of the Idw by Irslifying hi 
their own liclialf. While it is true Jackson County had no jail lo confine 
the II in, they wnre state prisoners and the Kovornor had several cii'iipauu^ 

of militia at his command to guard them, in case the civil authorities could 
not, until they could have been brought to justice, which corJd have been 
sure enougli and quick onoagh, judgio.g from the temper of their a^^cusers 
and the fact that the board of commissioners had power to call an extra 
court at any time.. 

We must believe (if we can) it was the sheriii's intent and desire to go 
according to law In arresting and dealing with Brown and iiis men, but was 
up against the influence of Cos and FJarrington. But the history written up 
for the Jackson County History of 1879, as found in two accounts of the Belle- 
vue war. the historian's general write-up and the other, his 'reply to "Old 
Settler" conflicts, one with the other, in several instances. We do not 
charge that it was intentionally done, but the writer in his attact on "Old 
Settler" might have forgotten just wliat he said be"*'ore. Still, writings as 
history have no value as sucii, if they conflict on individual y/Oints, and that 
is what the history of J879 does do. For instance, (to save space, we will only 
qoute phrases and pa-^sages that illustrates the points we refer to). Warren 
says: "I^efore I proceed to deal further ^Yith this viper, wlio is a tool of others 
pushed forward to express sentiments they themselves dare not do, permit 
me to again give my readers a few incidents of our early history. I cannot 
remember all the criminal charges preferred against Brown and hisoutlav.s, 
such as robbing the Collins, stealing Brigham's horses, which were found in 
Brown's stable and the sending of James Tnompson and A. Montgomery to 
assassinate Mitchell— Montgonaery afterwards killed Brown near Maquoketa." 
Tnis Brown's father-in-law, Dr. Rodes, had entered from under Montgom- 
ery, contrary to the Old Settler's claim laws, a parcel of laud held as a claim 
by Montgomery, who during an alteration over it in which hiistoiy says 
Bro<vn used hard and insulting lansruage toward Montgomery, he raised his 
4:ifie and shot Brown. 

As to the stealing of Brigham's horses and the finding of tliem in 
Brown's stable, it can't be proven by the same writer's previous account of 
the affair as found under the title of "A Sheriff Foiled." His account of 
that affair condenced to save space is this. One, Godfrey, was seen by the 
siieritV entering Bellevue with a span of nice horses the sheriff thinking God- 
frey had stolen them placed him under arrest an'd took him to ^V. \V. Brown 
(Brown was 9. ma'^istrate at that time), who after hearing Godfrey's claim^ 
of purchasing them in Missouri told Godfrey he was lying aiul remarked to 
tlie sheriiV tliat there was no doubt the horses weie stolen and advised tJie 
striking of irand bills describing the horses which was done. Brown assisted 
in tlieir distribution. The horses were placed in Rrown's care, who became 
surety for tiiem and Godfrey's vvheieabouts. In about Mve days a man by the 
name of Jenkins came to liellcvue, seen the slieriff telling him he had a 
span of horst3s stolen. He described the horess, told the sheriil the bay 
■ liad a scar on the inside of the right leg just bclo.v tlie H.-ink and the sorrel 
mare had a slit in the left ear and if not so marlced they were not his. The 
sherili went with him to B.rown's stable and tlio horses wvvq found as Jenk- 
ins described them and wer».; gi vrn up to him. .Jenkins then asked to bu 
shown tl\o man, declarifig lie would lix him so lie w.juld not sUmI any uiore 
hor.scs, t lie sherili" hcsiiattd. JJrown slunvcd him GodJrey. svljo wa,s piln»K 

wood near the river bank. On seeing Brosvn and Jenkins approaching God- 
frey became suspicious and started to run over the ice toward the island and 
Jenkins after hirn shooting at Godfrey as he went. At the third shot Godfrey 
screamed and fell, but sprang up and ran cc and Jenkins returoeJ. There is 
DO account that Godfrey was ever seen again. Jinkins took the iiorses giv- 
en up to him and departed for his liome on Rock Kivcr, 111., so Warren 
said, and he also said Brown's actions in this case v^on him many friends, 
who were convinced he had been persecuted and was not the vihain he had 
been represented to be. As we have previously stated, just after the caucus 
had been held and Brown's majority of two to one had opened Cox's eyes 
to Brown's villainy and true character. Brigham, a friend of Cos, was 
looking for the stolen horses also and gave a minute description of the?e 
same horses, which was not "found bv him in Brown's stable" by any 
means, but had been given up by the sheriil as we have before shown. Py 
the sherili's account Brigham had to leave town between sunset and sunrise 
and there is nothing to show any move w^.s made to bring Jinkins to ac- 
count or that Brigham ever went to Rock River to look for his horses and if 
Jinkins and those horses yet Jive they may be bosom friends and "epiuribus 
unum. " 

If our historian's statement as to Brown and his men sending James 
Thompson and Ahslom Montgomery to assassinaie James C. Mitchel, wh.o 
turned the tables and killed Thompson, is placed side by side with ins pre- 
vious account under the title, "Ivilling of James Thompson, " the two ac- 
count will be found to difler very much. In tlie general write up of the 
killing of Thompson, while a part of tlie people were attending a ball, lo 
which, by Mitchel's influence none of Brown's tribe should be allowed to 
attend, Thompson and some of his confederaf t^s robbed Mitchel's house 
and Thompson tried to violate the person of Miss Hadley, wlio was alone 
in Mitchel's liouse. She broke away and fied to the hall room. After the 
afiair becom.e understood Mitchel borrowed a pistol and started out to 
search for Thompson. Thompson had returned to Brown's saloon and till- 
ing up with v/hiskey declared his intentions of j/oing out lo lind Mitchell 
and kill him. Instead of Brown and his men sending him, according lo 
Warren's other account, they tried to persuade him from going, telling him 
one or the otiier would lil^ely be killed and peri'iaps both and he Ijad better 
leave town, but to no purpose. Tiiompson was erazed with drink and started 
out with a pistol in one hand and a bowie kuife in the other, mecLing 
Montgomery on the street Thompson told him ^'.hat had happened and that 
Mitchel] would surely be looking for liim and i'i lie (Montgomery) wanted to 
Bee fun to cornc on. Montgomery tried to prfc%\\il upon him lo go back and 
keep out of sight. At this moment Mitchel was seen coming down the 
street and Tl<ompson started to meet him followed hy Montgomery, who 
called to Mitch'jJ to look out. Mitchell and Thompson advanced towaixi 
each other and Thompson snnnpcd )us pistol at Milfhel's breast, but it faiicd 
1.0 go oir, whereupon Mitchel shot Thomp.son through the hvart killing 
him instantly and then returned to the ball room. (If Montj^omery had 
hi;en "sent, with Thompson to assassinate Mitchel." he ha»i the oppori uni- 
ty aft .r Mitch :l's pl.slol was empty), wliereupon. as ilio wrUing.s of War- 

ren state, Montgomery hunted up the shenfl: and told him what had hap. 
pened and Warren says he and Montgomery v,'ere the tirst ones to reach the 
corpse. There is no place in this account of Warren's that charges Mont- 
gomery with having anything to do with killing Mitchel or being with 
any of Thompson's friends that mght. So far as Montgomery is concerned 
it is well that much can be said in liis favor, for according to the universal 
verdict, he was of little principle. He was well known in these parts 
where Maquoketa now is. 

It is not our present intent to give detailed account of that night of 
horrors, when Thompson was killed and his friends besieged Mitchel and 
his friei3ds in the chamber of ttie dance hall, as Warren has told us, f with- 
out any conflicting testimony) how cursing and swearing they threatened 
to burn the house with Mitchel and his friends in it ?nd was paciMed by 
the sherilr, when he told them he would answer for MiLCiieu's forthcoming 
in the morning and would see lie was dealt with according to law. They 
told the sherilf if Mitchel was not forthcoming they would hold him (War- 
ren) responsible for it and departed, leaving Mitchel in the sheriff's care. 
Brown afterwards came to Warren and told him he had better place a lieavy 
guard over Mitchel as the boys were drinking a good deal and no telling 
what might happen, but the night passed off without any further trouble 
and the next morning a coroner's jury passed a verdict that Thompson came 
to his death by a pistol shot fired by James C. Mitchel. Brown and his 
men were all there and the citizens were addressed by Wm. Morden, who 
Warren says was respected by all and shared the friendship of Brown to that 
extent that what Morden said was law with Brosvn. Morden condemned 
any show of mob law and advocated letting the law deal with Mitchell. 
Accordingly he was ironed and placed under guard. Warren says, while 
Morden was addressing the people in favor of the civil law and against tlie 
evil influence of mob law he was cheered by both sides. Morden should have 
been there and addressed Cox, Harrintgon and others, after Brown was kill- 
ed if he could command the attention of such "desperadoes'' as lirown and 
his men. We are neither for nor against. For no man who the evidence 
condemns or against any man entirlcd to the bene'it of the doubt, but am 
now writing to show where history contradicts itself. In the reply to "Old 
Settler" we again tind the following paragraph sneaking *of tlio attack on 
Brown's house. "We immediately inarched toward Brown's house, but be- 
fore reaching it, one of my rnen, Henderson Palmer, was shot down by a 
volley lired from the windows of the upper story of Brown's house. An or- 
der to charge was given when a general engagement took place. Brown's 
friends outside lied as soon as they realized there was peril ahead of Ihcm 
and deserted tiieir friend and chieftain in the hour of his need and aanger.** 
The other version of our historian as given under the title of "tlic assuull. 
on Brown's hotel" is in pari as follows: "Ours^uad movrd in double tile 
and not a word was spoken until we came within thirty rods of Uic hoii^,o 
when the word * 'charge" was given and in a .secojid the whole sciuad as 
close to I he house us they could get." (Wc thoughl it. was said I'ahner was 
killed before the word charge, was giveti. ) "llrown was stundjuK about tlic 
center of the room with his lille raised lo his .shoulder, Col. Cox r.tul myself 



both with our pistols presented at his breast and said '-surreDder Brown and 
you shant be hurt." Re lowered Ins gun, no doubt with the intention of 
surrendering, but it svent oil, the ball passing through Col. Cox's coat, the 
crack of Brown's rifie was no doubt a signal to the balance of Brown's men, 
as a general tiring commenced by them up stairs,'' (We thought he claimed 
it commenced before the posse charged.) -'Before Brown could speak several 
shots was tired into the liouse in the north windows, one of which pa=?sed 
through hot!) of Brown's jugular veins, he fell and died without a strangle. 
The genera! tight was kept up for about fifteen minutes, those of Brown's 
men down stairs fought with perfect desperation." We thought lie said 
they had forsaken their chief in his hour of need, but as there is no account 
in his write up of more than six escaping and that after Brown was killed 
and the house fired, (afterward extinguished) Brown couldn't havp needed 
them any longer. 

And yet again, sve tind in the historian's reply to "Old Settler," who he 
brands as a "viper" and charges with helping to kill Davenport, the follow- 
ing: "The time of servirig the v.-arrant of arrest on Brown and his twenty- 
seven fohowers, (the warrant read according to a previous statement of 
Warren's. Wm. Brown, \Vm. Fox, Aaron Lang and twenty others) "was the 
first day of April, 1840. Brown had been informed of the day tised for his 
arrest and had speedilv assembled his men and sympathizers together at his 
house, where he armed and arranged them for the Wght. Ue forlilicd his 
premises and unfolded a red flag on which was inscribed "victory or death. 
In another place the same writer savs, "it so exasperated Brown's naen the> 
placed a red flag in front of his house on which was inscribed tlie ominous 
sign "victory or death" In one it was Brown himself who displayed the 
flag»and in the other his men, who "placed it before - liis house." We do 
not charge our historian with intentionally tangling things up for in his 
dreams he might have forgotten what he had dreamed before. 

The write up of the Bellevue War and the cause that led up to it, as 
published in the ISTO history of Jackson County, not only contradicts itseif 
in these and other particulars, but is not in accord with tlie docket of .lack- 
son Coufity. Our historian's writings make much adieu about tlie criminal 
proceedings of the so-called desperadoes with Brown, Fox. Long, Tliompson 
and others as ring leaders and that it svas an utter impossibility to convict 
them on account of their always being able to prove an alibi. \Vc tnust lake 
it according to that statement, that they had been indicted at least several 
times and-it is st range the dockets of the courts held hewtecn li'.'iS and IblO 
—the time of the Bellevue war- -does not show it. If it shows where \V. W. 
Brown, the claimed chief of the clan and Wm. Fox, the claimed chief, one 
among the "outlaws" svas indicted for any crime in .larKson County, we 
overlooked it in our search of the record, thoso who are familiar with t he 
docket tells me on irKpiiry, no such can l)C found and that thcr*: is no civil 
suit for debt s. ;in(! whid is t rue of them is also true of many others who 
helped dtifcnd ag;iinsi the so-called shcritl's pDs^ie. .\s wc aforesaid 
it is "strange." Inasmuch a> .1 . K. .Moss, one of t!se po.^se, was a Justice. 
W. A. Warren sheriti and lladii'y deputy .sherilV, albo mctiil»era of t!>e posH«, 
and to aid them in their support of t!ie law there, was Col. Cox, lIcndf^tTHiU 

Palmer, James C. Mitcliell, Anson Harrington and ITadley, wlio accorriing 
to ou'j historian were embittered against Brown and some of his men and 
had to aid them iudetecting^the crimes of the "outlaws." Lyman Wells, 
who Warren says iiad been one of Brown's gang and still professed to be. 
acted as a spy for tlie ferreting out of the "outlaws" doings. 

We are not putting up any defense of Wm. Fox or any of the rest of 
them only so far as history seems to demand. It is claimed Fox, a little 
over five years after he was whipped witli the rest and driven out, Ijelped to 
kill Col. (Jeorge Davenport, but so far as we can learn he was only arrested 
on suspicion and escaped from the otlicers and never was rea-rrested, though 
it was afterwards known he was living in the east, Indiana, we believe. \S'e 
do icnow though, (if Vve can believe Warren) that after he was whipped he 
came back into the island and sent lor the sherili: and begged him to go and 
biing hiim $100 he had given Mrs. Brown for safe kpening when he wouia 
leave the country and never return. The sheriti done so and Mrs. Brown 
asked the sheriff (Warren) to also take him a suit of good clothes he had 
there and put up something to eat for him, all for which lie was very 
thankful. This is one of the few cases where such a "desperado" has saved 
UD 8400 and had the synDpatliy of such a good woman as Warren tells us Mrs. 
Brown was, who must have known something of Fox's character. We also 
fail to learn of anything on the crimnal docket against "Old Man" Burtis, 
who was killed by tlje so-called posse, or his son, James L. Burtis, who, we 
believe, was wliipped by Cox's men and in later years built and run the 
}3urtis house, tlie best equinped and most popular hotel west of Chicago in 
those days, of which can be found an extended description in the fifty year 
souvenir addition of the Davenport Democrat. Now these are some of the 
thiiigs the docket of Jackson County should show if the statements in the 
1879 history are true. As we said before, we mi^zht have overlooked them or 
been misinformed by those more familar with tl)e records. But i^ was not 
at all hard to see different places where such men as John Cox, Harris, (the 
man who issued the warrant for the wliolesale arrest of Brown ?nd U\s men) 
and James C. Mitchell and some others of that posse, or whatever you see Ht 
to call it, had civil actions against them for debts, trespass and so forth. 

James C. Mitchell was indicted for manslaughter, in killing Thompson. 
January Sth, LSiO, (though if Warren's account of the alTair is true, Mitch- 
ell ought to have been pensioned for the act) and was also indicted and con- 
victed for keeping a ganiljling house, and his name appears on the dockets 
at every term of court for years as defendant in matters wherein he was 
sued for debts, We do not allude to tliis out of partiality for anyone or 
impartiality toward anyone, only to raise the questior) why the dockets seem 
to be silent as to the doings of such men as lirowri, Fox, the r.urliscs and 
others were claimed to have been, while th«y show charges against mem- 
bers, who are claimed by W arren's writnigs lo have been pillars of the law. 
We liave not been innuenced in these wrilin^js hv anyone, but have been led 
by a desire to clear up some of the suspic ion itt former )ears at least, 
ciung to "Old Settler" and others, and write a little history ,is history 
seems in the light of our re.searclies to have been made. Uc used lo be 
prejudiced against Blown and tlinse wtio sympathized with him, but \^r rt-J.d 

Warren's historical account. Read and reread it and at every reading had 
our opinion still more changed until we concluded to go on a still hum 
arcong pioneers, written history and court dockets to either confirm or 
weaken our change of opinion. It has taken us some time to make up our 
mind to place this matter, as we see it and believe we lind It, on paper. 
We knew it would be so radically dilferent to the popular version that the 
•'bees migh<: swarm," There are many living who are descended from some 
of those men we may seem to condemn, although we only mean to do so as 
far as the evidence appears to me to warrant, and if they can show where in 
we error, they owe it to history and the memory of friends' to make what 
they can prove a matter of history by contributing it to the Jackson County 
Historical Society for publication by the Sentinel, which lias the contract to 
place it in pamphlet form. With all honor for Harvey Keid, our friend, 
who has doizs co much valuable vrork in collecting the life's history of Co!. 
Cox and he, James Ellis, Geo. Mitchell and others who were instrumental 
in moving and marking the grave of Col. Cox, I will give this to the public 
and all who want to criticize. 

Another Old Pioneer Gives Sometbihg of Interest. 

f Written by J. W. Ellis for the Jacksoa (Jouncy Historical Society.) 

The article by Farmer Buckhoin, ''RecorvCCtions of S. Burleson." has 
again brought up for discussion, thoiigljt and iuquiry, the greatest tragedy 
in tl}e histojy of Jackson county— the BeJlevue war as Coione] \V. A. War- 
ren designated it, and the liellevue mob as others designated it. The writ- 
er gave his versions of that tragedy and the causes leading up to it in l^^riT. 
At that time there were persons living who had been eye witnesses of the 
tragedy of April 1st, 1840, in Bellevue. But I doubt if there is now any- 
where, any one living, wlio participated in or witnessed the events of the 
dark and bloody days in the thep county seat of Jackson county. From 
my earliest recollections I have been accustomed to hear people say that 
such and such people had been suspicioiied of being in sympathy with 
Brown and his gang. When I grew older 1 sought all the ligljt I could get 
on the unwritten as well as written history of the early days iii the county 
in tlie"territorial days. From the researches I have made and from tliC in- 
formation received direct from those who lived amid the stirring scenes 
enacted in those early days. I feel that I have a better knowledge of the 
true state of all'airs in the county and especially in Bellevue. than any oth- 
er person now living, but a large share of space has been taken up in our 
annals by Mr. Seeley in his vindication of his old friend and neighlior S. 
Burleson and in refuting the charges implied by the historians of l^-TP. 
I will only present at this time a sketchi dictated to me in 1n97 by Joseph 
Henry an eye witness of the conllict.of April 1st, 1840, and »vith it two Ii't- 
ters written to Governor Lucas immediately after the Bellevue war or mob, 
which will indicate to the students of history quite clearly that the victors 
on that occasion were not universally hailed as licroes. 


Last Saturday morning Mr. J. E. Goodenow entered our ofticc accom- 
panied by a very aged man whotn \w. iritr'iduced as .lo.^eph Henry, a man 
who had lived in the vicinity of Ma<|Uokrfa before Maijuok-.ta was thouglil 
of. Tfie writer knew something of Joe Heiiiv away back In (lie early days, 
but supposed that he l»ad long ago joined the ^reat majority of the Jackson 
Oounty Pioneers on tlie other sliore. The old genlleiuan ;sppnt Ihc forenoon 
with us, and gave us a l.)rief outline of his Instorv so i;-!- r wa.s c<.«nr c'r^] 
wif h I his county. 

He came to Bellevue in lSo5. worked at the carpenter trade for a time, 
then ROt a claim on the Maquoketa river where Higgmspori is: this he trad- 
ed for a claim in the forks of the Maquoketa intending to b'Jild a saw mill 
on it, and partly built the frame for one on the brancli that runs through 
Ilurstville. In some way he lost this claim: he then took up a claim which 
was afterwards known as the Lyman Bates farm, now owned by M. E. Fin- 
ton, and built a saw mill on Mill Creek, some 80 rods above where McCloy's 
mill was afterwards built; this was in 1S3T. the mill was comuleted in the 
fail. On the lirsfc day of January, 1833, it began to rain, and a great fiood 
came and swept away the products of all his labor and savings and left him 
without a dollar.' Ife says: "In a few days after the flood George Clausen 
came down fron^ Dubuque and bought a yoi?e of cattle to butcher and stay- 
ed a night with me. I got him to let me help him drive the cattle to Du- 
buque, and he paid mc SI. 50 for it. and kept me over night. A man by the 
name of Ilapgood owed me ten dollars. I went to a Mr. Downs to enquire 
for him, told him my situation, what I had and where I was from. He 
gave me his hand and said, 'Henry. I know you, everybody that comes 
from that country stops with you and speaks well of you. now just make 
yourself at home, you are welcome to all vou can eat and drink.' Wtiile ] 
was in Dubuque an agent came up from Davenport to get voters to go to 
Davenport to vote for the county seat for that place. He offered to pay my 
fare to Davenport and back and board mc. He tinally made a bargain with 
me to give me a dollar and tifty cents a day to help tiim get a crosvd to go 
with him. We got three sled loads of men from Dubuque, stopped at 
Bellevue and got two sled loads there. On leaving Bellevue each sled con- 
tained a big jug full of whiskey. 

The weather was extreiueiy cold and nearly all were frosf bitten before 
we got to DaveiiDort. This was in January. When we got to Davenport the 
docTrs v>'ere all open and everything was free. .James Campton. of Dubuque, 
was captain of our company, and on a wager of S20 he drank }w glasses of 
whiskey, ate the peppers and drank the sauce of two bottles of pepper sauce 
in one day, helping to dress G beeves the same day, was sober at night, and 
won the bet. After the election we were returned. 1 stopped at I'cllevue 
wljere I made my home with Charlie Pjilto, and worked at the car|)entcr 
trade, taking sucl^) pay as I could get; there was no money in tlie country. I 
was elected constable beating Jim Hanby two to one. Th.e country at ttiat 
time was overrun with horse thieves and counterfeiters. W. W. firown was 
the most pjominent man in the county at that time; he kept a public house 
in Bellevue, run a butcher shop, a general store and a wood yard, employ- 
ing a great many men; he was successful in business and was good to the 
poor, as was his amiable wife, and he was generally considered the most 
useful and best citi/.en in the place. Travelers said that Brown set Ihc best 
table from there to New Oilcans. Brown was ri«<ver known to pass counter- 
felt, moilc.y 1.0 his cuslomers, he always said if any one got bad money at h(s 
liouse he would make it, good, there were other men in business in Bollovuc 
who were less successful and could not coujpete wIlli BroNsn, and were 
very jealous and claimed that Brown was getting rich too fast, J. K. Moiss 
and 111.'. Sublels were the loudest in their denunciation of Brown's roctliodii 

of doing business, and he to retaliate, bought up their paper where ever he 
could and made them trouble; this rnade matters worse. Brown continued 
to prosper in business and his enemies otienly accused him of being ihe lead- 
er of all the outlaws in the countr}'. 

On the Stli of January, 1840, war was almost precipitated and barely 
averted by tlie kijling of James Thouipson by James Mitchell. Mitchell 
and his brother had been having trouble over partnership business. Jim 
had retained a trunk full of clothing that belongftd to l)is brother's wife and 
would not give it up. On the night in question, while Jim was at a ball at 
the Dew hotel, his brother got James Burtis and James Thompson to go 
with a team and get the trunk. Jim and Thompson had been having trou- 
ble and threatened each other: when Jim heard of the visit to Ijis house, i)e 
got a gun and set out to find Thompson, whom he soon met in company 
witii Ab Mootgoiiiery. Thompson was vej-y drunk. Thompson and >iitcbell 
approached within striking distance of each other and leveled their guns at 
each other; Thompson's gun failed to go olT, and the bullet from Mitchell's 
gun passed through Thompson's heart killing liim immediately. Ths 
wildest excitement was created by this incident, as the two men represent- 
ed the two factions, and tiie breach between the f;ictiorjs was considerably 
widened and both sides went armed at all times. 

In March a warrant was procured from a justice of th.e peace named 
Harris, near Fulton, for the arrest of Brown and his friends. As constable 
and deputy sheriff I called upon Brown and tried to arrange matters peace- 
fully. Brown said he was willing to go before any tribunal and defend hitn- 
self against the charges and was willing to give bonds for the appearance of 
the men named with him in the warrant, but would not advise the men 
to surrendei to a mob. lie also said if his enemies were so anxious lo get 
rid of him. he would submit the matter to three appraisers to be selected 
from, outside the county, he to select one, his eriemies one, and the two lo 
select a third, and he would take two-thirds the appraised value of liis prop- 

On the fatnl lirst day of April, 18-10, tlie so-called citizens committee met 
at tlie store of J. K. Moss, who kept among otlier tljings, tinware, large 
stock of coffee pots which were tilled witli whisuey on this occasion, and 
freely circulated among tlie men, wiio soon became so drunk that I hey could 
not be held in restraint; they swore they would go uu and kill Brown tliem- 
selve^. They were led by Col. Cox who was very drunk himself. He liually 
gave the word to march and they marched up to the Brown Hotel. As ll>cy 
came up lirown stood in the front door, his gun pointed at Cox, who also 
had his gun pointed at Brown. Cox ordered Bro'^n to ground arms and 
lirown dropped his rille so the muz/.lc pointed lo the ground and It went 
off. Cox was pushed out of the way by the men behind and Tom Sublette 
and one of the men who kept the ferry at th.e mouih of Tele des MorU 
creek, whose name 1 Ijavc forgotten, sprang l(f the side window and tired 
through it. al I'.rown who stood by his v. ilc just inside the doer, one ol the 
balls strikin;: him in the tem|)le and tiic oth.-.^r ;ii;-it below llie ear klllinj? 
him inslarjt ly. 1 stood in the st reet about fnur rods Ironi Brown's house. 
There were four or live n:cn svilh iiic w1k» took no p,.rL in lh<i Mijh! , arriung 

them were two men who had landed a log raft there that morning. They 
had worked with me during the day to settle the trouble without a tight. 
Mr. Farley was also one of the party. He had come up to the mill and J 
told hioa there was going to be trouble, and had him put his ponv in the 
stal)le wiLli mine. With the report of the guns which kiiled Hrown the 
tiring became general. There was not more than ten men in the house with 
Brown when the tight commenced. There was one young man in the hotel 
whom Brown had befriended who had a claim near Believue, and he said 
'if Brown had to go he would go with him.' lie was an exemplary young 
man, and had not an enemy in the place and never drank- nor gambled. 
When Brosvn was killed the house was soon tilled with smoke, so that those 
inside could see nothiiii^. This young man stepped out on the porch, sin- 
gled out his man and tired and turned to go inside again but a ball struck 
him and he fell on the porch, his head hanging off. His groans and crie« 
were pitiful to hear. I started once to go to him, but realizing the danger 
turned back. Mr. Farley was greatly alTected by the situation of the unfor- 
tunate young man, and finally he said, 'T can't stand this any longer," and 
vTcnt to the porch and bent over him to lift him up. Just as lie stooped 
over a ball from one of the citizen's guns struck him and he fell across the 
body of the man he was trying to succor, and neither of them spoke or mov- 
ed again. 

About this time those who were in the house broke out at the rear and 
jumped over the fence by tiie privy which was riddled with bullets. Bill 
Fox was among this crowd, and was wounded in the side and captured. 
Tom Welch, a boy who had been working for Brown, was shot through the 
side and fell, the pursuers passed him thinking hirn dead. Charity Kilgrove 
on returning saw him move. 'Well, Tom,' he said, 'you are not dead yetV 
and put his pistol to his face and lired. Tom tlirevv up Ins hand and turned 
so the Oall went through his hand. Those two men were good friends that 
morning. When Kilgore tiad gor.e Tom struggled to a sitting position again 
when a Metliodist exhoiter from Galena, who had worked in the stone quar- 
ries there, came up to Tom. He said, 'you rascal, you are not dead yet.' 
and kicked him three times and pas.sed on. Tom got to his feet and made 
his way to Kirkpatrick's place, which was near by. He asked Kirkpatrick 
to protect him from Kilgore and others who were after him again, and War- 
ren coming up again, he and Kiikpatrick interfered in l)ehalf of. 'J'om and 
he was saved from death. We took him to l)illo\s iind 1 dressed his \NOunds. 

After the light svas over half a do/.en men were dead and as many more 
severely wounded. The citi/.ens who had remain*: d in town and had Dot 
taken part in tlie light, wanted .some one to go to Dubuquu for d«KOtrs. I 
was prevailed upon to go. J rode one horse to Tele <ie.s Morl.s and pressed 
a horse there and ran tlie horse all the way to ]>ubu<iuc. J think two doc- 
tors went down fiom tliere, and some went froui Galeria. 1 stayed over 
night in Dubu'jue and v. hen I ri tuincd the men who had b«?r:n CAplurcd at 
Brown's house had been whiptte»i and driven out of tlie coimiiy. The Cox 
party who had been victoilous in the light, vviT;; arrot^ani and abusive 
to all who had ni*t .sid(.d in vvii.h I hem. 

I worlied tliere a while, then went to Davenport and worked at the car- 
penter trade. In abont eighteen months I returned to Belle vue, but there 
was nothing for me to do, so I left town, going down the river on the 
steamer Nauvoo. Joseph Smith, the Mormon prophet, was on the boat, and 
there were two professional phrenologists aboard and they were examining 
heads for so much a head. Joe Smith told them he could tell them more 
about their dispositions and not touch their heads than they could by exam- 
ining the heads, so the phrenologists examined several people, and then 
those same people went to where Smith lay on tl;e deck and he told their 
fortunes, as they called it then, without looking at them, and they all de- 
cided in favor of Smith. 

The second summer after the Bellevue war, I was in isatchez. I had 
been sick, and was not able to work yet, and was sitting down on the levy 
one day, s^hcn who should turn up but Rill Fci. He seemed very much sur- 
prised to see aie, and uneasy, but as there was no chance to dodge he came 
up and we had a long chat. He asked me how they felt toward him in Iowa, 
and if I thought they would allow him to come back here. I told liim I 
thought if he behaved himself he would not be molested. 1 never saw I-'ox 
again, and the next time 1 heard from him he svas implicated in the mur- 
der of Col. Davenport. I svas well acquainted with Col. Davenport, who was 
a good man and good to the poor. 

I went back to Pennsylvania, rented a mil], got married, have lived in 
several dilTerent states, but ray home is now in Benton, ]>utler county, 
Kansas. Tnis is my only visit to Iowa since 1841, and will be my last. Was 
88 years old last February, have been visiting old friends in tlic cast and am 
on my way home. 


Dubuque, April 4th, 1S40. 
J)ear Sir: I am under the painful necessity of informing you that Jack- 
son county in this territory is in a state of a complete disorganization. Tiic 
sherilV, judge of probate, and the celebrated Col. Cox on the lirst day of this 
month headed a mob at Bellvicw and attacked a peaceable citizen of thai 
place vv'ith a view of driving him out of tov»'n. Tiie result was that a most 
disgraceful light took place, and as report says from six to nine Jives were 
lost and several wounded. It is currently reporU-d at this place and very 
generally believed that Warren, the slierilT, went about the county procuring 
the names of persons pledging themselves to support the mob, several days 
previous to the day of the assembling of the most infamous moh thai ever 
was asseinbled in thi:i or any other country. The mob with Iheir infamous 
leaders have since the killing been engaged in holding a cili/ens' court, r.s 
they call it, and have tried and punished several individuals. It Is also un- 
derstood at this place tliat this triumvirate compo^^ed of Cox, Warroii and 
Moss, are about to divide the property of lirowii who hap|»cncd to be Uio 
special ol)ject of their sengcaiire, and wh..» had conoid, rahlc propcrlv. 

Mitchell, the man who committed the murder last winter and wlio liad 
been held in mock continement by tliis iDfainoiis sljeriff, is now let loose 
rejoiciut' with the good and pious mob citizens at his freedom from all the 
restraints of regulated society, law and good order. A court, as you must 
be aware of under the existing laws of this Territory, is appointed to be 
held on the 13th instant at Bellevue. Since I have set down to write this 
letter I learn from two gentlemen svho have just returned from tiie seat of 
war that the mob boast that they had all of the Grand Jury for the next 
court to act with them except Brown and that he was killed. It will bo 
next to impossible if not utterly useless to hold a court in a community 
composed of such brutish beasts, when blood and murder is the order of tlie 
day. In such a sLate of things you must be aware that tliose base and foul 
felons cannot be punished in their own county. I have therefore deemed it 
a duty of mine to acquaint you with the facts and if you have any power 
vested in you as the Governor of this Territory to aid and assist the laws I 
hope you will exercise them in bringing to justice base and foul murderers 
and to v.'ipe oil the disgraceful stigma that has evidently been thrown upon 
the people of this Territory by this most disgraceful traged,v. 

Yours in haste, J. V. BERRY. 

To his E^cceliencv, Robert Lucas. (On outside of sheet. ) 

Captain Smith of steamboat Brazil will see this delivered and oblige. 

Dubuque, 1. T., April 1840. 

To His Excellency Robert Lucas, 

Sir: I regret to state to you that a more disgraceful affair tins never 
been recorded in the annals of history than that wiiich 1 am about to relate. 
Jt occurred on 4 tie 1st ultimo at Believuc,. Jackson county, I. T. about seven 
miles below Galena. A mob collected calling tfiomselves the people, fieaded 
by Warren, the sherilT, of the above named county, and Col. Cox (so-called) 
member of the legislature, Gen. McJ)oiiald and James K. Moss. 

Tiie mob proceeded to the house of Mr. J?rown (inn keeper) and inform- 
ed him through Warren, that he must leave the Territory immediately. 
Brown replied, that if he (Warren) liad any legal demand against him. lie 
was willing to go witli him and be tried, but that a mob could not take 
him. However, they weie not satisfied with this, and made a rush to cap- 
ture him and in trying to effect thnir object, sis persons were killed, and 
three wounded, one havifig since diedlll What th^; character of Mr. Brown 
was, ] am unable to say. He was certainly l.ospltable, and obliginjj to 
strangers and allectionate to his family, he was also iudusirious. which is 
certainly one good quality. His wife was of a reputable family and under- 
stood the duties of a hostess well. Brown fell like a brave man. defending 
his wife and child from insults, and his prupei-ty from the ra\aj:es of a reck- 
less and'lawless mob. Mrs. Brown was conducted to Ibis place by a KPnile- 
man, at house she has, and will receive the niost kind tiealmeut. 

On Saturday evening last , the cit i/.ens of thi.s place assembled at the 
Bresbyterian church, (tho' large it could not contain near all) to r\- press 
their deep abhorancc of (lic. murd<jious oontluci of Hie Qiob at Bcllcv ■ 

I- .-• 



strong resolutions, which will be published in the papers ot this territory. 
The people at the meeting expressed their iinanirjious wish, that you would 
promptly remove from office Warren and McDonald. Our legislators wijl 
be instructed at the extra session to expel from tlieir body Col. Cox, and we 
will endeavor to have J. K. Moss removed forthwitli from the ol5ice of post- 
d:i aster. 

I have just learned that the latter gentleman (or rather the man) h.olds 
the office of Judge of Probate, if so, he should be removed from that ofiice 
also, I have just had a conversation svith Mr. Petri ken. wtio feels indig- 
nant at the outrage and thinks those villains, if possible, shmild be arrest- 
ed, and that there are two ways of having it done. First, that by removing 
W^arren and having a new shsrili appointed, thev could then be arrested. 
Secondly that your Excellency can command Gen. Lewis to raise the mili- 
tia and aiicst tliem. Others think Chief Justice >rason i? authorized to act 
in this matter, but all agree that your long experience in public business 
gives you the advantage of us all in knowing how to dispose of those per- 
sons, who have committed the most willful and premeditated murders, and 
have brouglit a stigma and a disgrace upon our young and beautiful Terri- 
tory that years cannot eJIace. 

Your obedient servant, 

JOHN KIaG, p. M. 


When Brown was killed, Mitchell who assassinated Thompson last sum- 
mer in f3ellevue, was immediately turned out of prison and is now walking 
the streets. Several in our village have strong suspicions that Mitchell brib- 
ed Warren to dispose of the only two witnesses who could convict him of 
the murder of Thompson. Those two witnesses v^evc l>row-n and Montgom- 
ery. Brown is now dead and on Saturday last, a company started from the 
scene of action to "either drive Montgomery from this Territory or kill 

What the fate of Montgomery is, I have not. lc:irned hut I fear the con- 
sequences. Circumstantial proof of what I have hinted at above, can I am 
told, be produced, but of this sve will say nothing. The day of reckoning is 
not far distant 1 trust with the in.stigators of the mob. J. K. 

Gov. L. Please excuse ] write in a hurry. 

Executive Department Iowa Territory, 

Burlington, April 7th, li^AO. 
Sir: 1 received your letter of the 4lh inst. by Captain Smith of the 
steamboat nra/,il. 1 regret extremely to hear of the transactions in Jackson 
county detailed in your letter. It reflects a disgrace upon our Territory, 
and I trust that the pcr.sons who may be found j;uilly of .so great ,i violaiion 
of the laws of tlie Territory niay ultimalely receive tlic punislunenl the la\T 
prescribes, but this is a subject that is entirely under the control of the Ju- 
dicial branch ot the government. The law gives lo the judiciary iUo. poxrer 
to enforce obedience to its mandates by tines aiul penalties. The Kxccutlve 
luanch has no such pov,er.. 'J'hc Kxccntlve may isuuc his pmclamallon, Out 

he has no power to eoforce it. He has neither funds, men, arrusor ammun- 
ition under his control. The Jaw vests the Civil Ministerial otfice with the 
power of the county and the judiciary is vested with power to impose tines 
and penalties for disobedience to their commands. However desirous I may 
be to check such outrageous proceedings, yet I see no way in which an exe- 
cutive interference could be of any benetit. The duty is devolved upon you, 
as district prosecutor, to bring the subject before tlie proper judicial tribun- 
al for investigation, which I trust will be promptly and elficiently done. 

The account of this disgraceful alTair, as published in the Iowa Terri- 
torial Gazette of the 4th instant, differs materially from-th€ one given in 
your letter. How far these accounts may be correct, 1 do not pretend to dc 
cide but one thing is certain, that is that a most disgraceful outrage has 
been committed upon the laws of the county by somebody, and it becomes 
your duty as the legitimate prosecuting oiiicer to have tlie subject impar- 
tially and legitimately investigated, and to cause the guilty persons, who- 
ever they may be, to be prosecuted and brought to justice. Tliis should 
be done without prejudice or favor to any one, but with a single eye to the 
maintenance of tiie supremacy of the laws. With sincere respect, 1 am, 
Your obedient servant, EGBERT LUCAS. 

J. Y. Berry, Esq., 
District Prosecutor 3rd Judicial District, Dubuque. 

Note.— Tiiese letters were furnished the Jackson County Historical Soci- 
ety by tlie kindness of Dr. B. F. Shambaugh of the State Historical Socie- 
ty. They were discovered by Mr. John C. Parish of the Iowa State Univer- 
sity, who is writing a life of Gov. Lucas. 

The Bellevue War— A Revievr. 

(Written by Harvey Reld for the Jacksou CouDty Historical Society.) 

The interestiDo- details of eveiits connected v.ith wliat Ijas. always been 
knov.'n locally as the "Tiellevuc War," brought out by the researches of Mr. 
Seeley and Mr. Ellis have great value liistorically because as uov: viewed by 
scholars, history should be a record of facts, whether those facts accord 
with preconcei^'ed notions or not. 

It will be observed, liowever, that all the marshaled array of new evi- 
dence and argument only goes to sliow that good people were not acrreed at 
the time, and are not now, as to the personal guilt of W. W. Brown. It 
may readily be conceded that Shade Burleson and Jo Henry, who knew him 
fairly well, and John E. Goodenow, Anson II, Wilson, Col. Joiin King and 
J. V. Berry, who knew him casually or by hearsay, may have been convinc- 
ed to the last that Brown was an honorable citizen, who was not to blame 
for the character of those who n^ade his public hotel a rendezvous. It may 
be conceded that Col. Cox, Sheriff Warren, Judge Moss, Judge Harrington 
and ti)eir confreres may possibly have been mistaken in their opinion that 
Brown was actually implicated in the criminal acts of those with whom he 
associated and whom he seemed in a large measure to control. Still the fact 
remains, testitied to by both parties in tlie controversy, that Jackson Coun- 
ty was infested wKh a gang of criiinnals guilty of all kinds of crimes against 
property, and that the cyclone of wraih which culminated in the bloody 
tragedy at IBrown's hotel on the first of April. 1810, elTtctually rid the coun- 
ty of their presence, and created a sentiment of detestation of malefactors 
tliat has its influence to this day. 

That the riddance was not accomplished by the orderly and lawful pro- 
ceedings planned and counseled by Judge T. S. Wilson and District Attor- 
ney James Cjawford must be admitted. The sherilT's posse became at once 
without the formality of organizing, as typical a Vigilance C'ommitlee, as 
ever were those which in California, and in norlhern Indiana, and in other 
primitive communities, prot ected society when the law was powerless to act. 
Our Jackson Count.v vigilanls dissolved as quickly as iljcy assembled. Tneir 
one ex'hibitior) of power suHiced; no perpetuation of their authority heoanie 
necessary or advisai)le. 

I have said that the shoil. but dcsifcrate conllirt wttich cost more in 
human lives than any other battle wliich ever occurred on Iowa soU since 
white settlement except the Spirit Lake massacres, has been universally 
known here as l,he "Pi(.'llevue War. " No olhi.r term .so well cxpre^sscs the 
character which it assumed. The demon which cnteis nuMis' souls In the 
ardor of conflict must l;)c reckoned with, and (ien. Sherinan'.s r.l»i.«>C' cannot 
he denied, Let it be rcm«Mnberod (on that a large proportion of those who 

formed Colonel Cox's posse had already- seen service as enlisted soldiers irj 
regular warfare. Cox himself had served at least sixteen years in Illinois 
militia rising- through all ranks from private to Colonel, during which in 
the war oi 1S12, he had, as one of a company of scouts, led his command 
against savage foes in positions of the most extreme danger. Again in the 
Black Hav.'k war, he had accepted service of equal peril although eierapt bj 
age from military enrollment. 

Among others of the posse was CoJ. James Collins who had commanded 
a regiment in the Black Hawk war_which bore a leading part in the battles 
of Wisconsin Fleights and Bad Axe. He was afterward Cologel of an Illinois 
reginaent in the Mexican war, hut the only time he was struck by a hostile 
bullet was iii this shoi't-lived "Bellevue War." lie eude.d hii militaTy 
career as Brigadier General of California militia where he died in 1S64. 

Gen John G. McDonald had been a LieuLbnant in General, (then Major) 
Henry Dodge's Battalion of D. S. Mounted Rangers in whicli he served a 
year. At the time of the nellevue afrair he had recently (January 14. 1S40) 
been cocimissioned Brigadier General of the First Brigade, Tliird IMvision, 
Iowa Territonal Militia, but the militia possessed then the merest sem- 
blance of an organization. 

James L. Kirkpatrick had been First Lieutenant in Capt. Enoch Dun- 
can's Galcn:i company in the Black Hawk war, and his brother Rev. loseph 
Scott Kirkpatrick had been a private in Capt. James Craig's compan\. 
Wm. A. Wari'en, William Jonas, Vincent K. Smith, who fired one of the 
fatal shots that killed Brown, William Dyas, Th.omas Graham, John D. 
Bell, James McCabe, Hastings Sangridge, Fnoch Nevill, Joshua Seamands. 
all had served in the Black Hawk war. Indeed I believe that every Black 
Hawk war soldier then living in Jackson county was in Colonel Cos's com- 
mand at Bellevue except the In-others, Rev. ^Tatlian and Jesse Said, of the 
forks of the Maquoketa, Charles Bilto then Jiving at Bellevue and William 
L. Potts, who lived liowever over tlie line in Clinton couniy on Deep Creek. 

Another of the po=;se was Capt. Len M. Hillyard who held a commission 
ascaptairj of Co. "D," 1st Regiment, 1st Brigade. 3rd l")ivnion, Iowa Terri- 
torial Militia. This company soon afterwards perfected tlie most complete 
organization of any Jackson County militia company, and look the name of 
"Brusli Creek Rangers." Thad. C. Seamands, who became a neighbor of 
Capt. Hillyard's in 1817, tells us that the captain had Iho handle of liis 
tomahawk shot through that he was carrying in his belt. 

Of tho personal character of W. W. lirown we liave signilicant testimony 
in a book written soon alter 1817 by Fdward Bonney, called "The Banditti 
of the Brairies; A Tale of tlie Mississij)pi Valley." B/onncy was a dclecllvo 
who ferreted out and caused the arrest of Ihose concerned In the robbery 
and murder of Col. George Davenport on Rock Island, July 4lh. lS4.n Ht 
found that the guilty scoundrels were John and /Varoii Long, William Fox. 
Robert Birch and John Baxter, with (Jranville Youn^j and Grant and Wm. 
H. Itedden as accessories. ()i"tht: e, Fox, Aaron Long and Haxter were 
amori}! tiie Brown gang at Bellevue. Fox was a leader of what I^onney c«Ms 
the Barulitl i. He was known amonj; iheiii us J ud^o Fo\, a»ui Uonnuy lolls 
of many atiairs of r.)bl>ery in which he was engaged. 

Bonney finally traced Fox to his father's Ijome in Wa}ne county on the 
eastern border of Indiana, and by displaying some genuine unsigned bills of 
the Miner's Bank with which he had been provided, gained rhe confidence of 
Fox, as being a dealer in counterfeit money. iJonncy details several conver- 
sations which he had with Fox. among which is the following: 

"Did you ever get caught before you were arrested at Bowling Green?" 

"Yes, I was at Bellevue in Iowa at the tiroe the mob shot Brown. 
They arrested me at the same time but could prove little or nothing against 
me. So they tied me up to a tree and whipped me nearly to death and tiien 
let me go. Some of them may have to pay for it one of these c|ays. I should 
not have been caught at Bowling Green if the boysliad followed my advice." 

"Were you accquainted v.-ith Drown »vhjo was kiled at Bellevue?" 

"Yes, my first horse was stolen under Brown's instructions." 

"I presume that was not the last one." 

"No, not by fifty." 

It is hardly conceivable that Bonney could have manufactured this bit 
of testimony, any more than it is that Warren, Harrington, Moss, Cox and 
their associates could have proceded to the extremities they did without a 
profound belief, at least, that Brown was the chief sinner in the coterie of 

The bias of Jo Eienry may be partly explained by his being a rival of 
Jim Hanby, who seems to have been Warren's right hand mar. and deputy 
sheriff. He agrees that "the country at thai time was overrun with horse 
thieves and counterfeiters," but could not admit that Brown was guilty of 
anything worse than prosperity. 

The hysterical letters of Col. iving and Pubilc Frosccufor Berry were 
written when they had no knowledge of the allray except wfiat was brought 
to Dubuque by Mrrs. Jirown and tlie friend v.ho accomi)arn*ed her. Governor 
Lucas in his reply tells Berry that the account published in the Territorial 
Gazette differs materially from the one given in liis letter. Berry was ][)- 
spired partly, it is evident, by personal hostility towards "the infamous 
sheriff' Warren. That' this feeling was reciprocal may be inferred from 
the fact tliat Warren consulted District Attorney Crawford on the vi.sit of 
the Bellevue committee to Dubuque, rather than Public Pro.^ecutor Berry. 

That the feelings of the Duhu(iue genllemeu, as well as of Governor 
Luacs, underwent some modification very soon afterwards .seem.s certain. 
Sheriff Warren and Probate Judge Moss were not removed from cilice and 
the militia commission of Brig. Gefi. McDonald was not revoked. Mr. Moss 
was not removed from the ollice of pnstmabter. Tlie legislature met iu ex 
tra session in .luly of that year. The .lournal does not show lliai an} pro* 
posal was made to expel Colonel Cox from a seat in tlte House, but on the 
contrary, does show that fie received votes for speaker on three bal!n(s. At 
the regular election in August he was reelected by the people of Jackson 
County tc lepresent them in the 'J'erritoiial and when that Ixxl) met 
in November his colleagues therein cieoltd him their speaker without an- 
other carulidai.e being named. And, in Isti, he was choi>en President of the 
O'erritoriul Council, the highest, except mngrt.ssional utugal.c, wl.UU 
a re.'>ide)it of the 'l^erritory could at lain by election. 

Ti^at we may further understand who svere the "base and foul feloas" 
wl)o formed "the most infamous mob that ever was assembed in this or any 
other country," ]et us glean from history and from the memories of our coun- 
ty pioneers, somewhat of how they were regarded by their compeers. Gen. 
James Collins came into the alfair by accident. His wife was a sister of 
Colonel Cox. They lived at White Oak Springs, Iowa (now Lafayette) coun- 
ty, Wisconsin Territory, and were on a visit to Mrs. Collin's mother then 
living witli iier son, John W. Cox, wlio^e home was near the mouti^i cf 
Brush Creek in Fairfield (or Jackson) township. Col. Collins' detestation 
of crime and his military instincts prompted him to join with his brothers- 
in-law, Tliomas and Joiin Cox when the call came to go to Believue. The 
military career of this gentleman has been mentioned, and his civil rec- 
ord was no less orominent. He had been a member of the House in the 
Wisconsin T'erritorial Legislature in i83S, wlien it met in Buriington, 
and at this time he was a member of the Wisconsin Territorial Council, in 
which he served six sessions and became President of that body in 1S41. In 
1845 he was the Whig candidate for delegate to congress, but was defeated 
by Hon. Morgan L. Martin of Grean Bay. In 1862 and 1863 he was a member 
of the General Assembly of California and in 1^63 was elected Treasurer of 
Nevada county, California. Thus the "infamous mob" contained within 
its ranks members of the law-uiaking bodies of two difi'erent American 

Hon. John Foley, a participant, had been a member of the tirst legisla- 
ture of Wisconsin Territory, and in 1843 was elected to the Iowa Territorial 
House. He was also sheriff of Jackson County 1853 to 1855, and again in 1859 
to 1801. 

Capt. William A. Warren had been enrolling clerk for the Wisconsin 
Legislature wliiCli met at Burlington in 18,38. He was appointed sheriff of 
Jackson County by Governor Lucas in 1839 and held that oOice under suc- 
cessive territorial governors for seven years. He was elected to tlie Consti- 
tutional Convention of 1857 by tlie people of Jackson County. He was com- 
missioned by President Lincoln, as Caotain and assistant quartermaster U. 
S. volunteers in 1802 and served in that responsible position for three years, 
during which time lie iiandled millions of dollars worth of government prop- 
erty. The writer remembers meeting him (witliout kiiowing, however, 
what state he was from) when he was depot quartermaster at the post of 
Murfreesboro, Tenn., a position of great responsibility. He was Justice of 
the'Peace in Believue almost continually for over twenty-five yeai's. 

Hon. James K. Moss was at tlie time, as lias been mentioned, postmast- 
er of Believue (appointed November I, 1830) and Probate Judge of the 
county (1830-40). He then became clerk of the courts and in 1841, he was 
elected a member of the Territorial House of Representatives. 

Gen. John G. McDonald had held a commission from President Andrew 
Jack.son as lieutenant of U. S. Mount ed Bangers. He >\as doorkeeper of t.he 
Iowa Territorial House for the Sf^ssion of 1839-40, and was commissicned 
iirigadier General of militia by (jovernor Lucas at the close ut that s«iSs!on. 
By an act of tiie same legislature he was appL»inled one of the Cv^mmi.vsion- 
CIS to locate the county seat of ..loucs county. He was county surveyor of 




. 89 

Jack'soD county 1839 to 18-13 aud also served as clerk of the courts (about 
1842) and as county recorder 1842-45. In 1849, as deputy U. S. Surveyor, he 
had cliarge of the surveys of nine townships in Allamakee county. Gen. Mc- 
Donald was twice wounded in the Bellevuc tight. He was unable to go on 
the day previous with liis neighbors, the Coses and Nevilles, and, no norse 
being available, started early in the morning of the first of April on toot. 
He stopped at Butterworth's log cabin about eight o'clock and proceeded 
thence to Bellevue. He arrived when the tiring had begun, and was just in 
time to see one of Brown's men step out and level a gun at Colonel Cos. He 
leaped in front of the Colonel and received the ball in his hip.- Soon after 
he received a sliglit svouud in the left wrist. (This information comes from 
Is. B. Buttersvorth of Andrew, and from Gen. McDonald's sou, R. H. Mc- 
Donald, of Halstead, Kan ) The quality of his heroism vvill be appreciated 
too, v;hen we know that his honeymoon was scarcely over, his marriage to 
Margaret A. Ilildreth, at Burlington, having taken place on January 16th, 

Anson Harrington, who swore out the information by virtue of which 
the warrant was issued under which Sheriff Warren acted, was elected Pro- 
bate Judge at the election of 1840 to succeed James K. Moss. ' An amend- 
ment by Congress to the Organic Act by which Iowa Territory was organiz- 
ed, was passed March 3rd, 1S39, which authorized the territorial legislature 
to provide by Jaw for the election of judges of probate, sheriffs, justices of 
the peace and county surveyors which officers under the original act were 
appointed by the governor. The legislature of 1839-40 provided that the 
officers thus named should be elected by the people of each county at the 
general election of 1840. This limited the term of Judge Moss, and lie was 
appointed at its expiration clerk of the courts by the district judge. (Clerks 
were not elected by tlie people for several years afterwaid, 1 think not under 
territorial government at all). Then Moss in 1841 was elected to the legis- 
lature and John G. McDonald succeeded him as clerk. 

Lieut. James L. Kirkpatrick, the Black Hawk war soldier, was county 
coroner at the time, and in 1846 became one of the Board of County Com- 
missioners. Eev. J. S. Kirkpatrick was not engaged in the attack but 
was an undoubted sympathizer. He \Yas appointed special sherilT at tlie 
term of court held soon after the event and selected a new grand jury to in- 
vestigate the matter. He was elected to tlie Territorial Council at tlie elec- 
tion of 1840, and in 1844 was elected a member of the tirst constitutional 
Convention of Iowa. Col. Samuel W. Durham, who was a fellow membei 
of that convention says of him in a recent address before tlie Linn county 
Historical Society at Cedar Rapids: 

"Rev. Scott Kirkpatrick, of Jackson county, an Illinoisian, was Hit 
largest and tallest and jolliest member and a good speaker." X. B. Butter- 
worth says that ho was about six feet four, and that lie couid perform tlic 
feat of lifting a barrel of lead mineral. Anson Wilson's interview pub!islie«i 
in these Annals mentions his engagement as 4th of .luly speaker in that 
summer of ISiO. 

Hon. William Morden was not present oa the Wi'^l oT April, as far as wt 
know, but he had advised and helped plan Uie movciuoni. Ho was at that 

■ 90 

time one of the board of three County Commissioners and in 1844, became a 
colleague of Scott Kirk'patrick in the first Constitutional Convention. He 
was also in 1856 elected a member of the sixth Iowa General Assembly. Geo. 
Watkins, who was a "participant, succeeded Morden as one of the County 
Commissioners in the election of 1840, and his son James Watkins, also a par- 
ticipant, was sheriil of Jackson County from 1847 to 1853, and from. It555 to 
1857 and from 1861 to 1865, 

Dr. Enoch A. Wood, of Sabula, (then Charleston) was also one of the 
County Commissioners. He was not present, but in a letter written in 1879 
and published n the Jackson County History, he says: "I koow of my per- 
sonal knowledge that they [Brown and liis clan] were guilty of comaiittino 
many crimes and misdemeanors and I justify the steps taken by tlie repre- 
sentative men of the county who drove tiiem from our midst." John Howe 
was County Eecorder at the time and John T. Snbleft, County Treasurer, 
and both were participants— Sublett particularly active. 

Mr. Berry's letter says that it was reported that every one of the jjrand 
Jury summoned for the next term of court was acting witli the "mob" 
except Brown and he was killed. This was probably very near tlie trutli. 
We can tind the names of David A. Bates, H. G. !>lagoon, 'J'hos. J. Parks, 
Thos. Sublett, V. G. Smith, J. L. Kirkpatrick, John D. Bell, John Stick- 
ley, Nicholas Jefferson among those drawn upon juries about that time. 

Thus it appears that within the ranks or aiding and abetting this 
*'most infamous mob" of "brutish beasts," were legislators present and pros- 
pective of two territories and two states, three who helped frame constitu- 
tions for Iowa, tlie probate judge, sherilT, recorder, treasurer, clerk of 
courts, surveyor and coroner of the county, with two of the county com- 
missioners advising and consenting, and nearly all of tlie panel of grand jur- 
ors. There were also two milicia olVicers, one rnati who became probate 
judge, two who became sheiilTs, a prospective recorder, clerk and county 
commissioner. Surely a body of men svho did not need instruction from the 
hysterical Berry, nor even from the honorable Col. John King, postmaster 
and lirst chief justice of Dubuque county. 

The brave men who lost their lives in their desperate effort to enforce 
obedience to the mandate of lasv, were all men of high character, re«;pecta- 
ble, l)oncst, law-abiding citzens. Jlcnderson l^ahiier and J think, John 
Brink', lived in Believue; John Maxwell, Andrew Farley and William 
Vaughn v;ere farmers. Tlie version given by Jo Henry of the part taken ity 
Andrew Farley was a profound surprise, vrhen published in 1807, to the peo- 
ple of the environment, in which he had lived. The story of Capt. Warren 
(told from memory 35 years after the event) that Mr. F'arley appeared in 
answer to a summons, was never questioned by his family or the pioneers of 
the Deep Crcclr neighborliood. I am inclined to believe, however, Hull., as 
Henry's version implies, ho was overtaken by Warren, while on !ils way so 
mil) at Bcilcvue, and tliat he was un:'.r;ncd, but that \\" impressed Warn-n 
as being in entire, syniijathy with the movement. J regard it as doubfful 
whether (he Deep Creek settlement was visiltd by either (kix *»r WAiien. 
hocausc from what we know of the character ana sentiiiiCtita of Col. Wye- 
koir, Samuel Carpenter, Lorin Sprague, David Swanny, Win. L. Totts and 


Others of that settlement, I do not beJieve they would liave allowed An- 
drew Farle}' to go to Bellevue alone if they had known of the call. 

The desperate character of the conliict and the high grade of marksnQan- 
ship displayed by the squirrel hunters on botl) sides, is well shown by the 
large uuniber of casualties, especially on the part of the assailants. They 
received nearly as many bullet wounds in all as the number of Brown's 
forces. The statement of Henry that there were no more than ten men 
with Brown in the hotel is manifestly an error. There were three killed 
and thirteen captured, and Warren says that "Xegro Brown and six others 
made tlieir escape. " 

Capt. Warren wrote at least three accounts of the Bellevue War. The first 
was published in IStio in the ''Loyal West" by Henry Hov/e in Cincinnati. 
Extracts from it are given in a paper by F. Snyder then editor of the Jack- 
sen SBotinel. printed in the Annals of for April, ISG9. ^\notlier very 
long account was published in the Bellevue Leader in IS'.o, and this is ".irgc- 
iy quoted, and partly condensed by the compilers of the Jackson County His- 
tory published in LS7n. Then in the same history is printed a comraunica- 
tion from Capt. Warren written in the fall of 1879 in reply to one signed 
"Old Settler" of ?«'hich Mr. Seeley makes mention. All of tljese were evi- 
dently written mainly from memory, and contain some discrepancies in de- 
tails as Farmer Buckhcrn points out. 

We trust that this renewed discussion of that notable event in the his- 
tory of Iowa Territory may bring out more light upon its obscure details. 
The Jackson County Historical Society will be glad to receive communica- 
tions from any one knowing of facts regarding it. 

NoLes— On f.-^rther investigation T find enrolled as soldiers in Galena 
companies during the Black Dawk war, the names of Thomas Sublett, Wil- 
liam Vance, James Beaty and Joljn Stuckey, all ot whom are named by War- 
ren as participants in tlie attack on Brown's Hotel. William Vance was 
badly wounded, being shot in the thigh. Thos. Sublett and Vincent Smith 
are supposed to be the two wliose bullets killed iUown. and it is a curious 
coincidence tlnit they were comrades in Capt. Buoch Durican's company of 
Colonel Henry Dodge's regiment in the Black Hawk war. J. L. Kiikpatrick 
was a lieutenant in the same company, John Foley a sergeant, and William 
Vance and William Jonas, privates. Another private was Loring Whee'er. 
afterwards an Iowa lawmaker from Dubuque and later from De Witt. 

My authority for the names of those enrol!e<l in the war is the "Uecord 
of the Services of Hlinois Soldiers in the Black Hawk War," compiled by 
Adjutant General Isaac IL Elliott in L^82. Ttie book was secured by the 
J^oardman Libiaiy recently from a second hand book store in Chicago. 

The Hon. Ebeno/er r>righam, mentioned on page 03 and a^jain on page 
12 of Mr. Seeley 's article, was a former SangafFion county friend anil political 
jissociate of Colonel Cox. He h:id removed to the lead mines in 1^27, and at 
iho time ot his vi:sit to Bellevue was a resident of Blue Mounds, Dane coun- 
ty, Wisconsin Territory, and was a meraber of the WiscoDsin Territorial 
Legislature. Capt. Warren was luistaken iti ;>uppo.sing that lirij:!inn^ r." ! 


Cox were in the legislature togetlier. Th.ey were both territorial lawmakeri 
but in dittereot territories. The insiDuation that }^>righam "turned up at 
the right momeDt" to help Cox "tix up political fences" is hardly coosis- 

,tent with the good Farmer Buckhorn's usual fairness. 

Warren, in writing from memory, must have been somewhat muddied oa 
the date when the caucus was held in which Brown beat Cox out of the leg- 
islative nomination. It is hardly supposable that it was while the river was 
frozen over, since the election would not take place until August. Then 
Buckhorn's conjecture (Page 63) that the election occurred after Brown's 
death, does not accord with the statements of both Warren, and the writer 
signing himself "A Pioneer," (supposed to be the late William Y. Earle), 
in the Jackson Coup.ty Ilistory, who both say that Cox ran as an independenc' 
candidate against Brown and beat him badly. It is very much to be regret- 
ted that no records exist of the votes cast in J?ckson county earlier 
than 1857. We would much like to know who were tlie opposing candidates 
and what their votes at all of those early elections. 

James C. Mitchell, the homicide, went to Council Bluffs at the time of 
the great California emigration in 1849 and became owner of two stores 
there, accumulating quite a fortune. We have the testimony of Warren's 
1865 account, and again of the one written in 1S79, corroborated by the let- 
ter of "A Pioneer," and by the memory of N. B. Buttcrworth, that Hen- 
derson Palmer was the first man killed in the tight; that he was shot down 

; in the charge before tiie hotel was reached, and before Brown was shot. 
Warren's 1875 history reads as thougli the episode of Brown being called 
upon to surrender opened the battle, but he makes no mention of how Pal- 

; mer met his death, so we must conclude that tiring be^an fiom the hotel, as 

, all of the other accounts state. 


Early Post Offices in Jackson County. 

(Written for the Jackson County Historical Society by Harvey Reid.) 

Among matters pertainiiif^ to the weif-.ire of tlieir budding commoD- 
vrealth, there was nothing thut the members of the early terriioiiai krgisra- 
tures took greater interest in than tiie establishment of post offices and post 
routes by the General Government, So every pjember nt pomR time riurinfr 
each session would press the adoption by the legislature of memorials to 
Congress asking the establishment of new post otTices and new post routes. 
These requests would generally be consolidated into one memorial on each 
subject and would always pass. 

In a memorial adopted by tbe Second Territorial Assembly for the es- 
tablishment of post routes we find this clause: 

"From Charleston by Goodenoe"s mills, by Burliston's settlement, by 
Elk ford to the point on the Territorial road where the said road crosses the 
VVabsepinica river and thence to the county seat of Linn county." 

But evidently the memorial was not granted so far as that particular 
route was concerned, for we find that at the next session, that of 1S40-1, an- 
other memorial was adopted asking for post routes whicli iricluded: 

''From vSavannph, Ilhnois, via Charl'jston and Goodonce's mills and 
Burriston's settlement, to i^dinburgh, the county seat of Jones county.*' 

Note the odd spelling of the names and that Maquuketa liad not yet be- 
come Springfield even. It was known as Goodcnow's Mills, and Shade Burle- 
son had not started his iJucldiorn Tavern to give a name to hJs j^cttJcment. 

Another memorial m the Third General Assembly svas for the establish- 
ment of new post olYices, and one clause in that reads: 

*'One on the military road in Jones county, where the said road crosses 
the Makoketa river, to be called the Makokcta post oil ice and that SVm. 
Clarke be appointed postmaster.' 

The location thus specilied would be near the north east corner of Jones 
county. Curiosity to know whether a postollice in Jowa ever did bear 
the name of Makoketa, prompted the writer to address an inquiry to the 
post oifice department at Washhigtou, through our good fi iefid Corjifiessmup. 
Dawson, asking as to that fact, and also for a list of the first poslolTices in 
Jackson county. A promi^t reply was received from Hon. J\ V. DcCtraw, 4lh 
Asst. P. M. Genera!, wtio says: 

"We can lind no record of a post ofTicc named Makokcta in Iowa, Junes 
county, licither can we locate th^, Mill Hock olVice. " 

Foilowng is the list of naincs and giv* n, sonic of w!ilch are very 
sui-prising : 

Belleview, Jo Daviess CouDty, Illinois, establislied March 17, 1836; John 
Bell, Postmaster. Office changed into Dubuque County, Wis., and changed 
into Jackson County, Iowa, Nov. 1, 1S39, James K. Moss., Postmaster. 

Silsbee establislied April 11, IStO, Obadiah Sawtell, Postm.aster. ^Tame 
changed to Andrew, October 20, 18-11, Nathaniel Bulterworth, Postmaster. 

Fulton established June 19, 1S51; William Marden, Postmaster. 

Waterford established Mai'ch 2, 1S55. Fayette Mallard, Postmaster. 

Higginsport established October 31, 1851; John G. Smith, Postmaster. 

Sterling established June 3, 1S.52; C. S. Ferguson, Postmaster. 

Springfield, Jackson County, established June 4, 1840, John E. Goode- 
now, Postmaster; J. B. Doane, July 2, 1841; J. E. Goodenov?, Oct. 13. 1842; 
name changed to Maquoketa, March 13, 1844. 

Bridgeport, established May 1, 1850, K. S. Dyas, Postmaster: \Y. C. 
Grant, Oct. 30, 1851. 

It would be intei'esting to know v/here the ridiculous error was made 
of recording Belleview as in Jo Daviess county, Illinois, in 1836. And did 
anybody know before that Andrew was not established as a new postotTice, 
but was removed from Sawtell's, in Richland township, and its name cliauged 
from Silsbee to Andrew? Inquiry as to Charleston brought particulars of 
an office of that name In some otlier part of the state established in 1>50, 
instead of old Charleston, now Sabula. Tne first postmaster of our Charles- 
ton was \Vm. li. Brown, appointed in the latter part of 183tj or early in 1837. 
The name was changed to Sabula in 1846. 

A. H. Wilson on the Bellevue War. 

fWrltien by J. W. Ellis for the Jackscn Couaty Eistorical Society.) 

Auson H. WiJson, a pioneer of ^raquoketa who came here in the spring 
of 1839 and the only person Jiving wlio came here in the thirties, as a fulJ 
grown man, is still hale and hearty though past ninety and is full of remin- 
iscences of early days in tho "Maouoketa valley. In a conversntion with him 
on the 23rd day of April, 1900, the writer asked liim for his opinion of W. 
W. Brown, the principial victim ot the Bellevue mob in April, 1S40. Mr. 
Wilson said: ''I. knew Brown and nis wife, well, I stopped at their hotel 
frequently on my trips to and from Galena. I h.elped build several mills 
and frequenlty went to Galena for suppjies. Brown v as a line looking man, 
tall, well built, dark complected, of genial, pleasant nianners, and a perfect 
gentleman in every way Mrs. Brown was a small woman of neat appear- 
ance, witli a winning way, that made her verv popular, and a suitable help- 
mate for her husband. Brown was an all round hustler, conducted t.hf; best 
hotel in tlie country, some said on the ^lississippi river, had a wood yprd, a 
general store, and was interested in a meat market, lie trusted everybody 
and gave everybody work that needed it. He employed a great many men 
to cut wood in ihe winter season, wljich he soldlo the steamboat companies 
in the summer. 1 never heard that Brown was accused oT coaimitting any 
crime himself. The worst said about him was that lie had a tough set oi 
men about his hotel. I never knew of any oDe getting had money at any 
of Brown's places of business. Brown always .viid if any cue got bad money 
at his house or SLore he would make it good. 

•'Some time in F'ebruary or March, 1840, Col. Cox c:«me through (his 
part of the county trying to get the people to ?Lrn out and drive Brown and 
his gang, as he called them, out of the count ry. but lie got no help from 
these parts. " M r. Wilson says he told Cox that he would have noihing to 
do with such an undertaking and that he thoiight Brown would be a fool to 
suriender to a mob. fie said Cox threatened tiim that he might the 
next victim after Brown. lie also thinks tha^ the mob was quite largely 
made up of men from the lead mines near Ga'<ena. He says that Tom WeUMj, 
tiic young man mentioned by Joseph Henri who worked fcr Brown as stable 
boy, wlio was badly wounded in tlie liglit on the 1st of April, I.^IO, and \\\iO 
Charley K'ilgoro tried to linish by emptying all tiie barrels of his pepper l>ox 
pistol into Tom while slanding over him. and vns saved at the hjlercession 
of U'arri'ii and Kirkpiitrick and scjit to friends in tlie forks, atiC afterwards 
lived Willi Mr. U'ilson and uave him many part icjjiars of tljc conlltct. 

Mr. ^\'il.s')n siys the talk about so much crime being c<iiniijiUvd tn 
couniy at iliai linic wiis-great ly cxagger;ilcd 'J'hcro wur« no horacs stolen 

— <t(j— 

in this county, and if Brown and his boarders were banded together to rob, 
steal horses, and pass counterfeit money they n^ust have done theii work in 
some uther locality. ^Ir. Wilson was a warm friend to Col. Warren, but 
blamed him for his action in mobbing Brown, who considered Warren a true 
friend to him to the last. Mr. Wilson was quite familiar with the trials 
and troubles his neighbor, Shade Burleson, had in trying to settle the 
Brown estate, especially in his efforts to collect on notes and accounts. The 
probate judge had been Brown's worst enemy while living, and had been a 
leader in the D3ob that killed Brown, and nearly every man that was sued 
demanded a jury which was always largely composed of members of the mob 
and in every case a verdict was given for defendant. Mr. Wjison said, '-'I 
once aslkcd Burleson why it svas that he could not get a verdict against men 
of whom he held their promissory note: Burleson's answer was characteris- 
tic of the man. Jie said, 'If } ou sue the devil and have the trial in iiell 
what shew have you got for a favorable verdict?' " 

Mr. Wilson says that the people of this side of the county weie ne\er 
friendly to Col. Cox. after the killing of Brown. That he never was invited 
nor attended any of the fourth of July celebrations or other public functions 
in this locality. He describes Col. Cox as being over 6 foot high, splendidly 
proportioned and alltogether one of the tinest specimens of pliysical man- 
hood he ever met. Mr. Wilson said tliat when the capital was established 
at Iowa City through Col Cox's influence, a Wr. Ball of this county got a job 
of cutting trie stone for orn imenting tiie new capilol, and his work was so 
well appreciated that Gov, Lncas secured him a job to work on an addition 
that was being built to the National capitol. The same Mr. Ball cut the 
stones to mark the graves of Mr. Wilson's first wife and daughter in Maquo- 
keta cemetery. 

Jackson County Historical Society. 

Officers for 1905-06. 

Geougic L. Mitchell, President 

O. S. LiTTELL, : YicP-P^•e^;iLlent 

Ja;>5KS V/. Secretary and Curator 

jiAiiVfCY Rt^id, Treasurer 


I). A Fletci-ier. W. C. GKE^?f)):v. 

Dr. GEa, M. 3ous<oi< R, F. Hayes. 
J AS. P'aikbi.othePx. 

The Annals of Jacksou CoiUity, Iowa, will be publi.shed a 
vals of about throe months. Copies for sale by J. \V. Ellis, 
tciry, at tvve?j(y-Hve cents each. 

% ^ ^-